COVID-19: Summary data about travellers, testing and compliance

On this page

Travelling to Canada during COVID-19

Canada has some of the strictest travel and border measures in the world.

The Government of Canada has taken unprecedented action, including at the border, to limit the spread of COVID-19 in our country, based on the public health orders introduced by the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC). The Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) and PHAC, who have been at the forefront of Canada's COVID-19 response, have implemented enhanced health and safety measures to help prevent the spread of COVID-19 while continuing to support the movement of essential workers and goods across the border.

All travellers entering Canada are subject to COVID-19 entry screening, regardless of their country of origin or mode of entry. Anyone arriving at the border must isolate for 14 days if they have symptoms of COVID-19. They must also quarantine for 14 days if they don’t have symptoms, unless they are exempt.

All travellers, unless exempt, must also meet testing requirements pre-arrival, on-arrival and on day 8 of their quarantine. Certain requirements may differ, depending on the mode of entry:

The following tables summarize key data about travellers to Canada, COVID-19 measures at the border and the compliance and enforcement actions that are being taken to protect the health of Canadians. It includes the number of people entering Canada, the number of tests collected, the number of positive COVID-19 tests among them and consequences of non-compliance with the Quarantine Act. These data come from CBSA and PHAC.

These tables are updated every Friday. Visit COVID-19: Travel, testing, quarantine and borders for more information about Canada’s border and travel measures.

Summary of Quarantine Act compliance and enforcement measures

All travellers entering Canada must follow rules set out by the emergency orders under the Quarantine Act. This is to limit the spread of COVID-19 and variants in Canada.

Prior to arrival to Canada, all travellers by air and land are required to submit COVID-19-related information electronically using the ArriveCAN app. Unless otherwise exempt, these travellers are required to:

Travellers are informed upon entry of the compliance monitoring and verification activities, which include:

Travellers are also informed upon entry of the possible consequences of non-compliance, and the enforcement actions and penalties they could face.

Consequences of non-compliance

The Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) attempts to contact all travellers at least once during their 14-day quarantine. PHAC currently reaches more than 6,500 travellers daily through calls and in-person visits, and compliance with the border measures has been very high.

PHAC works closely with the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) and provincial and local police services to verify the compliance of travellers entering Canada. The RCMP and local police will follow up as they view most appropriate, and may not always report the results to PHAC.

Any instance of non-compliance with the Quarantine Act and related orders is an offence. The maximum penalties following a conviction include:

  • 6 months in prison and/or
  • a fine of up to $750,000

There are more penalties if travellers wilfully or recklessly violate (contravene) the Act or Regulations and cause another person serious bodily harm or risk of death.

In such cases, a traveller could be liable for:

  • a fine of up to $1,000,000
  • imprisonment of up to 3 years
  • both of the above

In the event of non-compliance, police services use their judgement and discretion to determine the enforcement actions, including:

  • verbal or written warnings
  • fines for Quarantine Act offences
  • fines issued for provincial, territorial or municipal offences
  • arrest and detention
  • laying of charges under the Quarantine Act (summary conviction)

Fines

The Government has amended the Contraventions Regulations to allow enforcement authorities to issue fines for Quarantine Act offences. As of June 4, 2021, fines range from $825 to $5,000 for adults.

Enforcement authorities can’t issue fines under the Contraventions Regulations in:

  • Alberta
  • Saskatchewan
  • the territories

While ticketing under the Contravention Act is unavailable in Alberta, the RCMP or municipal police services can take enforcement actions under the Quarantine Act and the Criminal Code. PHAC is not aware of any enforcement actions taken in Alberta for travellers refusing to go to a GAA under the Quarantine Act or the Criminal Code.

At this time, PHAC does not have any records of tickets being issued in Quebec for travellers refusing to go to a GAA. In Québec, fines are issues by provincial prosecutors and not directly by the enforcement agencies. Numbers presented below reflect cases that PHAC has been made aware of being submitted to prosecutors who may wish to pursue issuing a fine.

While PHAC works closely with local law enforcement and receives data on most enforcement activities taken under the Quarantine Act, police services are not required to send enforcement information to PHAC. As such, there may be enforcement actions not accounted for in PHAC’s data. For the most up-to-date statistics, PHAC recommends contacting local law enforcement directly.

Number of fines issued for non-compliance

Law enforcement agencies voluntarily report their enforcement activities to the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC). The table lists the most common reasons fines are issued.

