Spending and human resources

Planned spending

Departmental spending trend graph

departmental spending trend graph ranging from 2016 to 2022
Description of Figure: Departmental Spending Trend 

This bar graph depicts Defence's financial spending trend starting with fiscal year 2016-17.

On the Y-axis are dollars ranging from 0 to 30,000,000,000. On the X-axis is Fiscal Year 2016-2017 through 2021-2022.

Statutory Financial Spending Trend is:

  • $1,480,923,171 in 2016-17;
  • $3,441,201,378 in 2017-18;
  • $1,250,509,696 in 2018-19;
  • $1,422,457,019 in 2019-20;  
  • $1,261,292,603 in 2020-21; and
  • $1,260,745,925 in 2021-22. 

Voted Financial Spending Trend is:

  • $17,125,230,358 in 2016-17;
  • $19,435,885,343 in 2017-18;
  • $19,917,939,183 in 2018-19;
  • $20,442,399,000 in 2019-20; 
  • $21,4394,888,359 in 2020-21; and
  • $20,545,031,698 in 2021-22.

Total Financial Spending Trend is:

  • $18,606,153,529 in 2016-17;
  • $22,877,086,721 in 2017-18;
  • $21,168,448,879 in 2018-19;
  • $21,864,856,019 in 2019-20; 
  • $22,701,180,962 in 2020-21; and
  • $21,805,777,623 in 2021-22.

Budgetary planning summary for Core Responsibilities and Internal Services (dollars)

Core Responsibilities and Internal Services
2016–17
Expenditures
2017–18
Expenditures
2018–19
Forecast spending
2019–20
Main Estimates
2019–20
Planned spending
2020–21
Planned spending
2021–22
Planned spending
Operations
852,760,671 
1,372,428,482 
1,125,435,158 
1,020,478,595 
1,032,239,527 
1,055,048,696 
1,084,742,382
Ready Forces
8,211,267,450 
10,331,831,988 
8,840,627,385 
9,558,448,134 
9,672,587,363 
9,666,787,230
9,703,979,451
Defence Team
2,648,137,615 
3,424,068,331 
2,858,135,559
 3,282,108,597 
3,330,329,750
3,393,776,924 3,497,473,631 
Future Force Design
738,965,956 
894,647,455 
790,563,969 
932,743,071
941,793,597 
968,845,882 999,824,700
Procurement of Capabilities
2,387,252,795 
2,992,354,792
3,389,155,612 
3,132,405,450 
3,135,440,658
3,894,676,602 2,777,492,604
Sustainable Bases, Information Technology Systems and Infrastructure
3,132,838,103 
3,237,004,066 
3,478,380,343 
3,117,775,342 
3,150,877,104
3,099,221,622
3,095,627,903
Subtotal 17,971,222,590 
22,252,335,114 
20,482,298,026 
21,043,959,189 
21,263,267,999
22,078,356,956
21,159,140,671
Internal Services 634,930,939 
624,751,607 
686,150,853 
594,671,734 
601,588,020
622,824,006
646,636,952
Total 18,606,153,529 
22,877,086,721 
21,168,448,879 
21,638,630,923 
21,864,856,019 22,701,180,962 21,805,777,623
Notes:
  1. Due to rounding, figures may not add up to totals shown.
  2. The increase in 2017-18 compared to 2016-17 is primarily attributed to an increase in funding related to collective bargaining pay increases, Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) pay increases, a Canadian Forces Superannuation Act (CFSA) actuarial adjustment, and the ongoing implementation of Strong, Secure, Engaged (SSE).
  3. The decrease in 2018-19 forecast spending compared to 2017-18 Expenditures is primarily related to retroactive pay from both the collective bargaining and CAF pay increases and the one-time CFSA actuarial adjustment.
  4. The increase in 2019-20 and 2020-21 planned spending compared to prior years is mainly due to an increase in funding related to SSE. Planned spending for 2021-22 is expected to increase once project plans are further developed.
Budgetary planning summary for Core Responsibilities and Internal Services (dollars)  ranging from 2016 to 2022

Description of Figure: Departmental Planned Spending for 2019-2020 by Core Responsibility (Dollars)

Description of Figure: Actual Spending (authorities used) for 2017-18 by Program (dollars)
Description of Figure: Actual Spending (authorities used) for 2017-18 by Program (dollars)

This pie chart illustrates the Department of National Defence’s spending for Fiscal Year 2019-2020, broken down by Core Responsibility.

