Prevention of Ebola virus disease

Learn how Ebola can be prevented.

How can Ebola be prevented?

There is currently no licensed vaccine or treatment for Ebola.

If you are in a region where an Ebola outbreak has occurred, take the following precautions.

Contact with infected people

Avoid direct contact with the bodily fluids of people with Ebola or unknown illnesses, including:

  • urine
  • blood
  • saliva
  • vomit
  • semen
  • breast milk
  • vaginal fluid

You should also avoid direct contact with:

  • bodies of people who have died of Ebola or unknown illnesses
  • medical equipment (like needles) contaminated with blood or bodily fluids

Contact with wild animals

Avoid both live and dead wild animals because they could be potential carriers of Ebola, including:

  • gorillas
  • monkeys
  • fruit bats
  • porcupines
  • chimpanzees
  • forest antelope

Health care workers

If you are a health care worker:

  • practise strict infection control measures, including isolating infected individuals and using personal protective equipment properly, including:
    • gowns
    • masks
    • gloves
    • goggles
  • disinfect or dispose of instruments and equipment properly after treating Ebola patients
    • needles should be throw out as disinfection could be dangerous
    • scalpels and thermometers should be disinfected

For in-depth information about prevention measures in a health care setting, consult the section for health professionals.

Returning travellers

If you are sick after you return to Canada or if you were sick while you were away, see a health provider and tell them the countries you visited, and if you received any medical care, such as:

  • blood transfusions,
  • injections,
  • dental care or,
  • surgery

Describe your symptoms to the health care provider before you make the appointment. Some illnesses are highly contagious, so he/she might arrange to see you without exposing others.

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