Culture Satellite Account

The Culture Satellite Account (CSA) is an accounting framework created to better measure the economic importance of culture, arts, heritage and sport in the Canadian economy.

Video — Updating the Culture Satellite Account (CSA)

Learn more about Culture Satellite Account (CSA)

The most recent data publications can be found on the Statistics Canada website:

For further information on the concepts behind the CSA, please refer to the Conceptual Framework for Culture Statistics 2011, the Classification Guide for the Canadian Framework for Culture Statistics 2011 and Satellite Accounting in Canada.

The CSA is developed by Statistics Canada with the support of a diverse group of partners referred to as the Culture Statistics Strategy Consortium, which consists of:

If you have technical questions related to the concepts, methods or data quality of the CSA, please contact Statistics Canada by phone at 1-800-263-1136; or email General enquiries and comments.

For Media Relations please call 613-951-4636; or email Statistics Canada's media hotline.

If you have questions regarding the partnership behind the Culture Statistics Strategy, please contact the Department of Canadian Heritage.

Infographics on this page

National Culture Indicators - Gross Domestic Product and Jobs - Detailed Figures for 2020 (Fourth Quarter)

Infographic National Culture Indicators - Gross Domestic Product and Jobs - Detailed Figures for 2020 (Fourth Quarter)
Description of the infographic: National Culture Indicators - Gross Domestic Product and Jobs - Detailed Figures for 2020 (Fourth Quarter)

This infographic shows National Culture Indicators - Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and job numbers by domain and subdomain for 2020 (fourth quarter).

Heritage and Libraries
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – In thousands of dollars – Product Perspective Jobs – Product Perspective
Archives 4,793 286
Libraries 22,906 1,175
Culture Heritage 80,519 10,175
Natural Heritage 42,950 5,033
Total 151,168 16,669
Audio-Visual and Interactive Media
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – In thousands of dollars – Product Perspective Jobs – Product Perspective
Film and Video 1,104,085 65,835
Broadcasting 2,215,784 38,331
Interactive Media 1,783,425 47,822
Total 5,103,294 151,987
Sound Recording
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – In thousands of dollars – Product Perspective Jobs – Product Perspective
Music Publishing 36,016 2,033
Sound Recording 119,349 6,404
Total 155,365 8,437
Live Performance
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – In thousands of dollars – Product Perspective Jobs – Product Perspective
Performing Arts 269,249 37,019
Festivals and Celebrations 17,001 2,067
Total 286,250 39,086
Written and Published Works
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – In thousands of dollars – Product Perspective Jobs – Product Perspective
Books 208,432 8,713
Periodicals 190,231 8,225
Newspapers 325,994 21,282
Other Published Works 17,163 855
Collected Information 96,356 4,735
Multi 932,937 51,706
Total 1,771,113 95,515
Visual and Applied Arts
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – In thousands of dollars – Product Perspective Jobs – Product Perspective
Original Visual Art 36,234 1,562
Art Reproductions 12,364 903
Photography 198,814 12,653
Crafts 643,482 27,993
Advertising 507,370 25,192
Architecture 395,532 15,253
Design 901,790 54,618
Total 2,695,585 138,173
Transversal Domains
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – In thousands of dollars – Product Perspective Jobs – Product Perspective
Education and Training 863,065 52,418
Governance, Funding and Professional development 2,035,660 82,905
Multi 264,719 11,090
Total 3,163,443 146,412

Figures may not add up to totals due to rounding

Source: Statistics Canada, 2020 Q4 estimates for National Culture Indicators, product perspective
Date: April 15, 2021

National Sport Indicators - Gross Domestic Product and Jobs - Detailed Figures for 2020 (Fourth Quarter)

Infographic National Sport Indicators - Gross Domestic Product and Jobs - Detailed Figures for 2020 (Fourth Quarter)
Description of the infographic: National Sport Indicators - Gross Domestic Product and Jobs - Detailed Figures for 2020 (Fourth Quarter)

This infographic shows National Sport Indicators - Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and job numbers by domain and subdomain for 2020 (fourth quarter).

