Page 13 : Recommandations pour la qualité de l'eau potable au Canada : document technique – benzène

Partie II. Science et considérations techniques - suite

12.0 Bibliographie

Abernathy, D.J., Kleymenova, E.V., Rose, J., Recio, L. et Faiola, B. (2004) Human CD34+ hematopoietic progenitor cells are sensitive targets for toxicity induced by 1,4-benzoquinone. Toxicol. Sci., 79 : 82-89.

Adams, J.Q. et Clark, R.M. (1991) Evaluating the costs of packed-tower aeration and GAC for controlling selected organics. J. Am. Water Works Assoc., 83(1) : 49-57.

Aelion, C.M. et Bradley, P.M. (1991) Aerobic biodegradation potential of subsurface microorganisms from a jet fuel-contaminated aquifer. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 57 : 57-63.

Al-Bastaki, N.M. (2003) Treatment of synthetic industrial wastewater with UV/TiO2 and RO using benzene as a model hydrocarbon. Desalination, 156(1) : 193-197.

Allan, G . (1988) Experiences with treatment for volatile organic contaminants. J. N. Engl. Water Works Assoc., 101(1) : 13-21.

Alther, G. (2002) Using organoclays to enhance carbon filtration. Waste Manage., 22(5) : 507-513.

Aoyama, K. (1986) Effects of benzene inhalation on lymphocyte subpopulations and immune response in mice. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol., 85(1) : 92-101.

APHA, AWWA et WEF (2005) Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. 21e éd. American Public Health Association, American Water Works Association et Water Environment Federation, Washington, DC.

ATSDR (2007) Toxicological profile for benzene. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, GA (www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/tp3.html).

AWWA (1991) Organics contaminant control committee report: existing VOC treatment installations; design, operation and cost. Water Quality Division, American Water Works Association, Denver, CO (Rapport no 0033986).

Ball, B.R. et Edwards, M.D. (1992) Air stripping VOCs from groundwater: process design considerations. Environ. Prog., 11(1) : 39-48.

Barbaro, J.R., Barker, J.F., Lemon, L.A., Gillham, R.W. et Mayfield, C.I. (1991) In situ cleanup of benzene in groundwater by employing denitrifying bacteria. Institut canadien des produits pétroliers, Ottawa, Ontario. 48 p. (Rapport ICPP no 91-6).

Bond, G.G., McLaren, E.A., Baldwin, C.L. et Cook, R.R. (1986) An update of mortality among chemical workers exposed to benzene. Br. J. Ind. Med., 43 : 685-691.

CCN (2003) Répertoire des organismes de certifications accrédités. Conseil canadien des normes (www.scc.ca/fr/programs/product_cert/accredited_clients.shtml).

CIRC (1982) Benzene. Dans : Some industrial chemicals and dyestuffs. Centre international de recherche sur le cancer, Lyon, France. p. 93-148 (Monographies du CIRC sur l'évaluation des risques de cancérogénicité pour l'homme, Volume 29).

CIRC (1987) Benzene. Dans : Overall evaluations of carcinogenicity: An updating of IARC Monographs volumes 1- 42. Centre international de recherche sur le cancer, Lyon, France. p. 120 (Monographies du CIRC sur l'évaluation des risques de cancérogénicité pour l'homme, Supplément 7).

Clark, R.M. et Adams, J.Q. (1991) Evaluation of BAT for VOCs in drinking water. J. Environ. Eng., 112(2) : 247- 268.

Clark, R.M., Fronk, C.A. et Lykins, B.W., Jr. (1988) Removing organic contaminants from groundwater: a cost and performance evaluation. J. Environ. Sci. Technol., 22(10) : 1126-1130.

Clark, R.M., Miltner, R.J., Fronk, C.A. et Speth, T.F. (1990) Unit process research for removing volatile organic chemicals from drinking water: an overview. Dans : Ram, N.M., Christman, R.F. et Cantor, K.P. (dir. de pub.). Significance and treatment of volatile organic compounds in water supplies. Lewis Publishers, Chelsea, M I.

CPI (2003) CPI Product Profile for benzene. Camford Information Services Inc., Scarborough, Ontario.

Crittenden, J.C., Cortright, R.D., Rick, B., Tang, S. et Perram, D. (1988) Using GAC to remove VOCs from airstripper off-gas. J. Am. Water Works Assoc., 80(5) : 73-84.

Crittenden, J.C., Suri, R.P.S., Perram, D.L. et Hand, D.W. (1997) Decontamination of water using adsorption and photocatalysis. Water Res., 31(3) : 411-418.

Crittenden, J.C., Trussell, R.R., Hand, D.W., Howe, K.J. et Tchobanoglous, G. (2005) Water treatment: principles and design. 2e éd. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ.

Cronkite, E.P. (1986) Benzene hematotoxicity and leukemogenesis. Blood Cells, 12(1) : 129-137.

Cronkite, E.P., Bullis, J., Inoue, T. et Drew, R.T . (1984) Benzene inhalation produces leukemia in mice. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol., 75 : 358-361.

Cronkite, E., Drew, R., Ino ue, T. et Bullis, J. (1985) Benzene hematotoxicity and leukemogenesis. Am. J. Ind. Med., 7 : 447-456.

Cronkite, E.P., Drew, R.T., Inoue, T., Hirabayashi, Y. et Bullis, J.E. (1989) Hematotoxicity and carcinogenicity of inhaled benzene. Environ. Health Perspect., 82 : 97-108.

Crump, K.S. et Allen, B.C. (1984) Quantitative estimates of risk of leukemia from occupational exposure to benzene. Préparé pour l'Occupational Safety and Health Administration, mai (Registre OSHA H-059B, Pièce 152).

