Annex A - Operation HONOUR Statistics
Unless otherwise indicated, the information presented in this annex is based on the incidents recorded in the Operation HONOUR Tracking and Analysis System (OPHTAS). OPHTAS is an information management system that was introduced to replace the manual system (spreadsheet) that was used to monitor unit reports after the CAF introduced unit reporting procedures in April 2016.Footnote 3
OPHTAS was launched in January 2018 when the reports of inappropriate sexual behaviour incidents received between April 2016 and December 2017 were entered into the system. Routine unit recording on OPHTAS began in April 2018 and the system reached its initial operating capability in October 2018Footnote 4. OPHTAS is now the primary means of recording and tracking inappropriate sexual behaviour incidents in the CAF. The system is intended to reinforce other reporting processes, including Significant Incident Reports (SIRs), Commanders Critical Information Requirements (CCIR), and annual reports.
Operation HONOUR: Current Statistics (data verified 7 January 2019)
The table below indicates the number of recorded incidents within OPHTAS, involving CAF personnelFootnote 5. The Incident reported column represents the number of incidents that were reported to OPHTAS through the Chain of Command within a specific time period. The “Incidents Reported” figure within a specified period will only change if historical reports are entered in the system or if duplicate reports are identified and removed.
Number of Sexual Misconduct Incident Reports (all types)
|Fiscal Year||Incidents Reported||Incidents Occurred|
(April to September)
Reports can be made at any time and could be reported within a different month or fiscal year of the incident occurrence. There is no time limit for reporting an incident. Therefore, the “Incidents Occurred column” will increase over time as additional incidents are reported.
Table 1: Types of Sexual Misconduct Recorded Within OPHTAS Fiscal Year 2017/2018
Description of Graph
The most prevalent type of Sexual Misconduct is inappropriate sexual behaviour. Examples of inappropriate sexual behaviours are, but not limited to: frequent use of belittling or sexual language referring to body parts, appearance, sexual orientation or gender; visual displays of degrading or offensive sexual statements or images; frequent use of highly degrading expressions, sexual innuendos or sexual jokes; or other actions of a sexual nature not specifically directed at an individual or group. Sexual Assault accounts for the second most prevalent type of incident reported in OPHTAS.
Number of Sexual Assaults Reports (all types)
Incidents of Sexual Assaults recorded within OPHTAS are reflected in the table above and involve CAF members who are either the complainantFootnote 6 or the respondentFootnote 7. The table below outlines the sexual assaults that have been reported to the chain of command and consigned within OPHTAS since a CAF reporting system was introduced in April 2016.
|Fiscal Year||Sexual Assaults|
(April to September)
Sexual Assault describes sexual assaults involving violence, unwanted sexual touching and sexual activity where the affected person was unable to consent. The OPHTAS records include incidents where information relating to sexual assaults is unknown or incomplete. There are also cases where the information available and recorded is limited due to a number of factors that are not under the control of the OPHTAS functioning (e.g. reports from civilian police).
Please note that these figures cannot be compared to Military Police statistics as the reporting mechanisms and the responsibilities are different. Incidents recorded within OPHTAS are known by the Chain of Command and reported as such.
Profile of Who Reported Incidents Recorded within OPHTAS
Table 2: Profile of Who Reported Incidents Recorded within OPHTAS Fiscal Year 2017/2018
Description of graph
This pie chart shows a profile of Who Reported Incidents and recorded within OPHTAS during the 2017-18 Fiscal Year. Incidents were reported by the complainant in 57% of the cases recorded within OPHTAS, followed by bystanders with 20% of the recorded cases and Supervisors with 8% of the recorded cases. The “Other” category accounted for 9% of the reports while 6% of the OPHTAS are classified as “Unknown” based on the fact that the identity of the reporter is not included in the OPHTAS report.
Incident Location/Circumstances Profile (all types of incidents)
Table 3 : Incident Location/Circumstances Profile (all types of incidents) Fiscal Year 2017/2018
Description of Graph
This bar graph shows the Incident Location/Circumstances Profile (all types of incidents) during 2017-18 Fiscal Year. 102 recorded sexual misconduct incidents have taken place at the mess, or at the unit during work hours or during a sanctioned event. There were 81 recorded incidents while on military course/training or while on Temporary Duty (TD) or attached posting. Sexual misconduct recorded to have occurred in Quarters/Personal Residences remains fairly constant with 43 recorded incidents. There were 40 recorded incidents while on Deployed Operations, 33 recorded incidents in Civilian establishments and 12 recorded incidents during a Field Exercise. The “Other” category is also relatively stable at 60 recorded incidents.
