Culture Satellite Account

The Culture Satellite Account (CSA) is an accounting framework created to better measure the economic importance of culture, arts, heritage and sport in the Canadian economy.

Video — Updating the Culture Satellite Account (CSA)

Learn more about Culture Satellite Account (CSA)

The most recent data publications can be found on the Statistics Canada website:

For further information on the concepts behind the CSA, please refer to the Conceptual Framework for Culture Statistics 2011, the Classification Guide for the Canadian Framework for Culture Statistics 2011 and Satellite Accounting in Canada.

The CSA is developed by Statistics Canada with the support of a diverse group of partners referred to as the Culture Statistics Strategy Consortium, which consists of:

If you have technical questions related to the concepts, methods or data quality of the CSA, please contact Statistics Canada by phone at 1-800-263-1136; or email General enquiries and comments.

For Media Relations please call 613-951-4636; or email Statistics Canada's media hotline.

If you have questions regarding the partnership behind the Culture Statistics Strategy, please contact the Department of Canadian Heritage.

Infographics on this page

National Culture Indicators - Gross Domestic Product and Jobs - Detailed Figures for First Quarter of 2021

Infographic National Culture Indicators - Gross Domestic Product and Jobs - Detailed Figures for First Quarter of 2021
Description of the infographic: National Culture Indicators - Gross Domestic Product and Jobs - Detailed Figures for First Quarter of 2021

This infographic shows National Culture Indicators - Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and job numbers by domain and subdomain for the first quarter of 2021.

Heritage and Libraries
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – In thousands of dollars – Product Perspective Jobs – Product Perspective
Archives 4,628 239
Libraries 22,608 1,007
Culture Heritage 74,934 8,948
Natural Heritage 42,746 4,921
Total 144,916 15,115
Audio-Visual and Interactive Media
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – In thousands of dollars – Product Perspective Jobs – Product Perspective
Film and Video 951,392 66,621
Broadcasting 2,265,864 44,246
Interactive Media 1,773,896 52,801
Total 4,991,153 163,668
Sound Recording
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – In thousands of dollars – Product Perspective Jobs – Product Perspective
Music Publishing 36,635 2,090
Sound Recording 106,483 5,765
Total 143,118 7,854
Live Performance
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – In thousands of dollars – Product Perspective Jobs – Product Perspective
Performing Arts 268,450 36,883
Festivals and Celebrations 17,985 2,059
Total 286,435 38,942
Written and Published Works
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – In thousands of dollars – Product Perspective Jobs – Product Perspective
Books 230,867 8,816
Periodicals 179,554 7,932
Newspapers 312,094 17,565
Other Published Works 17,808 781
Collected Information 94,031 3,977
Multi 874,490 49,935
Total 1,708,843 89,006
Visual and Applied Arts
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – In thousands of dollars – Product Perspective Jobs – Product Perspective
Original Visual Art 38,710 2,075
Art Reproductions 11,997 931
Photography 206,875 11,628
Crafts 651,098 31,489
Advertising 556,475 25,808
Architecture 414,351 15,720
Design 939,715 55,280
Total 2,819,221 142,931
Transversal Domains
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – In thousands of dollars – Product Perspective Jobs – Product Perspective
Education and Training 898,940 52,914
Governance, Funding and Professional development 2,065,753 83,644
Multi 264,466 9,408
Total 3,229,159 145,966

Figures may not add up to totals due to rounding

Source: Statistics Canada, 2021 Q1 estimates for National Culture Indicators, product perspective

Date: June 28, 2021

National Sport Indicators - Gross Domestic Product and Jobs - Detailed Figures for First Quarter of 2021

Infographic National Sport Indicators - Gross Domestic Product and Jobs - Detailed Figures for First Quarter of 2021
Description of the infographic: National Sport Indicators - Gross Domestic Product and Jobs - Detailed Figures for First Quarter of 2021

This infographic shows National Sport Indicators - Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and job numbers by domain and subdomain for the first quarter of 2021.

