Defence Real Property Portfolio Strategy

 

Foreword – Joint Message from the Deputy Minister and Chief of the Defence Staff

Aerial view of the Mattawa Plains Complex in Canadian Forces Base Petawawa

Construction of the Mattawa Plains Complex (MPC) in CFB Petawawa

We are proud to present the Defence Real Property Portfolio Strategy (DRPPS). This document builds on the excellent work that the Department of National Defence (DND) has undertaken over the years to centralize and modernize the largest real property (RP) portfolio in the Government of Canada. Continuing our journey to transform the way we manage DND’s real property portfolio requires a rigorous and innovative re-thinking. Our objective to enable our world-class military depends on a modern and responsive portfolio to meet not only current, but our future needs.

The defence real property portfolio is a core enabler and strategic asset for DND and the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) and directly impacts our relationships with local communities. It is an important factor in our recruitment and retention efforts because it is where our people live, work, train, operate, and where our equipment and weapons are stored. This strategy sets out a long-term vision and approach to transform our portfolio. To support the implementation of the strategy, DND/CAF stakeholders must be prepared to make challenging decisions to right-size our RP portfolio, where feasible and appropriate. We need to proactively identify opportunities to optimize and consolidate underutilized RP assets in order to facilitate our transition towards more modern, multifunctional and client-centric assets. This strategy is the long-term strategic roadmap that will enable the Defence Team to address portfolio affordability and sustainability challenges, improve alignment with and enhance military capabilities, and better support DND and CAF operations.

Additionally, with the implementation of our strategy, DND will also make significant progress in delivering many of our core commitments under Canada’s Defence Policy: Strong, Secure, Engaged. We are confident that implementing this strategy will provide the right direction and guidance for the prudent management of the portfolio, one that better supports our capabilities and provides long-term financial, environmental and social sustainability. It supports the advancement of broader Government of Canada priorities, including resiliency against climate change and achievement of net-zero carbon emissions by 2050, advancing reconciliation with Indigenous peoples and the broader transition towards the future of work vision. We are committed to this long-term approach and rely on the Defence Team, the Commanders, and Senior Managers to provide the required support and leadership to deliver targeted outcomes.

The DRPPS will be formally reviewed every five years and regularly updated to address policy changes, as required. Together, the Defence Team will ensure it remains relevant and responsive to the defence role, missions, and effectively supports the modern military that Canadians expect and deserve.

Bill Matthews
Deputy Minister

General Wayne Eyre
Chief of the Defence Staff

A Message from Assistant Deputy Minister (Infrastructure & Environment)

Aerial view of CFB Goose Bay

Aerial view of CFB Goose Bay

I am pleased to present you with the Defence Real Property Portfolio Strategy (DRPPS), our assessment of where the Department of National Defence’s (DND) portfolio of real property (RP) should be within its long-term planning horizon. ADM(IE), as custodian of the DND and the Canadian Armed Forces(CAF) real property portfolio, is strengthening its role as strategic partner and critical enabler of Canada’s defence capability, supporting the sustainment of the CAF. Moreover, the DRPPS speaks to ADM(IE)’s expectations about the future and why we believe we need to go in this direction to achieve our goals, and what we must be prepared to do to get there.

ADM(IE) has embarked on a reset of its real property portfolio management regime and that direction is led and supported by the DRPPS. The drivers for this strategy include the current size, age, and condition of our real property portfolio, its wide variety of assets as well as our custodial management obligations and considerations (i.e., Treasury Board Directive on the Management of Real Property and Canada’s Defence Policy: Strong, Secure, Engaged. The DRPPS is also an important step towards addressing the deteriorating condition of our portfolio as a large portion will be reaching the end of its economic life by 2030. This reinforces the need to act and address RP portfolio risks that would impact the successful delivery of Defence capabilities.

Subsequently, this strategy adopts a risk-based approach that recognizes the importance of maintaining and recapitalizing DND/CAF real property in alignment with our operational capabilities and requirements.

It establishes a common understanding of the current condition of the portfolio so that ADM(IE) can prioritize and allocate the necessary funding to key assets and improve related planning and decision-making processes.