Based on Provost Marshal reporting, overall police reports of sexual misconduct incidents have increased since Operation HONOUR began: from an average of 88 per calendar year (2010/2015) to an average of 189 per calendar year (2015/2017). Members are also reporting less serious offences that may have gone unreported before.Directeur général – Gestion intégrée des conflits et des plaintes (DGGICP)
Director General Integrated Conflict and Complaints Management (DG ICCM)
Director General ICCM reported 31 Operation HONOUR cases in its FY 2017/2018 annual report. These reports were collected during the implementation of the ICCM system. The information was collected primarily from the prototype Conflict and Complaint Management Services (CCMS) centres in Borden, Kingston, Montreal and Valcartier. These cases were transferred to the appropriate authority for action. ICCM procedures include specific protocols for “warm transfers” to the Sexual Misconduct Response Centre, which are governed by a formal service-level agreement.
The Director General of Military Personnel Research and Analysis (DGMPRA) is leading CAF research into inappropriate sexual behaviour. They are managing an extensive research programme that is designed to influence cultural change in support of Operation HONOUR through comprehensive, multi-phase research focussed on understanding the key cultural dimensions, incidence, and response to harmful sex and gender-based behaviours in DND/CAF. This research includes extensive survey activities, and both primary and secondary research and analysis, which has already produced a significant body of work to improve our understanding of sexual misconduct in the CAF.
DGMPRA is working closely with a range of partners, including Statistics Canada, to measure the incidence of sexual misconduct and related issues. They are managing a DND/CAF survey programme to provide insight into inappropriate behaviour and how attitudes and perceptions are shifting over time.
Statistics Canada has been contracted to conduct independent studies of sexual misconduct in the CAF. The 2016 Statistics Canada Survey into Sexual Misconduct in the CAF was a very important study that validated the findings of the External Review Authority (Deschamps) Report. A second Statistics Canada CAF-wide survey was administered in fall 2018. Statistics Canada completed the data collection in November 2018 and the report for this survey is scheduled to be published in late spring 2019. The CAF response rate was 45.7% (compared to 53% in 2016), with 52.9% Regular Force (61% in 2016), and 30.9% Primary Reserve (36% in 2016) participation. The 2018 collection period was 13 days shorter than 2016, which was extended to increase the response rate. Statistics Canada is satisfied with the 2018 response rates. This report will present important independent analysis and important insight into how sexual misconduct in the CAF has changed over the past two years.
DGMPRA has conducted additional analysis on the 2016 Statistics Canada Survey on Sexual Misconduct in the CAF and has conducted similar surveys on officer cadets and recruits at the Canadian Forces Leadership and Recruit School, the Cadet Organizations Administration and Training Service (COATS), as well as the occupational training conducted by Military Personnel Command, the Royal Canadian Navy, the Canadian Army and the Royal Canadian Airforce. Collectively, this research has been analysed and reported in eight separate DRDC scientific letters.
DGMPRA is also managing surveys on Harassment, Workplace Well-being, Bystander Behaviours, and CAF attitudes and perceptions (the Your Say Surveys). This work has resulted in the publication of three DRDC scientific letters on the Your Say Surveys, and the broader issue of Harassment and Discrimination in the CAF. They have also published a separate contract report on the Bystander Effect. This research is important because it provides insight into institutional problems including harassment and discrimination.
It also provides awareness of how attitudes and perceptions are changing over time. The Your Say Surveys indicate that the number of CAF members who agree that leaders take sexual misconduct seriously has changed from 85% in 2016 to 80% in 2017. CAF members strongly agree that leaders are reinforcing a culture of mutual respect, honour and dignity (86% in 2016; 82% in 2017).
DGMPRA is also conducting primary quantitative research on Socialization (Basic Military Qualification and Basic Military Officer Qualification Training) and Leadership Dynamics (Senior Non-commissioned Members). This research has been analysed and reported in four DRDC scientific letters and five contract reports. They are conducting primary qualitative research to improve understanding of Victim Support and the experience of LGBT personnel in the Canadian Armed Forces. This research has resulted in the publication of a contact report (literature review) on Sexual Misconduct and the Experiences of LGBT personnel in military organizations. This is intended to improve CAF victim support services and support the development of more effective approaches to respond to and prevent sexual misconduct.
The broader DGMPRA research programme has produced seven scientific letters on Sexual Misconduct, Gender-Based Analysis Plus, and Performance Measurement as well as four contract reports related to Sexual Misconduct, Measuring and Monitoring Culture Change, and the Role of Social Media in Misconduct.