Sport
Sport Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – In thousands of dollars – Product Perspective Sport Jobs – Product Perspective
Organized Sport 339,554 21,478
Informal Sport 58,060 4,510
Education and Training 583,036 35,943
Governance, Funding and Professional development 344,278 10,219
Total 1,324,927 72,150

Figures may not add up to totals due to rounding

Source: Statistics Canada, 2021 Q1 estimates for National Culture Indicators, product perspective

Date: June 28, 2021

International Trade of Culture ProductsFootnote 1 for 2010-2018

Infographic of International Trade of Culture Products  for 2010-2018
Description of the infographic: International Trade of Culture Products for 2010-2018, Canada

Image of a map of Canada with an arrow pointing in towards the map (representing culture imports) and an arrow pointing outwards from the map (representing culture exports).

Culture imports

In 2018, imports of culture products totaled $22.2 billion.Footnote 2

Total culture imports per year
Year Total culture imports (culture products)
2010 $15.6 billion
2012 $16.7 billion
2014 $19.5 billion
2016 $19.9 billion
2018 $22.2 billion

Canada imported the most culture products from the United States, China and Mexico.

Top 5 countries – Culture imports
Country Culture imports in 2018
United States $14.3 billion
China $955.8 million
Mexico $726.7 million
France $548.5 million
United Kingdom $495.7 million

The Crafts, Books, and Performing arts sub-domains contributed the most to culture imports.

Top 5 subdomains – Culture imports
Subdomain Culture imports in 2018
CraftsFootnote 3 $5.6 billion
Books $2.4 billion
Performing arts $1.7 billion
Film and video $1.6 billion
Multi $1.6 billion

Culture exports

In 2018, exports of Canadian culture products totaled $16.9 billion.Footnote 2

Total culture exports per year
Year Total culture exports (culture products)
2010 $11.2 billion
2012 $11.5 billion
2014 $13.6 billion
2016 $15.9 billion
2018 $16.9 billion

Canada exported the largest amount of culture products to the United States, China, and the United Kingdom.

Top 5 countries – Culture exports
Country Culture exports in 2018
United States $10.4 billion
China $1.1 billion
United Kingdom $621.6 million
Germany $467.5 million
France $392.8 million

The Film and video, Crafts, and Performing arts sub-domains contributed the most to culture exports.

Top 5 subdomains – Culture exports
Subdomain Culture exports in 2018
Film and video $4.2 billion
CraftsFootnote 3 $4.2 billion
Performing arts $1.1 billion
Governance, funding and professional support $1.0 billion
Interactive media $868.3 million

International Trade of Sport Products for 2010-2018

Infographic of International Trade of Sport Products for 2010-2018
Description of the infographic: Trade of Sport Products for 2010-2018, Canada

Image of a map of Canada with an arrow pointing in towards the map (representing sport imports) and an arrow pointing outwards from the map (representing sport exports).

Sport imports

In 2018, imports of sport productsFootnote 4 totaled $2.9 billion.

Total sport imports per year
Year Total sport imports (sport product)
2010 $2.5 billion
2012 $2.7 billion
2014 $2.8 billion
2016 $2.6 billion
2018 $2.9 billion

Canada imported the most sport products from the United States, Mexico and China.

Top 5 Countries – Sport Imports
Country Sport imports in 2018
United States $1.6 billion
Mexico $184.8 million
China $104.9 million
United Kingdom $87.5 million
France $66.3 million

The Organized sport sub-domain contributed the most to sport imports.

Top 3 subdomains – Sport imports
Subdomain Sport imports in 2018
Organized sport $1.5 billion
Governance, funding and professional support $1.4 billion
Education and training, sport $89.8 million

Sport Exports

In 2018, exports of Canadian sport productsFootnote 4 totaled $1.7 billion.

Total sport exports per year
Year Total sport exports (sport product)
2010 $1.3 billion
2012 $1.3 billion
2014 $1.4 billion
2016 $1.5 billion
2018 $1.7 billion

Canada exported the largest amount of sport products to the United States, China, and the United Kingdom.

Top 5 countries – Sport exports
Country Sport exports in 2018
United States $814.5 million
China $209.9 million
United Kingdom $77.3 million
India $66.1 million
France $60.1 million

The Governance, funding and professional sport subdomain contributed the most to sport exports.

