Measles & Rubella Weekly Monitoring Report - Week 16, 2018: April 15 to April 21, 2018
- In Canada, no new cases of measles or rubella were reported in week 16, 2018.
- Five cases of measles and no cases of rubella have been reported in Canada in 2018.
- Globally, there are large measles outbreaks reported in Europe which have affected a large number of countries. Canadians travelling to Europe are invited to consult the travel health notice for more information.
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During epidemiological week 16, 2018 no new confirmed cases of measles or rubella were reported in Canada1. To date in 2018, a total of five cases have been reported, all imported. No secondary cases have resulted from these importations.
The last rubella case was reported in February 2016 and the last measles case was reported in week 14 of 2018.
Figure 1: Number of cases of measles (n=5) and rubella (n=0), by week of rash onset, as reported to the Canadian Measles/ Rubella Surveillance System (CMRSS) and Measles and Rubella Surveillance System (MARS), for the period ending April 21, 2018.
Figure 1 - Long Description
|Epidemiological Week of Rash Onset, 2018||Number of confirmed measles cases reported||Number of confirmed rubella cases reported|
|Missing Rash Onset||0||0|
There is currently one activeNote * case of measles reported in Canada.
There are no reported active cases of rubella in Canada.
Figure 2: Distribution of activeFootnote *, confirmed measles cases by health region.
Figure 2 - Text Description
|Health Region||Measles Cases||Rubella Cases|
|Eastern Regional Integrated Health Authority||0||0|
|Central Regional Integrated Health Authority||0||0|
|Western Regional Integrated Health Authority||0||0|
|Labrador-Grenfell Regional Integrated Health Authority||0||0|
|Prince Edward Island||0||0|
|South Shore District Health Authority||0||0|
|South West Nova District Health Authority||0||0|
|Annapolis Valley District Health Authority||0||0|
|Colchester East Hants Health Authority||0||0|
|Cumberland Health Authority||0||0|
|Pictou County Health Authority||0||0|
|Guysborough Antigonish Strait Health Authority||0||0|
|Cape Breton District Health Authority||0||0|
|Capital District Health Authority||0||0|
|Zone 1 (NB)||0||0|
|Zone 2 (NB)||0||0|
|Zone 3 (NB)||0||0|
|Zone 4 (NB)||0||0|
|Zone 5 (NB)||0||0|
|Zone 6 (NB)||0||0|
|Zone 7 (NB)||0||0|
|Québec et Chaudières-Appalaches||0||0|
|Montréal et Laval||0||0|
|Ontario Central East||1||0|
|Ontario Central West||0||0|
|Ontario North East||0||0|
|Ontario North West||0||0|
|Ontario South West||0||0|
|City of Toronto Health Unit||0||0|
|Winnipeg Regional Health Authority||0||0|
|Prairie Mountain Health||0||0|
|Interlake-Eastern Regional Health Authority||0||0|
|Northern Regional Health Authority||0||0|
In 2018, five cases of measles have been genotyped and the genotypes were D8 (n= 4) and B3 (n=1) (Figure 3).
One case, reported during week 14 with travel history to Uganda, was genotype B3 which is endemic in the African region.
Figure 3: Distribution of measles genotypes detected in 2018 (n=5) by weekFigure 2 - Note † of rash onset.
Figure 3 - Long Description
|Epi week||B3||B3 - Harare||D4||D8||D8 - Taunton||D9||H1||Total|
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