DAOD 2010-0, Modelling and Simulation
Date of Issue: 2006-09-08
Application: This is a directive that applies to employees of the Department of National Defence (DND employees) and an order that applies to officers and non-commissioned members of the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF members).
Approval Authority: This DAOD is issued under the authority of the Vice Chief of the Defence Staff (VCDS).
Enquiries: Director General Force Development Analysis (DGFDA)
2.1 The development and assessment of new defence doctrines, concepts and technology applications using actual equipment and real world trials has proven to be time-consuming, expensive and restrictive. As a result, modelling and simulation (M&S) technology has become a primary enabling technology in allied countries for the definition, development and delivery of transformational defence capabilities across the spectrum of conflict. M&S tools can enable this transformation by:
- stimulating synergy, and strengthening and extending previously discrete life cycle activities; and
- bringing a degree of consistency and concurrency across the spectrum of activities, from research to operations, that have been previously unattainable.
2.2 The use of M&S technology offers a means to assess concepts and events not possible in the real world due to unacceptable risk or cost. M&S, including synthetic environments, merge the real and virtual worlds in ways that empower leaders to:
- visualize the future;
- analyze decision alternatives; and
- prepare for domestic and coalition operations throughout the spectrum of conflict.
2.3 In the Creating the CF of 2020: Concept Development and Experimentation and Modelling and Simulation discussion paper, the use of M&S is recognized as a key supporting activity in the creation of future forces and for meeting the objectives of Strategy 2020. The use of M&S can provide the DND and the CAF with a powerful and resource-efficient medium for:
- exploration of doctrinal alternatives;
- capability management;
- alternative operational training;
- investigation of leading-edge technologies; and
- effective support to the acquisition process.
2.4 The DND and the CAF are committed to using M&S as a primary enabling technology necessary to effectively meet objectives in an affordable, reusable and interoperable context within the DND and the CAF and with allied countries.
2.5 The DND and the CAF shall:
- provide guidance for the analysis, development and implementation of coordinated and cooperative M&S initiatives;
- develop a DND and CAF Strategic M&S Plan;
- provide education and training in the DND and the CAF for M&S;
- establish a coordination office in the DND and the CAF for M&S;
- establish DND and CAF M&S standards and best practices;
- develop and maintain a bank of shareable M&S information and assets with the appropriate level of verification, validation and accreditation to promote reusability, enhancement, commonality and interoperability;
- designate an M&S authority for each environmental chief of staff (ECS), group principal and Operational Commanders; and
- establish a DND and CAF stakeholder working group as required.
3.1 The following table identifies the authorities responsible for M&S policy:
|The ...||has/have the authority to ...|
approve the DND and CAF Strategic M&S Plan.
ECSs, group principals and Operational Commanders
approve M&S policy guidance for their respective organizations in support of the DND and CAF Strategic M&S Plan.
Acts, Refulations, Central Agency Policies and Policy DAOD
- Creating the CF of 2020: Concept Development and Experimentation and Modelling and Simulation (discussion paper approved by VCDS, DCDS and Assistant Deputy Minister (Science & Technology)), 1 November 2000
- DAOD 2010-1, Modelling and Simulation Management
- Defence Plan 2001
- Modelling and Simulation: Enabling the Creation of Affordable, Effective 2020 Canadian Forces (concept paper), April 2000
- VCDS Instruction 04/91, Policy for Use of Simulation in Training for the Canadian Forces
- ADM(PER) Instruction 09/94, Policy Frame Work for Training Technology
- Record of Decisions, Synthetic Environment Working Group, 13 October 2001
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