National Child Day: Children's rights activity guide
National Child Day
Celebrating the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child
Table of Contents
- National Child Day - Celebrating children's rights
- Child rights milestones
- Learning activities
- Exploring rights
- Rights come with responsibilities
- Express your rights
- Celebrate your rights!
- Generation GO
- Resources to accompany the activities in this guide
- Safe sites that connect children and youth
- UN Convention on the Rights of the Child
National Child Day - Celebrating children's rights
National Child Day is celebrated in Canada on November 20th each year. Celebrating National Child Day is about celebrating children as active participants in their own lives and in communities, as active citizens who can and should meaningfully contribute to decision-making.
Every child under the age of 18 has rights. These are things that allow you to live a full life and allow you to live to your fullest potential. Every child around the world has the same rights as you.
Right: the things that allow children to live to their fullest potential
Need: the things that are absolutely necessary for all children to have or be able to do to live a happy and healthy life
Want: the things that are nice to have but are not necessary for a full life
Celebrate National Child Day with the children and youth in your life by using the activities and ideas in this guide. The learning activities are designed to be fun, practical and easy to use by teachers, parents, youth group leaders and camp facilitators, among others. This activity guide is not a comprehensive rights document. However, throughout the guide are ideas for children to learn about and celebrate their rights. Children are also encouraged to reach out to their local, national and global communities to engage on children's rights. Finally, young Canadians can facilitate their own learning and outreach using the section of the guide, Generation GO: Children's Rights Activities for Youth. Specific curriculum units from Kindergarten to Grade 12 in all of Canada's provinces and territories recognize the importance of children's rights education. This guide fulfills the curriculum expectations described below.
Through this guide participants will:
- Demonstrate an understanding of equality, human dignity and justice
- Distinguish between needs and wants
- Identify the rights and responsibilities of children in Canadian and international contexts
- Understand the importance and interdependence of universal children's rights
- Explore and demonstrate an understanding of the Convention
- Work cooperatively in groups+
- Consider and be respectful of the rights and opinions of others.
Learning about children's rights may stir up sensitive and controversial issues that require further discussion. To access more children's rights resources and ideas, please visit the National Child Day website.
The adoption of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1989 was a significant development, but it didn't occur spontaneously. Explore the important children's rights developments of the recent past using the milestones on the following page. Then experiment with the activities in this guide and commemorate National Child Day the "rights" way!
Child rights milestones
1924 - Geneva Convention on the Rights of the Child adopted by League of Nations.
1959 - Declaration on the Rights of the Child adopted by the UN.
1979 - International Year of the Child.
1989 - UN adopts the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
1990 - World Summit for Children held at the United Nations.
1991 - Canada ratifies the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.
1993 - Canada designates November 20 as National Child Day
2002 - UN Special Session on Children results in A World Fit for Children.
2004 - Launch of A World Fit for Children.
2007 - Commemorative high-level meeting to follow up on outcomes of the Special Session on Children.
2009 - 20th Anniversary of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.
2019 - 30th Anniversary of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.
The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child is based on four basic principles:
Principle 1: Non-discrimination
All children have rights and they must be respected without discrimination.
Principle 2: Best interests of the child
When decisions are made that affect the lives of children, it's very important to think about what is best for the child.
It is important for adults to think about what is best for you when they make decisions.
Principle 3: Right to survival, protection and development
Governments should protect children from harm, and help children live and grow to be the best they can be.
Principle 4: Participation
Children have the right to give their opinions in all matters that affect them and to have their voices heard. Their views should always be taken seriously and they should have more say as they grow older.
You have the right to give your opinion and for others to listen to what you have to say.
Rights for All
In order to celebrate the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, it is important to understand what children's rights are and what role the Convention plays. Use the activities in this section to explore what rights are, that all children have them, that they differ from wants, and that they have all been agreed to in the Convention.
Activity: The curious visitor
Time: 30-50 min
Preparation: Make a copy of the Convention included in this Kit or download it from the National Child Day website. Collect chart paper and a marker, a clean garbage can or stuffed animal and a suitcase. Assemble photos and items to represent some articles from the Convention:
- toy - right to play
- food item - right to nutritious food
- toy house - right to a home
- soccer ball - the right to be active
Discuss: Let's talk about the things all children need to live well. Record the group's ideas on chart paper. Produce your collected items as each is mentioned. Pack them in the suitcase. For ideas you don't have items for, have a volunteer draw a picture, use photos cut from a magazine or choose something from the room to represent the ideas.
- Create an alien visitor using a decorated garbage can placed upside down or use a stuffed animal and introduce it as Zorp.
