Funding Results

The following is a list of funded grants and contributions since 2016.

NATO Defense College Fellowship 
  • 2020 Recipient: Dr. Howard Coombs
  • 2021 Recipient: Dr. Benjamin Zyla
Collaborative Networks 2021-22 
University of Calgary

Network Directors: Jean-Christophe Boucher and Erin Gibbs van Brunschot

Canadian Network on Information and Security
Calgary, AB

Defence Policy Challenges Addressed: Cyber, Space, and Information as Operational Domains; Anticipating Future Challenges; and, the Rise of Grey Zone Conflict

The Network will examine the impact of the domestic and international information environments on Canadian national defence and security through four lenses: political/military, cognitive/behavioural, technological, and legal/ethical.

McMaster University

Network Director: Margaret McKinnon

Pan-Canadian Sexual Misconduct during Military Service Collaborative Network
Hamilton, ON

Defence Policy Challenge Addressed: Addressing and preventing sexual misconduct

The Network will build upon an existing multi-disciplinary community of practice to advance research on sexual misconduct into actionable outcomes for National Defence, in addition to supporting policy changes to address sexual misconduct and improve services for survivors.

McGill University

Network Director: Jennifer Welsh

Research Network on Women, Peace, and Security
Montreal, QC

Defence Policy Challenges Addressed: Climate Change as a Growing Threat to National Resilience; Canada’s Defence Relations; and, Anticipate Future Challenges

Using a GBA+ lens, this bilingual Network will study Canada’s future defence and security threats and with particular emphasis on the Women, Peace and Security agenda.

Targeted Engagement Grants 2021-2022
Targeted Engagement Grants 2021-2022 – Round 1
Queen’s University – Centre for International Defence Policy

Leveraging Behavioural Science Research to Support the CAF's Recruitment Efforts
Kingston, ON

Funding will support a series of social experiments aimed at better understanding how women react to various recruitment campaigns in an effort to help the Defence Team improve diversity and inclusion efforts, as well as reach the 25% target for women in the Canadian Armed Forces.


Highlighting Canada's Collaborative Defence Innovation Opportunities with the United States
Ottawa, ON; Washington, D.C., USA

Funding will support a survey and analysis of efforts by the US Department of Defense (DOD) to promote innovation in technology development and adoption, in an effort to draw on new commercial technologies with military application.

Queen’s University – Centre for International Defence Policy

Meeting the Pan-Domain Challenge: Comparing Canada and its Allies
Kingston, ON

Funding will support a study of the Canadian Armed Forces’ pan-domain force employment concept and compare it to what allies and partners are doing. Its objective is to see how the Canadian Armed Forces’ can better integrate traditional domains of operations, with emerging domains (i.e. space, cyber and information.)

Valens Global and Organization for the Prevention of Violence

Blind Sided: Reframing Use of Emerging Technologies in the Grey Zone Environment Through Application of Evolutionary Theory
Raleigh, NC, USA; Edmonton, AB

Funding will support a study of grey zone influence operations using evolutionary theory focusing on how grey-zone mobilizations can disproportionately impact identity communities.

Leiden University

A Comparative Study of Non-State Violent Drone Use: Implications for Canadian Security Operations
The Hague, Netherlands

Funding will support research on the use of drones by non-state actors, with particular attention to terrorist groups.

Project Ploughshares

Beyond norms: military restraints for enhanced security in outer space
Ottawa, ON

Funding will support research on pathways to arms control and military restraint in outer space. The research process will include workshops and consultations with Department of National Defence & Canadian Armed Forces, civil society organisations, and academic experts.

University of Waterloo

Opportunities and Challenges? Understanding NATO's Role in the U.S.-China Rivalry
Brussels, Belgium

Funding would support a two-day workshop and interviews examining the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in the context of US-China rivalry, in particular how NATO has approached the security challenges posed by China thus far; what goals it should have in relation to China; and how it can best realise those goals given the diverse views and threat perceptions of its membership.

National School of Public Administration

Understanding misinformation and disinformation about the Arctic region and the Canadian Arctic
Gatineau, QC

Funding will support research on how cyberspace is used to carry out information campaigns (notably by Russia and Canada) in the Arctic, and how Canada can navigate them in the future.

Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada

Canada, Asia, & Arctic
Vancouver, BC

Funding will support the establishment of a Canada-Japan mechanism for research, dialogue, and policy outreach to analyze and improve Canada’s engagement with and understanding of the Asian non-Arctic States, including Russia as an Asian actor.

Université de Québec à Montréal

War on the Rocks en français
Montreal, QC

Funding will support the creation of a francophone website featuring short and practical analyses for French-speaking Canadian and non-Canadian defense professionals (academics and practitioners).

NATO Association of Canada

NATO and The Indo-Pacific Conference
Toronto, ON

Funding will support a host a one-day conference in August, 2021 on the Indo-Pacific. Seven high profile speakers, including the Minister of National Defence, would be brought in to discuss the various strategic views of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Canada and United States on NATO engagement in the Indo-Pacific.

University of Victoria

Climate change in the Arctic: forecasting the preparedness of the Department of National Defence into 2070
Victoria, BC

Funding will support a study of the effects of climate change on Canadian Armed Forces operations in the Arctic, including an examination of the physical impacts on the Arctic and the organizational structure required to meet these climate challenges.

University of Stellenbosch, Queen's University

COVID-19: Comparing Domestic Military Operations
Kingston, ON; South Africa

Funding will support a study of the military’s role in supporting civilian national authorities, particularly for domestic emergency response. The project intends to identify lessons learned and best practices for the Department of National Defence & Canadian Armed Forces, through comparative case studies examining the domestic operations of militaries in 19 allied or partner countries with comparable federal systems to Canada, including as part of responses to COVID-19.

University of Victoria

Canada, Southeast Asia, and the Indo-Pacific: Engaging a Critical Region
Victoria, BC

Funding will support a series of in-person roundtables in Victoria, B.C. on the role of Southeast Asia in great power competition in the Indo-Pacific region.

Archipelago of Design

Canadian Initiative for Democratic Resilience
Ottawa, ON

Funding will support a study of efforts within the Government to protect democratic institutions, including the federal electoral process, against misinformation and cyber-attacks.

Université Saint Paul

Methods of preventing intolerance and discrimination in organizations: Canadian Armed Forces Practice Assessment Tools
Ottawa, ON

Funding will support research into methods of preventing hateful behavior and radicalization with the goal of equipping the Canadian Armed Forces, to succeed.

Crosstech, Ltd.

Leveraging Canadian Influence with Emerging Technologies to Enhance International Peace and Stability Operations
Vancouver, BC

Funding will support survey of existing dual-use technologies in the Canadian defence sector that could be leveraged as part of capacity building activities to improve partner forces’ effectiveness in peace support operations, while bolstering Canada’s defence relationships.

Conference of Defence Associations Institute

The Youth Climate Security Summit
Ottawa, ON

Funding will support a two-day, in-person Youth Climate Security Summit in Ottawa. The summit serves to bring together student leaders from across Canada and connect them with academics, practitioners, government, and Canadian Armed Forces officials.

Collaborative Networks 2020-2021 
Centre for International Defence Policy

Network Directors: Stéfanie von Hlatky and Justin Massie
Network for Strategic Analysis
Kingston, ON

Defence Policy Challenges Addressed: Evolving Role of Major Powers, Defence Relations, The Future of Capacity Building

The Network for Strategic Analysis will examine regional tensions that can impact international stability and Canadian security; opportunities to support international organizations; and, strategies for Canada to enhance its effectiveness in capacity building. It is the first fully bilingual MINDS Collaborative Network that will support DND/CAF’s work in both official languages.

Ontario Tech University; University of New Brunswick

Network Directors: Barbara Perry, Ontario Tech University; and David Hofmann, University of New Brunswick

Network for Research on Hateful Conduct and Right-Wing Extremism in the CAF
Oshawa, ON & Fredericton, NB

Defence Policy Challenges Addressed: Addressing and Preventing Hateful Conduct and Radicalization, Anticipating Future Challenges

The Network for Research on Hateful Conduct and Right-Wing Extremism in the CAF will examine policy issues related to hateful conduct and radicalization in the CAF. It will be comprised of a multidisciplinary group of Canadian experts and practitioners operating within regional hubs. The network will conduct case studies, social media analyses, and interviews with members of the Defence Team to better understand the issue and inform responses.

Saint Paul University

Network Director: Philippe Dufort, Saint Paul University

Military Design & Innovation Collaboration Network: Mobilizing Innovation Methodologies for Defense Challenges
Ottawa, ON

Defence Policy Challenges Addressed: The Rise of the Grey Zone / Hybrid Warfare, Anticipating Future Challenges, The Future of Capacity Building

The Military Design & Innovation Collaboration Network will build upon an existing network of researchers and military practitioners to centralize efforts in the area of Military Design. Its topics of research will be varied and extensive, and include utilizing design thinking in response to hybrid warfare, as well as in support of investments in people and capabilities over the next 10 to 50 years.

Targeted Engagement Grants 2020-2021
Targeted Engagement Grants 2020-2021 – Round 2
Carleton University

Yesterday’s Enemies, Tomorrow’s Friends: China-Russia Cooperation, Global Decoupling, and Canada’s Strategic Future
Ottawa, ON

Funding will support research on how China and Russia may be dividing the international order through cooperation and mutual support, and the implications for Canadian defence and security interests.

Carleton University

The COVID-19 pandemic and its implications for the Canadian national defence and security community
Ottawa, ON

Funding will support a study on the Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces’ current capabilities, role, and contribution to anticipate, prevent, and manage public health crises, and how they can be improved.

Queen’s University

The Power of Diversity in the Armed Forces: International Perspectives on Immigrants’ Participation in the Military
Kingston, ON

Funding will support a workshop, the publishing of an edited volume, and production of a policy brief comparing how 12 different allied countries (Canada, USA, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, India, Israel, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Sweden, and Switzerland) address the recruitment of immigrants and non-citizens in their respective armed forces.

Queen’s University

Tracking and Identifying Women Peace and Security Research
Kingston, ON

Funding will support efforts to map and create an online database of existing expertise on Women, Peace and Security (WPS) at academic institutions and in government, military, activist and not-for-profit organizations across Canada, in English and French.

Queen's University

The validation of a gender-informed, culturally competent mentorship framework for women in the CAF
Kingston, ON

Funding will support a study of a gender-informed, culturally-competent mentorship framework to support women in the Canadian Armed Forces throughout the lifespan of their military careers, by providing both career-oriented and psychosocial supports.

University of British Columbia

(Survive and Thrive Applied Research (STAR) Initiative

Governance and Organization for Whole of Canada Response to Grey Zone Tactics in the Pan-Domain
Kelowna, BC

Funding will support a series of simulations that will explore the Department of National Defence and Canadian Armed Forces, and whole-of-government, response to two illustrative grey zone tactics used by adversaries in pan-domain competition and beneath the threshold of warfare.