Cummins, M.D. et Westrick, J.J. (1990) Treatment technologies and costs for removing volatile organic compounds from water: aeration. Dans : Ram, N.M., Christman, R.F. et Cantor, K.P. (dir. de pub.). Significance and treatment of volatile organic compounds in water supplies. Lewis Publishers, Chelsea, M I.

De Nardi, I.R., Varesche, M.B.A., Zalat, M. et Foresti, E. (2002) Anaerobic degradation of BTEX in a packed-bed reactor. Water Sci. Technol., 45(10) : 175-180.

Dosemeci, M., Li, G.-L., Hayes, R.B., Yin, S.-N., Linet, M., Chow, W.-H., Wang, Y.Z., Jiang, Z.L., Dai, T.R ., Zhang, W.U., Chao, X.-J., Y e, P.-Z., Kou, Q.-R., Fan, Y .-H., Zhang, X.-C., Lin, X .-F., Meng, J.-F., Zho, J.-S., Wacholder, S., Kneller, R. et Blot, W.J. (1994) Co hort study among workers exposed to benzene in China: II. Exposure assessment. Am. J. Ind. M ed., 26(3) : 401-411.

Dosemeci, M., Yin, S.N., Linet, M., Wacholder, S., Rothman, N., Li, G .-L., Chow, W.-H., W ang, Y.-Z., Jiang, Z.-L., Dai, T.-R., Zhang, W.-U., Chao, X.-J., Y e, P.-Z., Kou, Q.-R., Fan, Y .-H., Zhang, X.-C., Lin, X .-F., Meng, J.-F., Zho, J.-S., Blot, W .J. et Hayes, R.B. (1996) Indirect validation of benzene exposure assessment by association with benzene poisoning. Environ. Health Perspect., 104(Suppl. 6) : 1343-1347.

Duarte-Davidson, R., Courage, C., Rushton, L. et Levy, L. (2001) Benzene in the environment: An assessment of the potential risks to the health of the population. Occup. Environ. Med., 58(1) : 2-13.

Dyksen, J.E . (2005) Aeration and air stripping. Dans : Baruth, E. (dir. de pub.). Water treatment plant design. 4e éd. American Society of Civil Engineers et American Water Works Association (McGraw-Hill).

Dyksen, J.E., Racsko, R.F. et Cline, G.C. (1995) Operating experiences at VOC treatment facilities. Dans : Proceedings of the 1995 Annual American Water Works Association Conference. American Water Works Association, Denver, CO. p. 659-684.

Eastmond, D.A., Rupa, D.S. et Hasegawa, L.S. (1994) Detection of hyperdiploidy and chromosome breakage in interphase human lymphocytes following exposure to the benzene metabolite hydroquinone using multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization with DNA probes. Mutat. Res., 322(1) : 9-20.

English, C.W. et Loehr, R.C. (1991) Degradation of organic vapors in unsaturated soils. J. Hazard. Mater., 28 : 55- 63.

Environnement Canada (2001) Mesures du benzène dans l'atmosphère au Canada (1989-1998). Réseau national de surveillance de la pollution atmosphérique (RNSPA), Environnement Canada, Ottawa, Ontario (www.etc-cte.ec.gc.ca/publications/naps/benzene1989-98_f.html).

Environnement Canada et Santé et Bien-être social Canada (1993) Loi canadienne sur la protection de l'environnement. Liste des substances d'intérêt prioritaire. Rapport d'évaluation. Benzène. Ministère de l'Approvisonnement et des Services Canada, Ottawa, Ontario (www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ewh-semt/pubs/contaminants/psl1-lsp1/benzene/index_f.html).

Farris, G.M., Everitt, J.I., Irons, R.D. et Popp, J.A. (1993) Carcinogenicity of inhaled benzene in CBA mice. Fundam. Appl. Toxicol., 20(4) : 503-507.

FDA des États-Unis (2006) Data on benzene in soft drinks and other beverages. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food and Drug Administration des États-Unis (www.cfsan.fda.gov/~dms/benzdata.html).

Fishbein, L. (1984) An overview of environmental and toxicological aspects of aromatic hydrocarbons. 1. Benzene. Sci. Total Environ., 40 : 189-218.

Fleming-Jones, M.E. et Smith, R.E. (2003) Volatile organic compounds in foods: A five year study. J Agric. Food Chem., 51(27) : 8120-8127.

Franz, T.J. (1975) Percutaneous absorption. On the relevance of in vitro data. J. Invest. Dermatol., 64 : 190-195.

Franz, T.J. (1984) Percutaneous exposure of benzene. Dans : Advances in modern environmental toxicology. Vol. VI. Applied toxicology of petroleum hydrocarbons. Princeton Scientific Publishers, Princeton, NJ. p. 61-70.

Fronk, C.A. (1987) Destruction of volatile organic contaminants in drinking water by ozone treatment. Ozone Sci. Eng., 9 : 265-288.

Graedel, T.C. (1978) Chemical compounds in the atmosphere. Academic Press, New York, NY. p. 105.

Hayes, R.B ., Yin, S.N., Dosemeci, M ., Li, G.L., Wacholder, S., Chow, W.H., Rothman, N., Wang, Y.Z., Dai, T.R., Chao, X.J., Jiang, Z.L., Ye, P.Z., Zhao, H.B., Kou, Q.R., Zhang, W.Y., M eng, J.F., Zho, J.S., Lin, X .F., Ding, C.Y., Li, C.Y., Zhang, Z.N., Li, D.G., Travis, L.B., Blot, W.J. et Linet, M.S. (1996) Mortality among benzene-exposed workers in China. Environ. Health Perspect., 104(Suppl. 6) : 1349-1352.