- Explain: As has been reported in the news, planet Earth is being visited by friendly aliens. These aliens are curious about human life. Zorp is here today because he wants to learn about human children and what they need to live full, healthy and happy lives.
- Explain: Talking to aliens like Zorp is tricky because we don't speak the same language. So we are going to provide Zorp with pictures and items that describe our ideas. We're going to pack Zorp a suitcase with these items so he can take them home.
- Explain: Since Zorp knows nothing about children, he needs us to organize our ideas into two categories: things you absolutely need to survive and live well (needs) and things that are nice to have but living well does not depend upon them (wants). Discuss the difference between 'needs' and 'wants'. Organize the list into the two categories.
- Conclude that most basic needs are also called rights. The governments of the world have agreed to provide for and protect rights for every child. Using the child-friendly version of the Convention, paraphrase and discuss a few articles. Do any of these rights surprise you? Which ones? Why? Do you have all these things? Do all children have these things? Why are these things important for all children to have?
- Pack the Convention. Pack the chart paper. Wish Zorp well on his journey home.
Note for young participants: Highlight only the rights that are easily relatable to their lives and simple to represent with an object or drawing.
Activity: A child's rights and wantsFootnote i
Time: 60-75 min
Preparation: Collect markers, sticky notes, and one large paper per group. Make a copy of the Convention included in this Kit or download it from the National Child Day website.
- Organize participants into groups of 3-5. Hand out markers, sticky notes and paper to each group.
- One group member lies down on the paper and their outline is traced.
- Instruct the groups to imagine that this paper person represents a child. Groups should give their child a name.
- Groups brainstorm all of the things their child will need to have and be able to do now, in their childhood, to grow up happy and healthy.
- Explain that some of their ideas will be things that we can touch and have physically (like nutritious food). Other ideas will be things that we can do or have but that can't be seen or touched (like privacy).
- Each idea should be recorded on a different sticky note and placed inside the child's outline. After brainstorming, groups debate and then leave the 20 most important ideas inside the paper outline. They set the others aside in a pile.
- Then each group shares some of their ideas about their child and the things he or she needs to grow up happy and healthy.
- Announce that, unfortunately, circumstances in their child's life mean that they will not be able to have or be able to do all of the things the group feels are necessary. Each group must choose the 5 least important items (leaving 15 remaining) to remove from their paper outline. They set these aside in a separate pile.
- Explain that sadly their child will have and be able to do even fewer things in their childhood. The group must choose the 5 least important items inside the outline and remove them to a separate pile. They will have 10 items remaining.
- Regroup and discuss: What are some of the things you have remaining inside your child's outline? Do we see similar ideas among the groups? What were some of the items you removed in the first elimination? What about in the second or in the third? Did it get harder to decide which items to remove the more you were asked to take away? Why? What can we say about the items remaining on your paper versus the ones you removed in the first elimination? Discuss the difference between 'needs' (the things that are absolutely necessary for all children to have or be able to do to live a happy and healthy life) and 'wants' (the things that are nice to have but are not necessary for a full life).
- Now introduce the Convention and explain that it is a list of children's rights that governments have agreed to uphold. All of the rights in the Convention are considered equally important and necessary for a full life.
- Hand out a copy of the Convention to each group. Have participants draw a line down the middle of their child splitting them in two. They label one side 'rights' and the other side 'wants'. Then participants categorize their sticky notes under the two categories. They can use the Convention for help.
- Post the paper children up around the room and have participants circulate to see the ideas of other groups.
For ages 9-13: Do this activity as a large group. Have each participant brainstorm one idea and stick it on the child. Lower the number of initial ideas needed to 15.
For parents: Try this activity with your children on National Child Day.
Activity: Plot your spot
Time: 60-75 min
Preparation: Make a copy of the Convention included in this Kit or download it from the National Child Day website (one per pair of participants). Copy one statement (see below) and the 'Plot spot' diagram (see below) on a piece of chart paper. Repeat for the remaining 7 statements. Tape the papers up around the room.
Figure 1 - Text description
This is an example of a plot spot diagram. It is a rectangle divided into six squares: three squares on the top row and three squares on the bottom row. On the top row, in each square, from left to right is an icon of a happy face, neutral face, and a sad face. On the bottom row, below each face from left to right, are dots. The happy face has one spot. The neutral face has three spots. Finally, the sad face has eight spots. The top of the whole rectangle has an orange title card, within which "plot spot diagram" can be read.
