Canada’s actions to reduce emissions

Where Canada’s greenhouse gas emissions come from.

Breakdown of emissions by category
Long description

Emissions by source:

  • Oil and gas: 26 percent
  • Electricity: 8.8 percent
  • Transportation: 25 percent
  • Heavy industry: 11 percent
  • Buildings: 13 percent
  • Agriculture: 10 percent
  • Waste and others: 5.8 percent

Note: Emissions totals (99 percent) are rounded.

Source: National Inventory Report 1990-2017: Greenhouse Gas Sources and Sinks in Canada

Economic sectors used to calculate emissions:

  • Homes and buildings – service industry and residential sectors
  • Transportation – passenger transport; freight transport; other recreational, commercial, and residential
  • Industry – heavy industry, light manufacturing, construction, and coal production
  • Forestry, agriculture, and waste – on-farm fuel use, crop production, animal production, forest resources, solid waste, wastewater, waste incineration
  • Oil and gas – upstream and downstream oil and gas

We are taking action to reduce Canada’s greenhouse gas emissions through investments, support, and tougher regulations as we transition toward a low-carbon future.

Homes and buildings

Making Canada’s building sector more energy efficient is a cost-effective way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and save households and businesses money. Homes and buildings contribute 13 percent of Canada’s emissions. We are reducing this amount by:

  • supporting home and building retrofit programs across Canada, such as the Low Carbon Economy Fund and the Climate Action Incentive Fund
  • updating model codes for new and existing buildings to improve energy efficiency
  • setting energy-efficient appliance standards and programs
  • supporting Indigenous communities and governments as they improve the energy efficiency of their homes and buildings
  • phasing down hydrofluorocarbons that are commonly found in refrigerators, spray foams, and air-conditioning systems

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Investing in cleaner transportation will create good jobs, help Canada be more competitive in the low-carbon economy, and improve our quality of life. The transportation sector contributes 25 percent of Canada’s emissions. We are reducing this amount by:

  • making historic investments in public transit
  • providing over $182 million in funding for electric and alternative-fuel infrastructure
  • having established light-duty zero-emission vehicles policy sales targets of 10 percent by 2025, 30 percent by 2030, and 100 percent by 2040
  • providing a purchase incentive of up to $5,000 on eligible zero-emission vehicles
  • increasing the stringency of emissions standards for passenger vehicles and most trucks
  • developing cleaner fuels for vehicles

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News and information



Canada’s industries are the backbone of our economy, but they are also a major source of greenhouse gas emissions. They contribute 11 percent of Canada’s emissions. We are reducing this amount by:

The right investments today can make dramatic changes to reduce emissions and increase sustainability.

Oil and gas

Canada’s oil and gas industry is an important contributor to our economy. However, the sector produces 26 percent of total emissions. There are many opportunities to reduce these emissions by investing in clean technologies and innovation.

We are setting fair regulations that will keep Canada globally competitive while protecting the environment by:

  • reducing oil and gas methane emissions by 40 to 45 percent by 2025
  • developing a Clean Fuel Standard

News and regulations

Forestry, agriculture and waste

Canada’s forestry, agriculture, and waste sectors contribute 10 percent of Canada’s emissions. We are reducing this amount by:

  • supporting renewable fuels and bio-based products
  • launching the Canadian Agricultural Partnership, which will help reduce emissions from agricultural practices and support climate resilience
  • investing in landfill-methane-capture projects across Canada that repurpose waste as fuel

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Generating electricity contributes 8.8 percent of Canada’s emissions. We are reducing this amount by:

  • phasing out pollution from coal-fired electricity by 2030
  • setting new standards for natural-gas electricity
  • increasing investment in renewable energy
  • increasing investment in transmission lines and smart grids
  • supporting rural and remote communities to reduce reliance on diesel
  • putting a price on carbon pollution from fossil-fuel-based electricity

Canada is moving toward a clean-energy future. By 2030, Canada’s energy grid will be 90 percent clean. Making a transition to cleaner energy helps protect the health of Canadians, cuts carbon pollution, and positions us to take part in the projected $26 trillion global clean-growth industry.

News and regulations

Short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs)

Canada’s plan for addressing short-lived climate pollutants, such as hydrofluorocarbons, will help meet climate goals and improve air quality. This plan will help the world avoid an increase in its average temperature by up to 0.5 degrees Celsius, by the end of the century.

Climate action map

See how the Government of Canada is fighting climate change in communities across the country.

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