Summaries of sectors

This section provides the long descriptions for the “One-Page summaries of sectors” available in the PDF version of the summary. Please refer to the PDF version for the original images.

Aerospace

Competitive Landscape

Tabulation of map of location of aerospace businesses – 2019
Province or Territory Number of aerospace businesses
Newfoundland and Labrador 4
Prince Edward Island 3
Nova Scotia 11
New Brunswick 2
Quebec 134
Ontario 258
Manitoba 19
Saskatchewan 2
Alberta 39
British Columbia 107
Yukon 0
Northwest Territories 0
Nunavut 0
Total 579

NAICS code 3364

Motives: Customer demand, profitability, market share, safety compliance

Tabulation of aerospace sector barriers and opportunities
Theme Barrier or Opportunity Supporting actions
Defend and Sustain Barrier: COVID-19 pandemic has presented a severe shock. Possible severe long-term effects.​ Continue and extend the range of fiscal measures already put in place as part of the COVID-19 response to prevent loss of critical skills in short to medium term.​
Defend and Sustain Barrier: International legislation cited as restricting operations.​ Monitor policy to ensure MRO activities are not hampered through any new regulations.
Defend and Sustain Barrier: Customers don’t recognize the value of some VRP services. Use sector focus group to explore further; develop an accreditation service for customer reassurance if necessary. Accreditation and purchaser confidence is a cross-sectoral problem.
Transform Barrier: Low availability of skilled personnel with the required degree of product knowledge. Support training and investment in MRO activity to keep up with new low-carbon technologies, such as hydrogen. A sector-focused R&D hub or personnel exchanges between companies via collaborative projects could assist.
Leverage Opportunity: Diffuse capabilities into less developed sectors. Advanced aerospace engineering techniques and practices could boost less developed sectors. Encourage cross-learning as above and via collaborative research projects at home and abroad.

Current performance

VRP Activity 2019, $CAD billion
VRP Activity Remanufacturing Comprehensive Refurbishment Repair Total
Sales Income 0.5 3.5 4.0 8.0

Note: 44,700 jobs in total

Environmental Impact 2019, kt/yr saved/avoided
VRP Activity Remanufacturing Comprehensive Refurbishment Repair Total
GWP avoided kt CO2e/yr 22 84 77 183
Material savings kt/yr 3.8 15 14 33
Plastics re-used kt/yr Insufficient data to quantify but certainly not zero Insufficient data to quantify but certainly not zero Insufficient data to quantify but certainly not zero Insufficient data to quantify but certainly not zero

Future outlook

VRP Activity 2030, $CAD billion
Scenario Current 2019 As-Is Rebound Delayed rebound Recession
Sales Income 8.0 9.7 9.3 9.0 7.3

Note: Net new jobs – 10,500 lost in the Recession Scenario

Environmental Impact 2030, kt/yr saved/avoided
Scenario Current 2019 As-Is Rebound Delayed rebound Recession
GWP avoided kt CO2e/yr 183 220 213 205 166
Material savings kt/yr 33 39 37 36 29
Plastics reused kt/yr Insufficient data to quantify but certainly not zero Insufficient data to quantify but certainly not zero Insufficient data to quantify but certainly not zero Insufficient data to quantify but certainly not zero Insufficient data to quantify but certainly not zero

Automotive

Competitive Landscape

Tabulation of map of location of automotive repair businesses – 2019
Province or Territory Number of automotive repair businesses
Newfoundland and Labrador 383
Prince Edward Island 197
Nova Scotia 888
New Brunswick 914
Quebec 9,957
Ontario 14,938
Manitoba 1,494
Saskatchewan 1,477
Alberta 4,775
British Columbia 4,930
Yukon 46
Northwest Territories 24
Nunavut 5
Total 40,028

