Measles & Rubella Weekly Monitoring Report: January 3 to January 9, 2016 (week 1)
- In Canada, 1 new case of measles was reported by Ontario for week 1, 2016.
- A total of 1 case of measles, and 0 cases of rubella have been reported in Canada in 2016.
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During epidemiological week 1, 2016, one new case of measles was reported by OntarioFootnote 1. This case was an importation, linked to travel to Pakistan.
No cases of rubella were reported; it has been 96 weeks since the last reported rubella case (week 10, 2014).
The year-to-date total is 1 case of measles and 0 cases of rubella for 2016 (Figure 1).
Figure 1: Number of cases of measles (n=1) and rubella (n=0), by week of rash onset, as reported to the Canadian Measles/ Rubella Surveillance System (CMRSS) and Measles and Rubella Surveillance system (MARS), for the period ending January 9, 2016.
There is currently one active case of measles, reported in the Central East region of Ontario (Figure 2). There are no reported active cases of rubella in Canada (figure not shown).
To date in 2016, no other Canadian province or territory has reported any cases of measles or rubella.
Figure 2: Distribution of activeFigure 2 - Footnote *, confirmed measles cases by health region.
To date in 2016, 1 measles case (reported by Ontario) has been genotyped and the genotype was B3 (Figure 3).
Figure 3: Distribution of measles genotypes detected in 2016 (n=1) by weekFigure 3 - Footnote † of rash onset (if available, n=1) or specimen collection (n=0).
The current global distribution of measles genotypes can be found on the WHO Measles Surveillance website.
For information regarding the interpretation and use of measles genotyping (including a discussion of genotypes and sequence variants), refer to Hiebert J and Severini A. Canada Communicable Disease Report. 2014; 40-12: 257- 260.
To date in 2016, no rubella cases have been reported. As such, no genotype information is available.
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