Prepare for the citizenship ceremony

Video: The Canadian Citizenship Ceremony: What you need to know

The citizenship ceremony is your final step to becoming a Canadian citizen.

During your ceremony, you will:

We will send you a ceremony notice if you meet all of the conditions to:

  • become a Canadian citizen or
  • get your Canadian citizenship back

The notice will tell you when and where we are holding your ceremony. The events take place all across the country and at all times of the year. Community groups often host the ceremonies.

There are also special ceremonies, including on Canada Day and during Citizenship Week.

Who must take the Oath

Adults and children aged 14 or over must go to the citizenship ceremony and take the oath.

Parents will get certificates of citizenship for their children under age 14. Children under age 14 don’t have to go, but are welcome to.

Get your citizenship ceremony date

About 4 weeks before the ceremony, we’ll send you a notice with the date, time and location. The ceremony will usually take place within three months after your test.

If you’re not available on the day of your ceremony, send us a message to explain why and get a new date. If you don’t give an explanation or your explanation isn’t reasonable, we may stop processing your application and not grant you citizenship. You can either:

  • email or write to the office that sent you the notice (within 30 days of the appointment) or
  • use the online web form

Generally, once we receive your message, we’ll schedule your ceremony on a different day. We’ll let you know by email if you gave us your email address or letter mail if we don’t have your email address.

You need to stay in the room for the entire ceremony. If you’re bringing a young child, also bring a guest who can take them out of the room if they get restless and need to leave the ceremony room. If you can’t arrange child care, let us know and we’ll reschedule your ceremony date.

What to bring

You must bring your ceremony notice and all your original immigration documents, including your:

  • permanent resident card if you have one (even if it is expired)
  • Record of Landing (IMM 1000) if you became a permanent resident before June 28, 2002

Video: The Oath of Citizenship

At the citizenship ceremony, you will repeat the Oath of Citizenship. To help you prepare, use this video.

What to expect

At the citizenship ceremony:

  • a citizenship judge or presiding official will:
    • preside over the ceremony
    • lead the Oath of Citizenship
  • many people will take the oath with you
  • we’ll give you the words to:
  • you’ll read the words to the Oath as a group
  • you’ll sing our National Anthem, in English or French, or bilingually, as a group

If you want to swear the Oath on your holy book, bring it with you.

Once you have taken the Oath of Citizenship, you will be a Canadian citizen. We’ll give you your citizenship certificate as your proof that you’re a Canadian citizen. It will show the date that you became a citizen. Keep it in a safe place.

The video "The Canadian Citizenship Ceremony: What you need to know" may help you prepare for your citizenship ceremony.

Travel documents and other services

Your citizenship certificate is not a travel document. You need to get a Canadian passport to travel outside Canada.

As a new citizen, you must wait at least two business days after your ceremony before you can apply for services, such as a passport.


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