COVID-19: Summary data about travellers, testing and compliance

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Canada's border measures during COVID-19

Canada has taken unprecedented action to limit the spread of COVID-19 in our country, based on the public health measures introduced by the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC). The Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) and PHAC have put in place enhanced health and safety measures to help prevent the spread of COVID-19 while continuing to support the movement of essential workers and goods across the border.

For current measures in place:

Visit COVID-19: Travel, testing, quarantine and borders for more information about Canada's border and travel measures.

Tables on this page are updated every Friday.

Summary of Quarantine Act compliance and enforcement measures

All travellers entering Canada must follow rules set out by the emergency orders under the Quarantine Act. This is to limit the spread of COVID-19 and variants in Canada.

Prior to arrival to Canada, all travellers by air and land are required to submit COVID-19-related information electronically using the ArriveCAN app. Unless otherwise exempt, these travellers are required to:

Travellers are informed upon entry of the compliance monitoring and verification activities, which include:

Travellers are also informed upon entry of the possible consequences of non-compliance, and the enforcement actions and penalties they could face.

Consequences of non-compliance

The Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) attempts to contact all travellers at least once during their 14-day quarantine. PHAC currently reaches more than 6,500 travellers daily through calls and in-person visits, and compliance with the border measures has been very high.

PHAC works closely with the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) and provincial and local police services to verify the compliance of travellers entering Canada. The RCMP and local police will follow up as they view most appropriate, and may not always report the results to PHAC.

Any instance of non-compliance with the Quarantine Act and related orders is an offence. The maximum penalties following a conviction include:

  • 6 months in prison and/or
  • a fine of up to $750,000

There are more penalties if travellers wilfully or recklessly violate (contravene) the Act or Regulations and cause another person serious bodily harm or risk of death.

In such cases, a traveller could be liable for:

  • a fine of up to $1,000,000
  • imprisonment of up to 3 years
  • both of the above

In the event of non-compliance, police services use their judgement and discretion to determine the enforcement actions, including:

  • verbal or written warnings
  • fines for Quarantine Act offences
  • fines issued for provincial, territorial or municipal offences
  • arrest and detention
  • laying of charges under the Quarantine Act (summary conviction)

Fines

The Government has amended the Contraventions Regulations to allow enforcement authorities to issue fines for Quarantine Act offences. As of June 4, 2021, fines range from $825 to $5,000 for adults.

Enforcement authorities can't issue fines under the Contraventions Regulations in:

  • Alberta
  • Saskatchewan
  • the territories

While ticketing under the Contravention Act is unavailable in Alberta, the RCMP or municipal police services can take enforcement actions under the Quarantine Act and the Criminal Code. PHAC is not aware of any enforcement actions taken in Alberta for travellers refusing to go to a GAA under the Quarantine Act or the Criminal Code.

At this time, PHAC does not have any records of tickets being issued in Quebec for travellers refusing to go to a GAA. In Québec, fines are issues by provincial prosecutors and not directly by the enforcement agencies. Numbers presented below reflect cases that PHAC has been made aware of being submitted to prosecutors who may wish to pursue issuing a fine.

While PHAC works closely with local law enforcement and receives data on most enforcement activities taken under the Quarantine Act, police services are not required to send enforcement information to PHAC. As such, there may be enforcement actions not accounted for in PHAC's data. For the most up-to-date statistics, PHAC recommends contacting local law enforcement directly.

Number of fines issued for non-compliance

Law enforcement agencies voluntarily report their enforcement activities to the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC). The table lists the most common reasons fines are issued.

Data source: Public Health Agency of Canada

Reported fines issued for Quarantine Act offences, April 14, 2020 to July 19, 2021
Province or territory Grand total Refusing to go to Government Approved Accommodations Arriving without a valid pre-entry test Refusing arrival testing Breach of quarantine Other reasons
Total 4,059 2,601 646 263 438 111
BC 832 419 208 17 140 48
AB Footnote 1 - - - - - -
SK Footnote 1 - - - - - -
MB

118

0

98

0

15

5

ON

2,864

2,179

340

246

42

57

QCFootnote 2

238

3

0

0

234

1

NB 1 0 0 0 1 0
NS 6 0 0 0 6 0
PE 0 0 0 0 0 0
NL 0 0 0 0 0 0
YT Footnote 1 - - - - - -
NT Footnote 1 - - - - - -
NU Footnote 1 - - - - - -

