EI sickness benefits: Do you qualify
The information below should be used as a guideline. We encourage you to apply for benefits as soon as possible and let a Service Canada agent determine if you're eligible.
You need to demonstrate that:
- you're unable to work for medical reasons
- your regular weekly earnings from work have decreased by more than 40% for at least one week
- you accumulated 600 insured hours* of work in the 52 weeks before the start of your claim or since the start of your last claim, whichever is shorter
*As an example, 600 hours are equivalent to 20 weeks of work at 30 hours a week.
While you’re receiving sickness benefits, you must remain available for work if it weren’t for your medical condition.
If you had a recent claim
If you received Employment Insurance (EI) benefits in the past 52 weeks, you may not be eligible to receive the maximum number of weeks of sickness benefits.
However, if you've worked 600 hours since your last claim, you could start a new claim. Contact us to find out what's best for your situation.
If you're self-employed
If you registered for access to EI special benefits for self-employed people and waited 12 months from the date of your confirmed registration, you may be eligible for sickness benefits. You must also meet all of the following conditions:
- The amount of time you spend on your business has decreased by more than 40% for at least one week because of your medical condition
- You earned a minimum amount of self-employed earnings during the calendar year before the year you apply for benefits. To receive benefits for 2020, you need to have earned at least $7,279 in 2019
Get a medical certificate
To receive sickness benefits, you’ll need to get a medical certificate showing that you’re unable to work for medical reasons. For information on medical certificates, visit Information on medical certificates and practitioners.
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