- Give one marker to each participant. Have participants move around the room and place one dot on each 'Plot spot' diagram to reflect how they feel about that statement. They should place a dot under the happy face if they agree fully with the statement. They should place a dot under the quizzical face if they agree with the statement only sometimes. They should place a dot under the sad face if they
Statements/Example of a reworded statement Corresponding children's right Children should have as much money as they want. Cannot reword as there is no related children's right. Not related to a right. This is a want. Children should have clothes in the latest fashions. Children should have adequate clothing. The way it is worded, it is a want. When children disagree, they should be able to say anything they feel. Children should say what they feel as long as it does not harm others. Right to your own opinion. Parents should choose their children's friends. Parents should respect their child's right to choose their own friends. Right to choose your own friends. It is never okay for children to bully other children. Does not require rewording. Right to protection from harm. Junk food is good for a child's development. Nutritious food is good for a child's development. Right to nutritious food.
- Everyone sits when they are finished. Discuss the results of each plot spot. Ask: Why did you take the stand you took? Are you surprised by the results? Did you have difficulty deciding where to put your dot? Why?
- Have participants form pairs. Hand out a copy of the Convention to each pair. Explain that the Convention is a list of children's rights that governments around the world have promised to protect. Children's rights can be thought of as the basic things all children need to have or be able to do in order to live a healthy, happy life.
- Each pair uses the Convention to determine which right is related to each statement (see answers above). Discuss the answers as a large group. Ask: Are there any statements that are not related to a right? (Yes. Children should have as much money as they want.) This statement deals with a 'want' of many children (and adults). Children do not require as much money as they want to live a healthy, happy life. Discuss other examples of things children often 'want'.
- Ask: What did you learn from this activity?
Extension for older participants: Have pairs determine how to reword the statements so that they accurately represent each right they are related to (see Examples of reworded statements above). Share some reworded statements as a large group.
Go deeper on National Child Day and use the activities in this section to explore the topic of children's rights further.
Activity: Rights web
Time: 30-40 min
Preparation: Collect 1 ball of yarn. Choose an open space for this activity.
- Introduce the activity as a fun way to visually symbolize children's rights.
- Have participants stand in a circle. Hand the ball of yarn to one person. They say "I have rights. (Another participant's name), you have rights too." Then they hold tight to one end of the yarn and toss the ball to the person they named. That participant chooses someone to throw the yarn to, repeats the statements, holds tight to the yarn and tosses the ball on. This process repeats until everyone is linked into the web.
- Explain that the web they have created is a good symbol for children's rights for a few reasons:
- All children in the world have the same rights, just like every person in our circle holds the same yarn.
- Our web links all of us together, just like children's rights are linked together. Have a few participants tug at their string one at a time so that the tug is felt by others around the circle.
- Let's explore what happens when children are denied the rights they deserve. With everyone still holding their yarn, read the scenario below and ask the following questions: What things does the child in this story not have that they need? For example, the group may agree that the child is being denied the right to play and rest. Let's pretend that (name a participant) represents the right to play and be active and (name another participant) represents the rights to rest. What will happen to our web if and drop their yarn? Instruct the two participants to drop their yarn. Discuss what happens.
- Our web is strong because we are all part of it. We are all equally important to the strength of the web, just as each child right is equally important to the health and happiness of a child.
- Ask: What did you learn from this activity? Why is a web a good symbol for children's rights?
Scenario for young participants: Rehka comes from a family of 8 children. She goes to school each day but has to help take care of her younger brothers and sisters before and after school. On weekends Rehka works with her uncle in his shop to help earn extra money for her family. Rehka has very little time for playing with her friends or relaxing around her house. Rehka is 10 years old. (Right violation: article 31)
Scenario for older participants: Six months ago Jack's parents kicked him out of the house for not obeying their rules. Since then Jack has been living on the streets and selling drugs to buy food. Jack is 14 years old. (Rights violations: articles 3, 5, 9, 19, 25, 26, 27, 28, 32, 33, 39)
Activity: A world of rights!
Time: 60-75 min
Preparation: Collect photos from magazines, newspapers or the Internet of children in various countries of the world. Choose photos that clearly illustrate one children's right in action. Try to find photos that show how children's experiences with rights can be very different in other parts of the world. Give a list of the rights that correspond with the photos.
Have children explore the photos and match each photo to the right it represents. To use with large groups, cut each photo into 3-6 puzzle pieces. Mix up the photo pieces and give one to each child. Have them circulate to find the other pieces that complete their photo. These children form a group. Each group explores their photo, matches it to a right from the list and then rotates to the next photo. The process repeats until each group has viewed all of the photos. Tell the story of each photo to the large group and review the right it matches.