Hayes, R.B., Yin, S.N., Dosemeci, M., Li, G.L., Wacholder, S., Travis, L.B., Li, C.-Y., Rothman, N., Hover, R.N. et Linet, M .S. (1997) Benzene and the dose-related incidence of hematologic neoplasms in China. J. Natl. Cancer Inst., 89(14) : 1065-1071.

Hoffmann, K., Krause, C., Seifert, B. et Ullrich, D. (2000) The German Environmental Survey 1990/92 (GerES II): Sources of personal exposure to volatile organic compounds. J. Expo. Anal. Environ. Epidemiol., 10 : 115-125.

Holliday, M .G. et Englehardt, F.R. (1984) Benzene. A criteria review. Rapport mandaté par la Division de la surveillance et des critères, ministère de la Santé nationale et du Bien-être social, Ottawa, Ontario. 30 mars.

Howard, P.H., Boethling, R.S., Jarvis, W.F., Meylan, W.M. et Michalenko, E.M. (1991) Handbook of environmental degradation rates. Lewis Publishers, Chelsea, MI.

HSDB (2005) Benzene CASRN: 71-43-2. Hazardous Substances Data Bank. National Library of Medicine (http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/).

IRIS (2003) Benzene (CASRN 71-43-2). Carcinogenicity assessment for lifetime exposure. Integrated Risk Information System, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (www.epa.gov/iris/subst/0276.htm).

Jaques, A.P. (1990) Inventaire national des sources et des émissions de benzène (1985). Environnement Canada (EPS 5/AP/1).

Jian, K. et Pintauro, P.N. (1997) Asymmetric PVDF hollow-fiber membranes for organic/water pervaporation. J. Memb. Sci., 135(1) : 41-53.

Johansson, I. et Ingelman-Sundberg, M . (1988) Benzene metabolism by ethanol-, acetone-, and benzene-inducible cytochrome P-450 (IIE1) in rat and rabbit liver microsomes. Cancer Res., 48 : 5387-5390.

Kang, J.W., Park, H., Wang, R.Y., Koga, M., Kadokami, H.K., Lee, E. et Oh, S. (1997) Effect of ozonation for treatment of micropollutants present in drinking water source. Water Sci. Technol., 36(12) : 229-307.

Keller, K.A. et Snyder, C.A. (1986) Mice exposed in utero to low concentrations of benzene exhibit enduring changes in their colony forming hematopoietic cells. Toxicology, 42 : 171-181.

Keller, K.A. et Snyder, C.A. (1988) Mice exposed in utero to 20 ppm benzene exhibit altered numbers of recognizable hematopoietic cells up to seven weeks after exposure. Fundam. Appl. Toxicol., 10: 224-232.

Kim, S., Vermeulen, R., W aidyanatha, S., Johnson, B .A., Lan, Q., Rothman, N., Smith, M .T., Zhang, L., Il, G., Shen, M., Yin, S. et Rappaport, S.M. (2006) Using urinary biomarkers to elucidate dose-related patterns of human benzene metabolism. Carcinogenesis, 27(4) : 772-781.

Koffskey, W.E. et Brodtmann, N.V. (1983) Organic contaminant removal in Lower Mississippi River drinking water by granular activated carbon. Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory, Environmental Protection Agency des États-Unis, Cincinnati, OH (EPA 600/2-83-032).

Krishnan, K. (2004) Development of a two tier approach for evaluating the relevance of multi-route exposures in establishing drinking water goals for volatile organic chemicals. Rapport préparé sous contrat po ur le Bureau de la qualité de l'eau et de la santé, Programme de la sécurité des milieux, Santé Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.

Lan, Q., Zhang, L., Il, G., Vermeulen, R., Weinburg, R.S., Dosemeci, M., Rappaport, S.M ., Shen, M., Alter, B.P., Wu, Y., Kopp, W., Waidyanatha, S., Rabkin, C., Guo, W ., Chanock, S., Hayes, R.B ., Linet, M ., Kim, S., Yin, S., Rothman, N. et Smith, M.T. (2004) Hematotoxicity in workers exposed to low levels of benzene. Science, 306 : 1774-1776.

Li, G.L., Yin, S.N., Watanabe, T ., Nakatsuka, H., Kasahara, M., Abe, H. et Ikeda, M. (1986) Benzene-specific increase in leukocyte alkaline phosphatase activity in rats exposed to vapors of various organic solvents. J. To xicol. Environ. Health, 19(4) : 581-589.

Lindstrom, A.B., Highsmith, V.R., Buckley, T.J., Pate, W.J. et Michael, L.C. (1994) Gasoline-contaminated groundwater as a source of residential benzene exposure: A case study. Government Reports Announcements & Index (Gra&I), Numéro 23.

Love, T.O., Miltner, R.J., Eilers, R.G. et Fronk-Leist, C.A . (1983) Treatment of volatile organic compounds in drinking water. Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory, Environmental Protection Agency des États-Unis, Cincinnati, OH.

Lubicki, P., Cross, J., Jayaram, S., Zhao, J.S. et Ward, O . (1997) Removal of nitrobenzene and volatile organic compounds using electron radiation. IEEE 1997 annual report. Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, Minneapolis, MN, octobre 19-22. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

Lykins, B.W., Jr. et Clark, R.M. (1994) U.S. drinking water regulations: treatment technologies and cost. Drinking Water Research Division, Environmental Protection Agency des États-Unis, Cincinnati, OH (EPA-600/J-94/381).

Lykins, B.W., Jr., Geldreich, E.E., Adams, J.Q., Ireland, J.C. et Clark, R.M. (1984) Granular activated carbon for removing nontrihalomethane organics from drinking water. Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory, Drinking Water Research Division, Environmental Protection Agency des États-U nis, Cincinnati, OH (EPA-600/2-84-165).

