Appendix D: The Chief Public Health Officer's Report on the State of Public Health in Canada, 2009 – Indicators of our health and factors influencing our health

Appendix D: Indicators of Our Health and Factors Influencing Our Health

Indicators of Our Health and Factors Influencing Our Health
  Value Description Year
Who we are
PopulationTable 1 - footnote 1 33.2 million people (as of April 1, 2008) 2008
AboriginalTable 1 - footnote 1 1.17 million people 2006
First Nations (single ancestry)Table 1 - footnote 1 0.70 million people 2006
Métis (single ancestry)Table 1 - footnote 1 0.39 million people 2006
Inuit (single ancestry)Table 1 - footnote 1 0.05 million people 2006
ImmigrantTable 1 - footnote 1 6.2 million people 2006
By birth place
AfricaTable 1 - footnote 1 0.37 million people 2006
Asia and the Middle EastTable 1 - footnote 1 2.53 million people 2006
Caribbean and BermudaTable 1 - footnote 1 0.32 million people 2006
Central AmericaTable 1 - footnote 1 0.13 million people 2006
EuropeTable 1 - footnote 1 2.28 million people 2006
Oceania and otherTable 1 - footnote 1 0.06 million people 2006
South AmericaTable 1 - footnote 1 0.25 million people 2006
United States of AmericaTable 1 - footnote 1 0.25 million people 2006
By years since immigration
Recent (<= 10 years)Table 1 - footnote 1 2.0 million people 2006
Long-term (> 10 years)Table 1 - footnote 1 4.2 million people 2006
Urban populationTable 1 - footnote 1 80.2 percent of the population 2006
Our health status
Life expectancy and reported health
Life expectancy at birthTable 1 - footnote 1 80.8 years of expected life 2006
Health-adjusted life expectancy at birthTable 1 - footnote 1 69.6 years of expected healthy life 2001
Infant mortality rate (under 1 year)Table 1 - footnote 1 5.0 deaths per 1,000 live births 2006
Excellent or very good self-rated healthTable 1 - footnote 1A * Table 1 - footnote 2 59.6 percent of the population aged 12+ years 2007
Excellent or very good self-rated mental healthTable 1 - footnote 1A * Table 1 - footnote 2 72.7 percent of the population aged 12+ years 2007
Leading causes of mortality
Circulatory diseasesTable 1 - footnote 2 222.1 deaths per 100,000 population per year 2005
Malignant cancersTable 1 - footnote 2 213.0 deaths per 100,000 population per year 2005
Respiratory diseasesTable 1 - footnote 2 63.4 deaths per 100,000 population per year 2005
Causes of premature mortality (ages 0–74 years)
Malignant cancersTable 1 - footnote 1 1,574 potential years of life lost per 100,000 population per year 2001
Circulatory diseasesTable 1 - footnote 1 854 potential years of life lost per 100,000 population per year 2001
Unintentional injuriesTable 1 - footnote 1 587 potential years of life lost per 100,000 population per year 2004
Suicide and self-inflicted injuriesTable 1 - footnote 1 372 potential years of life lost per 100,000 population per year 2004
Respiratory diseasesTable 1 - footnote 1 162 potential years of life lost per 100,000 population per year 2001
HIVTable 1 - footnote 1 46 potential years of life lost per 100,000 population per year 2001
Causes of ill health and disability
Living with chronic diseases
Cancer incidenceTable 1 - footnote 1 501.2 per 100,000 population 2008
DiabetesTable 1 - footnote 2 5.9 percent of the population aged 1+ years 2005–2006
ObesityTable 1 - footnote 1 24.3 percent of the population aged 18+ years 2005
Arthritis/rheumatismTable 1 - footnote 1A * Table 1 - footnote 2 15.1 percent of the population aged 12+ years 2007
AsthmaTable 1 - footnote 1A *Table 1 - footnote 2 8.1 percent of the population aged 12+ years 2007
Heart diseaseTable 1 - footnote 1A *Table 1 - footnote 2 4.8 percent of the population aged 12+ years 2007
High blood pressureTable 1 - footnote 1A *Table 1 - footnote 2 19.2 percent of the population aged 20+ years 2007
Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseaseTable 1 - footnote 1A *Table 1 - footnote 2 4.4 percent of the population aged 35+ years 2005
Living with mental Illness
SchizophreniaTable 1 - footnote 2 0.3 percent of the population aged 12+ years 2005
