DAOD 5021-1, Respiratory Protection
Date of Issue: 2007-06-08
Application: This DAOD is a directive that applies to employees of the Department of National Defence (DND employees) and an order that applies to officers and non-commissioned members of the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF members).
Supersession: CFAO 34-53, DND Respiratory Protection Program
Approval Authority: Chief of Military Personnel (CMP)
- Director Force Health Protection (DFHP) for health and overall policy matters
- Canadian Forces Fire Marshal (CFFM) for program administration
|Abbreviation||Complete Word or Phrase|
|CBA||compressed breathing air|
|CBRN||chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear|
|CFFM||Canadian Forces Fire Marshal|
|CFHS P&G||Canadian Forces Health Services Policy and Guidance|
|CLC||Canada Labour Code|
|CMP||Chief of Military Personnel|
|COHSR||Canada Occupational Health and Safety Regulations|
|DFHP||Director Force Health Protection|
|DGHS||Director General Health Services|
|DGLEPM||Director General Land Equipment Program Management|
|DGNS||Director General Nuclear Safety|
|DJCP||Director Joint Capability Production|
|D Safe G||Director General Safety|
|IDLH||immediately dangerous to life or health|
|LCMM||life cycle material manager|
|NDHQ||National Defence Headquarters|
|NJC||National Joint Council|
|NSOD||Nuclear Safety Orders and Directives|
|OSH||Occupational Safety and Health|
|RPD||respiratory protection device|
|RPP||Respiratory Protection Program|
|RPPA||Respiratory Protection Program Administrator|
|TBS||Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat|
|VCDS||Vice Chief of the Defence Staff|
|In this DAOD …||has or have the same meaning as in …|
||C-87-040-000/MS-001, DND Respiratory Protection Program.|
4.1 This DAOD shall be read in conjunction with:
- CFAO 34-23, Occupational Health;
- C-87-040-000/MS-001, DND Respiratory Protection Program; and
- B-GJ-005-311/FP-020, CF Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Defence Tactics, Techniques and Procedures.
4.2 The DND RPP was established in accordance with the respiratory protection requirements of:
- Part II of the CLC;
- the COHSR; and
- TBS OSH policies, directives and standards.
4.3 The DND RPP provides the framework upon which NDHQ groups, commands, bases, wings and units formulate and implement their own specific RPPs.
Application of the Part II of the CLC
4.4 Part II of the CLC applies to the following persons, and to CAF members who have direct management or supervisory responsibilities over these persons:
- DND employees; and
- other persons in or on a defence establishment who are not CAF members.
Compliance with the General Safety Program
4.5 Unless a departure from the General Safety Program is authorized by a base/wing commander or unit CO in accordance with the Departure from General Safety Program block, all DND employees and CAF members shall comply with the General Safety Program, which encompasses all the requirements of:
- Part II of the CLC;
- the COHSR; and
- TBS OSH policies, directives and standards.
4.6 The aim of this DAOD is to protect the health of DND employees, CAF members and other persons in or on any defence establishment who work in hazardous or IDLH atmospheres and to establish a system to protect them when engineering control measures are:
- not practicable in the circumstances;
- not yet instituted; or
- shutdown for maintenance, repair or emergency.
4.7 This DAOD is not applicable to:
- respiratory protection against naturally occurring infectious agents (the Surgeon General/DFHP provides guidance in this area);
- CAF diving equipment, including CBA, gases, compressors and storage systems utilized for CAF diving purposes, which are subject to programs managed by D Dive Safety and the LCMM for diving systems;
- aircraft oxygen systems; or
- medical inhalators or resuscitators.
Role of the NJC, TBS and HC
4.8 The government as the employer, and public service bargaining agents, work together through the NJC to resolve employment-related problems and establish terms of employment that apply across the public service.
4.9 In consultation with the NJC, TBS promulgates OSH directives that amplify the COHSR. These directives form part of each Public Service collective agreement. TBS has delegated authority for the administration of the Public Service Health Program to HC.