Lykins, B.W., Jr., Clark, R.M. et Fronk, C.A. (1988) Reverse osmosis for removing synthetic organics from drinking water: a cost and performance evaluation. Dans : AWWA 1988 Annual Conference Proceedings, Orlando, FL. American Water Works Association, Denver, CO. p. 1433-1457.

Mackay, D., Shiu, W.Y. et Ma, K.C. (1992) Illustrated handbook of physical-chemical properties and environmental fate for organic chemicals. Volume 1. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, FL.

Maibach, H.I. et Anjo, D.M. (1981) Percutaneous penetration of benzene contained in solvents used in the rubber industry. Arch. Environ. Health, 36 : 256-260.

Maltoni, C., Conti, B. et Scarnato, C. (1982) Squamous cell carcinomas of the oral cavity in Sprague-Dawley rats following exposure to benzene by inhalation. Med. Lav., 4 : 446-450.

Maltoni, C., Conti, B. et Cotti, G. (1983) Benzene: a multipotential carcinogen. Results of long-term bioassays performed at the Bologna Institute of Oncology. Am. J. Ind. Med., 4 : 589-630.

Maltoni, C., Conti, B., Cotti, G. et Belpoggi, F. (1985) Experimental studies on benzene carcinogenicity at the Bologna Institute of Oncology: current results and ongoing research. Am. J. Ind. Med., 7 : 415-446.

Maltoni, C., Ciliberti, A., Cotti, G., Conti, B. et Belpoggi, F. (1989) Benzene, an experimental multipotential carcinogen: results of the long-term bioassays performed at the Bologna Institute of Oncology. Environ. Health Perspect., 82 : 109-124.

Mathews, J.M ., Etheridge, A.S. et Mathews, H.B . (1998) Dose-dependent metabolism of benzene in hamsters, rats and mice. Toxicol. Sci., 44 : 14-21.

McKinnon, R.J. et Dyksen, J.E (1984) Removing organics from groundwater through aeration plus GAC. J. Am. Water Works Assoc., 76 : 42-47.

McKone, T.E. et Knezovich, J.P. (1991) The transfer of trichloroethylene (TCE) from a shower to indoor air: experimental measurements and their implications. J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 41(6): 832-837.

Ministère de l'Environnement de l'Alberta (2005) Communication personnelle avec K. Pongar.

Ministère du Développement durable, de l'Environnement et des Parcs du Québec (2005) Personal communication with C. Robert.

Ministère de l'Environnement de la Nouvelle-Écosse (2005), Communication personnelle avec J. MacDonald.

Ministère de l'Environnement de l'Ontario (2008) Communication personnelle avec S. Deshpande.

Ministère de l'Environnement du Nouveau-Brunswick (2008) Communication personnelles avec K. White.

Ministère de l'Environnement et de la Gestion des ressources de la Saskatchewan (2005) Communication personnelle avec S. Ferris et P. Minifie.

Ministère de l'Environnement et de la Conservation de Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador (2005) Communication personnelle avec M. Goebel.

Ministère du Développement durable, de l'Environnement et des Parcs du Québec (2005) Communication personnelle avec C. Robert.

Najm, N.I., Snoeyink, V.L., Lykins, B.W., Jr. et Adams, J.Q. (1991) Using powdered activated carbon: A critical review. J. Am. Water Works Assoc., 83(1) : 65-75.

Nakai, J.S., Chu, I., Li-Muller, A. et Aucoin, R. (1997) Effect of environmental conditions on the penetration of benzene through human skin. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health, 51(5) : 447-462.

Nomiyama, K. et Nomiyama, H. (1974) Respiratory retention, uptake and excretion of organic solvents in man. Int. Arch. Arbeitsmed., 32 : 75-83.

NSF/ANSI (2005) Section 7.2.4. Dans : Standard 58: Reverse osmosis drinking water treatment systems. NSF International et American National Standards Institute. p. 29-30.

NSF/ANSI (2006) Section 7.2.4. Dans : Standard 53: Drinking water treatment units - health effects. NSF International et American National Standards Institute. p. 39-40.

NTP (1986) Toxicology and carcinogenesis studies of benzene (No CAS 71-43-2) in F344/N rats and B6C3F1 mice (gavage studies). National Toxicology Program, National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Research Triangle Park, NC (Technical Report Series no 289; Publication NIH no 86-2545; http://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/ntp/htdocs/LT_rpts/tr289.pdf).

NTP (2007) Toxicology and carcinogenesis study of benzene (CAS No. 71-43-2) in genetically modified haploinsufficient p16Ink4a/p19Arf mice (gavage study). National Toxicology Program, National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Research Triangle Park, NC (NTP GMM 8; NIH Publication No. 08-4425; http://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/files/GMM8_web1.pdf).

OEHHA (1997) Draft hazard identification of the developmental and reproductive toxic effects of benzene. Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, Environmental Protection Agency de la Californie, Sacramento, CA. Septembre (www.oehha.ca.gov/prop65/hazard_ident/pdf_zip/benzene.pdf).

OEHHA (2001) Public health goal for benzene in drinking water. Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, Environmental Protection Agency de la Californie, Sacramento, CA. Juin (www.oehha.ca.gov/water/phg/pdf/BenzeneFinPHG.pdf).

Ollis, D.F., Pelizzetti, E. et Serpone, N. (1991) Photocatalyzed destruction of water contaminants. Environ. Sci. Technol., 25(9) : 1523-1529.

OMS (2004) Chemical aspects. Dans : Directives pour la qualité de l'eau de boisso n. 3e éd. Volume 1. Organisation mondiale de la santé, Genève, Suisse. p. 24 (www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/dwq/gdwq3_8.pdf).

