DAOD 4007-3 - Emergency Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting Operations


1. Introduction

Date of Issue: 2010-03-19

Application: This DAOD is a directive that applies to employees of the Department of National Defence (DND employees) and an order that applies to officers and non-commissioned members of the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF members).

Approval Authority: Assistant Deputy Minister (Infrastructure and Environment) (ADM(IE))

Enquiries: Canadian Forces Fire Marshal (CFFM)


2. Definition

emergency aircraft rescue and fire fighting (ARFF) operations (mesures d'urgence pour le sauvetage et la lutte contre les incendies d'aéronefs (SLIA))

Emergency ARFF operations mean rescue, fire suppression, emergency medical care and other operations performed at the scene of an aircraft occurrence, including action taken to prevent, control or extinguish a fire for the purpose of maintaining escape routes for occupants of an aircraft using normal and emergency routes for egress.

3. Overview

Purpose

3.1 The purpose of this DAOD is to:

  1. set minimum standards for emergency ARFF operations at a base or wing, in the following order of priority:
    1. life safety for first responders and occupants of aircraft, i.e. their protection from exposure to specific hazards from an aircraft fire or the design or maintenance of an aircraft;
    2. the continuation of CAF operations and missions; and
    3. the protection of CAF aircraft; and
  2. ensure that risk assessments in respect of emergency ARFF operations are conducted regularly for a base or wing.

Local Plans

3.2 In consultation with the base or wing fire chief, the base or wing commander shall develop local plans to provide first responders with additional personnel and other resources during emergency ARFF operations for an aircraft occurrence that may have a potential large-scale loss of life or property.

4. Operating Principles

Minimum Required Personnel

4.1 For the conduct of emergency ARFF operations, the base or wing commander shall ensure that the following number and type of qualified firefighters are available:

Position Minimum Number Minimum Rank or Qualifications

Supervisor

1

  • CAF member of the firefighter military occupation of the rank of sergeant or above;
  • DND employee who has successfully completed the qualification level (QL) 6A course for firefighters; or
  • DND employee who has been certified by an institution, acceptable to the CFFM, as having achieved the:
    • National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 1021 standard for fire officer level I; and
    • NFPA 1003 standard for airport firefighter.

Journeyperson

one firefighter per ARFF vehicle as driver/operator

  • DND employee or CAF member who has successfully completed the QL5A course for firefighters; or
  • DND employee who has been certified by an institution, acceptable to the CFFM, as having achieved the:
    • NFPA 1001 standard for firefighter level II;
    • NFPA 1002 standard for fire apparatus driver/operator; and
    • NFPA 1003 standard for airport firefighter.

Apprentice

2

  • DND employee or CAF member who has successfully completed the QL3 course for firefighters; or
  • DND employee who has been certified by an institution, acceptable to the CFFM, as having achieved the:
    • NFPA 1001 standard for firefighter level II; and
    • NFPA 1003 standard for airport firefighter.

Minimum Required Vehicles and Quantities of Extinguishing Agents

4.2 For the conduct of emergency ARFF operations, the base or wing commander shall ensure that the minimum number of ARFF vehicles and the minimum quantities of extinguishing agents, based on airport category and CAF aircraft type, are available as set out in Annex A to the CFFM Directive 2003, Airport Category and Minimum Response Strength for Fire Fighting.

Minimum Required ARFF Resources

4.3 The minimum required ARFF resources (personnel, vehicles and extinguishing agents) to support air operations at a base or wing shall be based on the largest resident aircraft. If a base or wing experiences a temporary increase in aircraft type or operational or training activities, the base or wing commander shall carry out a risk assessment to determine if additional resources are required.

4.4 If the minimum required ARFF resources cannot be provided as a result of a manning shortfall or vehicle unserviceability, the base or wing operations centre and the applicable command fire marshal shall be notified immediately. Under such circumstances, the approval of the 1 Canadian Air Division Operations Centre is required in order to continue air operations.

4.5 If the minimum required ARFF resources cannot be provided for any other reason, the base or wing commander shall request that a risk assessment be carried out by the CFFM to identify options to mitigate the risk of death, injury, loss or damage.

Commencement of Emergency ARFF Operations

4.6 The base or wing commander shall ensure, if practical, that their fire service can commence emergency ARFF operations at the scene of any aircraft occurrence at their base or wing, except in conditions of foul weather, hazardous road conditions, training or other extreme circumstances, within the following times:

  1. three minutes for the first responding ARFF vehicle to reach any point on an operational runway; and
  2. 30 seconds after the first responding vehicle arrives for all other ARFF vehicles necessary to deliver the required extinguishing agents.

4.7 If the base or wing commander determines that it is not practical to commence emergency ARFF operations within the above times, the base or wing commander shall request that a risk assessment be carried out by the CFFM to identify options to mitigate the risk of death, injury, loss or damage.

5. Responsibilities

Responsibility Table

5.1 The following table identifies the responsibilities associated with this DAOD:

The ... is or are responsible for ...

commander of a command

  • ensuring that base and wing commanders comply with this DAOD; and
  • allocating adequate resources to meet the requirements under this DAOD for emergency ARFF operations.

base or wing commander

  • maintaining adequate resources to meet the requirements under this DAOD for emergency ARFF operations.

CFFM

  • providing national level specialist support, risk assessments and advice on ARFF matters.

base or wing fire chief

  • ensuring DND and CAF firefighters have the required minimum qualifications under this DAOD; and
  • servicing resources that are required for emergency ARFF operations.

6. References

Acts, Regulations, Central Agency Policies and Policy DAOD

  • QR&O Chapter 30, Fire Protection Services
  • DAOD 4007-0, Fire Protection Services

Other References

  • Canada Labour Code,Part II, Occupational Health and Safety
  • Canadian Aviation Regulations
  • Fire Protection Standard, Treasury Board
  • Canadian Forces Fire Marshal Directive 2003, Airport Category and Minimum Response Strength for Fire Fighting
  • 1 Canadian Air Division Order 3-706, Aircraft Rescue Fire Fighting Policy
  • NFPA 402, Guide for Aircraft Rescue and Fire-Fighting Operations
  • NFPA 403, Standard for Aircraft Rescue and Fire-Fighting Services at Airports
  • NFPA 405, Standard for the Recurring Proficiency of Airport Fire Fighters
  • NFPA 1001, Standard for Fire Fighter Professional Qualifications
  • NFPA 1002, Standard for Fire Apparatus Driver/Operator Professional Qualifications
  • NFPA 1003, Standard for Airport Fire Fighter Professional Qualifications
  • NFPA 1021, Standard for Fire Officer Professional Qualifications
  • STANAG 3712, Airfield Rescue and Fire-Fighting (ARFF) Services Identification
  • STANAG 7145, Minimum Core Competency Levels and Proficiency of Skills for Fire Fighters
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