User Instructions for the GBA+ Departmental Summary – Budget 2020

Table of Contents

Overview

Information and Data Sources

Training

Template Instructions

1. General Information

2. Brief Description of Proposal

3. Target Group (Policy Intent)

4. Expected Outcomes

A. Direct Benefits
B. Indirect Benefits
C. Negative Impacts
D. Income Distribution Impacts
E. Generational Impacts
F. Data Sources

5. GBA+ Responsive Approach (fill out for all proposals)

6. Gender Results Framework

7. UN Sustainable Development Goals

8. Public and Stakeholder Engagement

9. Monitoring and Evaluation

10. Partial Funding

11. Summary GBA+ Statement for Publication

12. Contact Information

Overview

GBA+ is an analytical tool used to assess how diverse groups of women, men and gender-diverse people may experience policies, programs and initiatives. The "plus" in GBA+ acknowledges that GBA goes beyond biological (sex) and socio-cultural (gender) differences and considers many other identity factors, like race, ethnicity, religion, age, and mental or physical disability.

The GBA+ Departmental Summary Template is a tool that captures key GBA+ information for an initiative, policy or program in order to support and inform decision-making. These user instructions are intended to provide additional clarity, definition and examples to support the use of the template.

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Publicly Available Information

The information provided in the GBA+ summary template may be made publicly available.

Information and Data Sources

Foundational to a strong GBA+ is clear and credible information upon which to base the analysis. Some key Government of Canada resources include:

Examples of other data resources include:

Training

Statistics Canada offers a variety of workshops, training, and conferences to help analysts expand and improve their data skills. For the full list of current offerings, please visit https://www.statcan.gc.ca/eng/services/wtc.

For more information on Government of Canada training related to GBA+ please visit the websites of Status of Women Canada and the Canada School of Public Service.

Template Instructions

Please read through these instructions carefully as you fill out the GBA+ Departmental Summary document, also referred to as the "template." Examples from Budget 2019 have been provided throughout, to provide clarity for more complicated scenarios. Please see Budget 2019's Gender Report for more examples.

1. General Information

This section collects descriptive information about the proposal, the organizations which will be involved in its development and delivery, and the timing of the GBA+ summarized in this template.

Proposal Title

Sponsoring Department

Type of measure

Timing of Conduct of GBA+

2. Brief Description of Proposal

This section seeks a brief description of the proposal, not of the GBA+.

Problem Statement

Approach

3. Target Group (Policy Intent)

This section seeks information on the target population for the proposal, which may be different from the groups affected (section 4). Please choose one of the three categories that best describes the target group that the proposal is intended to benefit: all Canadians, specific regions or sectors, or a particular demographic group. It is expected that a single category would be selected in most circumstances; however, in rare instances, it may be appropriate to identify more than one target group (e.g. an initiative aimed at Indigenous persons in the Atlantic regions).

If none of the options come close to reflecting the primary target group, then please use the explanatory box at the end of this section to specify the target group and provide further details.

All Canadians

This is a tax integrity proposal

Specific regions or sectors of the economy

A particular demographic group

Rounded Rectangular Callout: iBudget 2019
Examples for Target Group

For the majority of budget proposals, defining the target population will be straightforward; however, for proposals that have broader objectives (i.e. environment, research, etc.) as part of their design, there may be overlap across these categories. Here are some examples of how the target population was defined for some of the more complex measures in Budget 2019.

4. Expected Outcomes

A proposal can affect people in a number of different ways, not all of which may be immediately obvious. It is important to consider all angles of how the proposal may affect people.

A. Direct Benefits

This section seeks to collect information on the gender and demographic characteristics of the recipient group over the short- and medium-term (five years). This group may align with the target client group or it may have different characteristics.

Notable demographic characteristics

Multiple groups

No notable characteristics

This response should be used in the rare case that the benefitting group truly has no notable characteristics beyond that of the Canadian population overall. If this option is selected, do not fill out the table of demographic characteristics. Some examples are tax tightening proposals, which are assumed to benefit the entire population through the expected fiscal savings, or proposals to improve public safety for Canada as a whole.

Long-term benefits

Rounded Rectangular Callout: iBudget 2019 Example: Making Zero-Emission Vehicles More Affordable is expected to help increase both supply and demand for electric battery or hydrogen fuel cell vehicles in the short-term, and bring broad environmental and health benefits for all Canadians over the longer term. In this example, the long-term benefits were described as, "benefits from potential reductions in greenhouse gas emissions and air pollutants are expected to benefit all Canadians."

B. Indirect Benefits

This section seeks to collect information on the notable gender and demographic characteristics of the group or groups of people who may receive secondary benefits from the proposal – for example through playing a role in the delivery of a proposal or experiencing the benefits of the proposal in a secondary way.

As with the direct benefits section, if there is more than one distinct group being indirectly affected, please provide details on the specific breakdowns.

If there is insufficient supporting data to make a determination, please choose "There is insufficient information to adequately assess the indirect impacts" and use the box at the end of this section to explain those data gaps. It is expected that every budget proposal has been sufficiently developed as to be clear who may be directly benefitting; however, it is understandable that not all proposals have the data available to confirm indirect beneficiaries.

Rounded Rectangular Callout: i

Budget 2019 Examples:

Enhancing the Rental Construction Financing Initiative will primarily benefit Canadians in need of affordable rental housing; however, workers in the construction industry building the housing would receive indirect benefits. Other indirect impacts could include less stress on community care resources and positive health, social and education outcomes for children due to the benefits of long-term, stable housing.

