DAOD 3002-2, Insensitive Munitions


1. Introduction

Date of Issue: 2004-07-30

Date of Last Modification: 2017-12-05

Application: This DAOD is a directive that applies to employees of the Department of National Defence (DND employees) and an order that applies to officers and non-commissioned members of the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF members).

Approval Authority: Director Ammunition and Explosives Regulation (DAER)

Enquiries: Director Ammunition and Explosives Regulation (DAER)

2. Definitions

ammunition (munitions)

Has the same meaning as in DAOD 3002-0, Ammunition and Explosives.

explosive (explosif)

Has the same meaning as in section 2 of the Explosives Act.

insensitive munitions (munitions à risques atténués)

Ammunition or explosives which reliably fulfill their performance, readiness and operational requirements on demand and minimize the probability of inadvertent initiation and severity of subsequent collateral damage to weapon platforms, logistic systems and personnel when subjected to selected accidental and combat threats.

3. Principles for the Use of Insensitive Munitions in the DND and the CF

Overview

3.1 The DND and the CAF recognize that technological advances in design techniques, manufacture, and storage of ammunition and explosives have made the development of a range of insensitive munitions (IM) possible. Such ammunition and explosives remain effective for their intended applications, but are less sensitive than their predecessors to selected accidental and combat threats such as extreme heat, fire, shock or impact environments.

3.2 The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) has developed standardization agreements (STANAGs) setting out agreed criteria for the development and assessment of IM.

3.3 NATO STANAG 4439, Policy for Introduction, Assessment and Testing for Insensitive Munitions (IM), has been ratified without reservation by Canada.

3.4 The DND and the CAF are committed to enhancing safety by ensuring IM are developed and introduced in use in order to:

  1. enhance the survivability of and reduce collateral damage to logistic and tactical combat systems;
  2. minimize accidental personnel injury; and
  3. potentially provide more cost effective and efficient transport, storage and handling.

IM Assessment Process

3.5 All ammunition and explosives used by the DND and the CAF, except those described in paragraph 3.8, must be assessed to demonstrate compliance with STANAG 4439 IM requirement goals.

3.6 The objective of an IM assessment is to determine the level of insensitivity of ammunition or explosives to selected accidental and combat threats, and is referred to as the IM signature. The IM assessment is conducted during the certification process set out in DAOD 3002-1, Certification of Ammunition and Explosives.

3.7 If ammunition and explosives are found to be non-compliant with the minimum IM signature requirements in STANAG 4439 during the validation process set out in DAOD 3002-1, they may still be approved for use by the appropriate level one (L1) advisor in accordance with accepted risk management principles.

Exemptions from Assessment

3.8 The following ammunition and explosives are exempt from assessment:

  1. ammunition or explosives in use prior to 2004 and scheduled for replacement prior to 2020; and
  2. ammunition and explosives in Hazard Division 1.4 as set out in the United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Model Regulations, Volume 1.

Procurement of New and Replacement Stocks

3.9 Every opportunity should be taken to introduce IM technology during the:

  1. procurement of new ammunition or explosives stocks; and
  2. replacement of ammunition or explosives stocks prior to the end of their planned service life.

Reporting Requirement

3.10 The compliance of DND and CAF ammunition and explosives with STANAG 4439 IM requirement goals must be reported annually.

4. Responsibilities

Responsibility Table

4.1 The following table identifies the responsibilities associated with this DAOD:

The ... is or are responsible for ...

L1 advisors

  • accepting the risk of IM signature non-compliance.

DAER

  • reporting IM compliance with minimum IM signature requirements set out in NATO STANAG 4439.
  • ammunition and explosives life cycle materiel managers; and
  • managers of projects procuring ammunition and explosives
  • procuring ammunition and explosives that meet IM criteria set out in NATO STANAG 4439.

DND employees and CAF members appointed as Service Use Offices of Primary Interest (see paragraph 4.12 in DAOD 3002-1)

  • providing the parameters for the use of the ammunition and explosives, and criteria arising from international agreements; and
  • completing a munitions threat analysis as set out in NATO Allied Ordnance Publication (AOP) – 39, Guidance on the Assessment and Development of Insensitive Munitions (IM).

5. References

Acts, Regulations, Central Agency Policies and Policy DAOD

Other References

  • DAOD 3002-1, Certification of Ammunition and Explosives
  • Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Model Regulations, Volume 1, United Nations
  • NATO AOP – 15, Guidance on the Assessment of the Safety and Suitability for Service of Non-Nuclear Munitions for NATO Armed Forces
  • NATO AOP – 39, Guidance on the Assessment and Development of Insensitive Munitions (IM)
  • NATO STANAG 4240, Liquid Fuel/External Fire, Munitions Test Procedures
  • NATO STANAG 4241, Bullet Impact, Munitions Test Procedures
  • NATO STANAG 4382, Slow Heating, Munitions Test Procedures
  • NATO STANAG 4396, Sympathetic Reaction, Munitions Test Procedures
  • NATO STANAG 4439, Policy for Introduction, Assessment and Testing for Insensitive Munitions (IM)
  • NATO STANAG 4496, Fragment Impact, Munitions Test Procedures
  • NATO STANAG 4526, Shaped Charge Jet, Munitions Test Procedure
  • C-09-005-007/TS-001, Ammunition and Explosives Safety Manual, Volume 7, Certification of Ammunition, Explosives and Accessories for Service Use
  • C-09-153-001/TS-000, Ammunition and Explosives Safety Manual, Volume I, Storage and Transportation
  • D-09-002-010/SG-000, Standard – Assessment of the Safety and Suitability for Service of Ammunition and Explosives
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