NAICS codes 811111, 811112, 811119, 811121, 811199

Motives: Customer demand, profitability, market share, safety compliance

Tabulation of automotive sector barriers and opportunities
Theme Barrier or Opportunity Supporting actions
Grow Barrier: Limited engagement in VRPs​ Aftermarket activities could be expanded by pull mechanisms such as preferential public procurement of remanufactured components for fleet vehicles, as in the U.S.
Sustain Barrier: Labour intensive nature of VRP activities. Fiscal measures may help offset labour costs but applying lean manufacturing principles (e.g. deploying automation) could reduce the cost base. Support could be through business grants or loans, or development of collaborative industry-academia programs.
Defend Barrier: Limits to skills and infrastructure. Assist in building clusters of competence for new manufacturing and remanufacturing. Target e.g. skills and infrastructure for efficiency and quality and to service new Electric Vehicle (EV) battery manufacturing and remanufacturing.
Transform Barrier: Rapidly evolving powertrain technology. Foster skills for new vehicle technologies through research funding. Impact-based targets and best practice guidance could assist in harmonizing end of life requirements in supporting VRP activities.
Leverage Opportunity: Diffuse capabilities into less developed sectors. Leverage automotive competence to assist other sectors. Encourage transfer of knowledge & best VRP practice for example through a sector hub, co-projects, or personnel exchanges.

Current performance

VRP Activity 2019, $CAD billion
VRP Activity Remanufacturing and Comprehensive Refurbishment Refurbishment and Repair Re-use Total
Sales Income 1.8 17.3 13.7 32.8

Note: 518,000 jobs in total

Environmental Impact 2019, kt/yr saved/avoided
VRP Activity Remanufacturing and comprehensive refurbishment Refurbishment Repair Total
GWP avoided kt CO2e/yr 111.1 73.3 85 269
Material savings kt/yr 12.3 8.1 9.4 30
Plastics re-used kt/yr 1.8 1.2 1.4 4.4
Waste prevented kt/yr 1.9 1.2 1.4 4.5

Note: Excludes benefits of tire retreading, approx. 2 kt/yr materials & 1 kt/yr plastics saving

Future outlook

VRP Activity 2030, $CAD billion
Scenario Current 2019 As-Is Natural Moderate Strong
Sales Income 33 36 36 37.6 39.4

Note: 71,000 VRP jobs and 24,000 Net new jobs created in the Strong Scenario

Environmental Impact 2030, kt/yr saved/avoided
Scenario Current 2019 As-Is Natural Moderate Strong
GWP avoided kt CO2e/yr 269 286 289 296 306
Material savings kt/yr 30 32 32 33 34
Plastics re-used kt/yr 4.4 4.7 4.7 4.8 5.0
Waste prevented kt/yr 4.5 4.8 4.9 5.0 5.2

Note: Excludes benefits of tire retreading

Heavy-Duty & Off-Road (HDOR)

Competitive Landscape

Tabulation of map of location of automotive repair businesses – 2019
Province or Territory Number of automotive repair businesses
Newfoundland and Labrador 383
Prince Edward Island 197
Nova Scotia 888
New Brunswick 914
Quebec 9,957
Ontario 14,938
Manitoba 1,494
Saskatchewan 1,477
Alberta 4,775
British Columbia 4,930
Yukon 46
Northwest Territories 24
Nunavut 5
Total 40,028

NAICS codes 811111, 811112, 811119, 811121, 811199

Motives: Customer demand, profitability, market share, environmental issues

Tabulation of HDOR sector barriers and opportunities
Theme Barrier or Opportunity Supporting actions
Sustain Barrier: Low availability of skilled personnel with the required degree of product knowledge.​ Support training and investment in HDOR VRP activity to safeguard the effectiveness of the sector. A sector-focused R&D hub or personnel exchanges between companies via collaborative projects could assist.
Defend Barrier: Poor core access and quality. Promote VRP activities for HDOR to mining sector as good environmental practice. Stimulate market through public procurement or contracted fleet vehicles.
Defend Barrier: High labour cost. VRP operations are labour-intensive and so more vulnerable to low cost imports. Fiscal measures can reduce the cost of labour as well as supporting initiatives to apply lean manufacturing principles to VRP activities. Lean could include the deployment of automation. Support could be through business grants or loans, or collaborative industry-academia programs.
Transform Opportunity: Additive manufacturing. Foster uptake of advanced (e.g. additive) manufacturing technologies through low interest rate loans or grants. Support and coordinate collaborative ventures as above.