Sport
Sport Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – In thousands of dollars – Product Perspective Sport Jobs – Product Perspective
Organized Sport 240,818 24,983
Informal Sport 71,727 5,252
Education and Training 554,142 35,256
Governance, Funding and Professional development 339,504 10,163
Total 1,206,190 75,654

Figures may not add up to totals due to rounding

Source: Statistics Canada, 2020 Q4 estimates for National Culture Indicators, product perspective
Date: April 15, 2021

International Trade of Culture ProductsFootnote 1 for 2010-2018

Infographic of International Trade of Culture Products  for 2010-2018
Description of the infographic: International Trade of Culture Products for 2010-2018, Canada

Image of a map of Canada with an arrow pointing in towards the map (representing culture imports) and an arrow pointing outwards from the map (representing culture exports).

Culture imports

In 2018, imports of culture products totaled $22.2 billion.Footnote 2

Total culture imports per year
Year Total culture imports (culture products)
2010 $15.6 billion
2012 $16.7 billion
2014 $19.5 billion
2016 $19.9 billion
2018 $22.2 billion

Canada imported the most culture products from the United States, China and Mexico.

Top 5 countries – Culture imports
Country Culture imports in 2018
United States $14.3 billion
China $955.8 million
Mexico $726.7 million
France $548.5 million
United Kingdom $495.7 million

The Crafts, Books, and Performing arts sub-domains contributed the most to culture imports.

Top 5 subdomains – Culture imports
Subdomain Culture imports in 2018
CraftsFootnote 3 $5.6 billion
Books $2.4 billion
Performing arts $1.7 billion
Film and video $1.6 billion
Multi $1.6 billion

Culture exports

In 2018, exports of Canadian culture products totaled $16.9 billion.Footnote 2

Total culture exports per year
Year Total culture exports (culture products)
2010 $11.2 billion
2012 $11.5 billion
2014 $13.6 billion
2016 $15.9 billion
2018 $16.9 billion

Canada exported the largest amount of culture products to the United States, China, and the United Kingdom.

Top 5 countries – Culture exports
Country Culture exports in 2018
United States $10.4 billion
China $1.1 billion
United Kingdom $621.6 million
Germany $467.5 million
France $392.8 million

The Film and video, Crafts, and Performing arts sub-domains contributed the most to culture exports.

Top 5 subdomains – Culture exports
Subdomain Culture exports in 2018
Film and video $4.2 billion
CraftsFootnote 3 $4.2 billion
Performing arts $1.1 billion
Governance, funding and professional support $1.0 billion
Interactive media $868.3 million

International Trade of Sport Products for 2010-2018

Infographic of International Trade of Sport Products for 2010-2018
Description of the infographic: Trade of Sport Products for 2010-2018, Canada

Image of a map of Canada with an arrow pointing in towards the map (representing sport imports) and an arrow pointing outwards from the map (representing sport exports).

Sport imports

In 2018, imports of sport productsFootnote 4 totaled $2.9 billion.

Total sport imports per year
Year Total sport imports (sport product)
2010 $2.5 billion
2012 $2.7 billion
2014 $2.8 billion
2016 $2.6 billion
2018 $2.9 billion

Canada imported the most sport products from the United States, Mexico and China.

Top 5 Countries – Sport Imports
Country Sport imports in 2018
United States $1.6 billion
Mexico $184.8 million
China $104.9 million
United Kingdom $87.5 million
France $66.3 million

The Organized sport sub-domain contributed the most to sport imports.

Top 3 subdomains – Sport imports
Subdomain Sport imports in 2018
Organized sport $1.5 billion
Governance, funding and professional support $1.4 billion
Education and training, sport $89.8 million

Sport Exports

In 2018, exports of Canadian sport productsFootnote 4 totaled $1.7 billion.

Total sport exports per year
Year Total sport exports (sport product)
2010 $1.3 billion
2012 $1.3 billion
2014 $1.4 billion
2016 $1.5 billion
2018 $1.7 billion

Canada exported the largest amount of sport products to the United States, China, and the United Kingdom.

Top 5 countries – Sport exports
Country Sport exports in 2018
United States $814.5 million
China $209.9 million
United Kingdom $77.3 million
India $66.1 million
France $60.1 million

The Governance, funding and professional sport subdomain contributed the most to sport exports.

