- Making inappropriate facial gestures at someone (e.g., rolling your eyes) or laughing at someone.Footnote 3
- Ignoring or ostracizing someone (e.g., not inviting a team member to a team lunch).
- Being disrespectful to someone (e.g., purposefully misusing their pronouns or mispronouncing their name).
- Coercing someone to engage in a ceremony or event (e.g., initiation rite) that demeans, belittles, or causes them personal humiliation.
- Speaking to someone in a condescending, degrading, or abusive manner (e.g., using racial slurs).
- Making inappropriate sexual or non-sexual comments (e.g., making fun of someone’s gender identity or sexual orientation).
- Engaging in behaviour that does not involve physical contact (e.g., banging on a table, throwing an object).
- Standing over someone or invading their personal space.
- Engaging in behaviour that involves physical contact (e.g., spitting at someone, pushing someone).
- Threatening to hurt someone (e.g., “I would like to hit you right now”).
- Threatening to damage someone’s property.
- Making inappropriate sexual gestures (e.g., gyrating in a suggestive manner).
- Withholding information from someone who needs it to perform their work.
- Asking subordinates to take on personal errands.
- Engaging in favouritism/disfavouritism.
- Belittling someone’s work.
- Taking advantage of a position of authority to exploit, intimidate, blackmail, threaten, or mistreat someone.
- Misusing power or authority to interfere with or influence someone’s career.
- Purposefully leaving someone out of group emails who should be included.
- Cc’ing others when pointing out someone's mistakes.
- Posting defamatory material about someone online.
- Being hostile towards someone online through words or pictures.
- Sharing material about someone online without consent.
- Making online threats to someone.
- Damaging someone’s property.
- Engaging in voyeurism.
- Sharing intimate photos of someone without consent.
- Stalking someone or making death threats to someone.
- Physical (e.g., hitting) or sexual (e.g., unwanted sexual touching) assault.
- Hate crimes.
- Denying someone a promotion despite their qualifications.
- Refusing someone a reasonable accommodation.
- Denying someone training opportunities or limiting their training opportunities.
- Denying someone a transfer.
- Denying someone a posting.
- Providing someone with an unfair performance evaluation.