DGMPRA is also supporting NATO research on Sexual Violence in the Military, and The Technical Cooperation Programme (TTCP) research on Organizational Responses to Inappropriate Behaviours.
DGMPRA has produced a significant body of work on inappropriate sexual behaviour. There is an ongoing challenge to share, promote and communicate this work. The campaign planning process should assist in leveraging this work and focussing future efforts to support victims, survivors and affected people, and understand, respond to, and prevent sexual misconduct.
Operation HONOUR has led to changes in CAF training and education programmes, which have been incorporated in basic, leadership, and occupation training. The CAF is conducting three professional development programmes that are specifically designed to address inappropriate sexual behaviour. Bystander Intervention Training has been conducted throughout the CAF. This training uses facilitated discussions and scenarios to teach participants about safe and positive approaches that can be used to prevent or stop people who are committing acts involving sexual misconduct and encourage public support for anyone affected by this behaviour.
The Respect in the CAF Workshop is a one-day interactive workshop to promote respect in the CAF through increased awareness and understanding. The workshop uses scenarios, facilitated discussions, and small group activities to teach participants to recognize, respond to, and prevent sexual misconduct as well how to support victims, survivors and affected people. 2,218 CAF members participated in this training between 1 April 2017 and 31 August 2018. The Royal Canadian Navy also introduced the Leadership, Respect and Honour programme. This training is delivered to Navy personnel throughout their occupation training. The programme is included in all non-commissioned member qualification courses and all officer courses. The initial module completed pilot trials and is being delivered at both Naval Fleet School (Atlantic) and Naval Fleet School (Pacific). Most of the remaining modules are undergoing pilot trials and should be fully implemented by April 2019. The Chief of Department and Command modules are still under development.
Disciplinary ActionFootnote 8
Twenty courts martial with Sexual Misconduct charges were completed in FY 2017/2018. These courts martial resulted in 14 convictions (70%), one conviction of a lesser offence (5%), and five Not Guilty findings (25%).
One senior officer, four junior officers, five senior non-commissioned members and 10 non-commissioned members were tried by court martial.
Charges included Sexual Assault, Assault, Voyeurism, Made Internet Image without Consent, Making Child Pornography, Possession of Child Pornography, Obtaining Sexual Services for Consideration, Abuse of Subordinates, Disgraceful Conduct, Quarrels and Disturbances, Drunkenness, and Conduct to the Prejudice of Good Order and Discipline
The punishments in these cases included Dismissal with Disgrace, Dismissal, Imprisonment for periods ranging from nine to 22 months, Reduction in Rank, Severe Reprimand, Reprimand, Reduction in Rank and fines ranging from $200 to $2,500.Procès sommaires
Twenty CAF personnel were convicted of charges related to sexual harassmentFootnote 9 in summary trials in FY 2017/2018. Four of these cases were referred for review. This compares to 18 summary trial convictions for charges related to sexual harassment in FY 2016/2017.
All of the CAF personnel convicted of offences related to sexual harassment in FY 2017/2018 were male. Two of the convicted personnel were junior officers. Three were senior non-commissioned members. The remaining 15 personnel were junior non-commissioned members.
The FY 2017/2018 sexual harassment convictions included charges for Disobedience of Lawful Command, Quarrels and Disturbances, Drunkenness, Conduct to Prejudice of Good Order and Discipline, and one Criminal Code offence (Assault). Punishments included Reprimands, a Caution, Fines ranging from $100-$1,000, Confinement to Ship or Barracks, and Extra Work and Drill.
Seven CAF personnel were convicted of offences related to inappropriate relationships in summary trials in FY 2017/2018. This compares to two CAF personnel who were convicted of offences related to inappropriate relationships in FY 2016/2017.
Four of the personnel charged with offences related to inappropriate relationships in FY 2017/2018 were female. The remainder were male. All of the personnel convicted of these offences were junior non-commissioned members.
Punishments included Reduction in Rank, Reprimand, Fines ranging from $150 to $1,000, and Confinement to Ship or Barracks.
Administrative ReviewFootnote 10
Perpetrators found guilty of sexual misconduct are subject to an administrative review. After due process, 74 members were released from the CAF between August 2015 and September 2018. The table below summarizes administrative review decisions during fiscal year 2017/2018.
Administrative Review Results - Fiscal Year 2017/2018
|# Files Opened||#Files Closed (Decision rendered)Footnote 11|
|Other||R W||C & P||Release 5 (f)||Release 2(a)||Release 1(a)||Total Closed|
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