Activity: Rights radio
Ages 9 and up
Time: Several group sessions
Preparation: Have children find a recent news story that interests them about a child or children in another country.
Instruct them to choose only stories that clearly demonstrate children's rights being upheld or denied. Children then work in groups to create a radio broadcast that they will 'air' on National Child Day. The broadcast should include an interview and a newscast that focus on the topic of children's rights. Participants use the news stories to form the content of their broadcast. They perform their broadcast for the large group or for the entire school over the PA system on National Child Day.
Activity: Report to the UN
Time: Several group sessions
Preparation: Youth work in groups to choose a country and one children's right to focus on. They prepare a report card to use to evaluate how well that right is being upheld and protected for the children in that country.
Participants choose indicators that will allow them to fully evaluate the right (i.e. literacy rates, percentage of children who attend school, average teacher to student ratio - for the right to education). They assign a grade (percentage of 100, letter grades or levels R-4) to each indicator and explain with comments why they chose that grade. Then groups gather to present their report cards to the United Nations (represented by the facilitator, teacher or other youth).
Rights come with responsibilities
When governments around the world committed to the Convention, they accepted the responsibilities that come with ensuring rights for all children
Explore the connection between rights and responsibilities with the activities in this section.
Activity: Working together
Time: 45-60 min
Preparation: Prepare a copy of 'A Traditional Story' (see next column). Collect a long stick (e.g. broom handle) with a fork attached to one end, food on a plate and a pair of chopsticks.
- Read 'A Traditional Story' aloud. Show the chopsticks.
- Discuss how the people in the story might have felt.
- Show the fork on the stick and the food. Ask for volunteers to try to do better than the people in the story. They can only hold the end of the broom handle furthest from the fork. Explain that the broom handle is standing in for the huge chopsticks.
- Help the participants see how they could help each other. They can't feed themselves, but they can feed each other. Have the participants demonstrate.
- Discuss what would happen if the people in the story never came to understand this solution. Working together they could eat, but on their own they would starve.
- Conclude that all children have rights but they also have responsibilities to work together, to be kind to one another, to help each other and listen to each other. When children work together and with adults, we can find answers and accomplish things that we can't on our own.
A Traditional Story
Once upon a time there was a group of travelers. They had been traveling for a long, long time. They were tired and hungry. They had no food left and wanted to find a place to have a meal. At last, they came upon a big house.
They knocked on the door and waited. Eventually the door opened and a man invited them in. "What do you want?" he asked.
"We have come a long way," said the travelers, "and we are very hungry. Can you spare us a little food?"
"Certainly," replied the man. "There is plenty of food here. Follow me." He led the hungry group into a room.
In the room was a huge table with many bowls of food. The travelers could not believe their eyes!
"You can eat as much food as you wish," the man told them, "but you must only eat with these chopsticks."
He gave each person a pair of chopsticks. They were not ordinary chopsticks. They were so big they looked like they belonged to a giant!
The hungry travelers tried to eat the food, but try as they might, they could not get any food into their mouths.
The man watched, feeling sad that they could not find a way of eating the food.
Do you know what the man wanted to see them do?
Activity: Two hands are better than one
Time: 60-75 min
Preparation: Collect construction paper in various colours, scissors and markers.
- What does hand in hand mean?
- Explain that rights and responsibilities go "hand in hand". You can't have rights without responsibilities. For example, children have the right to privacy. They also have the responsibility to respect the privacy of others.
- Grab construction paper and trace both your hands then cut them out either yourself or with the help of an adult.
- Choose one right from the Convention and write it on the left hand, you can be creative and draw it as well. Then write and draw the responsibility you believe goes along with your right on the right hand.
- When all are finished, have each participant share their right and responsibility with the group.
- Share your left and right hand cut outs with the group or someone else and then post it on the board or somewhere others can see.
Activity: Rights and responsibilities
Time: 100-120 min
Preparation: Write the children's rights from the Convention and the group work instructions on a chalk board or chart paper or print them out. Prepare copies of the scenario and the Convention for group work (copy the Convention in this kit or print it from the National Child Day website. Collect markers and chart paper for each group.
- Discuss that children are considered rights-bearers, and in addition to having rights they also have responsibilities. Example: 'The right to give your opinion' corresponds to a responsibility to 'express opinions in ways that do not harm another's rights'. Ask: Why is it important to have responsibilities as well as rights?