Current performance

VRP Activity 2019, $CAD billion
VRP Activity Remanufacturing and Comprehensive Refurbishment Refurbishment and Repair Re-use Total
Sales Income 0.63 0.11 0.11 0.85

Note: 7,100 jobs in total

Environmental Impact 2019, kt/yr saved/avoided
VRP Activity Remanufacturing and Comprehensive Refurbishment Refurbishment and Repair Re-use Total
GWP avoided kt CO2e/yr 70 2.4 2.4 75
Material savings kt/yr 7.8 0.3 0.3 8
Plastics re-used kt/yr 1.1 0.04 0.04 1.2
Waste prevented kt/yr 1.2 0.04 0.04 1.3

Note: Excludes benefits of tire retreading, 20 kt/yr CO2e and 15 kt/yr materials saving.​ ​

Future outlook

VRP Activity 2030, $CAD billion
Scenario Current 2019 As-Is Natural Moderate Strong
Sales Income 0.85 1.1 1.1 1.13 1.18

Note: 3,900 VRP jobs and 700 Net new jobs created in the Strong Scenario

Environmental Impact 2030, kt/yr saved/avoided
Scenario Current 2019 As-Is Natural Moderate Strong
GWP avoided kt CO2e/yr 75 95 96 99 104
Material savings kt/yr 8 11 11 11 12
Plastics re-used kt/yr 1.2 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.7
Waste prevented kt/yr 1.3 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.8

Note: Excludes benefits of tire retreading

Electronics

Competitive Landscape

Tabulation of map of location of electronic and precision repair and maintenance businesses – 2019
Province or Territory Number of electronic and precision repair and maintenance businesses
Newfoundland and Labrador 37
Prince Edward Island 12
Nova Scotia 67
New Brunswick 62
Quebec 755
Ontario 1,834
Manitoba 103
Saskatchewan 113
Alberta 729
British Columbia 633
Yukon 4
Northwest Territories 0
Nunavut 0
Total 4,349

NAICS code 811210

Motives: Profitability, market share, environmental drivers

Tabulation of electronics sector barriers and opportunities
Theme Barrier or Opportunity Supporting actions
Grow Barrier: Lack of market pull Develop and harmonize EPR schemes to motivate valorizing used electronics, making a positive offering to customers. Implement refurbishment standards and/or labelling schemes to boost consumer confidence.
Sustain Barrier: Low availability of skilled personnel with the required degree of product knowledge. Support training and investment in electronics VRP activity to safeguard the effectiveness. A sector-focused R&D hub or personnel exchanges between companies via collaborative projects could assist.
Transform Barrier: High logistics costs. Develop a harmonized collection infrastructure for EoL electronics to boost feasibility of VRP activities. Encourage public to return hoarded EoL devices through information campaigns and publicity drives.
Defend Opportunity: Promotion of whole life benefits. Analyze life cycle impacts of electronics VRP activities and publicize when they have clear impact of longer-lived electronic devices. This may also help motivate the uptake of Right to Repair style regulations.