University of British Columbia

A Digitized Community-Based Recruitment and Referral Portal and A Militainment Approach for DND and CAF
Okanagan, BC

Funding will support the creation of an online recruitment and referral portal which will showcase Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) careers, as well as develop community influencer campaigns and online gaming prototype to underrepresented visible minority groups in the CAF.

British Columbia Institute of Technology

National Advanced Placement & Prior Learning Program (N-APPL)
Burnaby, BC

Funding will support research and program development on work-place training provided by external experts. While similar to the Prior Learning Assessment Review (PLAR) system, it will go beyond the formal educational qualifications normally recognized.

Loughborough University

Going ‘East of Greenland’: Examining Canada’s Defence Role in the Arctic
Loughborough, Leicestershire, UK; Peterborough, ON; Winnipeg, MB

Funding will support a study of the geographical seams that join NORAD, NATO and the United States’ Unified Command Plan in the Arctic, as well as their vulnerability to exploitation by Russia and China.

Dallaire Institute for Children, Peace and Security

'Moral Injury' Research & Training Collaboration with the Canadian Armed Forces Chaplaincy
Halifax, NS; Borden, ON

Funding will support a research on ‘moral injury’, its relation to soldiers on mission and in potential interactions with child soldiers. This research will inform the development of a new curriculum to add to chaplain training, and a ‘Train the Trainer’ course at CFB Borden.

University of Waterloo

Artificial Intelligence, Automated Warfare, and Ethics
Waterloo, ON

Funding will support the development of a virtual speaker series to discuss the ethics of applying artificial intelligence in the battlefield.

Chatham House

Understanding the implications of recent developments in Russia’s advanced military technology
London, UK

Funding will support research and a virtual workshop to assess how Canada and NATO partners could identify, and potentially exploit, Russian military vulnerabilities, as well as examine existing operational and doctrinal discrepancies between capabilities and their intended use.

International Crisis Group & Stichting Giustra International Foundation

A Changing Security Environment: Understanding the role, interests and strategies of Russia, China, Iran and Turkey
Ottawa, ON

Funding will support research and virtual roundtables on the strategic objectives of Russia, China, Iran, and Turkey.

Conference of Defence Associations Institute

89th Annual Ottawa Conference on Security and Defence
Ottawa, ON

Funding will support the 89th Annual Ottawa Conference on Security and Defence in March 2021 under the theme "Canada and the World: A Threat Assessment".

Ryerson University

Coordinated Vulnerability Disclosure for Networked Technologies: Best Practices and Policy Frameworks
Toronto, ON

Funding will support research on the security of cyberspace and networked technologies including those used and relied upon by National Defence, with a particular focus on the policy considerations and implications of the use of coordinated vulnerability disclosure programs.

Organization for the Prevention of Violence

The Violent Far-Right and Service in the Armed Forces: Insights from Former Extremists
Ottawa, ON; Edmonton, AB

Funding will support research on former extremists that served in Canadian, U.S., German, and Swedish armed forces’ perspectives, to identify potential factors between military experiences and radicalisation.

Centre for International Governance Innovation

Facilitating Strategic Engagement: The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Military Defence and Security
Waterloo, ON

Funding will support a study on how countries like Canada can adapt to the force multiplying effects of artificial intelligence.

University of Alaska Fairbanks

Special Operation Forces and the Arctic: Meeting North America’s 21st Century Security Needs (MINDS NAASOF)
Fairbanks, AK

Funding will support a study on the Special Operational Forces’ current ability to address the emerging security needs, challenges, and threats to, and in, the North American Arctic.

Project Ploughshares

Charting the way forward: Examining the responsible uses of military AI by Canada’s allies
Waterloo, ON

Funding will support research on emerging trends in the adoption of artificial intelligence in weapons and other systems, as well as examine the policies and best practices of Canadian allies and likeminded states.

University of Calgary

African Navies & Maritime Security in an Age of Global Rivalry: Implications for Canadian Defence Policy
Calgary, AB

Funding will support research on the relationship between African sea-power, regional prosperity and security, and great power competition.

University of Calgary

Understanding public attitude toward defence spending in a post-COVID fiscal environment
Calgary, AB

Funding will support a study on Canadian perceptions, in particular on the impact of COVID-19 on support for defence spending.

Valens Global

Deepfakes, Climate Change, Flying Cars & Quantum Drones: Conditional Forecasting for Canadian Defense
Washington D.C., US; Raleigh, NC, US

Funding will support research on novel security challenges, specifically: weapons technology; a new global order; human rights, human security, and governance; and, the information ecosystem.

Canadian Global Affairs Institute

Climate Change and the Canadian Armed Forces
Ottawa, ON

Funding will support virtual workshops in winter 2021 on how National Defence can adapt and respond to climate change.

Canadian Global Affairs Institute

Emerging Technologies and Continental Defence
Ottawa, ON

Funding will support a series of webinars, research papers and graduate student presentations, from January to March 2021, on how Canada and the US can modernize continental defence amidst accelerating great power competition and technological advances.

University of Montreal

The Factors of Successful or Failed use of Virtual Counter-narratives to Prevent Hateful Conduct and Violent Extremism
Montreal, QC

Funding will support research on the effectiveness of different counter-narratives in the prevention of the dissemination of hateful and violent extremism speech on the web.

University of Sherbrooke

From distrust to disinformation: virtual tools used to perpetrate conspiracy theories and their potential violent impacts in Canada
Sherbrooke, QC

Funding will support a study of the emergence of conspiracy theories related to COVID-19 on social media in Canada, in order to better understand the development, dissemination and adherence to conspiracy theories.


University of Montreal

The Politics of Canadian Foreign Military Training: Operation IMPACT in Comparative Perspective
Montreal, QC

Funding will support research on the Canadian domestic and international politics of capacity building/training military operations, using Canada’s participation in NATO’s training mission in Iraq as a case study.

University of Montreal

The Politics of Canadian Foreign Military Training: Operation ATTENTION in Comparative Perspective
Montreal, QC

Funding will support research on Canadian domestic and international politics of capacity building/training military operations, using Canada’s participation in NATO’s training mission in Afghanistan, as part of Operation ATTENTION as a case study.

University of New Brunswick

Scoping Review of Canadian Conspiracy Theories Related to Political Extremism and Hateful Conduct in the CAF
Fredericton, NB

Funding will support a study of Canadian conspiracy theories that potentially promote hateful attitudes, conduct, and radicalization within the Canadian Armed Forces.

Queen’s University

Considering Best-Practices in Middle Power Defence Policies
Kingston, ON

Funding will support research on defence policy and evolving role of middle powers, to identify the best-practice defence policies that Canada should consider to promote the rules-based order and deter threats as a middle power.

Queen’s University

Enhancing Servicewomen’s Salute COVID-19 Research Support and Online Engagement Capabilities
Kingston, ON

Funding will support work to improve the online tools and resources of the Servicewomen’s Salute Canada Portal, as well as efforts to conduct a scan of existing research on servicewomen’s experiences during COVID-19 and the links between it and online misogyny.

European Values Center for Security Policy

P.I.N.C.E.R. (Protecting Information; Negating Chinese Espionage and Reconnaissance)
Prague, Czech Republic

Funding will support research on Chinese intellectual property theft in Canada and its national security implications.

Targeted Engagement Grants 2020-2021 – Round 1
Valens Global

Hateful Conduct and Radicalization in the Canadian Armed Forces: A Strategic Framework for Action & Blueprint for Recognizing Risk Indicators
Washington, DC

Funding will support a project to help the Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces prevent, recognize, and intervene against hateful or radicalized conduct through the provision of identification tools, as well as a framework to prevent and manage radicalization among members. Additionally, the project will generate a risk indicia glossary and a brochure on prevention, identification, and intervention.

University of Ontario Institute of Technology

Handling Hateful Conduct in CAF: Scoping the Policy Environment
Oshawa and Ottawa, ON

Funding will support a survey and analysis of the policies that govern hateful conduct and right-wing extremism in the CAF, as well as a comparative analysis of similar policies in like-minded countries. The project will also provide options for addressing misconduct (training, culture, etc.), and approaches to strategic communications.

Queen’s University and Servicewomen’s Salute Canada

Improving Collaboration of the CAF SMRC and local Sexual Assault Centres: Kingston as a Comparative Study
Kingston, ON

Funding will support an evaluation of the Sexual Assault Support Centre in Kingston, Ontario, which is supported by the Canadian Armed Forces’ Sexual Misconduct Response Centre. The evaluation will include a comparative case study of civilian and military members using the Support Centre’s services and resources.

Center for Climate and Security (an institute of the Council on Strategic Risks)

A Climate Security Plan for Canada
Washington, D.C., USA

Funding will support a study of the potential impact of climate change on Canadian Armed Forces’ missions and infrastructure in Canada, with a particular focus on the Arctic. This study will inform the development of a climate security action plan for Canada, with identified risks to be addressed by policy makers and security experts.

Association québécoise de la prévention du suicide

Thematic day on Suicide Prevention in the Armed Forces during the 2020 National Convention on Suicide Prevention
Montreal, QC

Funding will support a thematic day on suicide prevention in the armed forces during the 2020 Convention on Suicide Prevention.

Queen’s University – Centre for International Defence Policy

Arctic Challenges: International Security in the Circumpolar North
Kingston, ON

Funding will support a conference and workshop on international security in the circumpolar north, the increased geopolitical and geospatial instability in the Arctic and its implication for future CAF operations. The concluding report will provide policy options for Canada in this area.

The Henry L. Stimson Center

Assessing Chinese Military Ambitions and Strategy in the Arctic: Policy Recommendations for Canada
Washington, D.C. and China

Funding will support a 12-month research project, focused on Chinese military interests in the Arctic. The research, based on field visits and primary sources, will involve in-depth analysis on China’s military intent in the Arctic.

Center for a New American Security

The Future of Russia and China in the Mediterranean
Washington, D.C.

Funding will support research on Chinese and Russian activities in the Mediterranean over the next 10-15 years, including a foresight study on the implications of these developments on Canadian, NATO, and others’ interests.

Wilfrid Laurier University

Conceptualizing Canada’s Approach to International Defence Capacity Building: A Mapping Exercise
Waterloo and Ottawa, ON; Kiev, Ukraine

Funding will support a six-month research project examining the last 20 years of Canadian defence capacity building abroad. The project focuses on “mapping” these initiatives and seeks to provide recommendations on how DND/CAF can better leverage capacity building moving forward.

University of New Brunswick – Gregg Centre for the Study of War and Society

Enhanced Learning for Combat Team Command Readiness, Phase II
Fredericton and Gagetown, NB

Funding will support the second phase of a project aimed at enhancing the decision-making skills of Canadian Army officers on the battlefield through virtual simulation. Working in close collaboration with the Tactics School of the Canadian Army, this phase focuses on the completion and use of virtual case studies during the next Tactics School Combat Team Commanders Course in November 2020.