Top 3 subdomains – Sport exports
Subdomain Sport exports in 2018
Governance, funding and professional support $861.0 million
Organized sport $647.6 million
Education and training, sport $228.5 million

Provincial/Territorial Culture Totals for 2018

Infographic Provincial/Territorial Culture Totals for 2018
Description of the infographic: Provincial/Territorial Culture Totals for 2018

Image of a map of Canada with lines connecting each province/territory to individual boxes. Boxes contain the name of the province/territory and the statistical information relating to the specific jurisdiction it points to.

Culture GDP in 2018 - In thousands of dollars – Product perspective Culture jobs in 2018 – Product perspective
Canada 56,059,566 655,157
Alberta 5,303,087 54,439
British Columbia 7,565,276 101,908
Manitoba 1,524,180 21,253
New Brunswick 572,690 7,525
Newfoundland and Labrador 451,378 4,948
Northwest Territories 78,876 647
Nova Scotia 942,730 13,116
Nunavut 55,020 371
Ontario 26,761,253 277,430
Prince Edward Island 119,879 1,637
Quebec 11,699,686 157,619
Saskatchewan 925,297 13,566
Yukon 59,683 693

Source : Statistics Canada, Provincial and Territorial Culture Indicators, 2010 to 2018. Date: October 22, 2020

Provincial/Territorial Sport Totals for 2018

Infographic of Provincial/Territorial Sport Totals for 2018
Description of the infographic: Provincial/Territorial Sport Totals for 2018

Image of a map of Canada with lines connecting each province/territory to individual boxes. Boxes contain the name of the province/territory and the statistical information relating to the specific jurisdiction it points to.

Sport GDP in 2018 - In thousands of dollars – Product perspective Sport jobs in 2018 – Product perspective
Canada 5,854,192 95,130
Alberta 787,140 12,779
British Columbia 930,417 15,930
Manitoba 252,130 3,861
New Brunswick 75,376 1,173
Newfoundland and Labrador 66,164 927
Northwest Territories 8,657 77
Nova Scotia 134,125 2,455
Nunavut 7,643 70
Ontario 2,539,593 39,846
Prince Edward Island 21,470 351
Quebec 812,893 14,340
Saskatchewan 211,392 3,235
Yukon 6,847 83

Source: Statistics Canada, Provincial and Territorial Culture Indicators, 2010 to 2018. Date: October 22, 2020

Culture Gross Domestic Product and Jobs, Detailed Figures for 2018

Infographic of Culture Gross Domestic Product and Jobs, Detailed Figures for 2018
Description of the infographic: Culture Gross Domestic Product and Jobs, Detailed Figures for 2018

This infographic shows culture Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and job numbers by domain and subdomain for 2018.

Heritage and Libraries
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – In thousands of dollars – Product Perspective Jobs – Product Perspective
Archives 19,217 287
Libraries 90,990 1,176
Culture heritage 455,548 11,771
Natural heritage 209,790 5,311
Total 775,546 18,546
Audio-Visual and Interactive Media
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – In thousands of dollars – Product Perspective Jobs – Product Perspective
Film and video 4,275,782 71,027
Broadcasting 9,136,805 41,901
Interactive media 6,302,442 44,950
Total 19,715,028 157,878
Sound Recording
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – In thousands of dollars – Product Perspective Jobs – Product Perspective
Music publishing 146,398 2,210
Sound recording 491,016 6,775
Total 637,414 8,986
Written and Published Works
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – In thousands of dollars – Product Perspective Jobs – Product Perspective
Books 983,904 10,644
Periodicals 925,348 10,268
Newspaper 1,595,880 24,372
Other published works 86,112 1,026
Collected information 430,682 5,306
Multi 4,430,352 59,158
Total 8,452,278 110,773
Visual and Applied Arts
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – In thousands of dollars – Product Perspective Jobs – Product Perspective
Original visual art 191,104 2,471
Art reproductions 44,272 973
Photography 800,675 12,948
Crafts 2,665,470 28,158
Advertising 2,223,469 27,789
Architecture 1,558,314 14,911
Design 3,427,962 52,079
Total 10,911,265 139,329
Live Performance
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – In thousands of dollars – Product Perspective Jobs – Product Perspective
Performing arts 2,773,767 66,884
Festivals and celebrations 170,274 4,264
Total 2,944,041 71,148
Other
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – In thousands of dollars – Product Perspective Jobs – Product Perspective
Education and training 3,498,692 51,458
Governance, funding and professional support 8,056,031 85,608
Multi 1,069,270 11,432