Reported fines issued for Quarantine Act offences, April 14, 2020 to June 14, 2021
Province or territory Grand total Refusing to go to Government Approved Accommodations Arriving without a valid pre-entry test Refusing arrival testing Breach of quarantine Other reasons
Total 2,450 1,409 401 171 404 65
BC 563 232 112 10 133 35
AB Footnote 1 - - - - - -
SK Footnote 1 - - - - - -
MB 96 0 77 0 15 4
ON 1,573 1,133 212 161 41 26
QCFootnote 2 211 3 0 0 208 0
NB 1 0 0 0 1 0
NS 6 0 0 0 6 0
PE 0 0 0 0 0 0
NL 0 0 0 0 0 0
YT Footnote 1 - - - - - -
NT Footnote 1 - - - - - -
NU Footnote 1 - - - - - -

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Enforcement authorities can't issue fines under the Contraventions Regulations in this province/territory.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

In Quebec, fines are issues by provincial prosecutors and not directly by the enforcement agencies. Numbers presented here reflect cases that PHAC has been made aware of being submitted to prosecutors who may wish to pursue issuing a fine.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Test volumes and positivity rates

Border testing results as of June 10, 2021
Date Air Land Overall
percent positive
Tests completed Percent positive Total tests completed Percent positive
Feb 21-28, 2021 10,117 1.4% 2,534 0.2% 1.2%
Mar 1-31, 2021 125,828 1.6% 43,875 0.3% 1.3%
Apr 1-30, 2021 173,667 2.1% 90,741 0.4% 1.5%
May 1-31, 2021 141,632 0.4% 141,428 0.2% 0.3%
June 1-10, 2021Footnote 1 51,747 0.3% 40,587 0.1% 0.2%
Totals 502,991 1.3% 319,165 0.3% 0.9%

Footnotes

Footnote 1

The most recent month's results are incomplete as test results are still incoming.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Variants

Genetic variations of viruses, such as the one that causes COVID-19, are common and expected. SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, will naturally develop mutations, which are changes to the genetic material in the virus over time.

The Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) has a monitoring program in place with provinces and territories to identify new COVID-19 virus variants in Canada.

The following table summarizes the number of variants of concern and variants of interest that have been confirmed in travellers arriving in Canada by land and by air.

Border sequencing results (Feb 22 - June 15, 2021)
  Variant of Concern (VOC) Total Alpha VOC B.1.1.7 Beta VOC B.1.351 Gamma VOC P.1 Delta VOC B.1.617.2 Variants of Interest
(VOI) Total
Border total 2,670 2,048 92 82 448 248
Land total 448 340 17 21 70 57
Air total 2,222 1,708 75 61 378 191

Number of travellers to Canada

The statistics below represent traveller movement since the implementation of border restrictions to limit the spread of COVID-19 into Canada.

CBSA Traveller Statistics – Situation as of June 6, 2021

Cumulative traveller volumes – Total travellers by land and air

Total travellers by land and air (January 1 – June 6, 2021)
Mode Cumulative total
March 21, 2020 – June 6, 2021
Total traveller volume
January 1 – June 6, 2021
Total traveller volume
2020
Total traveller volume
2019
Land 10,871,739 4,105,263 15,906,967 57,380,632
Air 2,650,647 906,943 9,685,737 36,590,236
Overall total travellers 13,522,386 5,012,206 25,592,704 93,970,868

Weekly volumes – Total commercial air travellers

Weekly volumes – Total commercial air travellers
Date 2021 2020 2019
May 31-June 6, 2021 33,436 20,136 682,396
May 24-30, 2021 29,380 12,955 669,742
May 17-23, 2021 25,992 15,784 688,953
May 10-16, 2021 25,596 14,025 660,026
May 3-9, 2021 30,012 13,907 658,917

Weekly volumes – Commercial air travellers by citizenship

Weekly volumes – Total commercial air travellers by citizenship
Date Canadian citizens and permanent residents Other foreign nationals
2021 2020 2019 2021 2020 2019
May 31-June 6, 2021 19,683 12,645 351,045 13,753 7,491 331,351
May 24-30, 2021 17,287 8,239 374,783 12,093 4,716 294,959
May 17-23, 2021 14,771 10,749 420,901 11,221 5,035 268,052
May 10-16, 2021 14,331 9,540 404,054 11,265 4,485 255,972
May 3-9, 2021 17,608 9,373 420,310 12,404 4,534 238,607