Major depressionTable 1 - footnote 2 4.8 percent of the population aged 15+ years during a 12-month period 2002
Alcohol dependenceTable 1 - footnote 2 2.6 percent of the population aged 15+ years during a 12-month period 2002
Anxiety disordersTable 1 - footnote 2 4.8 percent of the population aged 15+ years during a 12-month period 2002
Alzheimer's and other dementiasTable 1 - footnote 1A *Table 1 - footnote 4 6.0–10.0 percent of the population aged 65+ years in North America 2000
Acquiring infectious diseases
HIVTable 1 - footnote 2 2,300–4,500 estimated number of new cases annually 2005
ChlamydiaTable 1 - footnote 2 217.3 new cases per 100,000 population annually 2007
GonorrheaTable 1 - footnote 2 34.9 new cases per 100,000 population annually 2007
Infectious syphilisTable 1 - footnote 2 3.6 new cases per 100,000 population annually 2007
Factors influencing our health
Income
Persons living in low income (after-tax)Table 1 - footnote 1 9.2 percent of the population based on 1992 low-income cut-off 2007
Employment and working conditions
Unemployment rateTable 1 - footnote 1 6.1 percent of the population aged 15+ years 2008
Food security
People reporting food insecurityTable 1 - footnote 1A *Table 1 - footnote 5 9.2 percent of the population aged 12+ years 2004
Environment and housing
Ground-level ozone exposureTable 1 - footnote 6 36.9 parts per billion (population weighted warm season average) 2006
Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposureTable 1 - footnote 6 7.8 micrograms per cubic metre (population weighted warm season average) 2006
Unable to access acceptable housingTable 1 - footnote 7 12.7 percent of the population 2006
Education and literacy
High school graduatesTable 1 - footnote 1 81.5 percent of the population aged 25+ years 2008
Some post-secondary educationTable 1 - footnote 1 62.2 percent of the population aged 25+ years 2008
Post-secondary educationTable 1 - footnote 1 56.0 percent of the population aged 25+ years 2008
Social support and connectedness
Very or somewhat strong sense of community belongingTable 1 - Footnote 1A *Table 1 - Footnote 1 62.0 percent of the population aged 12+ years 2007
Violent crime incidentsTable 1 - footnote 1 930 per 100,000 population 2007
Health behaviours
Current smokerTable 1 - footnote 1A *Table 1 - footnote 4 19.2 percent of the population aged 15+ years 2007
Engaged in leisure time physical activityTable 1 - Footnote 1A *Table 1 - Footnote 1 49.0 percent of the population aged 12+ years 2007
Fruit and vegetable consumption (5+ times a day)Table 1 - Footnote 1A *Table 1 - Footnote 1 41.3 percent of the population aged 12+ years 2007
Heavy drinking (5+ drinks on one occasion at least once a month in the past year)Table 1 - Footnote 1A *Table 1 - Footnote 1 17.2 percent of the population aged 12+ years 2007
Illicit drug use (in the past year)Table 1 - footnote 1A *Table 1 - footnote 4 11.5 percent of the population aged 25+ years 2004
Teen pregnancyTable 1 - Footnote 1 29.2 pregnancies per 1,000 female population aged 15 to 19 years per year 2005
Access to health care
Regular family physicianTable 1 - Footnote 1A *Table 1 - Footnote 1 84.8 percent of the population aged 12+ years per year 2007
Contact with dental professionalTable 1 - Footnote 1A *Table 1 - Footnote 1 64.6 percent of the population aged 12+ years per year 2007

Note: Italicized information denotes indicators that have not changed from the previous Chief Public Health Officer's Report on the State of Public Health in Canada, 2008. Some data may not be comparable. More detailed information can be found in Appendix E: Definitions and Data Sources for Indicators.

Footnote *
*Denotes self-reported data
Footnote 1
1Statistics Canada
Footnote 2
2Public Health Agency of Canada
Footnote 3
3World Health Organization
Footnote 4
4Health Canada
Footnote 5
5Environment Canada
Footnote 6
6Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation
Footnote 7
7National Diabetes Surveillance System.
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