The DRPPS is a continuation of the foundational changes that have already been achieved to date in modernizing the largest portfolio in the Government of Canada. It leverages the results of these ongoing efforts and unifies them into a cohesive roadmap for our organization. It highlights the need for proactive planning to anticipate requirements, such as green infrastructure and resiliency against climate change and cyber threats, and focuses on long-term financial, environmental and social sustainability. The strategy drives the modernization of our infrastructure and portfolio management practices and is aligned with the Government of Canada’s future of work vision.

While these are ambitious goals, I am confident that the DRPPS will provide the necessary strategic direction for the prudent management of our real property portfolio that will ultimately be more affordable, efficient, innovative and responsive to DND’s needs. We are committed to implementing the DRPPS and your ongoing support will ensure that we are ready to meet the challenges ahead, as we deliver on the strategic goals outlined in this document over the coming years.

Rob Chambers
Assistant Deputy Minister (Infrastructure & Environment)

 

The Defence Real Property Portfolio at a glance

Map of Canada with Canadian Bases identified by a dot

Long description of CAF Bases and Installations in Canada

Bases in Canada

  • Inuvik, North West Territories
  • Whitehorse, North West Territories
  • Yellowknife, North West Territories
  • Alert, North West Territories
  • Eureka: Qikiqtaaluk Region, Nunavut
  • Resolute: Qikiqtaaluk Region, Nunavut
  • Iqaluit, Nunavut
  • Rankin Inlet, Nunavut
  • Ottawa–Gatineau – Ottawa, Ontario
  • Petawawa, Ontario
  • Comox, British Columbia
  • Esquimalt, British Columbia
  • Edmonton, Alberta
  • Wainwright, Alberta
  • Suffield, Alberta
  • Victoria, British Columbia
  • Cold Lake, Alberta
  • Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan
  • Shilo, Manitoba
  • Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • North Bay, Ontario
  • Borden, Ontario
  • Meaford, Ontario
  • Valcartier, Quebec
  • Bagotville, Quebec
  • Toronto, Ontario
  • Trenton – Quinte West, Ontario
  • Kingston, Ontario
  • Montreal, Quebec
  • Gagetown, New Brunswick
  • Aldershot – Burlington, Ontario
  • Halifax, Nova Scotia
  • Shearwater, Nova Scotia
  • Greenwood, Nova Scotia
  • Goose Bay, Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Gander, Newfoundland and Labrador
  • St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador

Canada has:

Part 1 – Outline

Introduction

The Department of National Defence’s (DND) and Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) real property (RP) is essential to support defence capabilities and core institutional functions. It provides the property, the works and the facilities necessary to generate and maintain military capabilities and skills.

The current portfolio requires a stronger strategic vision in order to consistently fulfill the modern requirements of DND and the CAF. Much of the existing RP was not designed for today’s operational needs. In addition, a significant proportion of the assets are at the end of their life cycle and are forecasted to be in “critical” condition by 2030. Therefore, a more consistent enterprise-wide approach is needed to:

As the sole custodian and Senior Designated Official for the Department’s real property, ADM(IE) is responsible for supporting the deputy head’s accountability for RP. It operates at the centre of a RP community whose members include other DND/CAF Level one (L1) organizations to deliver on the initiatives outlined in Canada’s Defence Policy: Strong, Secure, Engaged (SSE).

Through the Defence Real Property Portfolio Strategy (DRPPS), the Department takes a comprehensive and risk-based approach to improve the long-term management of defence real property.

The overall size, condition, and complexity of DND’s portfolio has given rise to the requirement for this Strategy. Relevant obligations and considerations include (but are not limited to):

Overview

Outdoor view of the front of the dining facility at CFB Borden

Dining facility at CFB Borden

The DRPPS is a long-term approach aligned with TB’s Directive on the Management of Real Property. It is intended to provide the supporting structure, context, and directions to facilitate the integration and effective management of the portfolio. It orients activities toward the achievement of results and ensures good stewardship of public resources and assets. Furthermore, it includes high-level priorities and strategic actions that provide a high standard of management excellence in support of CAF operational readiness and programme requirements.

