Annex: Climate-smart agriculture

Canada’s agriculture and agri-food sector plays an important role in growing the food that feeds Canadians and is exported to many parts of the world. In 2019, the agriculture and agri-food system (including food retail and food service) accounted for one in eight jobs and employed over two million people. It also drives $143 billion of Canada’s GDP (7.2%), over $66 billion in exports, and almost $15 billion of Canada’s trade surplus. The sector has demonstrated a commitment to sustainable practices that help protect Canada’s air, water, and the climate but also accounts for 10% of Canada’s total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, mainly through animal production, on-farm fuel use, and fertilizer application. Agricultural lands can also act as “carbon sinks” by storing (or sequestering) carbon in the soil, reducing the amount of carbon in the atmosphere. Moving forward, the Government of Canada will work with farmers, ranchers and agri-food businesses in the transition to a low carbon economy, including by supporting the adoption of cleaner practices and technologies, and including practices that enhance carbon sinks.

Key measures to date

Key facts

Agricultural soils removed six million tonnes of atmospheric carbon from the air in 2018.

A Healthy Environment and a Healthy Economy contains new measures for the agricultural sector

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