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Enforcement authorities can't issue fines under the Contraventions Regulations in this province/territory.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

In Quebec, fines are issues by provincial prosecutors and not directly by the enforcement agencies. Numbers presented here reflect cases that PHAC has been made aware of being submitted to prosecutors who may wish to pursue issuing a fine.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Test volumes and positivity rates

Data source: Public Health Agency of Canada

Border testing results as of July 15, 2021
Date Air Land Overall
percent positive
Tests completed Percent positive Total tests completed Percent positive
Feb 21-28, 2021 10,117 1.4% 2,535 0.2% 1.2%
Mar 1-31, 2021 125,953 1.6% 43,439 0.3% 1.3%
Apr 1-30, 2021 175,171 2.1% 87,109 0.3% 1.5%
May 1-31, 2021 161,786 0.4% 128,235 0.2% 0.3%
June 1-30, 2021Footnote 1 192,653 0.3% 121,423 0.1% 0.3%
July 1-15, 2021 155,097 0.3% 64,524 0.2% 0.3%
Totals 820,777 0.9% 447,265 0.2% 0.7%

Footnotes

Footnote 1

The most recent month's results are incomplete as test results are still incoming.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Variants

Genetic variations of viruses, such as the one that causes COVID-19, are common and expected. SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, will naturally develop mutations, which are changes to the genetic material in the virus over time.

The Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) has a monitoring program in place with provinces and territories to identify new COVID-19 virus variants in Canada.

The following table summarizes the number of variants of concern and variants of interest that have been confirmed in travellers arriving in Canada by land and by air.

Data source: Public Health Agency of Canada

Positive test sequencing results (Feb 23 - July 15, 2021)
Mode Variant of Concern (VOC) Total Alpha VOC B.1.1.7 Beta VOC B.1.351 Delta VOC B.1.617.2 Delta + VOC AY.1 Gamma VOC P.1 Variants of Interest
(VOI) Total
Border total 2,926 2,099 97 609 1 120 315
Land total 456 340 17 73 0 26 51
Air total 2,347 1,737 78 451 1 80 252

Number of travellers to Canada

The statistics below represent traveller movement since the implementation of border restrictions to limit the spread of COVID-19 into Canada.

CBSA Traveller Statistics - Situation as of July 18, 2021

Data source: Canada Border Services Agency

Cumulative traveller volumes - Total travellers by land and air

Mode Cumulative total
March 21, 2020 - July 18, 2021
Total traveller volume
January 1 - July 18, 2021
Total traveller volume
2020
Total traveller volume
2019
Land 12,125,207 5,358,731 15,906,967 57,380,632
Air 2,985,532 1,241,798 9,685,737 36,590,236
Overall total travellers 15,110,739 6,600,529 25,592,704 93,970,868

Weekly volumes - Total commercial air travellers

DateFootnote 1 2021 2020 2019
July 12-18, 2021 85,352 38,181 763,726
July 5-11, 2021 86,893 39,166 758,609
June 28-July 4, 2021 42,073 36,830 743,276
June 21-27, 2021 39,313 29,128 745,401
June 14-20, 2021 35,564 25,274 697,625
June 7-13, 2021 33,289 20,514 692,532
May 31-June 6, 2021 33,436 20,136 682,396
May 24-30, 2021 29,380 12,955 669,742
May 17-23, 2021 25,992 15,784 688,953
May 10-16, 2021 25,596 14,025 660,026
May 3-9, 2021 30,012 13,907 658,917

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Traveller volumes indicated for previous years are for the equivalent calendar week compared to 2021.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Weekly volumes - Commercial air travellers by citizenship

DateFootnote 1 Canadian citizensFootnote 2 Other foreign nationals
2021 2020 2019 2021 2020 2019
July 12-18, 2021 58,242 24,834 381,978 27,110 13,347 381,748
July 5-11, 2021 58,971 25,267 369,336 27,922 13,899 389,273
June 28-July 4, 2021 24,699 23,897 352,864 17,374 12,933 390,412
June 21-27, 2021 23,390 18,722 351,408 15,923 10,406 393,993
June 14-20, 2021 20,361 16,251 336,603 15,203 9,023 361,022
June 7-13, 2021 19,294 13,220 353,108 13,995 7,294 339,424
May 31-June 6, 2021 19,683 12,645 351,045 13,753 7,491 331,351
May 24-30, 2021 17,287 8,239 374,783 12,093 4,716 294,959
May 17-23, 2021 14,771 10,749 420,901 11,221 5,035 268,052
May 10-16, 2021 14,331 9,540 404,054 11,265 4,485 255,972
May 3-9, 2021 17,608 9,373 420,310 12,404 4,534 238,607

