Chronic Diseases and Injuries in Canada

Volume 31 · Supplement 1 · Fall 2011
Patterns of Health Services Utilization in Rural Canada


  1. Footnote 1a1a, Footnote 1b1b, Footnote 1c1c, Footnote 1d1d, Footnote 1e1e, Footnote 1f1f, Footnote 1g1g, Footnote 1h1h Canadian Population Health Initiative. How healthy are rural Canadians? An assessment of their health status and health determinants. Ottawa (ON): Canadian Institute for Health Information; 2006.
  2. Footnote 2a2a, Footnote 2b2b, Footnote 2c2c, Footnote 2d2d, Footnote 2e2e Andersen RM. Revisiting the behavioral model and access to medical care: does it matter? J Health Soc Behav. 1995; 36(1):1–10.
  3. Footnote 3a3a, Footnote 3b3b Pong RW, Pitblado JR. Geographic distribution of physicians in Canada: beyond how many and where. Ottawa (ON): Canadian Institute for Health Information; 2005.
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  7. Footnote ˆˆ Molinari C, Ahern M, Hendryx M. The relationship of community quality to the health of women and men. Soc Sci Med. 1998;47(8):1113–20.
  8. Footnote ˆˆ Andersen MR, Urban N, Etzioni R. Community attitudes and mammography use: does it really matter what other people think? Women Health. 1999;29(3):83–95.
  9. Footnote ˆˆ Humphreys JS, Mathews-Cowey S, Weinand HC. Factors in accessibility of general practice in rural Australia. Med J Aust. 1997;166(11):557–80.
  10. Footnote ˆˆ Dixon J, Welch N. Researching the rural-metropolitan health differential using the ‘social determinants of health’. Aust J Rural Health. 2000;8(5):254–60.
  11. Footnote ˆˆ Arcury TA, Preisser JS, Gesler WM, Powers JM. Access to transportation and health care utilization in a rural region. J Rural Health. 2005; 21(1):31–8.
  12. Footnote ˆˆ Gupta S, Roos LL, Walld R, Traverse D, Dahl M. Delivering equitable care: comparing preventive services in Manitoba. Am J Public Health. 2003;93(12):2086–92.
  13. Footnote 12a12a, Footnote 13b13b Martens PJ, Fransoo R, Burland E, Jebamani L, Burchill C, Black C, Dik N, MacWilliam L, Derksen S, Walld R, Steinbach C, Dahl M, Bogdanovic B. The Need to Know Team. The Manitoba RHA indicators atlas: population-based comparisons of health and health use. Winnipeg (MB): Manitoba Centre for Health Policy; 2003.
  14. Footnote ˆˆ Stewart FJ, Rosenthal DA. Rural and urban female secondary school students’ attitudes towards and use of primary care services. Aust J Rural Health. 1997;5(3):126–31.
  15. Footnote ˆˆ Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention and Control. Integrated approach to chronic disease [Internet]. Ottawa (ON): Public Health Agency of Canada [updated 2009 May 15; cited 2006 Mar 15]. Available from: 20041216025923/
  16. Footnote 16a16a, Footnote 16b16b Martinez J, Pampalon R, Hamel D, Raymond G. Vivre dans une collectivité rurale plutôt qu’en ville fait-il vraiment une différence en matière de santé et de bien-être? = Does living in rural communities rather than cities really make a difference in people’s health and wellness? Québec (QC): Institut national de santé publique du Québec; 2004. Report No.: 269. French, English.
  17. Footnote 16a16a, Footnote 17b17b Goel V, Williams JI, Anderson GM, Blackstien-Hirsch P, Fooks C, Naylor CD (editors). Patterns of health care in Ontario: the ICES practice atlas. 2nd ed. Ottawa (ON): Published for the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences in Ontario by The Canadian Medical Association; 1996.
  18. Footnote ˆˆ Eberhardt MS, Ingram DD, Makuc DM. Urban and rural health chartbook: Health, United States, 2001. Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics; 2001.
  19. Footnote ˆˆ Canadian Institute for Health Information. Understanding emergency department wait times: who is using emergency departments and how long are they waiting? = Comprendre les temps d’attente dans les services d’urgence : Qui utilise les services d’urgence et quels sont les temps d’attente? Ottawa (ON): Canadian Institute for Health Information; 2005. English, French.
  20. Footnote 20a20a, Footnote 20b20b du Plessis V, Beshiri R, Bollman RD, Clemenson H. Definitions of «rural» [Internet]. Ottawa (ON): Statistics Canada Agriculture Division; 2002 [cited 2007 Mar 15]. (Agriculture and rural working paper series working paper no.61). Available from: 21-601-m/21-601-m2002061-eng.htm
  21. Footnote 20b20b, Footnote 21b21b McNiven C, Puderer H, Janes D. Census metropolitan area and census agglomeration influenced zones (MIZ): a description of the methodology. Ottawa (ON): Geography Division Statistics Canada; 2000 (Geography Working Paper Series No. 2000-2).
  22. Footnote ˆˆ Rambeau S, Todd K. Census metropolitan area and census agglomeration influenced zones (MIZ) with census data [Internet]. Ottawa (ON): Statistics Canada; 2000 [cited 2009 Apr 15]. Available from: 92f0138m/2000001/8108637-eng.pdf
  23. Footnote ˆˆ Breslow NE, Day NE. Statistical methods in cancer research. Vol. 2, The design and analysis of cohort studies. Lyons: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 1987. (International Agency for Research on Cancer, Scientific Publication No. 82).
  24. Footnote ˆˆ Commission on the Future of Health Care in Canada. Building on values: the future of health care in Canada. Ottawa (ON): Government of Canada; 2002. Catalogue No. CP32-85/2002E-IN.
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