Current performance

VRP Activity 2019, $CAD billion
VRP Activity Comprehensive Refurbishment Refurbishment and Repair Re-use Total
Sales Income 0.14 0.62 0.62 1.4

Note: 12,000 jobs in total

Environmental Impact 2019, kt/yr saved/avoided
VRP Activity Comprehensive Refurbishment Refurbishment and Repair Re-use Total
GWP avoided kt CO2e/yr 65 108 167 339
Material savings kt/yr 2 10 12 24
Plastics re-used kt/yr 0.6 2.9 3.7 7.2

Future outlook

VRP Activity 2030, $CAD billion
Scenario Current 2019 As-Is Natural Moderate Strong
Sales Income 1.4 1.7 1.7 1.76 1.85

Note: 5,400 VRP jobs and 1,400 Net new jobs created in the Strong Scenario

Environmental Impact 2030, kt/yr saved/avoided
Scenario Current 2019 As-Is Natural Moderate Strong
GWP avoided kt CO2e/yr 339 409 413 429 450
Material savings kt/yr 24 29 29 30 32
Plastics re-used kt/yr 7.2 8.7 8.8 9.1 10

Home Appliances

Competitive Landscape

Tabulation of map of location of appliance repair and maintenance businesses – 2019
Province or Territory Number of appliance repair and maintenance businesses
Newfoundland and Labrador 18
Prince Edward Island 13
Nova Scotia 60
New Brunswick 35
Quebec 556
Ontario 1,095
Manitoba 88
Saskatchewan 91
Alberta 313
British Columbia 475
Yukon 3
Northwest Territories 1
Nunavut 0
Total 2,748

NAICS code 811412

Motives: Warranty fulfilment, strategic advantage, brand protection/corporate social responsibility (CSR), profitability, federal legislation

Tabulation of home appliance sector barriers and opportunities
Theme Barrier or Opportunity Supporting actions
Grow Barrier: Lack of market pull Fund local social enterprises to provide employment and training opportunities to socially excluded communities. Develop and harmonize EPR schemes to motivate valorizing used appliances, making a positive offering to customers. Implement refurbishment standards and/or labelling schemes to boost consumer confidence.
Transform Opportunity: Breakthrough of sharing and other servitization business models. Better understand barriers to leasing and servitized models of business. Support transformation by policy that promotes and normalizes communal facilities as demonstrated in Sweden.
Defend Opportunity: Promotion of whole life benefits. Analyze life cycle impacts of appliance VRP activities and publicize when they have clear impact of longer-lived electronic devices. This may also help motivate the uptake of Right to Repair style regulations.

Current performance

VRP Activity 2019, $CAD billion
VRP Activity Refurbishment Repair Re-use Total
Sales Income 0.12 0.80 Not quantified 0.92

Note: 7,400 jobs in total

Environmental Impact 2019, kt/yr saved/avoided
VRP Activity Refurbishment Repair Re-use Total
GWP avoided kt CO2e/yr 30 256 80 366
Material savings kt/yr 14 102 34 150
Plastics re-used kt/yr 3 23 8 34

Future outlook

VRP Activity 2030, $CAD billion
Scenario Current 2019 As-Is Natural Moderate Strong
Sales Income 0.92 1.11 1.12 1.16 1.22

Note: 3,200 VRP jobs and 500 Net new jobs created in the Strong Scenario

Environmental Impact 2030, kt/yr saved/avoided
Scenario Current 2019 As-Is Natural Moderate Strong
GWP avoided kt CO2e/yr 366 372 372 374 375
Material savings kt/yr 150 152 153 153 154
Plastics re-used kt/yr 34.4 35.1 35.1 35.3 35.4

Furniture

Competitive Landscape

Tabulation of map of location of reupholstery and furniture repair businesses – 2019
Province or Territory Number of reupholstery and furniture repair businesses
Newfoundland and Labrador 8
Prince Edward Island 8
Nova Scotia 35
New Brunswick 25
Quebec 427
Ontario 680
Manitoba 55
Saskatchewan 40
Alberta 189
British Columbia 234
Yukon 4
Northwest Territories 0
Nunavut 0
Total 1,705

NAICS code 811420

Motives: Customer demand, profitability, market share, environmental drivers, brand protection/corporate social responsibility (CSR)

