Making Decisions on Impact Assessments


The purpose of this document is to provide the public with background information on how decisions are made for federal impact assessments in Canada. It explains how the information gathered during the impact assessment process informs these decisions. This document is not intended to provide direction to proponents or decision-makers.


Public Interest Factors

In making the public interest determination, the decision-maker must consider the public interest factors listed in the Act. The factors are considered together, based on the information in the Impact Assessment Report, to help the decision-maker determine whether the adverse effects within federal jurisdiction or direct or incidental effects of a designated project are in the public interest. The factors are:

  1. The extent to which the project contributes to sustainability.
  2. The extent to which the adverse effects within federal jurisdiction and the adverse direct or incidental effects that are indicated in the impact assessment report in respect of the designated project are significant.
  3. The implementation of the measures that the decision-maker considers appropriate for mitigating the adverse effects.
  4. The impact that the project may have on any Indigenous group and any adverse impact that the project may have on the rights of Indigenous peoples.
  5. The extent to which the effects of the project hinder or contribute to the Government of Canada's ability to meet its environmental obligations and its climate change commitments.

Indigenous Consultation

Decision Making

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