The Strategy is a significant step forward for the Department, as it fills a gap in strategic portfolio planning by providing an enterprise-wide approach as to how DND should manage its portfolio and inform asset-level investment decisions moving forward. It will be reviewed as required to respond to broader DND strategic guidance and corporate planning activities, including reports of the Office of the Auditor General of Canada, Canada’s Defence Policy: Strong, Secure, Engaged, the Departmental Results Framework, the Departmental Plan, the Defence Investment Plan, and Defence Energy and Environmental Strategy.

To ensure the DND/CAF RP portfolio can continue to support defence capabilities and core institutional functions, while contributing to broader Government of Canada priorities, the portfolio approach focuses on the delivery of modern, flexible and affordable assets that are client-centric and multifunctional to meet both current and future needs.

The Department will leverage a risk-based portfolio tiering approach to prioritize assets that meet both current and future requirements. Relevant actions will be taken to maintain, recapitalize, optimize, replace, acquire, divest or demolish assets based on their overall asset life cycle condition, suitability and financial and physical performance.

In delivering a modern portfolio, DND aims to provide the best value for money in the provision of real property required to deliver on current and future capabilities. This may include the sale, purchase, lease, renovation, upgrade or replacement of assets. The portfolio cannot be constrained by the current configuration and must be optimized and consolidated, to deliver fewer, high-quality and multifunctional and/or modular assets, where feasible and appropriate. Consideration will also be given to innovative business processes and practices across the organization, including ways to improve asset management systems and explore partnerships.

Part 2 – Current and Future State

Current State

The DND administers the largest real property portfolio in the Government of Canada. The portfolio stretches from coast to coast to coast, occupying approximately 10 million square metres of floor space, 21,000 buildings (including more than 12,000 residential units), 2.2 million hectares of land, and 13,500 works including roads, water, storm and sewer pipes, airfields, jetties, ranges and training areas. The portfolio has a total replacement cost of approximately $28 billion with an approximate annual budget of $2.0 billion.

The DND/CAF real property portfolio is experiencing similar challenges as those held by other federal RP custodial departments and agencies. The state of the portfolio is consistent with the overall Government of Canada’s real property portfolio as the average age of assets is increasing, overall portfolio condition is deteriorating, deferred maintenance costs continue to grow, and the functionality and suitability of the portfolio is declining.

The portfolio is geographically dispersed and complex, with a wide variety of facilities of differing ages, uses, and conditions. With a more than a quarter of infrastructure over 50 years old, DND/CAF assets and municipal works are reaching the end of their economic life and, therefore, becoming ill-suited to support current and future missions and military members. Ongoing efforts are underway to improve the condition of assets to mitigate the risk of incidents that would impact infrastructure and operational readiness in addition to posing health and safety risks.

Through portfolio modernization, ADM(IE) is also increasing the energy efficiency of defence infrastructure, reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and providing modern green facilities to support personnel. To help the Government of Canada achieve long-term resiliency to the impacts of climate change and net-zero carbon emissions by 2050, ADM(IE) has implemented energy performance contracts, designated energy managers at all bases and wings across the country, purchased clean power, greened the commercial light-duty vehicle fleet, and invested in energy efficient buildings and upgrades to existing facilities. As of 2020-21, Defence had reduced GHG emissions from buildings and non-military vehicles by about 37% from 2005 levels.

Aerial view of CFB Esquimalt

Aerial view of CFB Esquimalt

In addition, the COVID-19 pandemic has helped to rapidly accelerate workplace modernization by driving fundamental change in how and where some employees work and related investments to modernize new and existing locations. In response to evolving priorities, the Department has continued to promote flexible work arrangements, including unassigned and activity-based work environments and remote working, where possible. Nonetheless, many staff members remain essential to enabling critical functions, strategic and operational command and control, and provide support to operations and must continue to physically enter their workplace(s). DND is exploring post-pandemic impacts on the real property portfolio and re-assessing potential portfolio modernization and rationalization opportunities as the situation evolves.

Vision and Future State

A modern, optimized and affordable RP portfolio that enables the operational success of DND and the CAF in a manner that respects the environment and Indigenous interests

 

Part 3 – Context

Strategic Planning Environment

The DND/CAF operating context inherently guides the DRPPS as a conceptual framework, including its strategic approach and broader decision-making environment

Defence Real Property Portfolio Strategy Infographic

Strategic Imperatives

The achievement of the DRPPS’ strategic goals is contingent on effective monitoring, reporting, and performance assessment.

