Newfoundland and Labrador (NL) - Facts, Flags and Symbols
Population (2010 estimate): [i]
Motto on Licence Plate:
A World of Difference
Act of Legislature assented to, May 28, 1980
Royal Warrant of King Charles I, January 1, 1637
Date Entered Confederation: [iv]
Although the Act creating the new province came into force just before midnight on March 31, 1949, ceremonies marking the occasion did not take place until April 1, 1949.
Queen Victoria suggested using the pitcher plant (Sarracenia purpurea)—also known as the Indian dipper and the huntsman’s cup—on the colony’s coinage. Newfoundland and Labrador made it an official emblem in 1954.
The Atlantic puffin (Fraterculus arctica) is a well-known symbol of Newfoundland and Labrador. Over 95 percent of all the puffins in North America breed on the coasts of the province. The largest colony can be seen in the Witless Bay Ecological Reserve just south of St. John’s.
The black spruce (Picea mariana) was designated the provincial tree in November 1993. It is also known as the bog spruce. Although its foliage is bluish-green, it is called the “black” spruce to distinguish it from other types of spruce trees. The black spruce is the most abundant tree in Labrador and appears on the Labrador flag.
- [i] Statistics Canada - Quarterly demographic estimates, 2010
[back to note i]
- [ii] Canadian Heritage - Canadian Anthems and Symbols
[back to note ii]
- [iii] Canadian Heritage - Canadian Anthems and Symbols
[back to note iii]
- [iv] Library and Archives Canada - Canadian Confederation
[back to note iv]
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