Children's rights Possible responsibilities of children Possible responsibilities of duty-bearers The right to play and rest The responsibility to be helpful around the house The responsibility to protect time to rest/play The right to protection from harm. The responsibility to not harm others The responsibility to protect children from harm The right to nutritious food The responsibility to make healthy food choices The responsibility to teach children the importance of eating healthy food
- Point out the rights on the board and brainstorm possible responsibilities to correspond with each right. There are many possible answers. See the examples provided.
- Ask the group: Who, other than children, have the responsibility to protect the rights of children? (Duty bearers: the government, parents, children's rights advocates/organizations, families, friends, etc.)Assign one duty-bearer responsibility to each of the children's rights. See the examples provided.
- Organize the participants into groups of 5. Explain that they will use their understanding of rights and responsibilities to debate the issue of a proposed ban of the sale of junk food from their high school cafeteria.
- Hand out scenario sheets, markers and chart paper, and copies of the Convention to each group. Review instructions for group work first.
- Gather group together and share group conclusions. Ask: Was this a difficult decision to make? Why or why not? What have you learned from this activity? Alternate version: Families interested in this topic can debate whether or not to ban junk food from their household and camps/churches/daycares can debate running junk-food-free facilities.
Group work instructions
Read the scenario aloud. Choose one member to record the group's ideas on chart paper.
- Are you a rights-bearer or a duty-bearer?
- What rights would be affected by a ban? What rights would be affected if the ban were turned down?
- What are your responsibilities as a rights- bearer? What are the responsibilities of the duty-bearers (i.e. Principal, school board, parents, cafeteria staff, Public Health Agency)?
- Discuss points for and against the ban. Mention the rights and responsibilities in your discussion.
- Are there any rights and responsibilities that conflict with one another? If so, how do we resolve these conflicts?
Decide how you will you vote. Why will you vote that way?
- How do we go forward from here? Is a full ban necessary or is there a possible middle ground? What course of action will best protect the rights of the students in the school?
- Be prepared to share your conclusions and main points of discussion with the larger group.
Note: This scenario is fictitious.
You are a high school student. You have been elected as a student advisor on a committee formed to decide whether or not to ban the sale of junk food from the school cafeteria. The committee is made up of school staff members, parents, students, a public health nurse, cafeteria staff and school board members. It is your responsibility to represent the interests of the student population.
The issue was raised by a group of concerned parents and the local public health nurse. They report that over the last 25 years, the obesity rate in Canada among 12-17 year olds has tripled. And 59% of Canadian children and adolescents consume less fruit and vegetables than the recommended minimum of 5 servings a day. These young people were significantly more likely to be overweight or obese. Other schools that have implemented similar bans have shown improved behaviour and decreased illness among the student population.
It has been proposed that the junk food options be replaced with healthy food options based on Canada's Food Guide. When you surveyed students that buy food from the cafeteria, you found that 72% of those students preferred junk foods (like French fries and burgers) to healthy foods (like whole wheat wraps and salads). You also found that 80% of the students who preferred junk foods would go elsewhere to purchase their lunch if these options were not offered.
The majority of students surveyed were happy with the current selection of food for sale in the cafeteria.
You are aware that a ban on junk food would result in major changes. The preparation of healthy, fresh foods will require more staff as they often need more preparation work. The kitchen will need more refrigerators. The contracts with soft drink companies and frozen food suppliers would have to be terminated or renegotiated. The student council and athletics department both benefit from the sale of pop and snacks from vending machines. Their profits could be significantly affected by a ban on these foods.
Your school is focused on protecting the rights of children, so the committee has decided to examine the issue with attention to the rights and responsibilities that will be affected by this decision.
Will you vote for or against a ban on junk food?
Use Canada's Food Guide to plan healthy lunches for your family, school or centre. Then put them to the taste test! Offer them to family members, students and staff or other members of your community. Use this as a way to educate about a child's right to healthy food.
Research what healthy eating looks like for children in different cultures and ethnicities. Or share healthy food recipes, beliefs or customs from your heritage. Cook up what you find and share it with others.
Record the number of food commercials that appear in two hours of children's TV programming. Make a note of what types of food are advertised and common words/ phrases used to describe the food (i.e. "part of a nutritious breakfast"). All children have the right to get information important to their well-being. How does this type of programming measure up?
Express your rights
Much of the power of rights comes with knowing that you have them. Children have the right to know and understand their rights.
Use the activities in this section to encourage children to teach others about children's rights.
Activity: A special gift
Time: Several group sessions
Preparation: Choose enough rights from the Convention so that each participant will receive just one right. Pick the articles that are easiest to illustrate.
Write each one on a separate piece of paper. Hide these papers around the room. Collect paints, pencil crayons, markers, magazines and paper.