Imperatives Goal Performance Indicators Target Timeline
Enabling operational readiness 1 % of total infrastructure in fair or better condition 70% 2032
(Within 10 years)
Recapitalizing Infrastructure 1 % of square metres of the portfolio recapitalized relative to 2022 (per the latest applicable standards and building codes) 20%
Reducing the NCR office portfolio 3 % of square metres of the NCR office portfolio reduced relative to 2022 20%
Contributing to Environmental priorities 4 % of Defence Energy and Environment Strategy (DEES) real property commitments met/exceeded 100% Ongoing (Annually
as of FY 2022/23)
Contributing to Indigenous priorities 5 % of overall value of real property related contracts awarded to Indigenous Businesses ≥5%

Risk Management

Key risks associated with managing the portfolio include (but are not limited to):

  • Strategic
  • Financial
  • Operational
  • Reputational
  • Health and safety
  • Compliance

The DRPPS adopts an enterprise-wide risk management approach to reduce and mitigate portfolio-based risks and to ensure that:

Part 4 – Strategic Goals

Strategic Goal 1 (OAG, SSE, DRF, DP)

A real property portfolio that is aligned to the DND and CAF prioritized operational requirements and enables a more effective, agile and responsive future force

- Priorities Strategic Actions
1.1 Develop National Real Property Portfolio Plan by 2024
  • Conduct a gap analysis for the current and future needs of DND and CAF by 2024
  • Develop a plan to address the gaps between supply and demand (existing and future) to ensure operational readiness on a portfolio basis
  • Complete an inventory of all mission critical assets and review their operational readiness by September 2022
  • Ensure alignment with Master Real Property Development Plans (MRPDPs)
1.2 Develop Real Property Asset Management Framework, Strategy and Plans
  • Ensure alignment and compliance with updated TB policy requirements
  • Identify specific strategies and plans applicable to each asset class on overall RP portfolio direction and prioritization criteria
1.3 Complete a review of infrastructure asset utilization and functionality for major assets
  • Analyze utilization/optimization of assets identified as meeting current and future needs
  • Develop potential solutions to improve asset utilization at identified sites
1.4 Improve the capture of future DND and CAF real property requirements
  • Ensure that 100% of all MRPDPs have been updated within the last 5 years by 2025
  • Align existing plans and priorities (e.g., MRPDPs and AMPs) with DRPPS’ strategic objectives
  • Review programs of work in consultation with stakeholders
  • Review interaction with senior decision-making committees

Strategic Goal 2 (SSE, DRF, DP)

A real property portfolio that is safe, secure and compliant

- Priorities Strategic Actions
2.1 Improve Real Property Compliance Framework
  • Review and analyze potential RP compliance risks and proactively update Dangerous Material Inventory, Contaminated Sites Remediation, Unexploded Explosive Ordnance (UXO) Clean-up, and inventories of Asbestos and other hazardous substances
2.2 Ensure RP Risk-based Compliance
  • Review and address existing and future RP compliance risks, such as (but not limited to): fire protection, electrical, environmental, heritage, and occupational health and safety
2.3 Comply with Accessibility Standards and Requirements
  • Develop plan to provide barrier-free access to and use of the federally owned and leased built environment
2.4 Review and improve Construction Policies and Standards to include sustainability, resiliency, flexibility, reusable concepts and optimized concept elements
  • Coordinate construction of new facilities with base redevelopment projects to create economies of scale and minimize duplication
  • Review investment decisions to ensure alignment with broader portfolio objectives
  • Assess portfolio for resiliency (e.g., climate change and cyber mission assurance)
2.5 Implement Real Property Portfolio Risk Strategies
  • Communicate, disseminate, and monitor RP portfolio risk management and mitigation strategies
  • Implement a framework that will provide a common approach to support the collaborative production and management of project and asset information for all stakeholders
2.6 Ensure Compliance with CDS/DM Directive on Gender-Based Analysis Plus
  • Incorporate Gender-Based Analysis Plus as an overall key principle in strategic RP planning
  • Consider diversity, including gender identity and gender expression, in the design and provision of built amenities
2.7 Modernize the DND Built Heritage Strategy
  • Review and update current strategy to conserve the heritage value of federal heritage properties

