Measles & Rubella Weekly Monitoring Report – Week 35: August 25 to August 31, 2019
- In Canada, four new cases of measles and no new cases of rubella were reported in week 35, 2019.
- Currently, there is one active Footnote 1 case of measles in Canada.
- One hundred and eleven (111) cases of measles and no cases of rubella have been reported in Canada in 2019. These cases were reported by Québec, British Columbia, the Northwest Territories, Ontario, Alberta, New Brunswick, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba.
- Globally, there are large measles outbreaks which have affected a large number of countries. Canadians travelling outside of Canada are invited to consult the travel health notices for more information.
Organization: Public Health Agency of Canada
Date published: 2019-09-13
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During epidemiological week 35, 2019 four new confirmed cases of measles and no new cases of rubella were reported in CanadaFootnote 2. All cases were reported by the province of Quebec and were identified retrospectively as a result of public health investigation within the community where previous cases had occurred. The dates of rash onset are not known at this time for many of these cases and are therefore not included in Figures 1 and 2. Given the dates of specimen collection, the IgM test results, and the information collected, these cases occurred during epidemological weeks 27 to 31 (between June 30 to August 3) and are related to an ongoing outbreak.
To date in 2019, 111 cases of measles and no cases of rubella have been reported. The last case of rubella was reported in 2016 and the last case of congenital rubella syndrome/infection was reported in September 2018.
- Footnote †
Note: 22 cases not shown due to missing date of rash onset. These cases likely occurred between epidemiological weeks 27 to 31.
Figure 1 - Text Equivalent
|Epidemiological Week of Rash Onset, 2019||Number of confirmed measles cases reported||Number of confirmed rubella cases reported||Number of confirmed congenital rubella syndrome/infection cases reported|
- There is currently one active Footnote * case of measles reported in Canada.
Figure 2 - Text Equivalent
|Health Region||Measles Active Cases|
|Eastern Regional Integrated Health Authority||0|
|Central Regional Integrated Health Authority||0|
|Western Regional Integrated Health Authority||0|
|Labrador-Grenfell Regional Integrated Health Authority||0|
|Prince Edward Island||0|
|South Shore District Health Authority||0|
|South West Nova District Health Authority||0|
|Annapolis Valley District Health Authority||0|
|Colchester East Hants Health Authority||0|
|Cumberland Health Authority||0|
|Pictou County Health Authority||0|
|Guysborough Antigonish Strait Health Authority||0|
|Cape Breton District Health Authority||0|
|Capital District Health Authority||0|
|Zone 1 (NB)||0|
|Zone 2 (NB)||0|
|Zone 3 (NB)||0|
|Zone 4 (NB)||0|
|Zone 5 (NB)||0|
|Zone 6 (NB)||0|
|Zone 7 (NB)||0|
|Québec et Chaudières-Appalaches||0|
|Montréal et Laval||0|
|Ontario Central East||0|
|Ontario Central West||0|
|Ontario North East||0|
|Ontario North West||0|
|Ontario South West||0|
|City of Toronto Health Unit||0|
|Winnipeg Regional Health Authority||0|
|Prairie Mountain Health||0|
|Interlake-Eastern Regional Health Authority||0|
|Northern Regional Health Authority||0|
- Footnote 6
Active cases or outbreaks are those in which the onset date of the most recent case/outbreak-associated case falls within 32 days of the issue date of this report Footnote 4.
In 2019, seventy-one (71) cases of measles have been genotyped and the genotypes were B3 (n=18) and D8 (n=53), both of which are circulating globally.
In week thirty-five, one case of measles was genotyped and was a case reported by the province of Quebec with rash onset in week 34 and was a close contact of a previously reported case. Measles genotype D8 was identified, identical to the WHO named strain MVs/Gir Somnath.IND/42.16/ (GenBank accession number KY120864), which is circulating globally and has been detected in several cases in Canada in 2019.
- Footnote †
Epidemiological weeks for laboratory specimens submitted to the National Microbiology Laboratory are assigned and reported in accordance with WHO guidelines (WHO.WER.2012;9(87):73) with week 1 beginning on the first Monday of the year, which for 2019 is January 7. However, for the purposes of this report, the genotype data is presented in accordance with PAHO reporting weeks with week 1 of 2019 beginning on December 30, 2018).
Figure 3 - Text Equivalent
|Epi week||B3||B3 - Harare||D4||D8||D8 - Taunton||D9||H1||Total|
The current global distribution of measles genotypes can be found on the WHO Measles Surveillance website.
For information regarding the interpretation and use of measles genotyping (including a discussion of genotypes and named strains), refer to Hiebert J and Severini A. Canada Communicable Disease Report. 2014; 40-12: 257- 260.
- Footnote 1
Active cases or outbreaks are those in which the onset date of the most recent case/outbreak-associated case falls within 32 days of the issue date of this report.
- Footnote 2
Only cases with rash onset up to the indicated end date are included in this report. Any additional cases will be described in future reports.
- Footnote 3
Epidemiological week of birth is used for congenital rubella syndrome cases.
- Footnote 4
Public Health Agency of Canada. Guidelines for the prevention and control of measles outbreaks in Canada. Canadian Communicable Disease Report. 2013. Vol. 39: Definitions: conclusion of an outbreak (p. 5).
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