- Explain that the participants will be searching for something very special today-something really worth searching for. They are only to find one and be seated once they have found it.
- Once all of the articles have been found and everyone is seated, discuss what they have discovered. Explain that this right is theirs now and they have the responsibility to tell others about it-to educate others.
- They will tell others by making gifts for other children. These gifts can be delivered to friends, siblings or others on National Child Day to raise awareness about the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. The gifts can be drawings, paintings, sculptures or collages of photos that illustrate their assigned right. They should put a simple sentence on their work to describe the right (i.e. You have the right to play!).
- These gifts can be wrapped and given to someone you know on National Child Day or they could be scanned and shared over the Internet with children in other parts of the world. Web sites like iEARN and E-pals can help facilitate this process. See the Resources section for more about them.
Alternate version: This activity can be adapted for older children, who can choose a right from the Convention and create gifts by screening t-shirts to represent their right, or other art forms.
Activity: Rights exhibition
- Explain that participants (alone, in pairs or in groups) are going to creatively depict one of the articles from the Convention or make a statement about children's rights using photography. The resulting collection of photos will be publicly displayed to educate others about children's rights.
- Each participant/pair/group should choose how best to communicate an article from the Convention, a statement about the article or a general statement about children's rights in a photo. Participants can use technology to alter the photos graphically or add text. Remind participants that if they wish to photograph children or people they must convey them with dignity and have their permission to take the photograph.
- Hang completed photos as an exhibition on National Child Day. Invite members from the community, local government, school classes, parents and rights organizations to attend.
- Hang the exhibition at the community library or a local art gallery so that it can be viewed by many people.
- Publish the exhibition as a book, magazine or web site.
- Create a traveling exhibition. Arrange to display it in local schools. Develop activities/lessons to accompany the exhibition.
- Publish the photos as postcards and mail them to politicians.
- Print the photos as note cards and sell them
Celebrate your rights!
You have the right to a name and a record that identifies you as you.
Storytelling is an important tradition in many cultures around the world. Explore the story behind your name. Does it have special meaning? Who gave it to you? Is it short for another name? Tell the story of your name to others. Form a storytelling circle with friends and listen to the stories. Pass around a talking stick to show respect to each storyteller.
You have the right to a family that cares for you and right to live in a protected environment.
Honour your family and your right to a loving family by learning about your family's history. Ask a grandparent or other family member to share treasured stories, legends and beliefs from your family's history or culture. Start by listening to the story of Claire and her grandfather as he describes the history of her Aboriginal ancestors in eastern Canada, the Odawa. See 'Claire and her grandfather' in the Resources section to get the story.
You have the right to give your opinion and for others to listen.
What better way to celebrate your right to an opinion than to exercise it! Debate children's rights issues around the dinner table. Initiate a discussion thread about children's rights online. (See the Resources section for safe online children and youth discussion sites.)
You have the right to choose your own friends and groups as long as it does not harm others.
These days it is easy to make friends all over the world. Celebrate your right to choose your own friends by making some new ones! Establish a pen pal relationship with another child somewhere else in the world. Join up with your family, friends or classmates. (See the Resources section for safe online pen pal web sites.)
You have the right to be protected from harmful situations.
Recognize your right to protection from harm with a simple "thank you". Send thank you notes or emails to the people who protect you. These people could be your family, your friends, your family doctor, local police officers and firefighters, your Member of Parliament, staff at your local hospital, among many others.
You have the right to basic needs that include food, shelter, healthcare, education, and information.
Celebrate this right by reaching out to others. There are many families who need support to meet their basic needs.
Why not collect food items for your local food bank? Or donate clothing items to a local charity. Try warming a child's new home with a kind gesture-give your extra stuffed animals to a women and children's shelter.
You have the right to play and rest.
Why not exercise your right to play with a little exercise? Host a sports tournament in the name of children's rights for your family and friends or for your local community. You might also consider challenging other local schools to play in the tournament on National Child Day. Have a local professional athlete come and address the group. Ask them to talk about how having this right as a child made a difference in their life.
You have the right to know your rights.
Every child needs to know and understand the rights they have. Learning about your rights can be lots of fun! Try out some online interactive games to brush up on what you know about children's rights. Take a look at the Resources section for links for more information
Generation GOFootnote ii
Child rights activities for youth
Impressed by young people that stand up for the rights of others? Get jazzed about youth activists? GO join them.