Strategic Goal 3 (OAG, SSE, DRF, DP)

A real property portfolio that is affordable, efficient and financially sustainable

- Priorities Strategic Actions
3.1 Develop and implement a Long‐Term Funding Strategy and RP Cost‐Saving Strategies by 2025
  • Develop Portfolio Affordability framework to inform future investment analysis and potential cost saving/avoidance opportunities
  • Reduce the DND/CAF NCR office footprint by 20% by 2030 via space rationalization, consolidation and modernization and adopting joint-use and multi-functional facilities, where feasible
  • Proactively identify opportunities to share or co-own RP assets with other organizations and vacate and/or dispose of underutilized space
3.2 Update Real Property Investment Management Framework, Governance, Strategy and Plans
  • Align decision-making with long-term RP portfolio objectives, strategic imperatives and departmental capability development planning
  • Evaluate proposed facility solutions to determine best value-for-money when planning for new and existing facilities
  • Assess opportunities to accelerate the RP divestment process
3.3 Finalize implementation of Real Property Investment Management Board by 2022
  • Continue to refine ADM(IE) Investment Management Board (IE-IMB)
  • Ensure alignment and compliance with updated TB policy requirements
  • Develop and implement a decision-making framework governing investment decisions and linkages with other governance bodies
3.4 Improve capture and reporting of total lifecycle operating costs
  • Ensure total life cycle costs are considered for all new Defence capabilities, investments and/or acquisitions that expand the existing RP footprint
3.5 Improve the Collection and Management of Real Property Portfolio information
  • Complete sorting of all portfolio tiers and elements by 2025
  • Complete Facility Condition Assessments for mission critical assets by 2025
  • In alignment with ADM(IE)’s Data Strategy, establish an object-based enterprise data model to enable a culture of data-driven decisions and analytics
  • Establish Key Performance Indicators and performance targets

Strategic Goal 4 (OAG, SSE, DP)

A real property portfolio that is supportive of environmental sustainability

In alignment with the Defence Energy and Environment Strategy (DEES):

- Priorities Strategic Actions
4.1 Greening Government
  • Reduce GHG emissions by 40% below 2005 levels by 2025* and achieve net-zero emissions by 2050
  • Ensure ongoing compliance with Green Building Directive, including construction renovation and demolition waste, net-zero, and available industry standards on embedded carbon requirements
  • Develop net-zero carbon ready designs for two residential building archetypes by 2023
  • Assess 75% of eligible bases or wings for an energy performance contract and move 50% to the implementation phase by 2023
  • Develop an adaptation risk assessment framework and assess DND programs as well as critical infrastructure by 2023
  • Use 100% clean electricity by 2022, where available, and by 2025 at the latest by producing or purchasing renewable electricity
4.2 Safe and Healthy Communities
  • Reduce DND’s contaminated sites liability by an average of 10% per year by 2023
  • Implement a centralized geographic information system (GIS) tool for species at risk information and capture 40% of historic data by 2023

Strategic Goal 5 (OAG, SSE, DP)

A real property portfolio that is supportive of Indigenous reconciliation

- Priorities Strategic Actions
5.1 Support the Government of Canada’s commitment to reconciliation with Indigenous groups
  • Cultivate relationships with Indigenous peoples on matters related to real property
  • Ensure that real property transactions are conducted in a manner that respects treaties and other agreements between the Crown and Indigenous peoples
  • Support increased contracting opportunities for Indigenous businesses in furtherance of the Federal Procurement Strategy on Indigenous Businesses
  • Consider opportunities to co-own, co-manage and/or share the use of real property with Indigenous groups

Strategic Goal 6 (OAG, SSE, DP)

A real property portfolio that is led by an innovative, professional, informed, diverse and engaged workforce