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Traveller volumes indicated for previous years are for the equivalent calendar week compared to 2021.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Canadian citizens, including those who hold dual citizenship, permanent residents and persons registered as Indians under the Indian Act

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Weekly volumes - Land travellers

DateFootnote 1 Highway travellers (non-commercial) Truck drivers (commercial) Total
2021 2020 2019 2021 2020 2019 2021 2020 2019
July 12-18, 2021 100,455 70,063 1,381,377 111,955 105,497 112,593 212,410 175,560 1,493,970
July 5-11, 2021 109,343 68,834 1,316,663 104,634 104,008 114,787 213,977 172,842 1,431,450
June 28-July 4, 2021 83,752 67,326 1,549,911 107,186 87,549 87,550 190,938 154,875 1,637,461
June 21-27, 2021 91,197 70,882 1,260,058 117,119 104,539 116,744 208,316 175,421 1,376,802
June 14-20, 2021 92,810 66,751 1,101,232 117,988 104,249 116,613 210,798 171,000 1,217,845
June 7-13, 2021 91,566 62,185 1,067,083 116,695 101,104 119,815 208,261 163,289 1,186,898
May 31-June 6, 2021 87,773 57,983 1,040,589 107,644 98,089 118,726 195,417 156,072 1,159,315
May 24-30, 2021 89,243 52,043 966,889 110,031 85,745 109,640 199,274 137,788 1,076,529
May 17-23, 2021 88,482 49,785 1,262,253 115,841 83,426 111,973 204,323 133,211 1,374,226
May 10-16, 2021 86,497 45,895 935,060 114,891 81,134 116,890 201,388 127,029 1,051,950
May 3-9, 2021 86,822 43,120 893,214 112,136 79,146 118,388 198,958 122,266 1,011,602

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Traveller volumes indicated for previous years are for the equivalent calendar week compared to 2021.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Weekly volumes - Total land volumes by region

Pacific
Total land volumes - Pacific
WeekFootnote 1 CanadiansFootnote 2 Foreign Nationals
2021 2020 2019 2021 2020 2019
July 12-18, 2021 18,482 13,662 224,930 12,779 10,865 128,688
July 5-11, 2021 18,559 13,223 219,224 13,353 10,358 121,520
June 28-July 4, 2021 14,449 12,036 247,611 11,175 9,901 149,855
June 21-27, 2021 16,597 13,557 186,338 12,265 10,866 118,358
June 14-20, 2021 16,668 12,949 187,925 12,304 10,189 113,023
June 7-13, 2021 16,587 12,497 185,908 12,281 9,548 105,305
May 31-June 6, 2021 15,494 12,150 187,498 11,572 9,664 90,583
May 24-30, 2021 15,759 11,160 192,049 11,522 8,450 87,550
May 17-23, 2021 15,988 11,092 236,018 11,597 8,528 118,095
May 10-16, 2021 16,019 10,920 190,829 11,384 8,036 75,054
May 3-9, 2021 16,157 10,399 193,939 11,133 7,712 75,775

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Traveller volumes indicated for previous years are for the equivalent calendar week compared to 2021.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Canadian citizens, including those who hold dual citizenship, permanent residents and persons registered as Indians under the Indian Act

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Prairie
Total land volumes - Prairie
WeekFootnote 1 CanadiansFootnote 2 Foreign Nationals
2021 2020 2019 2021 2020 2019
July 12-18, 2021 12,288 10,224 56,518 5,744 4,738 31,808
July 5-11, 2021 12,188 9,573 53,643 5,813 4,697 31,759
June 28-July 4, 2021 11,140 8,888 61,134 5,462 4,171 33,272
June 21-27, 2021 12,026 10,317 43,727 5,573 4,645 31,087
June 14-20, 2021 12,000 10,114 39,595 5,519 4,461 26,252
June 7-13, 2021 11,551 9,576 39,498 5,585 4,151 24,661
May 31-June 6, 2021 11,112 9,501 38,117 5,237 4,240 22,330
May 24-30, 2021 11,348 8,990 36,298 5,404 3,882 20,888
May 17-23, 2021 12,232 9,272 48,516 5,054 3,946 20,126
May 10-16, 2021 11,965 9,506 38,920 5,197 3,890 15,845
May 3-9, 2021 12,168 9,300 36,458 5,260 3,834 14,375

