DAOD 3002-0, Ammunition and Explosives


1. Introduction

Date of Issue: 2004-07-30

Date of Last Modification: 2016-08-24

Application: This DAOD is a directive that applies to employees of the Department of National Defence (DND employees) and an order that applies to officers and non-commissioned members of the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF members).

Approval Authorities:

  • Deputy Minister (DM)
  • Chief of the Defence Staff (CDS)

Enquiries: Director Ammunition and Explosives Regulation (DAER)

2. Definitions

ammunition (munition)

Device charged with explosives, propellants, pyrotechnics, initiating composition or nuclear, biological or chemical material, for use in military operations, and includes a non-charged or inert replica of such a device. (Defence Terminology Bank record number 15923)

contingency stocks (réserve d’urgence)

Any ammunition and explosives procured using national procurement funding that are retained in depots as an emergency reserve for unforeseen operations, or to mitigate procurement lead times for sustained operations. (Defence Terminology Bank record number 45750)

explosive (explosif)

Any thing that is made, manufactured or used to produce an explosion or a detonation or pyrotechnic effect, and includes any thing prescribed to be an explosive by the regulations, but does not include gases, organic peroxides or any thing prescribed not to be an explosive by the regulations. (Section 2 of the Explosives Act)

operation (opération)

A combination of activities with a common purpose or unifying theme. (Defence Terminology Bank record number 1053)

3. Policy Direction

Context

3.1 The objectives of the DAOD 3002 series for DND and CAF ammunition and explosives (A&E) and the associated A-GG-040-006/AG-001, DND Explosives Safety Program, are to:

  1. avoid, or at least minimize, personnel injury and death;
  2. minimize materiel loss;
  3. contribute to the operational effectiveness of the DND and the CAF; and
  4. meet legislative requirements.

3.2 The DAOD 3002 series applies to any activity involving A&E if the A&E:

  1. a.is the property of Her Majesty in right of Canada under the direction or control of the Minister of National Defence (MND); or
  2. is deemed to be under the direction or control of the MND.

3.3 The Explosives Act does not apply to or in respect of any explosives under the direction or control of the MND, except as provided by the Explosives Regulations, 2013. Subsection 5(5) of these regulations provides that explosives that are under the control of any armed force cooperating with the CAF are deemed to be under the direction or control of the MND.

Policy Statement

3.4 Due to the inherent dangers associated with A&E, and the potentially grave effects of any accident or incident involving A&E, the DND and the CAF are committed to:

  1. establishing policies, orders and directives that:
    i. meet or exceed the requirements of applicable domestic and international laws; and
    ii. are compatible with international agreements governing A&E, including those concerning research
    and development (R&D), acquisition, storage, inspection, maintenance, authorized modification,
    possession, use and disposal; and
  2. ensuring that DND employees and CAF members are aware of, and strictly adhere to, the laws, policies, orders and directives involving A&E.

Requirements

3.5 The DND and the CAF must:

  1. develop and implement a management program for A&E, including its R&D, acquisition, life cycle management, supporting infrastructure and related accountabilities;
  2. develop, implement and manage the DND Explosives Safety Program to provide occupational safety and accident prevention;
  3. establish conditions for, and restrictions on, the use of A&E, including use on ranges and test facilities;
  4. certify that A&E is safe and suitable for service use;
  5. establish strategic policies and doctrine involving A&E;
  6. establish the conditions, procedures and authorization for the disposal of A&E;
  7. establish emergency response in the event of an incident related to A&E, including the development of an Emergency Response Assistance Plan (ERAP) for the transportation of A&E (see Part 7 of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations); and
  8. establish an A&E risk assessment, acceptance and monitoring process for any situation in which a deviation from a policy, order or directive is either anticipated or being contemplated.

Note – A&E risk assessments and resulting risk levels are determined in accordance with C-09-005-001/TS-000, Ammunition and Explosives Safety Manual, Volume 1, Program Management and Life Cycle Safety, Part 3, Risk Management.

3.6 The DAER must notify the DM, CDS, Assistant Deputy Minister (Materiel) (ADM(Mat)) and affected organizations of any non-compliance with this DAOD.

4. Consequences

Consequences of Non-Compliance

4.1 Non-compliance with this DAOD may have consequences for both the DND and the CAF as institutions, and for DND employees and CAF members as individuals. Suspected non-compliance may be investigated. The nature and severity of the consequences resulting from actual non-compliance will be commensurate with the circumstances of the non-compliance. Consequences of non-compliance may include one or more of the following:

  1. the ordering of the completion of appropriate learning, training or professional development;
  2. the entering of observations in individual performance evaluations;
  3. increased reporting and performance monitoring;
  4. the withdrawal of any authority provided under this DAOD to a DND employee or CAF member;
  5. the reporting of suspected offences to responsible law enforcement agencies;
  6. the liability of Her Majesty in right of Canada;
  7. the application of specific consequences as set out in applicable laws, codes of conduct, and DND and CAF policies and instructions; and
  8. other administrative or disciplinary action, or both.

Note – In respect of the compliance of DND employees, see the Treasury Board Framework for the Management of Compliance for additional information.