The percentages allocated to each section, from largest to smallest, are:

  • 44%, $9,672,587,363 for Ready Forces;
  • 15%, $3,330,329,750 for Defence Team;
  • 14%, $3,150,877,104 for Sustainable Bases, Information Technology Systems and Infrastructure;
  • 14%, $3,135,440,658 for Procurement of Capabilities;
  • 5%, $1,032,239,527 for Operations;
  • 4%, $941,793,597 for Future Force Design; and
  • 3%, $601,588,020 for Internal Services

Planned Human Resources

The Regular Force strength is currently 547* personnel below the authorized 68,000 strength. Through recruiting efforts and a retention strategy, the CAF will continue to grow to its authorized strength. The 3,500 Regular Forces personnel increase announced in SSE will be attributed to specific Core Responsibilities at a later date ensuring a gradual and manageable growth of the workforce.  

In order to meet the high ambition set out in SSE, we will hire an additional 1,150 defence civilians to strengthen our capabilities in the areas of intelligence, logistics, procurement and maintenance. These full-time equivalents will be attributed to specific Core Responsibilities at a later date.

*Note: The number 547 is as of 30 November 2018.

Human resources planning summary for Core Responsibilities and Internal Services (full-time equivalents)

Core Responsibilities and Internal Services
2016–17
Actual full-time equivalents
2017–18
Actual full-time equivalents
2018–19
Forecast full-time equivalents
2019–20
Planned full-time equivalents
2020–21
Planned full-time equivalents
2021–22
Planned full-time equivalents
Operations N/A N/A 2,477 4,923 4,923 4,923
Ready Forces N/A N/A 44,055 46,016 46,116 46,136
Defence Team N/A N/A 19,184 20,243 20,243 20,243
Future Force Design  N/A
N/A
3,268 2,669 2,675 2,675
Procurement of Capabilities N/A
N/A
2,317 2,339 2,339
2,339
Sustainable Bases, Information Technology Systems and Infrastructure
N/A
N/A
16,424 13,363 13,418 13,418
Subtotal
N/A
N/A
87,725 89,553 89,714 89,734
Internal Services N/A
N/A
3,246 4,039 4,039 4,039
Total N/A
N/A
90,971 93,592 93,753 93,773

Note: The actual numbers for FY 2016-17 and 2017-18 cannot be reported as the reporting mechanism changed from the Program Alignment Architecture to the Departmental Results Framework in FY 2018-19. 

Total planned human resources – Reserve Force personnel

The Reserve Force is a unique and valued component of the CAF. It is divided into four distinct sub-components:

  • Primary Reserve;
  • Cadet Organization Administration and Training Service;
  • Canadian Rangers; and
  • Supplementary Reserve (Strategic reserve).

The Primary Reserve is currently below the Government of Canada authorized strength due to higher than forecasted attrition and challenges in meeting recruiting quotas. A review of the full-time Primary Reserve has been completed and areas for growth have been identified to increase its effective strength to 30,000 by 2024.

The Cadet Organization Administration and Training Service completed an organizational restructure and will be maintained at the current approved target of 8,000 personnel.

The Canadian Rangers are integral to Northern surveillance and regularly provide support to ground search and rescue. They are Canada’s eyes and ears across the country, particularly in the sparsely settled Northern, coastal and isolated areas of Canada. In response to the Minister’s mandate letter, the CAF will continue to focus on surveillance and control of the Canadian territory. This will include continuous review of the force structure of the Canadian Rangers as well as other capability enhancements to enhance and expand their training and effectiveness in order to improve their functional capabilities within the CAF. For FY 2019-20, the Canadian Army will continue the five year Canadian Rangers growth plan, which started in FY 2018-19, by adding additional patrols where feasible.

The following table provides our total planned human resources for Reserve Force Personnel for the next three FY, 2019-22.

  2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Primary Reserve 28,650 28,950 29,250
Cadet Organization Administration and Training Service 8,000 8,000 8,000
Canadian Rangers 5,520 5,640 5,680

Estimates by vote

For information on Defence’s organizational appropriations, consult the 2019–20 Main EstimatesFootnote lx.

Future-Oriented Condensed Statement of Operations

The Future‑Oriented Condensed Statement of Operations provides a general overview of the Department of National Defence’s and the Canadian Armed Forces operations. The forecast of financial information on expenses and revenues is prepared on an accrual accounting basis to strengthen accountability and to improve transparency and financial management. The forecast and planned spending amounts presented in other sections of the Departmental Plan are prepared on an expenditure basis; as a result, amounts may differ.

A more detailed Future‑Oriented Statement of Operations and associated notes, including a reconciliation of the net cost of operations to the requested authorities, are available on the Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces websiteFootnote lxi.

Future-Oriented Condensed Statement of Operations for the year ended March 31, 2020 (dollars)

Financial Information 2018–19 Forecast results 2019–20 Planned results Difference (2019–20 Planned results minus 2018–19 Forecast results)
Total expenses 21,863,830,000
21,843,499,000 (20,331,000)
Total revenues 486,810,000
456,116,000
(30,694,000)
Net cost of operations before government funding and transfers 21,377,020,000
21,387,383,000
10,363,000
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