Appendix 1 – General Campaign Star and General Service Medal (GCS and GSM) regulations (2009)

(Reprint of Regulations as amended by the following Orders in Council: P.C. 2004-287, 2010-79, 2011-238, 2017-1739 and 2019-1221)

Interpretation

  1. The definitions in this section apply in these Regulations.
  • The definitions in this section apply in these Regulations.
  • “Medal” means the General Service Medal (GSM) described in section 3. (Médaille)
  • “Rotation Bar” means a bar described in subsections 2(5) or 3(5). (Barrette de rotation)
  • “Star” means the General Campaign Star (GCS) described in section 2. (Étoile)

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Description

    1. The Star shall be 44 mm across and shall consist of a gold-coloured four-point star representing the cardinal points of a compass. It shall have a small ball at the tip of the top point with a ring attached to it through which a ribbon passes.
    2. On the obverse of the Star, built up in order from the back, shall appear:
      1. a wreath of maple leaves terminating at the top with the Royal Crown;
      2. two crossed swords, blades upwards, the blades and hilts forming four additional points to the Star;
      3. a fouled anchor; and
      4. an eagle flying affronty, its head to the sinister, and its wings outstretched extending beyond the wreath.
    3. On the reverse of the Star, within a raised circle, shall appear from top to bottom:
      1. the Royal Cypher ensigned by the Royal Crown;
      2. a space for the engraving referred to in subsection (6); and
      3. three maple leaves conjoined on one stem.
    4. The Star shall be suspended from a ribbon that is representative of the type of service or the geographic area for which it is awarded, and that is specified by the Governor in Council under paragraph 9(b).
    5. The Rotation Bars to the Star shall be gold-coloured with raised edges and shall bear either one or five maple leaves.
    6. The Star shall be engraved on the reverse with the recipient’s SN, rank, forename initials and surname.
    1. The Medal shall be 36 mm across and shall consist of a silver-coloured circular medal with a claw at the top that is attached to a straight slotted bar. The claw shall be in the form of a central maple leaf overlapping two others.
    2. On the obverse of the Medal shall appear a contemporary effigy of the Sovereign of Canada, circumscribed with the inscription in capital letters of the Canadian Royal Title and the word "CANADA", separated by small crosses pattée.
    3. On the reverse of the Medal, built up in order from the back, shall appear:
      1. two crossed swords, blades upwards;
      2. a fouled anchor; and
      3. an eagle flying affronty, its head to the sinister and wings outstretched. The whole shall be surmounted by the Royal Crown and surrounded by two branches of maple leaves.
    4. The Medal shall be suspended from a ribbon that is representative of the type of service or the geographic area for which it is awarded, and that is specified by the Governor in Council under paragraph 9(b).
    5. The Rotation Bars to the Medal shall be silver-coloured with raised edges and shall bear either one or five maple leaves.
    6. The Medal shall be engraved on the rim with the military or police recipient’s service or regimental number, rank, forename initials and surname or with the civilian recipient’s forenames and surname.