Carleton University

The Year Ahead 2021: An International Security, Intelligence, and Defence Outlook
Ottawa, ON

Funding will support a conference examining the boundaries of local and global power, women’s experience in deployment, as well as unconventional security threats. This conference will bring together academics, experts, and practitioners in Ottawa in December 2020.

Foreign Suppliers of 5G Technology in Canada: Assessing Potential Threats and Vulnerabilities
Ottawa, ON

Funding will support a one day workshop in Ottawa, bringing together technical and policy experts to examine the technical, geopolitical and economic challenges of 5G. In addition, the project will deliver a policy brief on foreign suppliers of 5G technology and the implications for Canada.

Canadian Global Affairs Institute

Procuring for Interoperability
Ottawa, ON

Funding will support a one-day conference in Ottawa focused on improving the Canadian defence procurement model. The event will focus on key issues in Canada’s defence procurement process and draw on international perspectives to propose alternative procurement models to mitigate these challenges.

University of Waterloo

Cybersecurity Threat to Canada’s Critical Infrastructure
Ottawa, ON

Funding will support a two-day workshop in September 2020 in Ottawa to discuss cybersecurity risks to Canadian critical infrastructure. The workshop will focus on technical security gaps that may leave infrastructure open to cyber threats, as well as dispersed authority and responsibility that can leave Canada unprepared for attacks from evolving technologies.

Concordia University

#RightsCity: Human Rights in the Digital Age
Ottawa, ON

Funding will support a one-day conference in Ottawa examining the implications of technological evolution on human rights and security issues, focusing on the challenges for Canada’s defence, policymaking, and international engagement. The conference will specifically address foreign interference, disinformation, cybersecurity and multilateral cooperation, and the freedom of expression.

The Roméo Dallaire Child Soldiers Initiative

Impact of Women’s Participation and Leadership in Peace Operations: Research and Dialogue
Ottawa, ON

Funding will support research on best practices around issues related to the women, peace and security agenda, by both state and non-state actors, with a focus on child protection policies and practices from a gender-neutral perspective. The resulting research will be discussed at an event in Ottawa in summer 2020.

McGill University – Centre of Genomics and Policy

Opportunities and Challenges of Using Epigenetic Technologies in Defence and Security Contexts
Montréal, QC

Funding will support research examining the application of epigenetics in a defence and security context, including tracking exposure to chemical weapons, monitoring mental health, and enhancement of bodily functions. The research will also study the legal frameworks, as well as military directives, that could apply to the use of epigenetics. The work will culminate in a one-day workshop and policy brief.

Road Home Research & Analysis

Canadian Nationalism in the Fight Against Extremism
Toronto, ON

Funding will support a project aimed at fostering discussion on the issue of extremism in the CAF and the role of nationalism as a potentially constructive and destructive force. The project will consist of six roundtables held across Canada to generate insights into how nationalism can be better utilized to counter extremism and encourage positive relationships through a shared civic identity.


Ryerson University

Developing a Public Health Framework to Ensure Strong, Secure, Engaged Canadian Armed Forces in the Light of the Climate Change Era
Toronto, ON

Funding will support a study on the development of preparedness plans for natural disasters, as well as an examination of how Artificial Intelligence can be used to collect data on past natural disasters to identify patterns and predict future crises. The study’s preliminary results will be presented during a workshop in Toronto.

COVID-19 Challenge
Summary of Funded Applications – Fiscal Year 2020-2021
Laval University

Causes and Consequences of Pandemics: A Multidisciplinary Approach
Quebec, QC / Online

Funding will support the organisation and execution of a series of virtual seminars aimed at fostering a multidisciplinary dialogue about the practical, methodological, and normative aspects of studying pandemics. Upon completion of the series, a book summarizing key findings will be shared with the Department of National Defence.

Carleton University

COVID-19 Malicious Online Activities: Exploring Cyber Threats to Future Military Operations
Ottawa, ON

Funding will support research on the potential impacts of COVID-19 disinformation campaigns from violent non-state actors on Canadian Armed Forces operations. Interviews with subject matter experts and practitioners will be conducted, and the concluding report will be presented through a virtual conference.

École nationale d’administration publique

A Comparative Analysis of the management of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Arctic
Ottawa, ON, Québec, QC

Funding will support comparative research on the various government strategies employed in the Arctic region to limit the propagation of COVID-19. In addition, the project will explore and evaluate the role of armed forces in leading these efforts in Alaska, Greenland, and the European Arctic.

Chaire Raoul-Dandurand, Université du Québec à Montréal

Borders in the Era of COVID-19: (Im)mobility, Inequality, and Sovereignties, what are the implications for Canada?
Montreal, QC

Funding will support research on the impact of border closures at community, national, regional, and international scales. Conclusions will be presented in the form of a virtual international conference, a series of publicly-accessible podcasts, and a final report with lessons learned.

Canadian Global Affairs Institute

Economic Recovery from COVID-19: Leveraging the Defence Team
Ottawa, ON

Funding will support a project focused on exploring the means by which DND/CAF spending can be redirected to facilitate Canada’s economic recovery from COVID-19. Drawing on the expertise of experts from government, academia, and the industry, a virtual workshop will provide a comprehensive and interdisciplinary perspective on the question.

McMaster University

The Impact of COVID-19 on Military Members and Veterans Who Experienced Sexual Misconduct
Hamilton, ON

Funding will support a virtual international symposium on best practices and lessons learned in addressing cases of sexual misconduct among military members and veterans during the COVID-19 pandemic.

The Institute for Peace and Diplomacy

Discussion Series: COVID-19 Impact on Peace and Security
Toronto, ON/Online

Funding will support a series of panel discussions on the geopolitical impacts of COVID-19, with a focus on Canadian grand strategy, Middle East and Asia-Pacific policy, and global supply chains. A concluding report delivered to DND/CAF will outline the key takeaways of the series.

Sexual Assault Centre Kingston

Building Digital Bridges
Kingston, ON

Funding will support research on the experiences of CAF members who have accessed distance counselling via four sexual assault centres in Ontario prior to and during COVID-19. Qualitative data will be collected through surveys and interviews with CAF survivors of sexual assault. Conclusions will be shared with DND/CAF and organisations who service the CAF.

Friends of Europe

Building Trust and Confidence in Cyberspace: Advancing International Law
Brussels, Belgium

Funding will support a panel discussion with leading experts on the impact of COVID-19 on cybersecurity and disinformation campaigns, with the intention of increasing preparedness and resilience in government agencies. Key takeaways are to be shared via a publicly accessible report and a briefing with DND/CAF.

St. Francis Xavier University

The Canadian Rangers and COVID-19

Funding will support research on the roles, impact, and local perception of the Canadian Rangers in their response to COVID-19. Through community-based research, a comprehensive analysis and evaluation of the lessons learned will be outlined. The efforts of Canadian Rangers to respond to COVID-19 will be compared with similar military units in allied states.

Valens Global

Anticipating and Navigating the Post-COVID-19 Strategic Environment: A Virtual Event Series
Washington D.C., Raleigh, NC, United States/Online

Funding will support two roundtables and an immersive wargame simulation to explore the impact of COVID-19 on great power competition and the various ways by which to navigate it. A post-simulation roundtable will serve to explore the lessons learned for DND/CAF.

Collaborative Networks 2019-2020
Trent University

Network Director: Dr. P. Whitney Lackenbauer, Trent University
North American and Arctic Defence and Security Network (NAADSN)

Peterborough, Ontario

Defence Policy Challenges Addressed: Defence Role in the Arctic, NORAD Modernization, and Evolving Role of Major Powers

The North American and Arctic Defence and Security Network (NAADSN) will explore the three identified challenges by conducting research with students, current and emerging scholars, as well as Northern stakeholders/rights holders. NAADSN will contribute to ongoing DND/CAF work related to the operationalization and implementation of defence policy commitments related to the Arctic, providing access to leading-edge research, and testing assumptions about the changing security environment.

University of Waterloo

Network Director: Dr. B. Momani, University of Waterloo
Defence and Security Foresight (DSF) Group

Waterloo, Ontario

Defence Policy Challenges Addressed: Anticipating Future Challenges, Evolving Role of Major Powers, and the Future of Capacity Building

The Defence and Security Foresight (DSF) Group will explore the three identified challenges through five regional clusters, focusing on North American Security; Sub-Saharan Africa and Multinational Stabilization Operations; Russia, Eastern Europe, and NATO; the Middle East and North Africa; and the Asia Pacific. The DSF Group will contribute to ongoing DND/CAF efforts to anticipate new challenges by providing near- and mid-term forecasting research on pivotal security flashpoints, as well as by developing analytical tools to inform policy and CAF force development.

Concordia University

Network Director: Dr. K. Khorasani, Concordia University
Collaborative Network on Public and Defence Policy Challenges and Innovations on AI, Autonomous Systems, and Cybersecurity

Montreal, Quebec

Defence Policy Challenges Addressed: Cyber and Space, Role of AI, and Emerging Technology and Military Application

This Collaborative Network will explore the three identified challenges, focusing on autonomous systems, artificial intelligence (AI), and cyberspace systems, through a lens of accountability, transparency and trust, and equality and inclusiveness. Research will also be guided by questions related to effective policy instruments to mitigate risk and create a connected battlespace. The Network will contribute to ongoing DND/CAF efforts to better understand the ethical considerations related to operations in the space and cyber domains, and the military application of emerging technology and AI by researching and developing best practices and framework guidelines on the use of these technologies.

Targeted Engagement Grants 2019-2020
Queen’s University

The Many Faces of Diversity in Military Employment

Ottawa, ON

$ 29,260

Funding will support a workshop on how to best recruit, develop, support, and retain CAF members. It will focus on the ability of the CAF to meet its personnel requirements based on the establishment of an organizational culture of inclusiveness and cohesion. The event will result in a policy brief and the publication of an article in an academic journal.

Queen’s University

Getting to 25% in the CAF: A Critical Analysis of Recruitment Efforts Targeting Women

Kingston, ON

$ 48,950

Funding will support research on CAF recruitment activities targeted at women, including national advertisement campaigns, and official communications. The research will investigate whether past and current public relations strategies are effective in the recruitment of women, and in positioning the CAF as an employer of choice for women.

Queen’s University

Defence and Security in the Asia-Pacific (DESAP)

Kingston, ON

$ 9,651

Funding will support a workshop on defence and security in the Asia-Pacific with a focus on great power dynamics, civil conflict and unconventional threats. Speakers from Canada and other Asia-Pacific countries will meet to present research and discuss with the aim of disseminating results to an academic and policy audience.

