Concussion: Sport and recreation

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Concussions in sport and recreation

We are working to improve safety and reduce concussions in sport and recreation.

Information and practical resources have been developed for:

  • athletes
  • coaches
  • parents
  • teachers
  • health care providers
  • school and sports staff

Resources

Monitoring concussions in Canada

Hospital emergency departments collect information on concussions and other brain injuries.

For example, among children and youth between 2011 and 2017:

  • For children and youth 5 to 19 years:
    • brain injuries made up 80% of emergency department visits, out of all head injuries from sports and recreation
  • For boys and girls 5 to 9 years:
    • brain injuries were most common in ice hockey, compared to all types of injuries in this sport
  • For children and youth 10 to 14 years:
    • for boys, brain injuries were most common in ice hockey, out of all types of injuries in this sport
    • for girls, brain injuries were most common in ringette, out of all types of injuries in this sport
  • For children and youth 15 to 19 years:
    • for boys, brain injuries were most common in rugby, out of all types of injuries in this sport
    • for girls, brain injuries were most common in ringette, out of all types of injuries in this sport

The National Ambulatory Care Reporting System also collects information from hospitals. In 2016-2017, 46,000 children aged 5 to 19 had a concussion:

  • boys: 26,000 (54%)
  • girls: 20,000 (45%)

For more information

  • Data Blog on sport and recreation-related concussions and other brain injuries among children and youth

What Canadians know about concussions

When it comes to concussion, public opinion research shows that:

  • 1 in 2 have little or no knowledge
  • 1 in 4 do not know how concussion is treated
  • 15% can identify the best ways to treat concussion
  • 4 in 10 know how to find information and other resources

Parents, coaches, athletes, school staff and health professionals need to:

  • keep up to date on how to recognise and diagnose a concussion
  • be aware of the Canadian guideline and concussion protocols for returning to school and sports

Report to share

  • Baseline Survey on Understanding and Awareness of Sport-Related Concussions

Poster to share

  • Concussion in sport
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