- Priorities Strategic Actions
6.1 Develop and implement a Communications Plan
  • Develop relevant plans to be tailored to specific activities geared towards the delivery of expected results
6.2 Modernize the Real Property Management Framework, including accountabilities and authorities
  • Simplify organizational structures and business processes related to RP portfolio planning, development, delivery, management, sustainment and disposal
  • Review existing project approval processes for alignment with ongoing strategic initiatives
  • Develop and implement a Real Property Portfolio Governance Model
6.3 Ensure HR Strategy is in line with the portfolio capacity needs
  • Update HR strategy to meet current and future capacity needs of a strategic, diverse and inclusive real property organization (e.g., training, development, recruitment, and retention)
  • Develop and implement a Real Property Functional Specialists Development Program, including standardized job descriptions
6.4 Modernize Real Property management business processes
  • Review available options to better leverage innovative digital tools, equipment, processes, workflow and procedures
  • Leverage the transition to the new SAP platform (SAP S/4 HANA) to transform and modernize ADM(IE)’s business processes
  • Evolve the existing IE Reporting and Integration System (IERIS) to support digitization of the RP portfolio, enabling data-driven decisions throughout the life cycle of RP assets
6.5 Facilitate public consultation and local community engagement
  • Leverage existing policies and plans to implement community relations approaches in alignment with the portfolio plan
  • Develop stakeholder engagement framework
6.6 Improve real property innovation opportunities
  • Provide leadership in fostering a culture of innovation in RP portfolio management
  • Support Canadian technological entrepreneurship through potential opportunities within the portfolio, where appropriate

Part 5 – Portfolio Tiering

Tiering OptionsFootnote *

Per TB direction, DND/CAF is adopting a risk-based portfolio tiering approach to prioritize asset-level investments based on their life cycle and assess their ability to meet DND and CAF current and future needs within the existing funding profile

Tier Priority Options availableFootnote **
Tier 1 The property or asset has high financial performance, and aligns well with strategic objectives of DND and CAF Retain or renew
Tier 2 The property or asset has good financial performance and aligns with strategic objectives of DND and CAF Maintain
Tier 3 The property or asset has fair financial performance and/or may not align well with strategic objectives of DND and CAF (or vice-versa) Assess or reconsider
Tier 4 The property or asset has poor financial performance and/or does not align with strategic objectives of DND and CAF Dispose or terminate

Two pie charts depicting current and future state of portfolio tiering

 

Tiering Methodology

Preliminary tiering of the DND/CAF RP portfolio will be completed for most major assets to support the achievement of the strategic goals. The following methodology will be adopted to determine the value of individual assets and their recommended tier.

Tiering Criteria

Tiering Criteria flowchart
  • Long description of Tiering Criteria flowchart
    • Asset
      • Assess value based on each criterion
        • Significant
        • Moderate
        • Negligible
      • Prioritization and scoring
        • Tier 1
        • Tier 2
        • Tier 3
        • Tier 4

Tiering Process

- Business needs based on data (demand) Analyze data to define portfolio plan Resource allocation Plan investments Deliver outcomes
Key actions
  • Assemble internal and external asset portfolio data
  • Determine preliminary business needs / capital demand including assets of strategic importance
  • Evaluate asset portfolio using agreed-upon criteria to identify preliminary actions for each asset, e.g.:
    • Retain or renew
    • Maintain
    • Assess or reconsider
    • Dispose or terminate
  • Prioritize internally consistent actions and decisions across the portfolio, identifying:
    • Strategic alignment
    • Capabilities
    • Timelines
    • Risks / dependencies
    • Investment required
  • Conduct robust planning and finalize resource allocation
  • Conduct prioritization and sequencing of actions
  • Execute plans
  • Continuous monitoring, evaluation, and adjustments
Leading practices
  • Determine asset needs of DND/CAF stakeholders
  • Future needs based on organizational strategies and leadership insights
  • Leverage enterprise systems
  • Criteria developed in collaboration with key DND/CAF stakeholders
  • Criteria may include value-add, cost, risk, effort, etc.
  • Robust financial modelling
  • Scenarios are developed with all stakeholder groups involved
  • Resource allocation is subject to established governance processes
  • Plans are adjusted continuously, not merely on an annual basis

Benefits

  • Better asset base
  • Consistent methodology
  • Rationalization – fit for purpose
  • Focus on data-driven results
  • Transparency
  • Aligned with operational realities

Challenges

  • Implications across corporate planning
  • Stakeholder buy-in
  • Facility management
  • Perceived reduction in authority
  • Requirements may be challenged