University of British Columbia

Re-entering rocket stages and satellites in the Canadian Arctic

Vancouver, BC; Iqaluit, NU

$ 50,000

Funding will support a workshop in Iqaluit to explore the security, safety and environmental risks associated with the disused rocket stages and satellites re-entering the atmosphere over Canada’s Arctic, and how Canada and DND/CAF could respond.

Centre for a New American Security

The Future of Russia and China in the Arctic

Washington, DC, USA

$ 42,452

Funding will support a project aimed at examining the evolution of Russia-China relations in the Arctic over the next 10-15 years, with a focus on the Canadian Arctic and an in-depth study of Sino-Russian relations. The project will include workshops and publication of a policy brief. The workshops will draw on participants from the expert community, aiming to foster collaboration among Canada, the United States, and their allies.

Monash University

Diversity and Inclusion in Canadian Security Studies: Implications for the Canadian Armed Forces

Ottawa, ON; Melbourne, Australia

$ 37,991

Funding will support research on the demographic and intellectual diversity of Canada’s security studies, in order to identify whether a lack of diversity in this field has implications on CAF recruitment, including by acting as a deterrent for potential women and minority recruits. The research will include analysis of academic staffing and syllabi and symposium on diversity.

Center for Strategic and International Studies

Implications of Hybrid Warfare on Capacity Building

Washington, DC

$ 49,787

Funding will support the development of a policy and decision-making framework to improve Canada’s use of capacity building and proxy forces in hybrid/gray zone contexts.

Valens Global

“And the Truth Will Set You Free”: A Response Framework for Countering In-Theater Disinformation Operations

Washington, DC, US; Edmonton, AB

$ 49,916

Funding will support research on disinformation and information warfare tactics of adversaries and response techniques of allies to identify best practices for overseas deployments.

Canadian Global Affairs Institute

Modernizing North American Defence

Ottawa, ON

$ 48,149

Funding will support a conference on current and future threats to North America, the gaps they present, and how to address them. The event will explore a number of related issues, including NORAD modernization, CAF capability in the Arctic, maritime domain awareness, as well as the replacement of the North Warning System. 

Saint-Paul University

The Emerging Approach to Shared and Inclusive Leadership in Management and its Relevance for the CAF

Ottawa, ON

$ 50,000

Funding will support the development of training on shared and inclusive leadership for the CAF, which can also be used for training allied forces. The training will be supported by a website with resources for continuous learning. 

University of Windsor

Recent Developments in AI and its Applications in Defence and Security as a Dual-Use Technology

Windsor, ON

$ 42,500

Funding will support a conference on Artificial Intelligence (AI) and produce a report on AI research and researchers, with a particular focus on dual-use technologies. The project aims toward establishing a multi-disciplinary task force, with participation by industry, academics, and defence and security professionals. 

Conference of Defence Association Institute 

400 000 Strong on CAF Recruitment: Tracking the Storyline

Ottawa, ON

$ 49,396

Funding will support an assessment of Canadians perception of DND/CAF, in order to inform the development or amendment of the CAF’s current recruitment strategies. Preliminary results will be shared as part of a panel on recruitment and retention during the Ottawa Conference of Security and Defence, expected to be held in 2020. 


Security Implications of Commercial Infrastructure in an Era of Grey-Zone Conflict with China

Chicago, IL, USA; Ottawa, ON

$ 48,050

Funding will support an assessment of critical infrastructure investment trends, current practices in security agreements, and how Chinese civil-military fusion policy impacts these assets. 

University of New Brunswick

Enhanced Learning for Combat Team Command Readiness

Fredericton, NB

$ 27,400

In partnership with the Tactics School at the Canadian Army Combat Training Centre, funding will support research, design and trial evidenced-based case studies of peer-to-peer high-intensity combat. Efforts would culminate with a report and design of virtual simulations to be included in next year’s Army leadership training cycle.

Project Ploughshares

From safety to security: reducing the threat environment through the responsible use of outer space

Waterloo, ON; Ottawa, ON; Montreal, QC

$ 50,000

Funding will support a workshop on how existing and emerging norms of responsible behaviour in outer space may apply to space-based military capabilities and activities. The goal is to produce a roadmap of relevant and achievable ethical and legal practices that informs military activities. 

Carleton University

Hostile State Activity in Cyber and Space: Converging Domains, Future Threats and Canada’s Response

Ottawa, ON

$ 31,417

Funding will support research on how China, Russia, North Korea and Iran are integrating their space and cyberspace efforts militarily. Whether patterns of past cyber-attacks could be indicative of what future hostile state operations in space could look like will also be assessed.

Chaire Raoul-Dandurand

Rethinking Security in the Era of Climate Change: Do we Need a New Paradigm?

Montreal, QC

$ 42,754

Funding will support a conference on the link between climate change and issues related to security and defence. During the conference, participants will identify and debate the security and defence challenges directly related to climate change.

Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada

The Free and Open Indo-Pacific (FOIP): Charting a Common Approach

Vancouver, BC

$ 42,169

Funding will support a conference on the emerging approach to Asia-Pacific relations, known as “Free and Open Indo-Pacific” (FOIP). It will include panels on economics, governance, and security, and discuss the reaction of regional actors to the growth of Russia and China. 

One Earth Future

Women, Peace and Security Curriculum consortium

Ottawa, ON

$ 42,749

Funding will support a conference on the implementation of Canada’s National Action Plan on Women, Peace and Security (WPS). The event will study how the WPS Agenda and gender considerations are integrated into post-secondary and military education, and offer lessons and best practices, including for DND/CAF. 

Balsillie School of International Affairs

Simplifying Emerging Technologies: Risks and How to Mitigate Them

Waterloo, ON

$ 14,579

Funding will support a workshop on cyber security (incl. quantum, mathematics and engineering) with both technical experts and experts in social sciences, including in the areas of political science, sociology and ethics. Its purpose is to bridge gaps in understanding between the technical and social sides of dual-use technologies with military applications. 

Women in International Security Canada

Future Security Challenges Facing Canada: Vital Insights from Women in International

Toronto, ON

$ 17,000

Funding will support a workshop co-hosted by the University of Toronto and the Canadian Forces College, showcasing the work of 20 women graduate students from across Canada. The workshop will be organized around four key themes: 1) New and Emerging Security Threats; 2) Complex Conflict and War; 3) Gender and Security; and 4) Security, Justice, and Law.

University of Ottawa

Action for Peacekeeping? Middle Powers, Liberal Internationalism, and the Future of UN Peace Operations

Ottawa, ON

$ 27,486

Funding will support a workshop on how geopolitical changes (i.e., concerns about multilateralism, rise of China and Russia) affect strategic, on-the-ground considerations of United Nations peace operations, and the role middle powers like Canada can play in this context. 

Laval University (Centre sur la sécurité internationale)

11th International Meeting of Université-Défense de Québec (UNIDEF) 2020

Quebec, QC

$ 22,956

Funding will support an annual conference that encourages exchanges between universities, military and members of civil society on issues related to national security. This year’s theme is “Cold or Hot, is war profitable in the future?”

Young MINDS Youth Targeted Engagement Grants

Queen’s University (Centre for International and Defence Policy)

Applying an Intersectional Lens to analysis of Sexual Misconduct in the CAF

Kingston, ON

$ 9,920

Funding will support research on sexual misconduct in the CAF, focusing on the experiences of Indigenous and other racialized groups, and comparing Operation HONOUR to similar initiatives around the world. Outcomes of this project will be focused on increasing the efficiency of existing strategies and programs.

University of Alberta

Canadian-Chinese Bilateral Relations in the Grey Zone: How Canada Can Learn From China’s Hybrid Strategies

Edmonton, AB

$ 8,500

Funding will support on China’s use of grey-zone technology, as well as Canada and China’s military deterrence strategies for hybrid threats, through a critical gender analysis. The study is also expected to also look at enhancing cooperation between Canada and China, as well as bolstering collective defence. 

Saint-Paul University

L’ère de la guerre hybride : série d’ateliers et conférences étudiantes de sensibilisation aux défis sécuritaires du Canada

Ottawa, ON

$ 10,000

Funding will support workshops and conferences on hybrid warfare and use of technology in the grey-zone. The goal is to forge greater discussion and engagement between young academics and members of the Defence Team.

Saint-Paul University

Designing Security:  A New Methodology to Address the Intractable Challenges of the 21st Century

Ottawa, Ontario


Funding will support a workshop to design an education platform that will facilitate the instruction and dissemination of a common, agnostic design theory, to ensure allied commanders can speak and collaborate with each other using a ‘common language’. This platform will be field-tested with one cohort of senior officers and mid-level officers in 2023.

Homewood Research Institute

The Gendered Experience of Operational Deployment among Female and Female-Identified Service Members and Veterans

Guelph, Ontario


Funding will support a project to conduct a series of focus groups with female and female-identified servicewomen and veterans, in order to explore the gendered experience of deployment. A workshop will follow to: discuss the unique experience, opportunities, and challenges of operational deployment among Canadian servicewomen and veterans; identify unique factors related to retention and discharge; and, mobilize Canadian scholars, clinicians, and policy makers around these issues.

University of Waterloo

Lessons Learned So Far: The Enhanced Forward Presence in Northeastern Europe, 2017-2019

March 2020 – Riga, Latvia


Funding will support a two-day workshop held at the Latvian Institute of International Affairs (LIIA), which will bring together defence experts from the Enhanced Forward Presence (eFP) Framework Nations (Britain, Canada, Germany, and the United States) and the host countries (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland). Experts will exchange papers that discuss their countries’ experiences with the eFP deployments to collate lessons learned from the reassurance and deterrence mission to date.

Queen’s University

Women's Integration in the Military: Optimizing the CAF’s Career Cycle

May 2020 – Kingston and Ottawa, Ontario


Funding will support a systematic examination of changing gender relations within the Canadian Armed Forces, focusing on the different phases of the military career cycle, in order to assess policy initiatives that have been implemented in Canada and elsewhere, and understand the conditions under which such initiatives are successful in recruiting, retaining and better integrating women in the military.

Canadian Global Affairs Institute

New Procurement Models for DND

20 November 2019 – Ottawa, Ontario


Funding will support a one-day conference in Ottawa that will examine how procurement can be streamlined to better deliver the capabilities outlined in Strong, Secure, Engaged in a timely manner. It will bring together subject matter experts from Canada and abroad, as well as government, academia and industry, to illuminate concerns in the defence procurement processes and propose alternative procurement models to mitigate these challenges.

Saint-Paul University

Supporting the Defence Team to Face Hybrid Warfare and the Grey Zone: An International Seminar on Operational and Strategic Design

20-24 October 2019 – Ottawa, Ontario


Funding will support a three-day international seminar, open to the Defence Team and the public, which will bring together 20 international academics, military, and government personnel specialized in innovative operational and strategic design in complex environments and hybrid warfare. The project will use recently developed procedures based on System Operation Design methodology to translate the tacit knowledge of experts into tangible knowledge which can be better understood by broader audiences.  