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Traveller volumes indicated for previous years are for the equivalent calendar week compared to 2021.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Canadian citizens, including those who hold dual citizenship, permanent residents and persons registered as Indians under the Indian Act

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Ontario
Total land volumes - Ontario
WeekFootnote 1 CanadiansFootnote 2 Foreign Nationals
2021 2020 2019 2021 2020 2019
July 12-18, 2021 103,528 88,003 421,533 32,164 25,306 374,071
July 5-11, 2021 101,784 88,135 402,951 33,699 24,043 361,006
June 28-July 4, 2021 95,058 77,311 405,490 29,130 21,685 446,473
June 21-27, 2021 104,507 88,960 366,062 31,548 25,196 366,296
June 14-20, 2021 105,693 87,281 342,004 31,536 24,641 319,364
June 7-13, 2021 105,427 83,904 353,323 30,778 22,262 298,659
May 31-June 6, 2021 98,855 79,952 349,666 28,157 19,874 289,862
May 24-30, 2021 101,048 69,733 335,796 28,806 16,152 242,431
May 17-23, 2021 104,125 65,534 413,214 28,717 14,933 311,389
May 10-16, 2021 101,374 62,315 357,127 28,963 13,139 214,186
May 3-9, 2021 100,918 59,584 347,899 27,496 12,768 191,919

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Traveller volumes indicated for previous years are for the equivalent calendar week compared to 2021.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Canadian citizens, including those who hold dual citizenship, permanent residents and persons registered as Indians under the Indian Act

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Quebec
Total land volumes -Quebec
WeekFootnote 1 CanadiansFootnote 2 Foreign Nationals
2021 2020 2019 2021 2020 2019
July 12-18, 2021 13,477 11,295 114,355 5,121 3,911 59,438
July 5-11, 2021 14,169 11,177 106,131 5,504 4,043 56,500
June 28-July 4, 2021 12,521 10,132 124,444 4,707 3,843 86,906
June 21-27, 2021 13,186 10,509 125,258 4,767 3,916 61,653
June 14-20, 2021 13,900 10,475 71,461 5,127 3,784 49,273
June 7-13, 2021 13,442 10,491 70,431 4,624 3,383 41,430
May 31-June 6, 2021 13,213 10,281 71,326 4,252 3,134 46,856
May 24-30, 2021 13,408 9,325 64,656 4,366 2,779 35,372
May 17-23, 2021 14,421 9,709 102,302 4,241 2,815 59,587
May 10-16, 2021 13,401 9,615 65,943 13,401 9,615 65,943
May 3-9, 2021 13,856 9,439 62,955 4,182 2,901 28,626

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Traveller volumes indicated for previous years are for the equivalent calendar week compared to 2021.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Canadian citizens, including those who hold dual citizenship, permanent residents and persons registered as Indians under the Indian Act

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Atlantic
Total land volumes - Atlantic
WeekFootnote 1 CanadiansFootnote 2 Foreign Nationals
2021 2020 2019 2021 2020 2019
July 12-18, 2021 5,584 4,522 50,798 3,243 3,034 31,831
July 5-11, 2021 5,782 4,665 48,129 3,126 2,928 30,587
June 28-July 4, 2021 4,587 4,217 49,035 2,709 2,691 33,241
June 21-27, 2021 4,936 4,506 47,891 2,911 2,949 30,132
June 14-20, 2021 5,121 4,444 42,226 2,930 2,662 26,722
June 7-13, 2021 5,179 4,679 44,101 2,807 2,798 23,582
May 31-June 6, 2021 4,937 4,570 42,434 2,588 2,706 20,643
May 24-30, 2021 5,074 4,781 42,515 2,539 2,536 18,974
May 17-23, 2021 5,331 4,991 45,478 2,617 2,391 19,501
May 10-16, 2021 5,344 4,335 43,740 2,518 2,402 16,429
May 3-9, 2021 5,158 3,960 43,323 2,630 2,369 16,333

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Traveller volumes indicated for previous years are for the equivalent calendar week compared to 2021.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Canadian citizens, including those who hold dual citizenship, permanent residents and persons registered as Indians under the Indian Act

Return to footnote 2 referrer

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