Top 3 subdomains – Sport exports
Subdomain Sport exports in 2018
Governance, funding and professional support $861.0 million
Organized sport $647.6 million
Education and training, sport $228.5 million

Provincial/Territorial Culture Totals for 2019

Infographic Provincial/Territorial Culture Totals for 2019
Description of the infographic: Provincial/Territorial Culture Totals for 2019

Image of a map of Canada with lines connecting each province/territory to individual boxes. Boxes contain the name of the province/territory and the statistical information relating to the specific jurisdiction it points to.

Culture GDP in 2019 - In thousands of dollars – Product perspective Culture jobs in 2019 – Product perspective
Canada 57,123,255 672,929
Alberta 5,141,114 54,095
British Columbia 7,868,154 109,804
Manitoba 1,548,470 21,321
New Brunswick 570,809 7,482
Newfoundland and Labrador 445,319 4,820
Northwest Territories 78,782 699
Nova Scotia 954,597 13,076
Nunavut 59,926 352
Ontario 27,494,550 288,306
Prince Edward Island 123,695 1,766
Quebec 11,859,861 157,856
Saskatchewan 913,948 12,542
Yukon 63,199 805

Source: Statistics Canada, Provincial and Territorial Culture Indicators, 2010 to 2019.

Date: May 27, 2021

Provincial/Territorial Sport Totals for 2019

Infographic of Provincial/Territorial Sport Totals for 2019
Description of the infographic: Provincial/Territorial Sport Totals for 2019

Image of a map of Canada with lines connecting each province/territory to individual boxes. Boxes contain the name of the province/territory and the statistical information relating to the specific jurisdiction it points to.

Sport GDP in 2019 - In thousands of dollars – Product perspective Sport jobs in 2019 – Product perspective
Canada 6,086,273 99,240
Alberta 836,338 12,852
British Columbia 990,867 17,119
Manitoba 278,355 4,014
New Brunswick 79,201 1,205
Newfoundland and Labrador 65,888 913
Northwest Territories 9,061 85
Nova Scotia 143,905 2,518
Nunavut 8,358 72
Ontario 2,589,003 42,278
Prince Edward Island 23,417 369
Quebec 837,267 14,636
Saskatchewan 216,994 3,084
Yukon 7,259 91

Source: Statistics Canada, Provincial and Territorial Culture Indicators, 2010 to 2019.

Date: May 27, 2021

Culture Gross Domestic Product and Jobs, Detailed Figures for 2019

Infographic of Culture Gross Domestic Product and Jobs, Detailed Figures for 2019
Description of the infographic: Culture Gross Domestic Product and Jobs, Detailed Figures for 2019

This infographic shows culture Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and job numbers by domain and subdomain for 2019.

Heritage and Libraries
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – In thousands of dollars – Product Perspective Jobs – Product Perspective
Archives 18,772 258
Libraries 91,191 1,082
Culture heritage 460,783 11,634
Natural heritage 213,711 5,259
Total 784,457 18,233
Audio-Visual and Interactive Media
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – In thousands of dollars – Product Perspective Jobs – Product Perspective
Film and video 4,276,951 71,868
Broadcasting 9,103,958 46,556
Interactive media 6,583,383 49,609
Total 19,964,292 168,032
Sound Recording
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – In thousands of dollars – Product Perspective Jobs – Product Perspective
Music publishing 148,754 2,242
Sound recording 423,697 6,044
Total 572,451 8,286
Written and Published Works
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – In thousands of dollars – Product Perspective Jobs – Product Perspective
Books 970,669 9,756
Periodicals 885,315 9,468
Newspaper 1,624,251 21,347
Other published works 83,339 914
Collected information 405,938 4,539
Multi 4,307,543 59,165
Total 8,277,056 105,187
Visual and Applied Arts
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – In thousands of dollars – Product Perspective Jobs – Product Perspective
Original visual art 199,695 2,556
Art reproductions 43,838 984
Photography 854,217 12,378
Crafts 2,665,936 32,864
Advertising 2,456,714 29,290
Architecture 1,694,295 15,936
Design 3,630,450 54,801
Total 11,545,145 148,811
Live Performance
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – In thousands of dollars – Product Perspective Jobs – Product Perspective
Performing arts 2,853,492 68,043
Festivals and celebrations 176,601 4,345
Total 3,030,092 72,388
Other
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – In thousands of dollars – Product Perspective Jobs – Product Perspective
Education and training 3,663,594 54,447
Governance, funding and professional support 8,206,517 87,750
Multi 1,079,652 9,794
Total 12,949,763 151,991