Parmley, R. (1988) Mammals. In: Rowley, A.F. et Ratcliffe, N.A. (eds.).Vertebrate blood cells. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K. pp. 337-424.

Paustenbach, D.J., Bass, R.D. et Price, P. (1993) Benzene toxicity and risk assessment, 1972-1992: implications for future regulation. Environ. Health Perspect., 101(Suppl. 6) : 177-200.

Paxton, M.B., Chinchilli, V.M., Brett, S.M. et Rodericks, J.V. (1994) Leukemia risk associated with benzene exposure in the Pliofilm cohort: I. Mortality update and exposure distribution. Risk Anal., 14(2) : 147-154.

Pekari, K., Vainiotalo, S., Heikkila, P., Palotie, A., Luotamo, M. et Riihimaki, V. (1992) Biological monitoring of occupational exposure to low levels of benzene. Scand. J. Work Environ. Health, 18(5) : 317-322.

Peng, M., Vane, L.M. et Liu, S.X. (2003) Recent advances in VOCs removal from water by pervaporation. J. Hazard. Mater., 98(1) : 69-90.

Perbellini, L., Faccini, G.B., Pasini, F., Cazzoli, F., Pistoia, S., Rosellini, R., Valsecchi, M. et Brugnone, F. (1988) Environmental and occupational exposure to benzene by analysis of breath and blood. Br. J. Ind. Med., 45 : 345-352.

PISC (1993) Benzene. Programme international sur la sécurité des substances chimiques, Organisation mondiale de la santé, Genève, Suisse (Critère d'hygiène de l'environnement 150).

Rappaport, S.M ., Waidyanatha, S., Yeowell-O'Connell, K., Rothman, N., Sm ith, M.T., Zhang, L., Qu, Q, Shore, R., Ii, G. et Yin, S. (2005) Protein adducts as biomarkers of human benzene metabolism. Chem.-Biol. Interact., 153- 154 : 103-109.

Rasmussen, R.A. et Khalif, M.A.K. (1983) Atmospheric benzene and toluene. Geophys. Res. Lett., 10(11) : 1096- 1099.

Rinsky, R., Young, R.J. et Smith, A.B. (1981) Leukemia in benzene workers. Am. J. Ind. Med., 2 : 217-245.

Rinsky, R.A., Smith, A.B., Hornung, R., Filloon, T.G., Young, R.J., Okun, A.H. et Landrigan, P.J. (1987) Benzene and leukemia: an epidemiologic risk assessment. N. Engl. J. Med., 316 : 1044-1050.

Robeck, G.G. et Love, O.T., Jr. (1983) Removal of volatile organic contaminants from groundwater. Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory, Drinking Water Research Division, Office of Research and Development, Environmental Protection Agency des États-Unis, Cincinnati, OH (EPA-600/D-83-011).

Rosenberg, E. et Gutnick, D.L. (1981) The hydrocarbon-oxidizing bacteria. Dans : Starr, M.P., Stolp, H., Trüper, H.G., Balows, A. et Schlegel, H.G. (dir. de pub.). The prokaryotes: A handbook on habitats, isolation, and identification of bacteria. Volume 1. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Ross, D. (2000) The role of metabolism and specific metabolites in benzene-induced toxicity: evidence and issues. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health, 61 : 357-372.

Rothman, N., Li, G .-L., Dosemeci, M., Bechtold, W.E., M arti, G.E ., Wang, Y.-Z., Linet, M ., Xi, L.-Q ., Lu, W ., Smith, M.T., Titenko-Holland, N., Zhang, L.-P., Blot, W., Yin, S.-N.et Hayes, R.B. (1996a) Hematotoxicity among Chinese workers heavily exposed to benzene. Am. J. Med., 29(3): 236-246.

Rothman, N., Sm ith, M.T., H ayes, R.B., Li, G .-L., Irons, R.D., Dosemeci, M., Haas, R., Stillman, W.S., Linet, M., Xi, L.-Q., Bechtold, W .E., W iemels, J., Campleman, S., Zhang, L., Quintana, P .J.E., T itenko-Holland, N ., Wang, Y.-Z., Lu, W ., Kolachana, P., Meyer, K.B. et Y in, S. (1996b) An epidemiological study of early biologic effects in Chinese workers. Environ. HealthPerspect ., 104(Suppl. 6): 1365-1370.

Rozen, M.G. et Snyder, C.A. (1985) Protracted exposure of C57BL/6 mice to 300 ppm benzene depresses B- and T-lymphocyte numbers and mitogen responses. Evidence for thymic and bone marrow proliferation in response to the exposures. Toxicology, 37(1-2) : 13-26.

Rozen, M.G., Snyder, C.A. et Albert, R.E. (1984) Depressions in B- and T-lymphocyte mitogen-induced blastogenesis in mice exposed to low concentrations of benzene. Toxicol. Lett., 20(3) : 343-349.

Rudolph, J., Jebsen, C., Khedim, A. et Johnen, F.J. (1984) Measurements of the latitudinal distribution of light hydrocarbons over the Atlantic. Dans : Physico-chemical behaviour of atmospheric pollutants. Proceedings of the 3rd European Symposium, Varese, Italie. D. Riedel Publishing Co., Dordrecht, Pays-Bas.

Rushton, R. et Romaniuk, H. (1997) A case-control study to investigate the risk of leukemia associated with exposure to benzene in petroleum marketing and distribution workers in the United Kingdom. Occup. Environ. Med., 54 : 152-166.

