Annex: Clean electricity

Electricity generation currently accounts for 9% of Canada’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Across Canada, electricity generation has been getting much cleaner, in large part through the retirement of coal-fired power plants to comply with federal and provincial regulations. From 2005 to 2018, GHG emissions from the electricity sector were reduced by approximately 46%. In 2018, 82% of Canada’s electricity came from non-emitting sources, including hydroelectricity (60%), nuclear (15%), and non-hydro renewables such as wind and solar (7%). Looking forward, Canada proposes to achieve a net-zero emissions grid before 2050, and to expand clean electricity supply to ensure electricity generation increasingly transitions towards non-emitting sources. Under a scenario with significant electrification in all economic sectors (i.e. doubling of today’s percentage of final energy use from electricity), by 2050 Canada will need to produce up to two to three times as much non-emitting power as it does right now. Moving forward, emphasis will be placed on ensuring that Canada is prepared for the accelerated electrification of key sectors and can meet this projected increased demand with new sources of non-emitting electricity.

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A Healthy Environment and a Healthy Economy contains new measures for the electricity sector

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