Université de Montréal

Guerre hybride, opérations d'information et médias sociaux

September 2019 to April 2020 – Montreal, Quebec


The grant will support a public conference on open source information operations and the development of a machine learning algorithm for analyzing misinformation campaigns. These activities will aim to improve the Canadian Armed Forces' ability to cope with new digital influence mechanisms in the specific Canadian context.

Université Laval

Stratégies de défense des alliés américains face aux menaces multidimensionnelles de la Chine et de la Russie

7-8 May 2020 – Quebec, Quebec


The grant will support a symposium to better understand the response of key American allies to threats, such as information manipulation, cyberattacks and interference in democratic processes, and to compare their reactions.  Also, by bringing together national and international experts, as well as members of the Defence Team, this symposium will analyze the responses of the United States' closest allies to the challenges posed by rivalries between major powers.

Carleton University, Norman Paterson School of International Affairs (NPSIA)

AI: Implications for Defence, National Security, and Intelligence

March 2020 – Ottawa, Ontario


Funding will support a two-day academic conference which will explore the nexus between Artificial Intelligence (AI) and national defence, national security, and intelligence. Nineteen Canadian and international experts will be invited to participate and present original research, and 50 stakeholders from the Defence Team, Government of Canada, academia, and the private sector will be invited to attend. The conference will lead to the submission of a journal special issue (September 2020) on AI and international security.

Carleton University, Norman Paterson School of International Affairs (NPSIA) and the Centre for Security, Intelligence, and Defence Studies (CSIDS)

Canadian Capstone

February 2020 – Toronto, Ontario


Funding will support a one-day event that will take place at the Canadian Forces College in Toronto. This capstone event will select the best presentations from the various events organized by the Canadian Defence and Security Network’s partner institutions taking place across Canada and offer emerging scholars a platform to present cutting-edge research on issues relating to defence and security.

Université du Québec à Montréal

Colloque international : « Cybersécurité, ingérence politique et manipulations de l’information : Enjeux et défis à l’approche des élections fédérales canadiennes »

11 to 13 October, 2019 – Montreal, Quebec


The grant will support a one-day international conference involving some 15 speakers, as well as a 72-hour hackathon involving nearly 50 IT security specialists. The event aims to discuss Canada's vulnerabilities and perspectives in the face of “hybrid” strategies deployed by foreign powers.

University of British Columbia

Space Debris and National Security: An Interdisciplinary Solutions-Oriented Examination

September 2019-May 2020 – Vancouver, British Columbia


Funding will support a workshop and produce a report that will bring together a multidisciplinary group of experts to analyze the problems of space debris identification, tracking, avoidance and de-orbiting; the technological, strategic, and legal aspects of anti-satellite weapons; risks posed by commercial constellations of satellites; cooperation challenges with Russia, China and India; as well as recommend solutions to the Defence Team.

St. Francis Xavier University, Brian Mulroney Institute of Government

Identifying and Assessing Search and Rescue and Emergency Response Capabilities in the North American Arctic

November, 2019 – Ottawa, Ontario


Funding will support the collection and assessment of the lessons learned from the annual Canadian and American operations, Nanook and Arctic Shield, pertaining to search and rescue and emergency response capabilities, as well as a two-day workshop that will engage practitioners and experts in a discussion on the lessons learned, best practices, and evolving technologies, focusing on mass rescue operations, Arctic sustainment packages, interagency cooperation and coordination, and the use of community assets as force multipliers.

Valens Global and Carleton University, Norman Paterson School of International Affairs (NPSIA)

How to Master the Strategic Environment through Applied Artificial Intelligence: Anticipation of Sub-State Threats as a Case Study

September 2019-January 2020 – Washington, DC and Ottawa, Ontario


Funding will support the development of a comprehensive report that will explain how Artificial Intelligence (AI) can successfully project violent non-state actors’ strategic futures (including attack patterns, criminal activities, and geographic expansion), and how the design of AI in these contexts can avoid inadvertent biases. The project also plans to create and demonstrate AI that can project future patterns of sub-state violence, including new attack innovations.

Project Ploughshares

MOSAIC: Exploring Future Defence and Global Security Challenges

August-December 2019 – Ottawa, Ontario; Montreal, Quebec; Vancouver, British Columbia, Halifax, Nova Scotia


Funding will support a series of policy lab discussions across Canada, engaging members of the public and relevant stakeholders, which will seek to forecast defence and security challenges in the short, medium, and long-term, as well as identify the perceptions and expectations of preparedness the Defence Team to address such challenges from both the general public and expert community.

Carleton University, Norman Paterson School of International Affairs (NPSIA) and the Centre for Security, Intelligence, and Defence Studies (CSIDS)

The Year Ahead: An International Security, Intelligence, and Defence Outlook for Canada for 2020

8 December 2019 – Ottawa, Ontario


Funding will support a one-day conference which will bring together academics, practitioners, and members of civil society with the aim of identifying and discussing the most pressing security, intelligence, and defence challenges likely to face Canada and the world in the year ahead.

Université du Québec à Montréal

La coopération canadienne en matière de renseignement

25-26 May 2020 – Montreal, Quebec


The grant will support a symposium that will include a day of thematic panels followed by a half-day roundtable bringing together experts and experienced practitioners. The symposium will examine Canada's intelligence cooperation in a context of challenging the liberal international order. It will bring together experts and professionals to reflect on issues related to the sharing and use of intelligence in a changing international environment.

Université de Montréal

The Politics of Foreign Military Training in Fragile States: A Two-Day Conference at the Université de Montréal

14-15 November 2019 – Montreal, Quebec


Funding will support a two-day conference with academics and policymakers to understand the drivers, consequences, and effectiveness of foreign military capacity building and security assistance programs, focusing on Canadian and American missions in fragile states. The conference aims to develop a deeper understanding of the impact and global politics of foreign military training, including how some states seek to expand their military relationships through parallel security assistance programs.

Alixima Solutions Ltd.

Improving Defence Procurement: Aligning Government and Industry Interests during the Procurement Process

2020 – Ottawa, Ontario


Funding will support the engagement of three independent senior executives from the defence industry to produce a white paper describing how defence companies are motivated. The project will develop recommendations for improving Canada’s bid process and project execution to better align the Government of Canada’s procurement objectives with industry success measures. Recommendations will also consider the alignment of gender equity objectives between Canada and industry.

Queen’s University, Centre for International and Defence Policy (CIDP)

Anticipating Defence Challenges in the Asia-Pacific: Canada as a Pacific Nation

20-21 February 2019 – Ottawa, Ontario


Funding will support a two-day conference to assess the security environment in the Asia-Pacific over the next decade, and explore the implications for Canada of changing great-power relations in this region. The conference will focus on Australia, Canada, South Korea and New Zealand, examining how these countries can cooperate with one another and with the United States to advance peace and security in the region.

Carleton University, Norman Paterson School of International Affairs (NPSIA)

Planning Informed by Design: Canadian Operational Art and How We Fight

September 2019-June 2020 – Ottawa, Ontario


Funding will support research on existing design and planning practices in the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF), as well as best and emerging practices in other comparable militaries and the gaps between them. The project will include a workshop of civilian and military experts in the field of operational art and design, an academic paper and a set of policy notes focusing on the needs and capabilities of the CAF.

Young MINDS Youth Targeted Engagement Grants

Queens University

Servicewomen’s Salute Portal Project

Kingston, Ontario


Funding will support the development of an enhanced online communications opportunity for students and scholars with interest in defence and security via the Queens University Servicewomen’s Salute Portal Project. The portal will allow Government of Canada, as well as defence and security organizations to support next generation scholars, as well as help curate more “next gen” insights into the MINDS policy challenges.

Targeted Engagement Grants 2018-2019 


Balsillie School of International Affairs

Canada’s Role in Contributing to Addressing MENA Challenges

Spring 2019

Waterloo, Ontario

Funding: $36,150.00

This Workshop will evaluate Canada’s role in MENA. Specifically it will address the potential role of the Canadian Armed Forces in providing humanitarian assistance, disaster relief, peacekeeping, training, special-forces, post-conflict reconstruction, and combat operations in MENA. It will examine opportunities where Canadian Armed Forces can help support, engage, enhance interoperability, and train NATO Partner countries in the MENA. Finally it will Provide policy recommendations on how Canada’s Defense team can help counter MENA’s proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, spread of terror networks, and assist regional partners achieve mutual strategic goals.

Canadian Global Affairs Institute

CGAI’s Fifth Annual Defence Procurement Conference

October 3, 2018

Ottawa, Ontario

Funding: $24,446.00

This one day conference will reflect upon and examine how Canada can better balance the CAF level of ambition under Strong, Secure, Engaged (SSE) and the available resources in relation to defence acquisitions processes. The conference will also examine how the CAF and DND can fulfil the procurement ambitions outlined in SSE.

Canadian Global Affairs Institute

One Year of Strong, Secure Engaged: A Status Report

June 7, 2018

Ottawa, Ontario

Funding: $23,950.00

This one-day conference will reflect upon and provide a status report on Canada’s defence policy, Strong, Secure, Engaged. The conference will discuss ways DND and the CAF can expand the defence workforce, diversify it and change the employment model for reserve employment. Finally, the conference will look at the progress on adapting the policy changes for new capabilities in Strong, Secure, Engaged, along with the evolution of North American defenc

Centre for Asia-Pacific Initiatives (CAPI), University of Victoria

Threats to Regional and Global Stability: Southeast Asia in Global Context

October 2018 & March 2019

Victoria, British Columbia

Funding: $26,108.00

This project will investigate two significant, inter-related sources of regional and global instability emanating from Southeast Asia and to consider possible responses, including responses by Canadian. Specifically, the project will address the rising threat of ethno-religious nationalism.

Centre for International and Defence Policy

The Gender Perspective in Policy and Operations: Explaining the Implementation Gap

November 16, 2018

Kingston, Ontario

Funding: $38,333.00

This project will examine why and how organizations and states integrate gender guidelines into their practices, with a focus on the Canadian Armed Forces and other NATO militaries. It will examine the implementation of gender guidelines, covering both diversity targets and the incorporation of gender perspectives in policies, operational planning and missions.

Centre for International and Defence Policy

The Gender Dimension of Veteran Transition: Workshop and Mentorship Program

September 2018

Kingston, Ontario

Funding: $12,085.00

This workshop will evaluate the ways in which to respond to the emerging and immediate needs of service providers for veterans. Namely, how can veteran service providers mainstream gender into their services to account for the unique needs of women veterans?

China Institute, University of Alberta

6th East Asia Maritime Security Forum; Cooperation and Engagement in the Asia Pacific and the Arctic Region

November 21-23, 2018

Haikou, Hainan Province, P.R China

Funding: $35,000

This three day forum will focus on regional maritime cooperation in Asia Pacific and the Arctic. It will also look at Arctic regional cooperation and sovereignty from the Canadian perspective.

