Anthems and symbols of Canada

Whether hearing the opening chords of “O Canada” or glimpsing a maple leaf, certain sounds and images convey a distinct association with our country. Learn about the melodies, objects and flags that have become – through traditional usage or public perception – the symbols by which Canadians identify themselves.


Services and information

Anthems of Canada

Listen to English, French, bilingual and instrumental recordings of our national anthem, “O Canada,” and read about the musicians and poets behind the song and its lyrics.

Symbols of Canada

Learn about the arms, flags and other national, provincial and territorial symbols that are unique to each region of Canada and tell the story of our country and its people.

National Flag of Canada

Find information on the history and elements of the National Flag of Canada, as well as the proper etiquette for its placement and flying in various situations.

Historical flags of Canada

Discover the flags that make up our past – those used by the Government of Canada or its colonial predecessors in New France and British North America.

Flags of La Francophonie

View the unique provincial and territorial flags of Canada's Francophone community, which is a vital part of our Canadian identity.

The Commonwealth flag

See the distinctive design of the Commonwealth flag and read a brief history of this large, intergovernmental organization.

National Flag of Canada Day

Discover when the flag was raised for the first time and learn about the activities surrounding this anniversary. You will also find promotional material for your events.


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