C. Negative Impacts

This section seeks to collect information on the notable gender and demographic characteristics of the group or groups of people who may be negatively affected by the proposed proposal. For all proposals with unintentional negative impacts, note that Section 5a: GBA+ Responsive Approach – Mitigation Strategies must also be filled.

Rounded Rectangular Callout: iBudget 2019 Example: The amendments to the Income Tax Act to prevent non-resident taxpayers from avoiding Canadian dividend withholding tax on compensation payments made under cross-border share lending arrangements will negatively affect these taxpayers. In this example, the Negative Impacts section would be filled out.

D. Income Distribution Impacts

Distributional impacts should be considered relative to existing incomes and tax contributions. Please explain the assumptions behind your assessment in the explanation box at the end of this section.

Rounded Rectangular Callout: iBudget 2019 Example: Ensuring Everyone Who Is Eligible Receives Canada Pension Plan Benefits will ensure that seniors who have not applied enroll CPP contributors for a CPP pension once they reach age 70 if they have not applied. In this example, "Strongly benefits low income individuals" was selected.

Rounded Rectangular Callout: iBudget 2019 Example: Strong Arctic and Northern Communities includes a range of measures to enhance economic development programming, infrastructure, and post-secondary education in Canada's Arctic and northern regions where socio-economic outcomes for residents continue to be lower. In this example, "Somewhat benefits low income individuals" was selected.

E. Generational Impacts

Generational impacts should be considered relative to the contributions of those benefiting from the proposal. For example, a new government program for retired seniors that is funded from the current tax base would primarily benefit seniors.

Rounded Rectangular Callout: iBudget 2019 Example: Making Canada Student Loans More Affordable is a measure that lowers the interest rate on Canada Student Loans and Canada Apprentice Loans, and makes the six-month non-repayment period after a student loan borrower leaves school interest-free. In this example, "Primarily benefits youth, children, or future generations" was chosen.

F. Data Sources

This section should be used to clearly source the information that was provided in Sections 4a-4e of the form. Do not worry about formatting.

5. GBA+ Responsive Approach (fill out for all proposals)

This section should be used to describe mitigation strategies to address any negative impacts associated with the proposal. This section should also capture any proactive program design or implementation elements that address existing inequalities in order to reduce barriers.

a) Proposals Identifying Negative Impacts

b) Proactive Strategies

Rounded Rectangular Callout: iBudget 2019 Example: Expanding the Canada Service Corps is aimed at youth across the country, providing them with volunteer opportunities to increase leadership and develop new skills. Recognizing that some youth may experience barriers in participating, the program developed new incentives and supports to reduce the barriers identified by underrepresented youth, including targeted outreach to increase participation amongst young men and boys.

6. Gender Results Framework

Gender Results Framework

Canada's Gender Results Framework

Education and Skills Development

Equal opportunities and diversified paths in education and skills development

  • More diversified educational paths and career choices
  • Reduced gender gaps in reading and numeracy skills among youth, including Indigenous youth
  • Equal lifelong learning opportunities and outcomes for adults

Economic Participation and Prosperity

Equal and full participation in the economy

  • Increased labour market opportunities for women, especially women in underrepresented groups
  • Reduced gender wage gap
  • Increased full-time employment of women
  • Equal sharing of parenting roles and family responsibilities
  • Better gender balance across occupations
  • More women in higher-quality jobs, such as permanent and well-paid jobs

Leadership and Democratic Participation

Gender equality in leadership roles and at all levels of decision-making

  • More women in senior management positions, more diversity in senior leadership positions
  • Increased opportunities for women to start and grow their businesses, and succeed on a global scale
  • More company board seats held by women, more diversity on company boards
  • Greater representation of women and underrepresented groups in elected office and ministerial positions in national and sub-national governments
  • Increased representation of women and underrepresented groups as administrators of the justice system

Gender-Based Violence and Access to Justice

Eliminating gender-based violence and harassment, and promoting security of the person and access to justice

  • Workplaces are harassment-free
  • Fewer women are victims of intimate partner violence and sexual assault
  • Fewer victims of childhood maltreatment
  • Fewer women killed by an intimate partner
  • Increased police reporting of violent crimes
  • Fewer Indigenous women and girls are victims of violence
  • Increased accountability and responsiveness of the Canadian criminal justice system

Poverty Reduction, Health and Well-Being

Reduced poverty and improved health outcomes

  • Fewer vulnerable individuals living in poverty
  • Fewer women and children living in food insecure households
  • Fewer vulnerable individuals lacking stable, safe and permanent housing
  • Child and spousal support orders are enforced
  • More years in good health
  • Improved mental health
  • Improved access to contraception for young people and reduced adolescent birth rate

Gender Equality 
Around the World

Promoting gender equality to build a more peaceful, inclusive, rules-based and prosperous world

  • Feminist international approach to all policies and programs, including diplomacy, trade, security and development

7. UN Sustainable Development Goals

This section seeks to link each Budget proposal with one or more of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals if possible.

17 United Nations Sustainable Development Goals

8. Public and Stakeholder Engagement

This section seeks to confirm whether the public was engaged on the proposal and to understand the nature of the feedback received during those engagements.

General Comments

9. Monitoring and Evaluation

This section seeks to collect information on how the performance of the proposal will be actively monitored from a GBA+ perspective.

General Comments

10. Partial Funding

This section seeks to collect information on how the GBA+ impacts might change if the proposal were only partially funded.

General Comments

11. Summary GBA+ Statement for Publication

This section gives departments the opportunity to draft the text that may be used in a government publication.

General Comments

12. Contact Information

General Comments

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