Conference of Defence Associations Institute

2019 Ottawa Conference on Security and Defence

February 22-23, 2018

Ottawa, Ontario

Funding: $20,555.00

This two day conference will examine Strong Secure, Engaged. It will evaluate Force development, emerging technologies, international defence relationships and diversity and well-being. It will also evaluate the initial progress in establishing the implementation framework necessary to meet the increasingly demanding expectations laid out in SSE.

Kule Institute for Advanced Studies

Russian Policy and the War in Ukraine's Donbas: Options for the Future and Canadian Responses

September 2018(Date TBD)

Edmonton, Alberta

Funding: $27,542.00

This conference will examine Russia’s policy in Ukraine’s Donbas region, as well as the events that precipitated the uprising in the Donbas. It will look at Russian policy, military operations, and the supply of military equipment and weapons.

Trent University

Measuring the Success of the Canadian Rangers: Using Statistical Methods, Gender Based Analysis Plus and Stakeholder Dialogue to Discern Culturally Relevant and Appropriate Metrics

June 2018-March 2019

Yellowknife Northwest Territories; Ottawa, Ontario

Funding: $24,265.00

This project intends to work with 1st Canadian Ranger Patrol Group to develop more formal, substantive measures to evaluate the contributions, successes, and shortcomings of the Canadian Rangers as a component of the CAF Reserves within a Northern Canadian context. It will also study the roles, experiences and contributions of Women in the Canadian Rangers using the 1st Canadian Ranger Patrol Group as a case study.

Veteran Friendly Transition Program, Women in Technology Scholarship Board of Trustees, Calian Ltd.

Identifying the Barriers Facing Serving and Veteran Women in Cyber Technology

September-December 2018

Kingston Ontario; Esquimalt, British Columbia; Halifax, Nova Scotia

Funding Requested: $18,300.00

The project will take the form of a four-month coordinated research and information sharing initiative that will engage women who are presently serving and veterans of the Canadian Armed Forces to identify the real and perceived barriers to female participation in the cyber and network security industries.

Women in International Security- Canada

Gender & Security from the Bottom, Up

May 2-4, 2018

Edmonton, Alberta

Funding: $18,000

This three-day workshop will on focus (in)security as it is experienced by individuals and groups, in local contexts, and is compounded by considerations of gender, race, class, ethnicity, Indigeneity and sexuality. The workshop will also examine gender integration and monitoring in the Canadian Armed Forces. The goal of the workshop is to foreground everyday experiences of insecurity, with a particular focus on gender and other intersecting identities.

Targeted Engagement Grants 2017-2018


Canadian Forces Communications and Electronics Association

Cyber, Government, Academia and Industry: Our Collective Challenge and Opportunity

26 October 2017 – Ontario, Canada


This symposium will examine challenges and opportunities that exist within the cyber domain including national cyber capability development within government, academia and industry, as well as oversight and accountability in the area such.

Canadian Global Affairs Institute

Unpacking Canada's New Defence Policy: The Path to Strong, Secure, Engaged

4 October 2017 – Ontario, Canada


This conference will examine Canada’s new defence policy and address its implications on the defence relationship in North America, on personnel, capability and financial issues, and on innovation.

Carleton University

12th Defence and Security Economics Workshop

2-3 November 2017 – Ontario, Canada


This workshop will bring together economists in the fields of defence and security economics to discuss issues such as the expected cost of the current shipbuilding program, the cost of replacement aircraft, the implications of Canada's commitment to a larger defence budget, and other issues related to the current Canadian defence policy.

Carleton University, Norman Paterson School of International Affairs

Ottawa Workshop on Strategic Foresight: Charting the Future of Technology and National Security and Defence Priorities

9-10 November 2017 – Ontario, Canada


This workshop will assess how to leverage strategic foresight and anticipatory intelligence techniques, approaches, and methodologies in planning and preparing for future and emerging security and defence threats, challenges, and opportunities as a result of technological innovation.

Carleton University, Norman Paterson School of International Affairs

The Year Ahead

7 December 2017 – Ontario, Canada


This workshop will consider the defence and foreign policy priorities facing Canada in the near future and address threats to Canada and its allies for 2018, Canada’s ongoing and new missions, Canada and US defence relations, and the cyber and space realms.

Chatham House, the Royal Institute of International Affairs

Red-Teaming NATO

Fall 2017 – United Kingdom


This project will use scenarios based around three possible futures – one in which NATO members have re-affirmed their commitment to the alliance; one in which NATO still exists but member states are not fully engaged; and one in which NATO has been supplanted by an alternate European security architecture – to examine the outcome of a near-future security incident in worlds where NATO thrives, stagnates or disappears.

Conference of Defence Associations Institute

20th Annual Graduate Student Symposium

12-13 October 2017 – Ontario, Canada


This conference will provide approximately 20 graduate students and emerging security and defence experts with the opportunity to present their research on Canada’s security and defence interests.

Craig Stephens Productions Inc.

Long Ride Home

Summer-Fall 2017 – Ontario, Canada


This research project will collect and analyse qualitative data on therapeutic innovations that are helping current and former Canadian service members recover from visible and non-visible injuries.

École nationale d’administration publique

Le processus d’intégration des Autochtones dans les Forces armées canadiennes : entre apport stratégique et équité

6 December 2017 – Quebec, Canada


This conference will explore the factors driving Aboriginal retention in the military, namely what motivates Aboriginal people to enlist and what motivates them to remain in the military. It will also take stock of the strategic contribution of Aboriginal people in Canadian defense policy.

École nationale d’administration publique, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche sur les relations internationales du Canada et du Québec

La politique étrangère et de défense du gouvernement Trudeau à mi-mandat – Évaluations et projections

4 December 2017 – Quebec, Canada


This conference will discuss the Trudeau Government's foreign and defence policy at mid-term and explore the political, technological, diplomatic or strategic impacts of the increase in Canada’s defense budget, the public’s perception of the government’s approach to security and defence, the Arctic’s defence, NATO, and peace operations.

Montana Hunter

(in)Security: Connecting Defence and Foreign Affairs Professionals

August-October 2017 – British Columbia, Canada and via an online platform


This project will develop defence networking and discussion group. It will host lectures and discussions with Security experts from British Columbia in Canada.

Queen’s University, Centre for International and Defence Policy

Gender, Women, and International Security

4-6 October 2017 – Ontario, Canada


This workshop will focus on gender, women, and international security and discuss the value of gendered approaches to security.

Romeo Dallaire Child Soldiers Initiative

Canada's re-engagement with Peace Operations in Africa: Challenges & Opportunities

23-24 October 2017 – Nova Scotia, Canada


This conference will examine the scope and nature of the current security threats and challenges with peace operations on the African continent, and explore the ways these issues challenge African states’ capacities to anticipate, prevent, and respond to such security threats.

Simon Fraser University

Canada’s Civil-Military Gap: Strategic Communication Strategy to address the Lack of Awareness of Defence Policy and the CAF among Canadian University Students

Fall 2017 – British Columbia, Canada


This research project research project aimed at developing an effective strategic communication policy for increasing awareness of the Canadian Armed Forces and NATO among university students.

St. Francis Xavier University

Northern Defence Policy and Operations

Publications to be released in fall 2017, winter 2018 and spring 2018


This project initiates or accelerates the production three research platforms or publication series develops research into open access e-books, and disseminates print copies. These platforms are the Northern Maritime Security Series; the Canadian Forces Northern Operational History Series; and the Documents on Canadian Arctic Sovereignty and Security.

St. Jerome’s University in the University of Waterloo

Russia’s Arctic Interests: Implications for Canadian Defence, Security, and Foreign Policy

January, February and May 2018 – Alberta and Yukon, Canada


This workshop will discuss Canada’s Arctic interests, Russia’s Arctic interests, Canada’s defence relationship with the United States and the implications of Russia’s Arctic strategies for NATO and Canada’s allies in the European Arctic.

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute

Conference on Article 36 Reviews and Emerging Technologies

20-21 September 2017 – Stockholm, Sweden


This conference will identify, discuss and prepare relevant practitioners for the spectrum of challenges associated with the reviews of weapons, means and methods of warfare building on three emerging fields of technology: cyber-weapons, artificial intelligence and robotics, and human enhancement technologies.

The Center for Strategic and International Studies

Redefining Security Investments

November 2017 – November 2018 – Washington, D.C. and Ottawa, ON


CSIS proposes a research project to analyse defence spending by members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. The project’s objective is to identify and examine comprehensive measures for security investment—beyond NATO’s 2 percent target for defense spending—that would accurately measure allied and partner contributions to Transatlantic security.

The International Institute for Strategic Studies

Current and emerging military capability developments in Russia

11-12 December 2017 – United Kingdom


This workshop will explore Russia’s military services and equipment capabilities and analyse organisations, platforms and systems, as well as Russia’s defence industries and defence funding. It will focus on specific military capabilities, organisations and noteworthy equipment developments.

Université du Québec à Montréal

Stratégies des puissances moyennes dans un monde multipolaire

21-22 September 2017 – Quebec, Canada


This seminar will examine the consequences of the political and strategic transformations resulting from the emergence of a multipolar world for the middle powers, including Canada. It will also discuss the strategies considered and implemented by other middle powers.

Université du Québec à Montréal, Chaire Raoul-Dandurand

Forum St-Laurent sur la sécurité internationale, 4e édition

10-11 May 2018 – Quebec, Canada


This forum will explore Canada's role in the changing international environment and address the world after the incoming G7 in Charlevoix, the challenges posed by humanitarian issues in contemporary conflicts, business and international security, Canada and US relationship, peace operations, terrorism, NATO, security issues for 2018-2019.

Université Laval, Hautes Études Internationales

Partenariat en leadership civil-militaire : l’avenir des forces de réserve?

2 December 2017 – Quebec, Canada


This conference will discuss the relationship between civil society – including the business community and educational institutions – and the Reserve forces and also take stock of the British and American models.

University of Alberta, China Institute

5th East Asia Maritime Security Forum: Maritime Security and Cooperation in Asia Pacific and the Arctic

25-27 October 2017 – Alberta, Canada


This workshop will explore the challenges linked to maritime security in the Arctic and in Asia-Pacific including those linked to recent developments, navigation, environment protection, dispute management and maritime cooperation.

University of Manitoba

NORAD at 60: Canada's Past, Present and Future Role

2 May 2018 – Ontario, Canada


This conference will analyse and reflect upon the last three decades of NORAD and explore the views of former Deputy-Commanders of NORAD, the impacts of 9/11 and other shocks, and the future of the Alliance.

University of Manitoba, JW Dafoe Foundation

Terrorism and Beyond: Defence and Security in a New Age

24-26 January 2018 – Manitoba, Canada


This conference will analyse terrorism and the defence of Canada beginning with a look at the scope of the problem, the unintended consequences, and the possible solutions.