Tabulation of furniture sector barriers and opportunities
Theme Barrier or Opportunity Supporting actions
Grow Barrier: Customer recognition. Promote a full lifetime service requirement including maintenance for office furniture. End-of-life take back schemes could make the re-use of reclaimed parts in new designs easier. Accreditation would help to build consumer trust. Requires proper EoL management to ensure materials segregation and diversion from landfill.
Grow Barrier: Lack of market pull. Public purchasing policies and procurement should specify VRP’d furniture. Fund local social enterprises to provide employment and training opportunities to socially excluded communities. Harmonize EPR schemes so VRPs are driven to valorize EoL furniture and make it attractive.
Grow Barrier: High logistics costs. Establish centralized waste management organizations to reclaim and sort furniture in a good state. Take-back schemes, whether they are voluntary or enforced, would help increase volumes to support economies of scale.
Grow Opportunity: Issue with product design. Promote design for disassembly and modular design strategies through a design awareness campaign. Encourage or mandate the long-term supply of spare parts to assist VRPs.

Current performance

VRP Activity 2019, $CAD billion
VRP Activity Refurbishment and Repair Re-use Total
Sales Income 0.39 Informal, unvalued 0.39

Note: 4,300 jobs in total

Environmental Impact 2019, kt/yr saved/avoided
VRP Activity Refurbishment and Repair Re-use Total
GWP avoided kt CO2e/yr 139 229 368
Material savings kt/yr 73 126 199
Plastics reissued kt/yr 4 7 11

Note: Includes projections of informal re-use

Future outlook

VRP Activity 2030, $CAD billion
Scenario Current 2019 As-Is Natural Moderate Strong
Sales Income 0.39 0.46 0.47 0.49 0.51

Note: 1,200 VRP jobs and 100 Net new jobs created in the Strong Scenario

Environmental Impact 2030, kt/yr saved/avoided
Scenario Current 2019 As-Is Natural Moderate Strong
GWP avoided kt CO2e/yr 368 442 447 464 486
Material savings kt/yr 199 240 242 252 264
Plastics re-used kt/yr 11 13 13 13 14

4 Sectors with ‘initial’ analysis

Marine

Estimated VRP revenue 2019, $CAD billion
VRP activity Revenue ($CAD billion)
Remanufacturing and Comprehensive Refurbishment 0.06*
Refurbishment and Repair 4.5
Reuse Not applicable
Total 4.5

*Value included within Refurbishment and Repair

Environmental Impact 2019
Sector Marine VRP activity
GWP avoided kt CO2e/yr ~100
Material savings kt/yr ~15

Medical Devices

Estimated VRP revenue 2019, $CAD billion
VRP activity Revenue ($CAD billion)
Remanufacturing and Comprehensive Refurbishment 0.03
Refurbishment, Repair, and Reuse Not applicable
Total 0.03
Environmental Impact 2019
Sector Medical equipment VRP activity
GWP avoided kt CO2e/yr Unquantified due to lack of data
Material savings kt/yr Unquantified due to lack of data

Industrial Equipment

Estimated VRP revenue 2019, $CAD billion
VRP activity Revenue ($CAD billion)
Remanufacturing, Comprehensive Refurbishment, Refurbishment, and Repair 7.4
Reuse Not applicable
Total 7.4
Environmental Impact 2019
Sector Industrial equipment VRP activity
GWP avoided kt CO2e/yr ~150
Material savings kt/yr ~20

Rail

Estimated VRP revenue 2019, $CAD billion
VRP activity Revenue ($CAD billion)
Remanufacturing and Comprehensive Refurbishment 0.07*
Refurbishment and Repair 1.0
Reuse Not applicable
Total 1.0

*Value included within Refurbishment and Repair

Environmental Impact 2019
Sector Rail VRP activity
GWP avoided kt CO2e/yr ~30
Material savings kt/yr ~3
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