DAOD 2020-0, Reserve Force


1. Introduction

Date of Issue: 2015-05-21

Application: This DAOD is an order that applies to officers and non-commissioned members of the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF members).

Supersession: CFAO 2-8, Reserve Force – Organization, Command and Obligation to Serve

Approval Authority: Vice Chief of the Defence Staff (VCDS)

Enquiries: Director Reserves (D Res)

2. Policy Direction

Context

2.1 The Reserve Force (Res F):

  1. is a component of the CAF consisting of CAF members who are enrolled for other than continuing, full-time military service except when placed on active service; and
  2. consists of units and other elements organized under the authority of the Minister.

Sub-Components of the Res F

2.2 The following are the sub-components of the Res F as set out in QR&O article 2.034, Reserve Force – Sub-Components:

  1. the Primary Reserve (P Res);
  2. the Supplementary Reserve (Supp Res);
  3. the Cadet Organizations Administration and Training Service (COATS); and
  4. the Canadian Rangers (CR).

2.3 Each sub-component of the Res F has unique obligations to serve and train as set out in the QR&Os, with implementing instructions in DAODs.

2.4 A member of the Res F (Reserve member):

  1. as a member of the CAF, is liable to serve from the date of their enrolment in the CAF to the date of their release from the CAF; and
  2. performs duty or training on Class “A”, “B” or “C” Reserve Service.

Liability to Serve

2.5 A Reserve member is liable to perform lawful duty:

  1. when placed on active service under section 31 of the National Defence Act (NDA);
  2. in aid of the civil power under sections 275 and 276 of the NDA;
  3. for such periods of training as are prescribed in regulations made by the Governor in Council under paragraph 33(2)(a) of the NDA (see QR&O paragraph 9.04(2), Training and Duty); and
  4. when called out on service to perform any lawful duty other than training under paragraph 33(2)(b) of the NDA (see QR&O paragraph 9.04(3)).

Policy Statement

2.6 The CAF is committed to the development and sustainment of a Res F having defined roles approved by the Chief of the Defence Staff (CDS) that are aligned with the defence priorities set by the Government of Canada.

Requirements

2.7 The CAF will:

  1. set a Res F establishment consistent with:
    1. the maximum authorized number of Reserve members;
    2. approved Res F roles; and
    3. CAF structure and capability requirements
  2. develop strategic management processes for resource allocation to and oversight of the Res F; and
  3. develop harmonized Regular Force and Res F policies and administrative procedures.

Note – Only in exceptional circumstances are policies and procedures unique to the Res F established.

2.8 The D Res must notify the VCDS of any non-compliance with this DAOD.

3. Consequences

Consequences of Non-Compliance

3.1 Non-compliance with this DAOD may have consequences for the CAF as an institution and for CAF members as individuals. Suspected non-compliance will be investigated. The nature and severity of the consequences resulting from actual non-compliance will be commensurate with the circumstances of the non-compliance.

4. Authorities

Authority Table

4.1 The following table identifies the authorities associated with this DAOD:

The … has the authority to …
VCDS
  • develop and oversee strategic management and planning of the Res F, including risk and institutional performance measurement;
  • manage the organization and structure of the Res F;
  • oversee resource management of the Res F on behalf of the CDS;
  • create P Res Lists (PRLs) (see paragraph 4.5 in DAOD 2020-1, Primary Reserve);
  • command, control and administer the COATS sub-component; and
  • take appropriate action in respect of non-compliance with this DAOD.
Commander (Comd), Canadian Joint Operations Command
  • command and control Reserve members on operations.
Comd Royal Canadian Navy
  • command, control and administer the Naval Reserve;
  • plan for and develop Naval Reserve capabilities and structures;
  • control and administer the PRL for their command; and
  • report to the CDS regarding the Naval Reserve.
Comd Canadian Army
  • command, control and administer the Army Reserve;
  • plan for and develop Army Reserve and CR capabilities and structures;
  • control and administer the CR sub-component;
  • control and administer the PRL for their command; and
  • report to the CDS regarding the Army Reserve.
Comd Royal Canadian Air Force
  • command, control and administer the Air Force Reserve;
  • plan for and develop Air Force Reserve capabilities and structures;
  • control and administer the PRL for their command; and
  • report to the CDS regarding the Air Force Reserve.
Comd Military Personnel Command
  • command, control and administer the Canadian Forces (CF) Health Services Reserve;
  • control and administer the National Defence Headquarters PRL;
  • control and administer the Supp Res; and
  • report to the CDS regarding the CF Health Services Reserve.
Chief of Military Personnel
  • issue functional direction for Res F military personnel policy.
Comd Canadian Special Operations Forces Command (CANSOFCOM)
  • command, control and administer the CANSOFCOM Reserve;
  • plan for and develop CANSOFCOM Reserve capabilities and structures;
  • control and administer the PRL for their command; and
  • report to the CDS regarding the CANSOFCOM Reserve.
Judge Advocate General (JAG)
  • command, control and administer the JAG Reserve;
  • plan for and develop JAG Reserve capabilities and structures; and
  • control and administer the JAG PRL; and
  • report to the CDS regarding the JAG Reserve.
Chief of Force Development
  • plan for and develop Res F capabilities and structures; and
  • integrate Res F capabilities into the CAF capability development process.
Chief of Programme
  • allocate resources to the Res F;
  • control and administer the Res F establishment; and
  • establish institutional performance measures for the Res F.
Chief Reserves and Cadets
  • monitor the institutional aspects of the Res F, and advise and report to the CDS; and
  • deliver individual training and education for CAF members of the COATS sub-component.

5. References

Acts, Regulations, Central Agency Policies and Policy DAOD

Other References

  • DAOD 2020-1, Primary Reserve
  • DAOD 2020-2, Canadian Rangers
  • DAOD 2020-3, Cadet Organizations Administration and Training Service
  • DAOD 2020-4, Supplementary Reserve
  • CF Military Personnel Instruction 02/15, Supplementary Reserve
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