University of Ottawa

Canadian Defence Policy in Theory and Practice Workshop

8 December 2017 – Ontario, Canada


This workshop will bring together the contributors to a forthcoming edited volume on the practice and theory of Canada’s defence policy and explore the fundamentals, thematic or theoretical as well as emerging defence policy issues.

University of Ottawa, Centre for International Policy Studies

Canada in a Changing International Security Environment: Opportunities and Challenges

7-8 December 2017 – Ontario, Canada


This conference will investigate the implications of the changing international security environment. It will address the US security policies under President Trump, NATO, the changes and challenges in the Asia-Pacific, the development and security of fragile states, the security in the Arctic region and UN peace operations in the 21st century.

University of Pennsylvania, Center for Ethics and the Rule of Law

Securing Space: Ethical Governance for Outer Space Security

20-21 April 2018 – Philadelphia, USA


This roundtable conference will address the ethical, legal, and policy questions, and seek possible solutions and recommendations on issues that lie at the intersection of rule of law/ethics on the one hand and international security/armed conflict on the other.

University of Prince Edward Island

Public Sector Leadership: “Canada and the United States: a Changing Relationship in a Changing World“

29-31 August 2017 – Prince Edward Island, Canada


This conference will explore Canada’s defence strategy in the wake of the 2016 US presidential election, the defence of Canada’s borders and the current security threats to Canada.

University of Winnipeg

Climate Impact Assessment and Monitoring in Northern Canada: Assessing Opportunities for CAF-Indigenous Collaboration

September-October 2017 – Manitoba, Canada


This research project will assess current opportunities for advancing adaptive governance systems involving the Canadian Armed Forces, First Nations, Metis, and Inuit as an integral component of developing strategic plans for territorial defense, environmental security, and monitoring of northern Canada.

Valens Global

Mapping Jihadist Operational Tactics, Techniques and Procedures

September-November 2017 – United States


This research project will examine the targeting preferences of salafi jihadist groups operating across Africa, and assess the risks that these organizations pose to Canadian and Western interests and personnel on the continent.

Wilfrid Laurier University, Laurier Centre for Military Strategic and Disarmament Studies

Mobilizing Knowledge through the Past and Present: A Forum on Veterans and Military Families

The podcast will be available in fall 2017 and summer 2018 – Ontario, Canada


This project will consist of a forum and a multi-episode podcast series discussing the individual challenges facing active CAF members, veterans and their families including the healing environments, the transition from military to civilian life, and other international approaches.

Targeted Engagement Grants 2016-2017 – Round 2
University of Ottawa, Faculty of Common Law

“Developing Trust in the Automation of Military Systems”

14-15 June, 2017 – Ottawa, ON


This two-day conference, to take place in Ottawa from 14-15 June 2017, will examine the issue of trustworthiness in the link between automated systems and meaningful human control (MHC). MHC is becoming an increasingly important legal concept and one that will increasingly impact national defence considerations. The conference will, therefore, have the potential to significantly contribute to defence thinking.

Centre for Security, Intelligence and Defence Studies, Norman Paterson School of International Affairs

“The Year Ahead: An Examination of the Defence and Foreign Policy Challenges Facing Canada in the Near Future”

8 December 2016 – Ottawa, ON


This one-day workshop brought together foreign and defence academics and practitioners to consider the defence and foreign policy priorities facing Canada. Particular elements, including its regional focus on Asia and its focus on life after the US election made this workshop timely and it provided a fertile atmosphere for defence researchers to discuss pressing contemporary issues.

Centre for International and Defence Policy (CIDP)

“The Gender Dimension of Veteran Transition: International Best Practices and the Way Forward”

23-24 March 2017 – Kingston, ON


This two-day event will be held at Queen’s University in Kingston and will discuss the transition from military to civilian life and will focus on female veterans in order to address a lack of gendered approaches in the literature. The conference will support dialogue between government and non-government actors, including emerging scholars, and will couch the debate in the experiences of female CAF personnel who have successfully transitioned to civilian life. This workshop is highly innovative and directly tied to DEP priority 3.

Centre sur la Sécurité internationale (CSI), Université Laval

« École d’été sur la consolidation de la paix »

29 mai au 3 juin 2017 – Université Laval, QC


This event is a seven-day interactive course on peace and defence, which will tackle issues of conflict prevention, intervention, and peace building. The topic is highly relevant, the speakers are knowledgeable, and the participants are from diverse backgrounds, which should enable an informed discussion of the issues.

Canadian Pugwash Group

“Canada’s Contribution to Global Security”

23-26 July 2017 – Halifax and Pugwash, NS


This two-day workshop aims to address all three DEP engagement priorities, including important and relatively untapped issues (in the context of the DEP) such as the US strategic shift to Asia and efforts to reduce nuclear arms. Other topics of discussion include Arctic security and multilateral peace operations.

Center for Canadian Studies, Nitze School for Advanced International

Studies, Johns Hopkins University

“USNORTHCOM At Fifteen: Is North America better defended?”

1-2 May 2017 – Washington, DC


This event will bring together Canadian and US defence and security academics and practitioners to discuss USNORTHCOM and its impact on North American defence issues and requirements. In addition to evaluating efforts to modernize NORAD, this project will examine how USNORTHCOM differs from other US geographic commands given that it operates alongside pre-existing structures that define the US-Canada defence relationship. The conference will result in a published and edited volume of conference papers in 2017.

Conference of Defence Associations Institute (CDA Institute)

“The CDA-CDA Institute 2017 Ottawa Conference on Security and Defence: Canada, Great Powers and World Order”

17-18 February 2017 – Ottawa, ON


This two-day conference seeks to engage past and present policymakers, including the Prime Minister and Minister of National Defence, to work directly with expert non-governmental policymakers, including those in think tanks and academia, to discuss pressing security concerns facing Canada. This year’s event will look at Canada’s Defence Policy, Canada-US defence relations, NATO threats, and great power security dynamics. These are timely and pertinent topics. The discussions will allow access to subject matter experts to inform, confirm and challenge defence policy thinking. This annual event is generally well regarded and its broad-level discussions are expected to advance defence thinking.

Centre for International and Defence Policy (CIDP)

“Between Deterrence and Assurance: Understanding Canada’s Role”

11-12 May 2017 – Kingston, ON


This two-day workshop will take place in Kingston in May 2017 and will gather scholars, policy experts, and practitioners to assess the evolving role and force posture of Canada and its allies (including the US) with regard to conventional deterrence, missile defence, and nuclear deterrence. The organizers will explore deterrence through a policy comparison of nuclear powers and non-nuclear powers. The organizers will also assess the requirements of assurance and deterrence within the NATO framework and examine how Canada can support deterrence measures without contributing to a new Cold War.

McGill University

“Manual on International Law Applicable to Military Uses of Outer Space (MILAMOS) Project—request for funding for hosting a workshop”

January-December 2017 – Montreal, QC


This project is one part of an expansive undertaking by McGill to become a leader in the field of space law. The project will support Canadian space capabilities and input in this area will contribute to Canadian defence thinking. In its entirety, the project aims to lead thinking on space law by bringing together world experts and states to advance international opinion on this topic.

Centre sur la Sécurité internationale (CSI), Université Laval

« 8ème Rencontre Université/Défense »

29 mars 2017 – Université Laval, QC


The CSI will lead a conference to explore the multiple dimensions of security that impact contemporary defence issues. This conference will address key DEP engagement priorities. The event will involve about 140 CAF members from Valcartier who have been invited to participate in the project, and CAF members are also listed among the speakers.

NATO Association of Canada (NAOC)

“Crisis Response: Is Canada Prepared?”

26 April 2017 – Toronto, ON


This conference, entitled “Crisis Response: Is Canada Prepared?” is tied into all three DEP engagement priorities and will directly examine issues related to Canada and NATO, interoperability, and security in the Baltic States and Eastern Europe. The invited speakers represent a good balance between government and non-government thinkers and the event will provide an opportunity for emerging scholars to enhance their own research and interact with policymakers.

Strategic Studies Students’ Consortium (S3C), Centre for Military, Security & Strategic Studies, University of Calgary

“19th Annual Graduate Strategic Studies Conference: Addressing Complex and Evolving Threats in the 21st Century”

16-17 March 2017 – Calgary, AB


This two-day conference will take place in Calgary in March 2017. This year’s conference theme is “Addressing Complex and Evolving Threats in the 21st Century” and it will contrast evolving threats with traditional ones. The conference provides a scholarly forum encouraging multidisciplinary discussions on a range of security and defence issues, both domestic and international. The conference will also act as a public forum for debate on a range of topics, including cybersecurity, terrorism, and procurement. Participants include emerging scholars, active and retired military personnel, corporate representatives, and the public.

Centre sur la Sécurité internationale (CSI), Université Laval

« École d’été sur les terrorismes »

30 avril au 3 mai 2017 – Université Laval, QC


This event will explore how Canada can confront terrorism on an international level. The topic is highly relevant, the speakers are strong, and the participants are from diverse backgrounds. The project organizer made a strong effort to involve DND/CAF, including inviting the Director DPK Pol and several other DND and Global Affairs Canada officials to attend.

The Mackenzie Institute

“Canada’s Peacekeeping in an Age of Conflict”

16 May 2017 – Ottawa, ON


This one-day event seeks to engage governmental decision-makers and non-governmental policy thinkers to discuss Canadian approaches to future security (2020-2050). The goal of the event is to examine current trends in peacekeeping and explore how they might be shaped by the future geopolitical landscape in order to assist CAF preparedness. Considering the Government’s re-prioritization of international peace missions, this event is timely and could help to shape policy going forward.

Women in International Security – Canada

“The Next Generation of Women Leaders”

17-19 May 2017 – Montreal, QC


This three-day conference will engage emerging scholars and experts to discuss international security and defence issues and highlight the contribution of women who remain underrepresented in these fields. The event will engage women who have established themselves as leaders in Canadian defence and security to support and foster future leaders. This event touches upon all three DEP engagement priorities and its list of preliminary speakers is strong and includes both academics and senior CAF personnel. The work of emerging scholars will be supported through this project.

Targeted Engagement Grants 2016-2017 – Round 1
SFU Model NATO Club, Department of Political Science, Simon Fraser University – $25,000

“Global Model NATO Summit : Vancouver 2016” (25-30 July 2016, Vancouver and Victoria, BC)

The Global Model NATO Summit will immerse over 100 students into the policies, methods, and challenges faced by defence and military officials at NATO through a six-day workshop program. The project plans on engaging a large and diverse number of Defence Team officials including ADM(Pol). The planners will engage local and national media and publish the results of the event in a scholarly journal.