4.10 The roles and responsibilities of HC are outlined in TBS OSH directives.
Departure from the General Safety Program
4.11 A base/wing commander or unit CO may depart from the General Safety Program as it applies to the respiratory protection of CAF members only if a requirement places a serious limitation on the capability to fulfill an operational or training commitment and the following action is taken:
|If …||then the base/wing commander or unit CO shall …|
|a base/wing commander or unit CO is considering a departure from the General Safety Program,||
|a base/wing commander or unit CO authorizes a departure from the General Safety Program,||
|a departure from the General Safety Program would be of a continuing nature,||
4.12 A base/wing commander or unit CO shall not depart from the General Safety Program as it applies to the respiratory protection of DND employees or other persons in or on a defence establishment who are not CAF members.
Departure from the Nuclear Safety Program
4.13 Prior to taking any decision that would be a departure from DAOD 4002-0, Nuclear Technology Regulation and Control, DAOD 4002-1, Nuclear and Ionizing Radiation Safety or the NSOD, a base/wing commander or unit CO shall seek the approval of DGNS in accordance with applicable provisions in the NSOD.
Exposure Standards for CAF Members
4.14 In certain specific military operational scenarios and environments, the characteristics of the population of CAF members, the nature, duration and types of hazardous exposures, and the relative balance of health risks may differ significantly from those relevant to general Canadian workplace settings and for which national and General Safety Program standards are derived. In such circumstances, the Surgeon General may recommend the application of different exposure standards that are more appropriate to the health protection of CAF members.
5.1 General responsibilities for functions associated with the implementation of the DND RPP are identified in C-87-040-000/MS-001, Part 1, Program and Responsibilities, Annex B. For further clarification, contact the CFFM.
5.2 The following table identifies the responsibilities associated with the implementation of this DAOD:
|The …||is or are responsible for …|
|Level 1 Advisors||
|D Safe G||
|senior medical officers||
|base/wing commanders and unit COs||
Acts, Regulations, Central Agency Policies and Policy DAOD
- Canada Labour Code Part II
- Canada Occupational Health and Safety Regulations
- Occupational health and safety policies and publications of the Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat
- Personal Protective Equipment and Clothing Directive, Chapter 14, Respiratory Protection, Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat
- CSA Z94.4-02, Selection, Use and Care of Respirators, Canadian Standards Association
- DAOD 2007-0, Safety
- DAOD 2007-1, General Safety Program
- DAOD 4002-0, Nuclear Technology Regulation and Control
- DAOD 4002-1, Nuclear and Ionizing Radiation Safety
- CFAO 34-23, Occupational Health
- General Safety Program
- B-GJ-005-311/FP-020, CF Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Defence Tactics, Techniques and Procedures
- B-GJ-005-311/FP-040, CF Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Defence Equipment
- C-87-040-000/MS-001, DND Respiratory Protection Program
- CFHS P&G 4499-01, DND Respiratory Protection Program - Medical Aspects
- Nuclear Safety Orders and Directives
- Nuclear Safety and Control Act
- CSA Z180.1-00, Compressed Breathing Air and Systems, Canadian Standards Association
- DAOD 4007-0, Fire Protection Services
- A-CP-113-001/FP-001, Life Cycle Management System Guidance Manual
- A-GG-040-001/AG-001, DND General Safety Program, Volume 1, Policy and Program
- A-GG-040-010/AG-007, A DND/CF Guide to Occupational Safety Rights and Responsibilities
- A-MD-175-002/AG-001, Canadian Forces Medical Orders, Volumes 1 & 2
- C-02-040-009/AG-001, DND General Safety Program, Volume 2, General Safety Standards
- C-08-005-120/AG-000, Canadian Forces Construction Engineering Manual
- CANFORGEN 009/06, Applicability of the Canada Labour Code, Part II and the General Safety Program to CF Member and DND Employees
- National Joint Council website
- Defence Plan On-Line
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