Where Canada's emissions come from and what are we doing to reduce them

Breakdown of emissions by category
Long description

Emissions by source:

  • Homes and buildings (11%)
  • Transport (25%)
  • Industry (40%)
  • Forestry, agriculture and waste (13%)
  • Electricity (11%)

Homes and buildings

Making Canada’s building sector more energy efficient is a cost-effective way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and save households and businesses money. Homes and buildings contribute 11% of Canada’s emissions. We’re reducing their emissions by:

  • Supporting home and building retrofit programs across Canada
  • Historic investment in energy efficient social housing
  • Model codes for new and existing buildings to improve energy efficiency
  • Energy efficient appliance standards and programs
  • Supporting Indigenous communities and governments as they improve the energy efficiency of their homes and buildings
  • Phasing out hydrofluorocarbons used in refrigerators and air conditioning systems

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With smart and strategic investments in transportation, we will not only grow a cleaner economy and create good jobs, we will improve our quality of life. The transport sector contributes 25% of Canada’s emissions. We’re reducing their emissions by:

  • making historic investments in public transit
  • deploying of electric vehicle charging stations
  • implementing a zero-emissions vehicle strategy
  • developing stringent vehicle emissions standards
  • developing cleaner fuels for vehicles

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Canada’s industries are the backbone of our economy, but are also a major source of greenhouse gas emissions. They contribute 40% of Canada’s emissions. We’re reducing their emissions by:

  • making historic investments in clean tech and clean business solutions
  • pricing industrial emissions
  • reducing methane in oil and gas sector by 40-45%
  • implementing Clean Fuel Standard
  • improving industrial energy efficiency

The right investments today can make dramatic changes to reduce emissions and increase sustainability.

Forestry, agriculture and waste

Emissions from Canada’s forestry, agriculture and waste sector contributes 13% of Canada’s emissions. We’re reducing their emissions by:

  • supporting renewable fuels and bioproducts
  • developing cleaner innovative agriculture practices (e.g., zero till agriculture, climate resilient crops, precision agriculture)
  • conserving more nature for carbon sequestration
  • reforestation
  • reducing waste including plastic pollution

Canada’s forests, wetlands, and croplands can absorb and store atmospheric carbon. Repurposing wastes as fuel, where possible, can also reduce emissions.
Find out how we’re reducing emissions from the forestry, agriculture and waste sectors


Emissions from generating electricity contributes 11% of Canada’s emissions. We’re reducing their emissions by:

  • Phasing out pollution from coal-fired electricity
  • Increasing investment in renewable energy
  • Increasing investment in transmission lines and smart grids
  • Supporting rural and remote communities to reduce reliance on diesel

Building a smart, integrated clean electricity system will deliver reliable and affordable power, where it is needed.

Short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs)

Canada’s plan for addressing short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) will help meet climate goals and improve air quality.

Climate action map

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