Centre for International Peace and Security Studies (CIPSS), McGill University – $16,292

“New Trends in United Nations-led Peacekeeping: Canadian and Global Perspectives” (24 October 2016, Montreal, QC)

This one-day conference at McGill University will address two key trends of relevance to DND/CAF: new peacekeeping mandates and new peacekeeping actors. The will conference will include four panels: expansion of peacekeeping mandates; peacekeeping and the security-development nexus; new contributors to peacekeeping; and who controls peacekeeping. This project will bring together a diverse group of panelists from academia, government, and non-governmental organizations, and one from DND/CAF and will be open to the public. The organizers will produce an event report for DND, containing an executive summary, a discussion of the interventions, as well as a set of policy recommendations for the Government of Canada.

St. Jerome’s University in the University of Waterloo – $24,395

“A Whole-of-Government/Comprehensive Approach to Defence, Security and Safety in the Arctic: Meeting Public Policy Challenges and Translating Theory into Practice” (November 2016 and January 2017, Yellowknife, NT, and Ottawa, ON)

The project will include a two-day workshop involving approximately 30 Canadian scholars and federal, territorial, and indigenous government representatives, including BGen Nixon, Commander, Joint Task Force (North). The project will examine the whole-of-government approach to defence, safety, and security in the arctic in an effort to clarify and inform how academics and policy-makers envisage, implement, and sustain comprehensive security and safety approaches in order to ensure direct, positive policy and practical benefits for Northern governments and communities. In addition to the research portion, they plan outreach meetings in Yellowknife, Washington, and Ottawa.

Centre for International and Defence Policy (CIDP) – $23,134

“Peace First: Canada’s Role in Peace Operations” (20-21 October 2016, Kingston, ON)

This workshop will gather scholars, practitioners, and policy experts from multidisciplinary fields to assess the merits and implications of various policy options on Canada’s role in training peacekeepers and engaging in peace operations. The proposed participants come from diverse organizations based in Canada and abroad, including academic institutions, think-tanks, and several Canadian government departments (including DND/CAF and GAC). The proponents will prepare academic articles and a policy report outlining recommendations for DND/CAF.

Global Security Initiative (GSI), Arizona State University – $25,000

“Lethal Autonomous Weapons, Artificial Intelligence and Meaningful Human Control” (September, 2016, Tempe, AZ, USA)

This workshop will identify and validate cross-cutting approaches and/or cross-disciplinary policy approaches to Meaningful Human Control (MHC) in weapons systems following on from the vast array of work produced on the concept in the lead up and aftermath of the UN Informal Experts Meeting. This workshop aims to produce policy options that reflect the wider significance of the issues under consideration. Deliverables will be presented at the UN in December. This project will provide a platform for the JAG to contribute to the conversation and outputs.

Centre d’Études et de Recherches Internationales de l’Université de Montréal (CÉRIUM), Université de Montréal – $10,000

« L’OTAN après le sommet de Varsovie : quelle place pour le Canada au sein de l’Alliance atlantique? » (30 September 2016, Montreal, QC)

This study and workshop will examine the impact of the Ukraine crisis in relation to NATO and Russia. The participants will include several Canadian and European scholars and military officials including NATO’s Supreme Allied Commander and Supreme Allied Commander Transformation. It will examine the strategic actions and consequences for NATO, the implications for deteriorating relations between the two, and the role of Canada. The outcomes from this study and event will be published in le CERIUM and Le Devior et Monde68 and will be made available on YouTube

Mackenzie Institute – $16,500

“Canada’s Defence Policy Review: The Geopolitical Context 2020-2050” (22 September 2016, Toronto, ON)

This conference will provide insight into Canadian national security matters in a global context. The organizer aims to raise awareness of current and future geopolitical trends as they impact the DND/CAF in relation to the Defence Policy Review. The event will seek to attract participation from government decision-makers, DND/CAF personnel, as well as security experts and academics and will involve them in discussions relating to the Defence Policy Review.

Conference of Defence Associations Institute, Norman Paterson School of International Affairs, and Queen’s University – $16,500

“Pan-Canadian Focus Group Workshop: Realistic and Credible Policy Advice for Canada’s Defence Review” (8 August 2016, Ottawa, ON)

This one-day focus group workshop will bring together defence academics and practitioners from Canadian universities, Canada Command and the Canadian Forces College, policy analysts from key government departments (including DND, PCO, and TBS), retired and serving Canadian military, as well as graduate students to analyse the key issues and challenges facing the DND and the CAF. The main deliverable is to provide realistic, credible and focused input to the 2016 Defence Policy Review. The workshop will consist of four focus groups made up of approximately 50 government observers and defence experts from across Canada. The themes of the focus groups are threat environment, the forces, readiness, and missions and allies. Experts will be assigned to groups based on their expertise.

Centre for Defence and Security Studies (CDSS), University of Manitoba, and the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs – $25,000

“Part 3 NORAD Evolved – a multi-domain, multi-mission, multi-partner North American Defense Command? Part 3 of 3” (July 2016 – Spring 2017)

This research project involves the creation and analysis of four new models for NORAD via academic study and a series of interviews with key military and government personnel in Canada and the US. The goal is to test the four new models of NORAD for command and control implications, responsiveness to future threats and benefits to Canada-US defence relations. The deliverables of this multi-step project include: a presentation to Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), a workshop at the Canadian Forces College, a presentation to the Maritime Stakeholders’ Workshop, a special edition of the International Journal and the CDA Institute’s Vimy Paper, dedicated to the research findings of this project. The principle investigators will also prepare a summary report of the findings for DND, Canada NORAD Regional HQ, and US Northern Command.

Balsillie School of International Affairs, University of Waterloo, and Wilfred Laurier University’s Laurier Centre for Military Strategic and Disarmament Studies (LCMSDS) – $13,956

“Strengthening the Canadian Forces Through Diversity: “We stand on guard for thee”” (Spring 2017, Waterloo, ON)

This one-day workshop will bring together academics, policy practitioners, and CAF personnel to present research and insights about the lack of diversity in the demographic makeup of the CAF. The goal of the workshop is to identify the benefits of increased diversity in the CAF, examine evidence to uncover where the problem lies in CAF recruitment among different identity groups, and to provide policy recommendations to help the CAF remedy this problem. Academics will be asked to present papers on these three issues. The papers will be peer-reviewed and collated into an edited manuscript collection

Article 36 – $16,500

“Autonomous Weapons, Artificial Intelligence and Human Control – Evaluating the Human-System Interface in Weapons Review Processes” (2016-Onward, London, UK)

This project builds on work undertaken by Article 36 in conjunction with Dr. Heather Roff of the University of Arizona to develop conceptual thinking around meaningful human control in the context of autonomous weapons and artificial intelligence. Part of the research will consist of interviews with practitioners in the fields of artificial intelligence, military policy, and weapon review processes. The main deliverable will be a research report that will provide a framework for thinking about how human control can be evaluated in the context of weapons review processes, which will be released at the UN Convention on Conventional Weapons Review Conference in December 2016.

École nationale d'Administration publique (ENAP) – $13,859

« Tensions et réformes du processus d'approvisionnement militaire au Canada » (17 November 2016, Montreal, QC)

This project will support a conference focused on the tensions between economic interests, political considerations, and security concerns in the military procurement process. The conference will identify key lessons learned from allies that may be applicable in Canada with respect to defence acquisition reforms.

Valens Global, LLC – $24,270

“ISIL 2021: A Five-Year Projection of ISIL’s Expansionist Activities in North and West Africa” (June-September 2016, Washington, DC, USA)

This project seeks to provide Canadian defence officials with analysis of ISIL’s activities in Libya and the wider North African region. The project will consist of three components. The first is an assessment of ISIL’s strategy, tactics, strengths and vulnerabilities in North and West Africa. The second examines future scenarios for ISIL in the region and examines loss of territory in Iraq and Syria, ISIL leadership changes, competition or collaboration between ISIL and al-Qaeda, socio-political evolution in Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Mali, and Western military intervention in North and West Africa. The final component will consist of half-day briefings with Canadian defence officials in 2016 and February 2017 to present the project’s findings and engage in simulation exercises. The final deliverable will be a detailed 20-page report.

Norman Paterson School of International Affairs, Carleton University – $16,500

“Problems Abroad? Revisiting the Intervention Trap in an Era of Global Uncertainty” (6-7 October 2016, Ottawa, ON)

This workshop will evaluate the effectiveness of foreign interventions in ongoing conflict through paper submissions, presentations, and debate. Papers will address the causes, consequences, and policy implications for these interventions and will explore issues including Responsibility to Protect, the UN Charter, and the impact of small arms on the diffusion of conflicts and civil wars. The workshop is aimed at 30 invitees who are emerging scholars conducting research on conflict intervention and is designed specifically as an advanced training and learning opportunity. The proponent has sought contributions from leading universities and think tanks from around the world, as well as emerging Canadian scholars. Papers will evaluate the decision-making criteria of interveners, both states and international organizations and researchers will present their papers to an audience of their peers, senior academics, and policy specialists. The papers will be submitted for peer-review and the top papers will be published in a Canadian Foreign Policy Journal special issue on conflict intervention.

University of Ottawa and Saint-Paul University – $25,000

“Hybrid Warfare: New Concepts for Canadian Armed Forces” (15-16 October 2016, Toronto, ON)

This workshop aims to contribute to current and future Canadian defence policy thinking with regard to the emergence of hybrid warfare. The workshop will gather 16 military professionals and 4 academics from around the world, all of whom have either developed or taught concepts for understanding and waging hybrid warfare conflicts. (Confirmed participants include Dr. Alex Ryan (US army), Ben Zweibelson (US SOCOM), MGen (ret.) Yossi Baidatz (Israel Defense Forces) and Gen Carlos Ospina Ovalle (Colombian Army).) Each participant will present a 20-minute paper of 3000 words on their area of expertise (e.g. gray zones, complex systems, asymmetry, drift, reframing, etc.) and the best contributions will be submitted as a special issue to the Canadian Military Journal. All contributions will also be submitted as an edited book manuscript to Hurst Publishers ‘Critical War Studies’ series in 2017.

Canadian Global Affairs Institute – $25,000

“Defence Procurement Deliverology” (October 2016, Ottawa, ON)

This project will comprise of a major research paper as well as a one-day conference in Ottawa focused on DND’s major capital equipment procurements. The paper will track any progress made on the procurements listed in DND’s Status Report on Transformational and Major Crown Projects and the Defence Acquisition Guide, and will provide information and analysis on which projects are proceeding faster than anticipated, which are on schedule, and which are delayed and why. The conference will address the key challenges with respect to defence procurement in Canada. The conference program has been constructed to examine four subjects that are of significant importance to defence procurement generally: the treatment of intellectual property in defence acquisitions; linking defence and industrial policy; managing life-cycle affordability; and improving the defence procurement process in Canada. The conference will also specifically address the acquisition of a new fighter jets and Canadian Surface Combatants. The research paper will be published in conjunction with the conference in October 2016. A conference report would be published within 30 days of the event.

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