Weekly volumes – Land travellers

Weekly volumes – Land travellers
Date Highway travellers (non-commercial) Truck drivers (commercial) Total
2021 2020 2019 2021 2020 2019 2021 2020 2019
May 31-June 6, 2021 87,773 57,983 1,040,589 107,644 98,089 118,726 195,417 156,072 1,159,315
May 24-30, 2021 89,243 52,043 966,889 110,031 85,745 109,640 199,274 137,788 1,076,529
May 17-23, 2021 88,482 49,785 1,262,253 115,841 83,426 111,973 204,323 133,211 1,374,226
May 10-16, 2021 86,497 45,895 935,060 114,891 81,134 116,890 201,388 127,029 1,051,950
May 3-9, 2021 86,822 43,120 893,214 112,136 79,146 118,388 198,958 122,266 1,011,602

Weekly volumes – Total land volumes by region

Pacific
Total land volumes - Pacific
Week CanadiansFootnote 1 Foreign Nationals
2021 2020 2019 2021 2020 2019
May 31-June 6, 2021 15,494 12,150 187,498 11,572 9,664 90,583
May 24-30, 2021 15,759 11,160 192,049 11,522 8,450 87,550
May 17-23, 2021 15,988 11,092 236,018 11,597 8,528 118,095
May 10-16, 2021 16,019 10,920 190,829 11,384 8,036 75,054
May 3-9, 2021 16,157 10,399 193,939 11,133 7,712 75,775

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Canadian citizens, including those who hold dual citizenship, permanent residents and persons registered as Indians under the Indian Act

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Prairie
Total land volumes - Prairie
Week CanadiansFootnote 1 Foreign Nationals
2021 2020 2019 2021 2020 2019
May 31-June 6, 2021 11,112 9,501 38,117 5,237 4,240 22,330
May 24-30, 2021 11,348 8,990 36,298 5,404 3,882 20,888
May 17-23, 2021 12,232 9,272 48,516 5,054 3,946 20,126
May 10-16, 2021 11,965 9,506 38,920 5,197 3,890 15,845
May 3-9, 2021 12,168 9,300 36,458 5,260 3,834 14,375

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Canadian citizens, including those who hold dual citizenship, permanent residents and persons registered as Indians under the Indian Act

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Ontario
Total land volumes - Ontario
Week CanadiansFootnote 1 Foreign Nationals
2021 2020 2019 2021 2020 2019
May 31-June 6, 2021 98,855 79,952 349,666 28,157 19,874 289,862
May 24-30, 2021 101,048 69,733 335,796 28,806 16,152 242,431
May 17-23, 2021 104,125 65,534 413,214 28,717 14,933 311,389
May 10-16, 2021 101,374 62,315 357,127 28,963 13,139 214,186
May 3-9, 2021 100,918 59,584 347,899 27,496 12,768 191,919

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Canadian citizens, including those who hold dual citizenship, permanent residents and persons registered as Indians under the Indian Act

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Quebec
Total land volumes -Quebec
Week CanadiansFootnote 1 Foreign Nationals
2021 2020 2019 2021 2020 2019
May 31-June 6, 2021 13,213 10,281 71,326 4,252 3,134 46,856
May 24-30, 2021 13,408 9,325 64,656 4,366 2,779 35,372
May 17-23, 2021 14,421 9,709 102,302 4,241 2,815 59,587
May 10-16, 2021 13,401 9,615 65,943 13,401 9,615 65,943
May 3-9, 2021 13,856 9,439 62,955 4,182 2,901 28,626

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Canadian citizens, including those who hold dual citizenship, permanent residents and persons registered as Indians under the Indian Act

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Atlantic
Total land volumes - Atlantic
Week CanadiansFootnote 1 Foreign Nationals
2021 2020 2019 2021 2020 2019
May 31-June 6, 2021 4,937 4,570 42,434 2,588 2,706 20,643
May 24-30, 2021 5,074 4,781 42,515 2,539 2,536 18,974
May 17-23, 2021 5,331 4,991 45,478 2,617 2,391 19,501
May 10-16, 2021 5,344 4,335 43,740 2,518 2,402 16,429
May 3-9, 2021 5,158 3,960 43,323 2,630 2,369 16,333

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Canadian citizens, including those who hold dual citizenship, permanent residents and persons registered as Indians under the Indian Act

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Did you find what you were looking for?

What was wrong?

You will not receive a reply. Telephone numbers and email addresses will be removed.
Maximum 300 characters

Thank you for your feedback

Date modified: