Strengthening Federal Action in the Canadian Response to HIV/AIDS
Key Elements of the Federal Initiative
The Federal Initiative defines the following set of roles and responsibilities for funded departments and agencies.
- Public Health Agency of Canada - The Public Health Agency of Canada is responsible for the overall coordination of the Federal Initiative (including joint planning, monitoring and evaluation), communications, social marketing, national and regional programs, policy development, surveillance, laboratory science and global engagement focussing on technical assistance and policy advice.
- Health Canada - Health Canada is responsible for community-based HIV/AIDS education, prevention and related health services for First Nations on-reserve and some Inuit communities. Health Canada, in partnership with the Public Health Agency of Canada, is also responsible for coordinating global engagement activities under the Federal Initiative as well as program evaluation activities.
- Canadian Institutes of Health Research - As the Government of Canada's agency for health research, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research will set priorities for and administer the Federal Initiative's extramural research program in partnership with the Public Health Agency of Canada.
- Correctional Service Canada - Correctional Service Canada provides health services, including services related to the prevention, care and treatment of HIV/AIDS, to offenders sentenced to imprisonment for two years or more.
Areas of Federal Action
The Federal Initiative to Address HIV/AIDS in Canada identifies five areas for increased federal action and investment: program and policy interventions; knowledge development; communications and social marketing; coordination, planning, evaluation and reporting; and global engagement. Activities will be undertaken in partnership with community organizations, other federal government departments and agencies and other levels of government.
Table 2 presents a summary of the five areas of federal action and some of the key activities through 2008-2009.
|Area of Action||Description||Examples of Activities To Be Introduced Between 2004-2005 and 2008-2009|
|4 These activities will complement Foreign Affairs Canada's foreign policy role and CIDA's role as the agency responsible for Canada's international funding for key initiatives, including country-specific programming under CIDA's HIV/AIDS Action Plan, bilateral partnerships, and multilateral initiatives, such as the World Health Organization's 3 by 5 Initiative, the Global Fund to Fight AIDS,Tuberculosis and Malaria and UNAIDS. CIDA's HIV/AIDS Action Plan and policy statement on strengthening aid effectiveness, Canada making a difference in the world, as well as Foreign Affairs Canada's evolving foreign policy, all recognize the need for policy coherence and coordinated approaches for a comprehensive, multi-sectoral response to HIV/AIDS.|
|Program and Policy Interventions||Enhanced national and front-line HIV/AIDS programs will be evidence-based and aligned with the regional characteristics of the epidemic and the specific needs of vulnerable populations. Programs will be established to improve front-line capacity to deliver population-specific education and prevention initiatives and to increase access to care, treatment and support. Government policies will be aligned with changes in the epidemic and will support innovative approaches to addressing the epidemic.||
|Knowledge Development||Knowledge development will be enhanced to improve our understanding of the HIV epidemic and inform the development of policies, programs and interventions, such as new prevention technologies and therapies. The focus will be on improving population-specific surveillance; epidemiological, socio-behavioural, ethnographic and community-based research; and biomedical and clinical research, including clinical trials. New knowledge transfer opportunities will be established.||
|Communications and Social Marketing||National and front-line communications and social marketing activities will be expanded to improve Canadians' knowledge of HIV, to address community and societal attitudes, and to reduce the stigma and discrimination that fuel the epidemic. National public awareness campaigns will be developed to raise awareness in the general population and encourage people to access HIV/AIDS programs. Local social marketing campaigns will be expanded and targeted to specific populations.||
|Coordination, Planning, Evaluation and Reporting||Coordination, planning, evaluation and reporting will be enhanced to optimize both the federal and pan-Canadian responses to the epidemic and the use of resources. The focus will be on supporting the implementation of Leading Together and the development of issue-specific plans (for example, vaccines, population-specific approaches) and an evaluation strategy for the Federal Initiative. Integral to this will be mechanisms that enhance the engagement of people living with and vulnerable to HIV/AIDS.||
|Global Engagement||Global engagement activities will be strengthened to demonstrate the Government of Canada's commitment to the global response. The focus will be on increasing Canada's contribution of technical and policy support and health sector experience and knowledge, promoting learning between the domestic and international responses, and ensuring policy coherence and alignment of federal activities.4 Support will also be provided to international fora, including the 2006 International AIDS Conference in Toronto. Opportunities will be developed to encourage Canadian researchers to collaborate in international initiatives.||
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