Sabourin, P.J., Chen, B.T., Lucier, G., Birnbaum, L.S., Fisher, E. et Henderson, R.F. (1987) Effect of dose on the absorption and excretion of [14C]benzene administered orally or by inhalation in rats and mice. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol., 87 : 325-336.

Santé Canada (1986) Le benzène. Dans : Recommandations pour la qualité de l'eau potable au Canada - Documentation à l'app ui. Bureau des dangers des pro duits chimiques, Direction de l'hygiène du milieu, Santé Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.

Santé Canada (2005a) Benzene: unit risks based on animal data. Rapport non publié. Division de la biostatistique, Direction générale de la santé environnementale et de la sécurité des consommateurs, Ottawa, Ontario.

Santé Canada (2005b) Benzene: unit risks based on human data. Rapport non publié. Division de la biostatistique, Direction générale de la santé environnementale et de la sécurité des consommateurs, Ottawa, Ontario.

Schnatter, A.R., Armstrong, T.W., Thompson, L.S., Nicolich, M.J., Katz, A.M., Huebner, W.W. et Pearlman, E.D. (1996) The relationship between low-level benzene exposure and leukemia in Canadian petroleum distribution workers. Environ. Health Perspect., 104(Suppl. 6) : 1375-1379.

Sedran, M.A., Suidan, M.T., Venosa, A. et Pruden, A. (2003) Analysis of an aerobic fluidized bed reactor degrading MTBE and BTEX at reduced EBCTs. Dans : Proceedings of the American Water Works Association Annual Conference. American Water Works Association, Denver, CO. p. 1-7.

Shih, T., Wangpaichitr, M. et Suffet, M. (2005) Performance and cost evaluations of synthetic resin technology for the removal of methyl tert-butyl ether from drinking water. J. Environ. Eng., 131(3) : 450-460.

Singh, H. B. et Zimmerman, P. B (1992). Atmospheric distribution and sources of nonmethane hydrocarbons. Adv. Environ. Sci. Technol., Vol. 24, 177-235.

Slaine, D.D. et Barker, J.F. (1990) The detection of naturally occurring BTX during a hydrogeologic investigation. Ground Water Monit. Rev., 10 : 89-94.

Smith, M.R. (1990) The biodegradation of aromatic hydrocarbons by bacteria. Biodegradation, 1 : 191-206.

Smith, M.T. (1996) Mechanistic studies of benzene toxicity - implications for risk assessment. Adv. Exp. Med. Biol., 387 : 259-266.

Smith, M.T. et Fanning, E.W. (1997) Report on the workshop entitled: "Modelling chemically induced leukemia - implications for benzene risk assessment." Leukemia Res., 21(5) : 361-374.

Smith, M.T. et Zhang, L. (1998) Biomarkers of leukemia risk: benzene as a model. Environ. Health Perspect., 106(Suppl. 4) : 937-946.

Smith, M.T., Zhang, L., Jeng, M., Wang, Y., Guo, W., Duramad, P., Hubbard, A.E., Hostadler, G. et Holland, N.T. (2000) Hydroquinone, a benzene metabolite, increases the level of aneusomy of chromosomes 7 and 8 in human CD34-positive blood progenitor cells. Carcinogenesis, 21(8) : 1485-1490.

Snyder, C.A., Goldstein, B.D., Sellakumar, A., Wolman, S., Bromberg, I., Erlichman, M.N. et Laskin, S. (1978) Hematotoxicity of inhaled benzene to Sprague Dawley rats and AKR mice at 300 ppm. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health, 4 : 605-618.

Snyder, C.A., Goldstein, B.D., Sellakumar, A.R., Bromberg, I., Laskin, S. et Albert, R.E. (1980) The inhalation toxicology of benzene: Incidence of hematopoietic neoplasms and hematotoxicity in AKR/J and C57BL/6J mice. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol., 54: 323-331.

Snyder, C.A., Goldstein, B.D., Sellakumar, A.R. et Albert, R.E. (1984) Evidence for hematotoxicity and tumorigenesis in rats exposed to 100 ppm benzene. Am. J. Ind. Med., 5(6) : 429-434.

Snyder, R. (2000) Recent developments in the understanding of benzene toxicity and leukemogenesis. Drug Chem. Toxicol., 23 : 13-25.

Snyder, R. et Hedli, C.C. (1996) An overview of benzene metabolism. Environ. Health Perspect., 104(Suppl. 6) : 1165-1171.

Snyder, R. et Kalf, G.F. (1994) A perspective on benzene leukemogenesis. Crit. Rev. Toxicol., 24(3) : 177-209.

Sobrinho, J.A.H., Thiem, L.T. et Alkhatib, E.A. (1997) Benzene removal by PAC in jet flocculation system. J. Environ. Eng., 123(10) : 1011-1018.

Speth, T.F. (1990) Removal of volatile organic compounds from drinking water by adsorption. Dans : Ram, N.M ., Christman, R.F. et Cantor, K.P. (dir. de pub.). Significance and treatment of volatile organic compounds in water supplies. Lewis Publishers, Chelsea, MI.

Speth, T.F. et Miltner, R.J. (1990) Technical note: adsorption capacity of GAC for synthetic organics. J. Am. Water Works Assoc., 82(2) : 72-75.

Stallings, R .L., Rogers, T .N. et M ullins, M.E. (1985) Air stripping of volatile organics. J. Inst. Environ. Sci. Technol. (IEST), 28(3) : 28-31.

Stenzel, M.H. et G upta, S.G. (1985) Treatment of contaminated groundwater using granular activated carbon and air stripping. J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc., 35 : 1304-1309.

Stillman, W.S., Varella-Garica, M., Gruntmeier, J.J. et Irons, R.D. (1997) The benzene metabolite, hydroquinone, induces dose-dependent hypoploidy in a human cell line. Leukemia (Basingstoke), 11(9) : 1540-1545.

