National Flag of Canada

The National Flag of Canada, though simple with its red and white colours and a single maple leaf, symbolizes pride and strength throughout Canadian history. Learn about how the National Flag of Canada was created, why and when it is flown at half-mast, its elements and dimensions, as well as flag etiquette.


Services and information

History of the National Flag of Canada

Retrace the events that lead to the creation of the National Flag of Canada and see how it evolved to how it is known today – red and white, with a single 11-point maple leaf.

Description of the National Flag of Canada

Get an in-depth look at the technical description of the National Flag, including the size and length and the symbolism behind the colours.

About National Flag etiquette

Find out the different ways for flying the National Flag while attached to a building or a pole, its placement when combined with other flags, and other international flags most common in Canada.

Half-masting the National Flag of Canada

See how the National Flag is half-masted, rules and situations for half-masting as well as notifications.

Glossary of flag-related terms

Get a closer look at important terms used to describe the details of a flag and the staff it is flying from.

National Flag of Canada Day

Discover when the flag was raised for the first time and learn about the activities surrounding this anniversary. You will also find promotional material for your events!

Historical flags of Canada

Discover the flags that make up our past – those used by the Government of Canada or its colonial predecessors in New France and British North America.

Educational and promotional material to celebrate the Canadian flag

You can request to receive by mail educational items related to the National Flag and to historical flags of Canada. Promotional items are also available for special occasions.


Report a problem or mistake on this page
Please select all that apply:

Thank you for your help!

You will not receive a reply. For enquiries, contact us.

Date modified: