Prevention of Ebola virus disease
Learn how Ebola can be prevented.
How can Ebola be prevented?
There is currently no licensed vaccine or treatment for Ebola.
If you are in a region where an Ebola outbreak has occurred, take the following precautions.
Contact with infected people
Avoid direct contact with the bodily fluids of people with Ebola or unknown illnesses, including:
- breast milk
- vaginal fluid
You should also avoid direct contact with:
- bodies of people who have died of Ebola or unknown illnesses
- medical equipment (like needles) contaminated with blood or bodily fluids
Contact with wild animals
Avoid both live and dead wild animals because they could be potential carriers of Ebola, including:
- fruit bats
- forest antelope
Health care workers
If you are a health care worker:
- practise strict infection control measures, including isolating infected individuals and using personal protective equipment properly, including:
- disinfect or dispose of instruments and equipment properly after treating Ebola patients
- needles should be throw out as disinfection could be dangerous
- scalpels and thermometers should be disinfected
For in-depth information about prevention measures in a health care setting, consult the section for health professionals.
If you are sick after you return to Canada or if you were sick while you were away, see a health provider and tell them the countries you visited, and if you received any medical care, such as:
- blood transfusions,
- dental care or,
Describe your symptoms to the health care provider before you make the appointment. Some illnesses are highly contagious, so he/she might arrange to see you without exposing others.
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