There are more youth in the world today than ever before. Young people make up almost half the earth's population-that's about 3 billion people. Imagine if you all spoke out together? The impact would be deafening! The generation before you laid a solid foundation for children's rights in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. GO build on that foundation. GO tell every child you know about their rights. GO challenge the children's rights violations around you.
GO seek out the inspirational examples of young people championing their rights and advocating for the rights of others. Get up and GO!
GO fill your head
Rights Pictionary - Brush up on the articles of the Convention with a friendly game of Pictionary. Make teams and have one person from each team draw the same article from the Convention at the same time. The first team to guess the right article wins the point!
Which Rights? - Read news articles to find a story where a child's rights are being ignored, violated or denied. Use the Convention to identify the rights violations in the story. Craft a letter to the editor, or to a relevant organization/ person associated with the story. Use the letter to suggest actions to better protect the rights of the children in the story.
Performing Rights - Work in groups to perform skits, tableaus or plays to act out a scenario where a child's rights are violated. Encourage participation from the audience. Discuss which rights are being violated and what could be done to resolve the situation. Suggest that audience members step into the play and act out the potential solutions.
GO get loud
Read All About It! - Try this activity to create a buzz and educate others about children's rights. Create interesting newspaper headlines about children's rights that convey the messages you want to communicate. Post some of them in spots around your school or community centre where people wouldn't expect to see them. This builds curiosity and gets people thinking. Then a few days later (e.g. on National Child Day) spread out in the halls and shout the headlines while handing out the stories that explain them to people who pass by.
People Power - Trace the outline of each of your group members on large pieces of paper. Decorate these paper people and write inside "I have the right to…" for each article of the Convention. Hang these paper people on the walls to educate others about their rights.
Children's Wear - Throw a t-shirt decorating party. Design t-shirts for a child rights awareness-raising campaign. Research the t-shirts to make sure no children were exploited in their making. Choose a day to launch your campaign (such as National Child Day) and don your new children's rights wear.
GO stir it up
Graffiti Wall - Paper a wall and invite your school or local community to contribute thoughts, quotes, musings, challenges, drawings, etc. on children's rights.
Survey Says - Do a survey to evaluate the children's rights climate of your school or local community. Design a questionnaire that asks respondents to evaluate how accurately statements describe their school/community.
Give statements like "no one in our school is disciplined unfairly" or "all students are safe from discrimination".
Devise a creative way to share the results of the survey. Then host a public debate on the issues raised by the survey results. Devise resolutions for the identified rights concerns.
Sacred Circle - Draw inspiration from Indigenous communities, where consensus, respect and inclusiveness are important. Organize a talking circle where all participants sit at the same level, share eye contact and have equal opportunity to speak about a children's rights issue. Invite elders from your parents' and grandparents' generations to attend and share stories from their childhoods in comparison to children's realities today. Have there been noticeable changes in the wants and needs of children over the years?
GO challenge injustice
How do we do that? - Identified some rights violations you want to tackle? Explore possible group actions by asking "How do we do that?" to each brainstormed idea until you form a big chart of possibilities. Work together to choose the best course of action.
Dear me - Write a letter and address it to yourself. Start it with "Dear Me, I commit to…". Put one person in charge of mailing the letters out after participants have had time to address their commitments or email them if that is preferred. Receive the letter and remember your commitment to children's rights! Variation: Create a memory box to hold the commitments of the entire group.
Open the box together at the end of the year and evaluate whether or not commitments have been fulfilled.
Rights Walkabout - Grab a clipboard, paper, pen and a copy of the Convention. Do a 'walkabout' through your school, community centre or camp. Take note of examples of rights being protected (e.g. opinion boxes - right to voice opinions) and of rights being violated. Record your findings on a 'Rights Report Card' and discuss with the school, centre or camp administration. Devise a plan to address any identified rights violations.
Resources to accompany the activities in this guide
National Child Day
This website celebrates National Child Day in Canada. The site educates about children's rights and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. It has links to children's rights activities and resources.
Claire and her grandfather story
This story was developed by Indigenous Services Canada. It explores the contributions of Canada's Aboriginal peoples to the culture and history of Canada.
Canada's Food Guide
Canada's Food Guide was created to teach Canadians about healthy food choices and a balanced diet. There are both English and French versions of this guide. As well, there is a guide available for Inuit, Métis and First Nations peoples.
Safe sites that connect children and youth
UNICEF Voices of Youth - Youth discussion boards and much more!
E-pals - Global email-pals site
iEARN Canada - Connects classrooms and groups
Taking It Global - Connects youth in interactive ways
Tip: Before children/youth explore children's rights online, learn about Internet safety.
What to cover?
- Always keep personal information off the Internet.
