Heart Disease in Canada
Organization: Public Health Agency of Canada
Date published: 2022-07-28
Also known as ischemic heart disease or coronary heart disease, heart disease refers to the buildup of plaque in the heart's arteries that could lead to a heart attack, heart failure, or death.
Heart disease is the 2nd leading cause of death in Canada. Know the facts, and reduce your risk through a healthy lifestyle, and early detection and management of medical conditions.
According to 2017–2018 dataFootnote 1 from the Canadian Chronic Disease Surveillance System (CCDSS):
- about 1 in 12 (or 2.6 million) Canadian adults age 20 and over live with diagnosed heart disease
- every hour, about 14 Canadian adults age 20 and over with diagnosed heart disease die
The death rate is:
- 2.9 times higher among adults age 20 and over with diagnosed heart disease versus those without
- 4.6 times higher among adults age 20 and over who have had a heart attack versus those who have not
- 6.3 times higher among adults age 40 and over with diagnosed heart failure versus those without
Heart disease affects men and women differently.
- Men are 2 times more likely to suffer a heart attack than women
- Men are newly diagnosed with heart disease about 10 years younger than women (55–64 vs 65–74 years of age)
The good news is that from 2000–2001 to 2017–2018:
- the number of Canadian adults newly diagnosed with heart disease declined from 217,600 to 162,730
- the death rate, or the number of deaths per 1,000 individuals with a known heart disease, has decreased by 21%
Reduce your risk
Reduce your risk of heart disease by:
- being smoke-free
- staying physically active
- eating a healthy diet
- maintaining a healthy weight
- limiting alcohol use
Did you know?
The early detection and management of medical conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes and high cholesterol can help you reduce your risk of heart disease.
Learn more about heart disease
- Visit: Heart Disease in Canada
- Get data: Canadian Chronic Disease Surveillance System (CCDSS)
- Consult: Heart and Stroke Foundation
- Footnote 1
Source: Public Health Agency of Canada, using Canadian Chronic Disease Surveillance System data files contributed by provinces and territories, as of February 2021 (data up to 2017–2018). Data from Nunavut and the Northwest Territories were not available for 2017–2018.
Acknowledgements: These data were made possible through collaboration between the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) and all Canadian provincial and territorial governments, and expert contribution from the Canadian Chronic Disease Surveillance System Heart Disease Working Group. This infographic was developed by PHAC; no endorsement by the provinces and territories is intended or should be inferred.
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