Canada supports initiatives and programs that contribute to climate change efforts in developing countries. Canada’s climate finance brings real changes in communities around the world. The case studies presented below are real-life on-the-ground climate finance projects supported by Canada. They represent a diversity of approaches, from adaptation and mitigation to leveraging private finance and advancing gender equality.
Building climate resilience
Canada supports climate change adaptation and focuses primarily on the needs of the poorest and most vulnerable countries. This includes Small Island Developing States (SIDS), where the negative impacts of climate change are often the most severe.
Canada is helping to improve early warning systems in vulnerable communities (particularly SIDS and least developed countries), where building resilience is increasingly important.
Canada is contributing to the Climate Risk and Early Warning Systems, through the World Meteorological Organization by providing $10 million over five years (2016-2021).These systems have been proven to reduce loss of life and economic hardship caused by meteorological hazards such as tropical cyclones, floods, severe storms, forest fires and heat waves.
Supporting ambitious mitigation actions
Canada supports climate change mitigation projects that reduce global greenhouse emissions and help developing countries transition to low-carbon economies. This support is consistent with the need of developing countries as identified in their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs).
Canada is providing $1 million to Vietnam to support two medium-sized cities – Bac Giang and Hoi An – as they work to implement innovative solid waste management solutions.
The Federation of Canadian Municipalities and the Association of Cities in Vietnam are collaborating on this project. It focuses on reducing short-lived climate pollutants, which include methane generated by the waste management sector, and to find solutions that can eventually be replicated in other municipalities across Vietnam.
Increasing private sector investment
By working with multilateral organizations, Canada contributes to increasing private-sector investment for climate action in developing countries. Canada's climate finance helps reduce technical and financial risks for investing in activities such as renewable energy and clean technology.
Through the Canada Climate Change Program at the International Finance Corporation, Canada is providing $10.8 million to support the construction of a 26.6 megawatt solar photovoltaic plant in Burkina Faso. Burkina Faso, a landlocked country, relies on fuel-based generation for more than half its electricity supply.
The solar photovoltaic plant is Burkina Faso’s first independent power producer project. It will help to unlock the renewable energy market in the country. This project was the first instance of private-sector investment in the country’s energy sector, leveraging the expertise of Canadian firm Windiga Energy Inc.
This project is expected to mobilize an additional $28 million in investments from other public and private sources while contributing to providing affordable and quality power to populations. It is a good example of how governments and the private sector can work together to increase the use of renewable energies.
Innovative financing for adaptation
Through its climate finance, Canada is also exploring opportunities to increase private-sector investment for climate change adaptation in developing countries.
Nepal is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world to the effects of climate change. Building resilience is one of the key development priorities of the Government of Nepal.
Canada provided $200,000 to the International Finance Corporation – Canada Climate Change Program to implement climate change adaptation strategies in Nepal. This project involved working with lead agribusiness firms to support smallholders farmers to adopt climate-resilient practices.
This project is expanding the agriculture sector in Nepal while improving farmers’ climate change resilience. It used sustainable and replicable climate-smart models. It is further expected to mobilize an additional US$2.29million in co-financing from public and private sources.
Empowering women and girls
Canada’s Feminist International Assistance Policy recognizes climate action as a means to advance gender equality. Canada supports the inclusion of women and girls in designing and developing strategic responses to climate change.
Canada is providing more than $16 million in support of the adoption of clean cookstoves in Haiti for 150,000 households. This project aims to:
- reduce health and safety problems associated with indoor air pollution, particularly for women
- reduce greenhouse gas emissions caused by deforestation in the country
- advocate for increased economic power for women and girls within new value chains for producing and marketing of stoves and energy
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