- Be careful when posting/sending photos. Don't post photos showing people in disrespectful or harmful situations. Don't send photos to people you don't know.
- Trust your instincts. If something feels uncomfortable, tell an adult.
- Remember that people on the Internet are not always who they say they are.
- Always treat others the way you want to be treated.
- Don't open e-mails/messages from people you don't know.
- Keep all passwords a secret.
These guidelines were adapted from Kids in the Know, "Internet Safety Guidelines".
Websites for educators and parents on Internet Safety
Websites for children/youth on Internet Safety
UN Convention on the Rights of the Child
The Child Friendly version of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. For the full, official text see the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.
Everyone under 18 has these rights.
You have the right to be protected from kidnapping.
You have the right to care and protection if you are adopted or in foster care.
You have the right to play and rest.
All children have these rights, no matter who they are, where they live, what their parents do, what language they speak, what their religion is, whether they are a boy or girl, what their culture is, whether they have a disability, whether they are rich or poor. No child should be treated unfairly on any basis.
You have the right to give your opinion, and for adults to listen and take it seriously.
You have the right to special protection and help if you are a refugee (if you have been forced to leave your home and live in another country), as well as all the rights in this Convention.
You have the right to protection from work that harms you, and is bad for your health and education. If you work, you have the right to be safe and paid fairly.
All adults should do what is best for you. When adults make decisions, they should think about how their decisions will affect children.
You have the right to find out things and share what you think with others, by talking, drawing, writing or in any other way unless it harms or offends other people.
You have the right to special education and care if you have a disability, as well as all the rights in this Convention, so that you can live a full life.
You have the right to protection from harmful drugs and from the drug trade.
The government has a responsibility to make sure your rights are protected. They must help your family to protect your rights and create an environment where you can grow and reach your potential.
You have the right to choose your own religion and beliefs. Your parents should help you decide what is right and wrong, and what is best for you.
You have the right to the best health care possible, safe water to drink, nutritious food, a clean and safe environment, and information to help you stay well.
|Article 34Footnote iii
You have the right to be free from sexual abuse.
Your family has the responsibility to help you learn to exercise your rights, and to ensure that your rights are protected.
You have the right to choose your own friends and join or set up groups, as long as it isn't harmful to others.
If you live in care or in other situations away from home, you have the right to have these living arrangements looked at regularly to see if they are the most appropriate.
No one is allowed to kidnap or sell you.
You have the right to be alive.
You have the right to privacy.
You have the right to help from the government if you are poor or in need.
You have the right to protection from any kind of exploitation (being taken advantage of).
You have the right to a name, and this should be officially recognized by the government. You have the right to a nationality (to belong to a country).
You have the right to get information that is important to your well-being, from radio, newspaper, books, computers and other sources. Adults should make sure that the information you are getting is not harmful, and help you find and understand the information you need.
You have the right to food, clothing, a safe place to live and to have your basic needs met. You should not be disadvantaged so that you can't do many of the things other kids can do.
No one is allowed to punish you in a cruel or harmful way.
You have the right to an identity - an official record of who you are. No one should take this away from you.
You have the right to be raised by your parent(s) if possible.
You have the right to a good quality education. You should be encouraged to go to school to the highest level you can.
|Article 38Footnote iii
You have the right to protection and freedom from war. Children under 15 cannot be forced to go into the army or take part in war.
You have the right to live with your parent(s), unless it is bad for you.
You have the right to live with a family who cares for you.
You have the right to be protected from being hurt and mistreated, in body or mind.
Your education should help you use and develop your talents and abilities. It should also help you learn to live peacefully, protect the environment and respect other people
You have the right to help if you've been hurt, neglected or badly treated.
If you live in a different country than your parents do, you have the right to be together in the same place.
You have the right to special care and help if you cannot live with your parents.
You have the right to practice your own culture, language and religion - or any you choose. Minority and indigenous groups need special protection of this right.
You have the right to legal help and fair treatment in the justice system that respects your rights.
If the laws of your country provide better protection of your rights than the articles in this Convention, those laws should apply.
You have the right to know your rights!
Adults should know about these rights and help you learn about them, too.
|-||-||-||Articles 43 to 54
These articles explain how governments and international organizations like UNICEF will work to ensure children are protected with their rights.
- Footnote i
This activity was adapted from "What Does a Child Need?" in ABC: Teaching Human Rights by the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights.
- Footnote ii
This activity was adapted from "How How How," in Participation Spice it Up! by Dynamix Ltd., and Save the Children.
- Footnote iii
There is an Optional Protocol on this article.
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