Subrahmanyam, V.V., Ross, D., Eastmond, D.A. et Smith, M.T. (1991) Potential role of free radicals in benzene induced myelotoxicity and leukemia. Free Radic. Biol. Med., 11 : 495-515.

Susten, A.S., Dames, B.L., Burg, J.R. et Niemeier, R.W . (1985) Percutaneous penetration of benzene in hairless mice: an estimate of dermal absorption during tire-building operations. Am. J. Ind. Med., 7 : 323-335.

Tatrai, E., Ungvary, G.Y., Hudak, A., Rodics, K., Loerincz, M. et Barcza, G.Y. (1980) Concentration dependence of the embryotoxic effects of benzene inhalation in CFY rats. J. Hyg. Epidemiol. Microbiol. Immunol., 24 : 363-371.

Taylor, J., Chen, S.S., Mulford, L.A. et Norris, D. (2000) Flat sheet, bench and pilot testing for pesticide removal using reverse osmosis. American Water Works Association Research Foundation et American Water Works Association, Denver, CO (Rapport no 90808).

Thomas, K.W., Pellizzari, E.D., Clayton, C.A., Perritt, R.L., Dietz, R.N., Goodrich, R.W., Nelson, W.C. et Wallace, L.A. (1993) Temporal variability of benzene exposures for residents in several New Jersey homes with attached garages or tobacco smoke. J. Expo. Anal. Environ. Epidemiol., 3(1) : 49-73.

Tiburtius, E.R.L., Peralta-Zamora, P. et Emmel, A. (2005) Treatment of gasoline contaminated waters by advanced oxidation processes. J. Hazard. Mater., B126 : 86-90.

Topudurti, K., W ojciechowski, M., Anagnostopoulos, S. et E ilers, R. (1998) Field evaluation of a photocatalytic oxidation technology. Water Sci. Technol., 38(7) : 117-125.

Uragami, T., Yamada, H. et Miyata, T. (2001) Removal of dilute volatile organic compounds in water through graft copolymer membranes consisting of poly (alkylmethacrylate) and poly (dimethylsiloxane) by pervaporation and their membrane morphology. J. Memb. Sci., 187(1) : 255-269.

U.S. EPA (1979) Environmental monitoring of benzene. Office of Toxic Substances, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (EPA 560/679/006).

U.S. EPA (1985a) National primary drinking water regulations, volatile synthetic organic chemicals, proposed rule making. United States Environmental Protection Agency. Fed. Regist., 50(219) : 46902.

U.S. EPA (1985b) Technologies and cost for removal of VOC s from potable water supplies. Science and Technology Branch, Criteria Standards Division, Office of Drinking Water, Environmental Protection Agency des États-U nis, Washington, DC (PB86-118213).

U.S. EPA (1990) Technologies and costs for the removal of synthetic organic chemicals from potable water supplies. Office of Drinking Water and Ground Water, Criteria and Standards Division, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (PB91-143438).

U.S. EPA (1991a) Technologies for upgrading existing or designing new drinking water treatment facilities. Center for Environmental Research Information, Office of Drinking Water, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH.

U.S. EPA (1991b) National primary drinking water regulations - synthetic organic chemicals and inorganic chemicals; final rule. United States Environmental Protection Agency. Fed. Regist., 56(30) : 3526.

U.S. EPA (1995) Methods for the determination of organic compounds in drinking water - Supplement III. Office of Research and Development, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Août (EPA/600/R-95/131).

U.S. EPA (1998a) Small system compliance technology list for the non-microbial contaminants regulated before 1996. Office of Water, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (EPA 815-R-98-002).

U.S. EPA (1998b) Carcinogenic effects of benzene: An update. National Centre for Environmental Assessment, Office of Research and Development, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (EPA/600/P-97/001F).

U.S. EPA (2000) EPI Suite version 3.11. United States Environmental Protection Agency. (www.epa.gov/oppt/exposure/pubs/updates_episuite_v3.11.revised.htm).

U.S. EPA (2002a) National primary drinking water regulations; organic chemicals, sampling and analytical requirements. Code of Federal Regulations, 40 CFR Part 141, Section 141.24, Volume 19. Environmental Protection Agency des États-Unis. p. 363-372.

U.S. EPA (2002b) Announcement of the results of EPA's six year review of existing drinking water standards and request for public comment. Code of Federal Regulations, 40 CFR Part 141. United States Environmental Protection Agency. Fed. Regist., 67(74) : 19029-19090.

U.S. EPA (2003a) Analytical feasibility support document for the six year review of existing National Primary Drinking Water Regulations (reassessment of feasibility for chemical contaminants). Targeting and Analysis Branch, Standards and Risk Management Division, Office of Groundwater and Drinking Water, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (EPA 815-R-03-003).

U.S. EPA (2003b) Water treatment technology feasibility support document for chemical contaminants; in support of EPA six-year review of National Primary Drinking Water Regulations. Targeting and Analysis Branch, Standards and Risk Management Division, Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water, United States Environmental Protection Agency, (EPA 815-R-03-004).

Vaishnav, D.D. et Babeu, L. (1987) Comparison of occurrence and rates of chemical biodegradation in natural waters. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 39 : 237-244.

Valentine, J.L., Lee, S.S.T., Seaton, M.J., Asgharian, B., Farris, G., Corton, J.C., Gonzalez, F.J. et Medinsky, M.A. (1996) Reduction of benzene metabolism and toxicity in mice that lack CYP2E1 expression. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol., 141(1) : 205-213.

