DAOD 2020-0, Reserve Force
Date of Issue: 2015-05-21
Application: This DAOD is an order that applies to officers and non-commissioned members of the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF members).
Supersession: CFAO 2-8, Reserve Force – Organization, Command and Obligation to Serve
Approval Authority: Vice Chief of the Defence Staff (VCDS)
Enquiries: Director Reserves (D Res)
2.1 The Reserve Force (Res F):
- is a component of the CAF consisting of CAF members who are enrolled for other than continuing, full-time military service except when placed on active service; and
- consists of units and other elements organized under the authority of the Minister.
Sub-Components of the Res F
2.2 The following are the sub-components of the Res F as set out in QR&O article 2.034, Reserve Force – Sub-Components:
- the Primary Reserve (P Res);
- the Supplementary Reserve (Supp Res);
- the Cadet Organizations Administration and Training Service (COATS); and
- the Canadian Rangers (CR).
2.3 Each sub-component of the Res F has unique obligations to serve and train as set out in the QR&Os, with implementing instructions in DAODs.
2.4 A member of the Res F (Reserve member):
- as a member of the CAF, is liable to serve from the date of their enrolment in the CAF to the date of their release from the CAF; and
- performs duty or training on Class “A”, “B” or “C” Reserve Service.
Liability to Serve
2.5 A Reserve member is liable to perform lawful duty:
- when placed on active service under section 31 of the National Defence Act (NDA);
- in aid of the civil power under sections 275 and 276 of the NDA;
- for such periods of training as are prescribed in regulations made by the Governor in Council under paragraph 33(2)(a) of the NDA (see QR&O paragraph 9.04(2), Training and Duty); and
- when called out on service to perform any lawful duty other than training under paragraph 33(2)(b) of the NDA (see QR&O paragraph 9.04(3)).
2.6 The CAF is committed to the development and sustainment of a Res F having defined roles approved by the Chief of the Defence Staff (CDS) that are aligned with the defence priorities set by the Government of Canada.
2.7 The CAF will:
- set a Res F establishment consistent with:
- the maximum authorized number of Reserve members;
- approved Res F roles; and
- CAF structure and capability requirements
- develop strategic management processes for resource allocation to and oversight of the Res F; and
- develop harmonized Regular Force and Res F policies and administrative procedures.
Note – Only in exceptional circumstances are policies and procedures unique to the Res F established.
2.8 The D Res must notify the VCDS of any non-compliance with this DAOD.
Consequences of Non-Compliance
3.1 Non-compliance with this DAOD may have consequences for the CAF as an institution and for CAF members as individuals. Suspected non-compliance will be investigated. The nature and severity of the consequences resulting from actual non-compliance will be commensurate with the circumstances of the non-compliance.
4.1 The following table identifies the authorities associated with this DAOD:
|The …||has the authority to …|
|Commander (Comd), Canadian Joint Operations Command||
|Comd Royal Canadian Navy||
|Comd Canadian Army||
|Comd Royal Canadian Air Force||
|Comd Military Personnel Command||
|Chief of Military Personnel||
|Comd Canadian Special Operations Forces Command (CANSOFCOM)||
|Judge Advocate General (JAG)||
|Chief of Force Development||
|Chief of Programme||
|Chief Reserves and Cadets||
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