5. Authorities

Authority Table

5.1 The following table identifies the authorities associated with this DAOD:

The ... has or have the authority to …
DM
  • jointly approve, with the CDS, any A&E activity with a very high or high risk level;
  • designate, in writing, an appropriate level one (L1) advisor to jointly approve with the CDS, or the designate of the CDS, any A&E activity with a high risk level; and
  • take appropriate action in respect of any non-compliance with the DAOD 3002 series.
CDS
  • approve the use of A&E:
    – in military operations; and
    – for any military activity not otherwise authorized in this table;
  • jointly approve, with the DM, any A&E activity with a very high or high risk level;
  • designate, in writing, an appropriate commander of a command to jointly approve with the DM, or the designate of the DM, any A&E activity with a high risk level; and
  • take appropriate action in respect of any non-compliance with the DAOD 3002 series.
Vice Chief of the Defence Staff
  • set stocking levels for contingency stocks;
  • approve A&E training allocations;
  • apportion funding for the life cycle materiel management of A&E; and
  • approve the use of A&E in support of military policing, the Canadian Rangers, the Junior Canadian Rangers’ Programme and other cadet organizations authorized under subsection 46(1) of the National Defence Act.
ADM(Mat)
  • oversee the implementation of Treasury Board policies and directives for the acquisition of A&E and supply chain operations related to A&E under the direction or control of the DND and the CAF, except A&E used for R&D;
  • lead in conducting the life cycle materiel management of A&E, except A&E used for R&D; and
  • take appropriate action in respect of any non-compliance with the DAOD 3002 series.

ADM (Infrastructure and Environment)

  • approve the use of A&E in support of fire fighting and engineering; and
  • approve policies and directives for fire fighting and emergency response to situations involving A&E

ADM (Science and Technology) (ADM(S&T))

  • approve the use of A&E for R&D and allocate funding for its acquisition; and
  • oversee the implementation of policies and directives for the acquisition, storage, transportation, inspection, maintenance, authorized modification, issue, use and disposal of A&E under the direction or control of ADM(S&T).
L1 advisors and commanders of commands
  • issue orders and directives for the control and use of A&E for training;
  • approve any A&E activity with a significant, medium or low risk level;
  • jointly approve, if designated in writing by the DM or CDS, any A&E activity with a high risk level; and
  • designate, in writing, appropriate subordinate commanders of formations and commanding officers of units to approve any A&E activity with a medium or low risk level.
Commanders of the Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Army and Royal Canadian Air Force
  • identify funding requirements and authorize funding for the life cycle materiel management of A&E;
  • determine requirements for A&E for training;
  • approve A&E for use following its validation by the Ammunition Safety and Suitability Board;
  • designate any A&E surplus or obsolete to requirements;
  • in the case of the Commander, Royal Canadian Navy, issue orders and directives for the use of A&E with naval weapon systems, on ranges and for diving;
  • in the case of the Commander, Canadian Army, issue orders and directives for the use of A&E with land weapon systems, on ranges and for army diving; and
  • in the case of the Commander, Royal Canadian Air Force, issue orders and directives for the use of A&E with air weapon systems and on ranges.
Commander, Canadian Joint Operations Command (CJOC)
  • approve the use of A&E in support of CJOC operations;
  • establish emergency response in the event of an incident related to A&E, including the development of an ERAP for the transportation of A&E; and
  • issue orders and directives for the use of A&E under the direction or control of CJOC.
Commander, Canadian Special Operations Forces Command (CANSOFCOM)
  • approve the use of A&E in support of CANSOFCOM operations and authorize the acquisition of any required specialized items of A&E; and
  • issue orders and directives for the use of A&E under the direction or control of CANSOFCOM.
DAER
  • issue policies, orders and directives for, and provide advice regarding, the acquisition, storage, transportation, inspection, maintenance, authorized modification, issue, use and disposal of all A&E under the direction or control of the DND and the CAF, including A&E used for R&D;
  • oversee compliance with policies, orders and directives for A&E; and
  • oversee the management of the DND Explosives Safety Program.
commanders of formations, and commanding officers and superintendents of units
  • issue orders and directives for the use of A&E for training; and
  • approve, if designated in writing by their applicable superior, any A&E activity with a medium or low risk level.

6. References

Acts, Regulations, Central Agency Policies and Policy DAOD

Other References

  • DAOD 2007-0, Safety
  • DAOD 3002-1, Certification of Ammunition and Explosives
  • DAOD 3002-2, Insensitive Munitions
  • DAOD 3002-3, Ammunition and Explosives Safety Program
  • DAOD 3002-7, Ammunition and Explosives Risk Management
  • DAOD 8000-0, Explosive Ordnance Disposal
  • CANFORGEN 168/06, Activation of the Directorate Ammunition and Explosives Regulation (DAER)
  • A-GG-040-006/AG-001, DND Explosives Safety Program
  • B-GJ-005-104/FP-021, Law of Armed Conflict at the Operational and Tactical Levels, Chapter 5, Restrictions on the Use of Weapons
  • C-09-005-001/TS-000, Ammunition and Explosives Safety Manual, Volume 1, Program Management and Life Cycle Safety
  • National Defence Security Orders and Directives
  • Project Approval Directive (PAD) 2015
  • Program Alignment Architecture (PAA)
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