Source: Statistics Canada, Provincial and Territorial Culture Indicators, 2010 to 2019

Date: May 27, 2021

Sport Gross Domestic Product and Jobs, Detailed Figures for 2019

Infographic of Sport Gross Domestic Product and Jobs, Detailed Figures for 2019
Description of the infographic: Sport Gross Domestic Product and Jobs, Detailed Figures for 2019

This infographic shows sport Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and job numbers by domain and subdomain for 2019.

Sport
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – In thousands of dollars – Product Perspective Jobs – Product Perspective
Organized sport 2,027,379 45,256
Informal sport 327,529 6,485
Education and training 2,370,208 36,863
Governance, funding and professional support 1,361,158 10,636
Total 6,086,273 99,240

Source: Statistics Canada, Provincial and Territorial Culture Indicators, 2010 to 2019.

Date: May 27, 2021

Infographic on Tourism Spending on Culture ProductsFootnote 5 for 2010-2016

Infographic of Infographic on Tourism Spending on Culture Products for 2010-2016
Description of the infographic on Tourism Spending on Culture Products for 2010-2016, Canada

This infographic compares the total amount of tourism spending on culture products by Canadian visitors in Canada to the total amount of tourism spending on culture products by international visitors to Canada.

Total tourism spending (2016): $1.7B

Canadian Visitors in Canada (Domestic tourism spending)

In 2016, tourism spending by Canadian visitors in Canada totaled $1.16 billion.

Year Tourism spending by Canadian visitors in Canada (in billions)
2010 $1.02
2011 $1.04
2012 $1.08
2013 $1.08
2014 $1.11
2015 $1.15
2016 $1.16

In 2016, the domain that generated the most spending among Canadian visitors was live performance, with a total of $378.8 million.

Live performance: $378.8M
Visual and applied arts: $289.3M
Written and published works: $278.8M
Audiovisual and interactive media: $197.8M

International visitors to Canada (Export tourism spending)

In 2016, tourism spending by international visitors to Canada totaled $536.1 million.

Year Tourism spending by international visitors to Canada (in millions)
2010 $454.5
2011 $449.3
2012 $459.2
2013 $454.3
2014 $460.9
2015 $494.2
2016 $536.1

In 2016, the domain that generated the most spending among international visitors was live performance, with a total of $219.9 million.

Live performance: $219.9M
Audiovisual and interactive media: $115.2M
Visual and applied arts: $111.9M
Written and published works: $81.0M

Infographic on Tourism Spending on Sport ProductsFootnote 6 for 2010-2016

Infographic on Tourism Spending on Sport Products for 2010-2016
Description of the infographic on Tourism Spending on Sport Products for 2010-2016, Canada

This infographic compares the total amount of tourism spending on sport products by Canadian visitors in Canada to the total amounts of tourism spending on sport products by international visitors to Canada.

Total tourism spending (2016): $915.7M

Canadian Visitors in Canada (Domestic tourism spending)

In 2016, tourism spending by Canadian visitors in Canada totaled $586.8 million.

Year Tourism spending by Canadian visitors in Canada (in millions)
2010 $544.3
2011 $549.3
2012 $565.4
2013 $555.7
2014 $563.8
2015 $589.5
2016 $586.8

In 2016, the domain that generated the most spending among Canadian visitors was organized sport, with a total of $306.8 million.

Organized sport: $306.8M
Governance, funding and professional support: $266.6M

International visitors to Canada (Export tourism spending)

In 2016, tourism spending by international visitors to Canada totaled $328.9 million.

Year Tourism spending by international visitors to Canada (in millions)
2010 $279.6
2011 $276.9
2012 $283.6
2013 $279.4
2014 $283.1
2015 $302.5
2016 $328.9

In 2016, the domain that generated the most spending among international visitors was organized sport, with a total of $171.0 million.

Organized sport: $171.0M
Governance, funding and professional support: $150.2M

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