Wallace, L.A. (1987) The TEAM study: Summary and analysis. Volume 1. Environmental Protection Agency des États-U nis, Washington, DC (EPA 600/6-87/002a; NT IS PB 88-100060).

Wallace, L.A. (1989a) Major sources of benzene exposure. Environ. Health Perspect., 82 : 165-169.

Wallace, L.A. (1989b) The exposure of the general population to benzene. Cell Biol. Toxicol., 5(3) : 297-314.

Wallace, L. (1996) Environmental exposure to benzene: an update. Environ. Health Perspect., 104(Suppl. 6) : 1129- 1136.

Wallace, L., Pellizzari, E. et Gordon, S. (1993) A linear model relating breath concentrations to environmental exposures: application to a chamber study of four volunteers exposed to volatile organic chemicals. J. Expo. Anal. Environ. Epidemiol., 3(1) : 75-102.

Ward, C.O., Kuna, R.A., Snyder, N.K., Alsaker, R.D., Coate, W.B. et Craig, P.H. (1985) Subchronic inhalation toxicity of benzene in rats and mice. Am. J. Ind. Med., 7(5-6) : 457-473.

Weber, W.J. et Pirbazari, M. (1982) Adsorption of toxic and carcinogenic compounds from water. J. Am. Water Works Assoc., 74(4) : 203-209.

Westberg, H., Sexton, K. et Flyckt, D. (1981) Hydrocarbon production and photochemical ozone formation in forest burn plumes. J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc., 31 : 661-664.

Whelan, J.K., Tarafa, M.E. et Hunt, J.M. (1982) Volatile C1-C8 organic compounds in macroalgae. Nature, 299 : 50-52.

Whittaker, H. et Szaplonczay, T. (1985) Reverse osmosis at the Gloucester landfill. Dans : Proceedings of the 2nd Annual Technical Seminar on Chemical Spills, Toronto, Ontario. Sous l'égide de la Direction des services techniques, Service de la protection de l'environnement, Environnement Canada. p. 141-161.

Witz, G., Zhang, Z. et Goldstein, B.D . (1996) Reactive ring-opened aldehyde metabolites in benzene hematotoxicity. Environ. Health Perspect., 104(Suppl. 6) : 1195-1199.

Wong, O . (1987) An industry-wide study of chemical workers occupationally exposed to benzene. B r. J. Ind. Med., 44 : 382-395.

Yin, S.N., Li, G .L., Tain, F.D ., Fu, Z.I., Jin, C., Chen, Y.J., Luo, S.J., Ye, P.Z., Zhang, J.Z., W ang, G.C., Zhang, X.-C., Wu, H.-N . et Zhong, Q.-C. (1987) Leukaemia in benzene workers: a retrospective cohort study. Br. J. Ind. Med., 44(2) : 124-128.

Yin, S.-N., Linet, M.S., Hayes, R.B., Li, G.-L., Dosemeci, M., W ang, Y.-Z., Chow, W.H., Jiang, Z.L., Wacholder, S., Zhang, W.U., Dai, T.-R., Chao , X.-J., Zhang, X.-C., Ye, P .-Z., Kou, Q.-R., Meng, J.-F., Zho, J.-S., Lin, X.-F., Ding, C.-Y., Kneller, R. et Blot, W.J. (1994) Cohort study among workers exposed to benzene in China: I. General methods and resources. Am. J. Ind. Med., 26(3) : 383-400.

Yin, S.-N., Hayes, R.B., Linet, M.S., Li, G.-L., Dosemeci, M., Travis, L.B., Li, C.Y., Zhang, Z.N., Li, D.G., Chow, W.H., Wacholder, S., Wang, Y.Z., Jiang, Z.L., Dai, T.R., Zhang, W.Y., Chao, X.J., Ye, P.Z., Kou, Q.R., Zhang, X.C., Lin, X.F., Meng, J.F., Ding, C.Y., Zho, J.S. et Blot, W.J. (1996) A cohort study of cancer among benzeneexposed workers in China: Overall results. Am. J. Ind. Med., 29(3) : 227-235.

Yue, Z., Mangun, C., Economy, J., Kemme, P. Cropek, D. et M aloney, S. (2001) Removal of chemical contaminants from water to below USEPS MCL using fiber glass supported activated carbon filters. Environ. Sci. Technol., 35(13) : 2844-2848.

Zhang, L., Venkatesh, P., Creek, M.L.R. et Smith, M.T. (1994) Detection of 1,2,4-benzenetriol induced aneuploidy and microtubule disruption by fluorescence in situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry. Mutat. Res., 320 : 315- 327.

Zhang, L., Rothman, N., W ang, Y., Hayes, R.B., Bechtold, W., Venkatesh, P., Yin, S., W ang, Y., Dosemeci, M., Il, G., Lu, W. et Smith, T. (1996) Interphase cytogenetics of workers exposed to benzene. Environ. Health Perspect., 104(Suppl. 6) : 1325-1329.

Zhang, L., Rothman, N., Wang, Y., Hayes, R.B., Li, G., Dosemeci, M., Yin, S., Kolachana, P., Titenko-Holland, N. et Smith, M.T. (1998) Increased aneusomy and long arm deletion of chromosomes 5 and 7 in the lymphocytes of Chinese workers exposed to benzene. Carcinogenesis, 19(11) : 1955-1961.

Zhu, J., Newhook, R., Marro, L. et Chan, C.C. (2005) Selected volatile organic compounds in residential air in the city of Ottawa, Canada. Environ. Sci. Technol., 39 : 3964-3971.

Signaler un problème ou une erreur sur cette page
Veuillez sélectionner toutes les cases qui s'appliquent :

Merci de votre aide!

Vous ne recevrez pas de réponse. Pour toute question, contactez-nous.

Date de modification :