Source: Statistics Canada, Provincial and Territorial Culture Indicators, 2010 to 2018 Date: October 22, 2020

Sport Gross Domestic Product and Jobs, Detailed Figures for 2018

Infographic of Sport Gross Domestic Product and Jobs, Detailed Figures for 2018
Description of the infographic: Sport Gross Domestic Product and Jobs, Detailed Figures for 2018

This infographic shows sport Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and job numbers by domain and subdomain for 2018.

Sport
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – In thousands of dollars – Product Perspective Jobs – Product Perspective
Organized sport 1, 950,651 43,712
Informal sport 325,009 6,577
Education and training 2,249,589 34,633
Governance, funding and professional support 1,328,943 10,208
Total 5,854,192 95,130

Source: Statistics Canada, Provincial and Territorial Culture Indicators, 2010 to 2018. Date: October 22, 2020

Infographic on Tourism Spending on Culture ProductsFootnote 5 for 2010-2016

Infographic of Infographic on Tourism Spending on Culture Products for 2010-2016
Description of the infographic on Tourism Spending on Culture Products for 2010-2016, Canada

This infographic compares the total amount of tourism spending on culture products by Canadian visitors in Canada to the total amount of tourism spending on culture products by international visitors to Canada.

Total tourism spending (2016): $1.7B

Canadian Visitors in Canada (Domestic tourism spending)

In 2016, tourism spending by Canadian visitors in Canada totaled $1.16 billion.

Year Tourism spending by Canadian visitors in Canada (in billions)
2010 $1.02
2011 $1.04
2012 $1.08
2013 $1.08
2014 $1.11
2015 $1.15
2016 $1.16

In 2016, the domain that generated the most spending among Canadian visitors was live performance, with a total of $378.8 million.

Live performance: $378.8M
Visual and applied arts: $289.3M
Written and published works: $278.8M
Audiovisual and interactive media: $197.8M

International visitors to Canada (Export tourism spending)

In 2016, tourism spending by international visitors to Canada totaled $536.1 million.

Year Tourism spending by international visitors to Canada (in millions)
2010 $454.5
2011 $449.3
2012 $459.2
2013 $454.3
2014 $460.9
2015 $494.2
2016 $536.1

In 2016, the domain that generated the most spending among international visitors was live performance, with a total of $219.9 million.

Live performance: $219.9M
Audiovisual and interactive media: $115.2M
Visual and applied arts: $111.9M
Written and published works: $81.0M

Infographic on Tourism Spending on Sport ProductsFootnote 6 for 2010-2016

Infographic on Tourism Spending on Sport Products for 2010-2016
Description of the infographic on Tourism Spending on Sport Products for 2010-2016, Canada

This infographic compares the total amount of tourism spending on sport products by Canadian visitors in Canada to the total amounts of tourism spending on sport products by international visitors to Canada.

Total tourism spending (2016): $915.7M

Canadian Visitors in Canada (Domestic tourism spending)

In 2016, tourism spending by Canadian visitors in Canada totaled $586.8 million.

Year Tourism spending by Canadian visitors in Canada (in millions)
2010 $544.3
2011 $549.3
2012 $565.4
2013 $555.7
2014 $563.8
2015 $589.5
2016 $586.8

In 2016, the domain that generated the most spending among Canadian visitors was organized sport, with a total of $306.8 million.

Organized sport: $306.8M
Governance, funding and professional support: $266.6M

International visitors to Canada (Export tourism spending)

In 2016, tourism spending by international visitors to Canada totaled $328.9 million.

Year Tourism spending by international visitors to Canada (in millions)
2010 $279.6
2011 $276.9
2012 $283.6
2013 $279.4
2014 $283.1
2015 $302.5
2016 $328.9

In 2016, the domain that generated the most spending among international visitors was organized sport, with a total of $171.0 million.

Organized sport: $171.0M
Governance, funding and professional support: $150.2M

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