Manitoba (MB) - Facts, Flags and Symbols



Population (2010 estimate): [i]


Motto on Licence Plate:

Friendly Manitoba

Flag: [ii]

Act of Legislature assented to, May 11, 1965
Queen Elizabeth II’s approval of use of Royal Union flag, August 27, 1965
Flag raised, May 12, 1966

Flag of Manitoba

Arms: [iii]

Royal Warrant of King Edward VII, May 10, 1905
Gazetted, September 23, 1905
Augmented by crest, supporters and motto by Warrant of Governor General Ramon John Hnatyshyn
Gazetted, December 5, 1992

Coat of Arms for Manitoba

Date Entered Confederation: [iv]

After much negotiation with the Métis population, an agreement was reached and Manitoba became the fifth Canadian province. On May 12, 1870, the Manitoba Act received Royal Assent and was enacted on July 15, 1870.


Prairie Crocus

In Manitoba, the prairie crocus (Pulsatilla ludoviciana)—also known as anemone patens, the pasque-flower, the windflower (because of its furry petals) and the gosling plant—was officially adopted as the official flower in 1906. Interest had first been aroused by the Manitoba Horticultural Society. A subsequent vote among schoolchildren put the crocus in first place, the prairie lily second and the wild rose third.

Picture of prairie crocus flower


Great Grey Owl

Manitoba adopted the great grey owl (Strix nebulosa) as its official bird on July 16, 1987. The great grey owl is the largest owl in North America with a wingspan of 1.3 metres (4 feet). The owl can be found across the province year round.

Picture of great grey owl


White Spruce

The white spruce (Picea glauca) is capable of surviving in virtually every climatic and environmental region of Manitoba. It is best known as a traditional Christmas tree, and thus is often cultivated for this purpose.

Picture of white spruce tree


  1. [i] Statistics Canada - Quarterly demographic estimates, 2010
    [back to note i]
  2. [ii] Canadian Heritage - Canadian Anthems and Symbols
    [back to note ii]
  3. [iii] Canadian Heritage - Canadian Anthems and Symbols
    [back to note iii]
  4. [iv] Library and Archives Canada - Canadian Confederation
    [back to note iv]
Outline map of Manitoba


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