Part 6 – Conclusion and Annexes

Conclusion

View of inside the maintenance hangar at CFB Trenton

Maintenance hangar at CFB Trenton

Aerial view of CFB Wainwright

Aerial view of CFB Wainwright

This enterprise-wide RP portfolio strategy will directly contribute to support CAF modern military capabilities while enabling long-term real property sustainability. DND/CAF assets are rapidly approaching conditions that will impact CAF’s ability to deliver and maintain operational readiness. The existing incremental approach to managing real property assets cannot address the systemic gaps that are emerging across the portfolio. As such, opportunities must be sought to optimize the RP portfolio and ensure that the strategic actions and investment decisions effectively address the current and future needs of the CAF. 

The DRPPS is the key document that articulates the portfolio vision, guiding principles and high-level objectives and establishes a roadmap towards achieving the desired future portfolio state. By leveraging a “risk-based” model that balances affordability with risk, the DRPPS weighs long-term priorities against available analytics to make the best possible strategic decisions. Furthermore, it aims to allocate limited funding towards high-priority assets and investments. 

This strategy provides DND with a path towards long-term financial sustainability. It also ensures compliance with Government of Canada and departmental policies/directives, while addressing DND/CAF operational requirements and supporting the achievement of broader government priorities. 

Aerial view of Royal Military College of Canada

Aerial view of Royal Military College of Canada

Annex A – Defence Sites

Map of Canada showing Defense Sites

Annex B – Overview of Implementation Approach

Defence RP Portfolio Strategy (DRPPS)

DRPPS Implementation Plan

Annex C – Linkage with Departmental Documents

Linkage with Departmental Documents flowchart

Annex D – Supporting Strategic Documents

Document Alignment
Beyond 2020
  • The Government of Canada’s framework for public service renewal that is intended to make the federal public service more agile, more inclusive, and better equipped
Canada’s Defence Policy: Strong, Secure, Engaged
  • Establishes defence policy objectives over a 20-year horizon
  • Three SSE initiatives (101, 103 and 104) are directly related to the RP portfolio
  • 50% of all SSE initiatives involve RP components
Defence Energy and Environment Strategy (DEES)
  • Supports the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy (FSDS)
  • Aligns its sustainability goals with the obligation to manage assets efficiently
  • More than 75% of its goals and initiatives are directly related to the RP portfolio
Defence Investment plan [PDF, 7.4MB]
  • Builds on SSE’s commitment to provide a stable source of funding to meet Canada’s defence needs over a 20-year horizon 
  • Published every 3 years and updated annually to show progress made on delivering capital investments
Departmental Results Framework (DRF) [PDF, 914KB] (accessible only on the National Defence network)
  • Links core organizational responsibilities with outcomes, performance indicators and a program inventory with performance profiles
Directive on the Management of Real Property
  • This Directive requires all custodian departments to develop a real property portfolio strategy
  • Objective of this directive is that real property is planned, acquired, used, and disposed of in a manner that supports the delivery of programs and services to Canadians while ensuring best value to the Crown
Functional Planning Guidance (FPG) (accessible only on the National Defence network)
  • Provides direction to Level 1 stakeholders on the various IE programs with the intent to inform related planning and resourcing activities for the following fiscal year
Government of Canada Fit-up Standards (GCworkplace) (you are now leaving the Government of Canada website)
  • The Government of Canada’s vision as it relates to workplace solutions offered to federal departments and agencies and the delivery of workplace modernization projects
Horizontal Fixed Asset Review (HFAR)
  • Provides recommendations to custodians on adopting a more consistent and national enterprise-wide approach to improve the management and affordability of infrastructure over the long-term
  • A key recommendation was that custodians must develop real property portfolio strategies, along with implementation plans, and bring these strategies forward for Treasury Board approval
Indigenous Strategic Framework
  • Recommends engaging, consulting, and partnering with Indigenous groups on land related issues pertaining to RP transactions
Strategic Planning Directive (SPD) (accessible only on the National Defence network)
  • Ensures alignment of the department’s financial resources to the activities necessary to fulfill its defence policy obligations, including RP portfolio priorities
UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) (you are now leaving the Government of Canada website)
  • Affirms the rights of Indigenous peoples to participate in decision-making; rights to lands, territories and resources; and economic and social rights.
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