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Eligibility

  1. Subject to section 7, the Star may be awarded to any person who:
    1. is a member of the Canadian Forces and has been deployed outside Canada in a theatre of operations, in a Special Duty Area (SDA) or on a Special Duty Operation (SDO) in the presence of an armed enemy; or
    2. is a member of an allied force and has worked as an integral part of the Canadian Forces, such as exchange personnel, and otherwise meets the criteria applicable to a member of the Canadian Forces referred to in paragraph (a).
  2. Despite section 4, the Governor General may, on the recommendation of the Chief of the Defence Staff, award the Star to any person who has rendered distinguished services, under exceptional circumstances, such as taking direct actions against the enemy, and is a Canadian citizen in the employ of the Crown in right of Canada or of the Staff of the Non-Public Funds, Canadian Forces, or under contract with the Government of Canada, and otherwise meets the criteria applicable to a member of the Canadian Forces referred to in paragraph 4(a).
    1. Subject to subsection (2) and section 7, the Medal may be awarded to any person who:
      1. is a member of the Canadian Forces and has been deployed outside Canada to provide direct support on a full-time basis to operations in the presence of an armed enemy but not necessarily inside a theatre of operations, in a special duty area or on a special duty operation ;
      2. is a member of an allied force and has worked as an integral part of the Canadian Forces, such as exchange personnel, and otherwise meets the criteria applicable to a member of the Canadian Forces referred to in paragraph (a); or
      3. is a Canadian citizen in the employ of the Crown in right of Canada or of the Staff of the Non-Public Funds, Canadian Forces, or under contract with the Government of Canada, and has been deployed outside Canada either inside or outside a theatre of operations, in a special duty area or on special duty operation to provide direct support on a full-time basis to operations in the presence of an armed enemy as part of a military mission.
    2. To be eligible to be awarded the Medal, the person must have provided the direct support under exceptional circumstances and must have been deployed specifically to provide that support on a full-time basis to the operations. Recognition may be provided only when the deployment involves a certain level of risk, threat, hardship or operational intensity. Any support that is comparable in nature to normal duty or performed from the relative safety of a country distant from the theatre of operations shall be excluded from eligibility.
  3. The following do not constitute eligible service:
    1. visits and inspections for leadership, command or familiarization purposes;
    2. ceremonial or morale-building visits by military, police or civilian dignitaries;
    3. work by embedded journalists or war artists; and
    4. any other similar activity.
  4. The Star and the Medal shall only be awarded with a ribbon that identifies the specific type of service rendered or the geographic area in which the recipient served.
  5. The Governor in Council shall:
    1. determine the conditions that must be satisfied for service to be recognized as worthy of the award of a specific ribbon; and
    2. specify the design of the ribbons.
    1. A recipient of the Star or Medal may be awarded a first Rotation Bar if the person has served 210 cumulative days, including the days of service that made them qualify for the award of the Star or Medal.
    2. A recipient of one or more Rotation Bars may be awarded an additional Rotation Bar if the person has served an additional 180 cumulative days of service after qualifying for the last Rotation Bar that they have earned.
  6. The Star, the Medal and the Rotation Bars are awarded for honourable service.
    1. Any person who dies or is evacuated for medical reasons that are directly attributable to service is deemed to have satisfied any condition that is determined by the Governor in Council under paragraph 9(a).
    2. Any recipient of the Star or Medal who dies or is evacuated for medical reasons that are directly attributable to service shall be credited the entire period that they would have served had they completed their tour of duty for the purpose of calculating eligibility for Rotation Bars.
    1. The Star and the Medal together with the same ribbon shall only be awarded to a person once, and any additional qualifying service in respect of the same type of service or in the same geographic area is to be recognized by the award of Rotation Bars.
    2. When a person meets the criteria for both the Star or its Rotation Bar and the Medal or its Rotation Bar in respect of the same type of service or in the same geographic area within a period of 180 days, the person shall only be awarded the Star or its Rotation Bar.
    3. Eligible service for the Star or a Rotation Bar to the Star and for the Medal or a Rotation Bar to the Medal shall not be combined.
    4. The service counted towards the Star, Medal or Rotation Bars may not be counted towards any other Canadian or foreign service medal.

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Award

  1. An award of the Star, the Medal and the Rotation Bars shall be made:
    1. on the recommendation of the Chief of the Defence Staff, who shall make a list of all persons, military and civilian, who are eligible to be awarded the Star, the Medal or the Rotation Bars and shall forward the list to the Governor General; and
    2. by an instrument signed by the Governor General.
  2. The Star, the Medal and the Rotation Bars may be awarded posthumously.

Presentation

  1. Unless the Governor General otherwise directs, the Star, the Medal and the Rotation Bars shall be presented to a recipient, as arranged by the Chief of the Defence Staff.

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Wearing of medals and bars

    1. The Star and the Medal shall be worn on the left breast in accordance with the order of precedence determined by the Governor in Council.
    2. One Rotation Bar shall be worn centered on the ribbon.
    3. One Rotation Bar bearing five maple leaves shall be worn instead of five single maple leaf Rotation Bars.
    4. When several Rotation Bars are awarded, they shall be spaced evenly on the ribbon in the order that they were earned. The first Rotation Bar earned shall be worn closest to the Star or Medal.
    5. When the undress ribbon is worn, a silver maple leaf shall be worn centred on the ribbon of the Medal to indicate the award of a Rotation Bar, a gold maple leaf shall be worn to indicate the award of a second Rotation Bar and a red maple leaf shall be worn to indicate the award of a third Rotation Bar. If more than three Rotation Bars have been awarded, the maple leaves shall be worn in combination so as to indicate the total number of Rotation Bars awarded.
  1. A person to whom the Star or Medal has been awarded may wear a miniature of the Star or Medal on all occasions when the wearing of miniatures is customary.

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Cancellation and reinstatement

    1. The Governor General may, on the recommendation of the Chief of the Defence Staff:
      1. cancel or annul the award of the Star, the Medal or a Rotation Bar to any person; and
      2. restore the award of a Star, Medal or Rotation Bar that has been cancelled or annulled.
    2. If the award of a Star, Medal or Rotation Bar is cancelled or annulled, the recipient’s name shall be deleted from the register referred to in paragraph 20(c).

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Administration

  1. The Director, Honours, Chancellery of Honours shall:
    1. acquire the Stars, the Medals and the Rotation Bars;
    2. provide the Stars, the Medals and the Rotation Bars to the Chief of the Defence Staff;
    3. maintain a register containing the names of recipients of the Star, the Medal and the Rotation Bars associated with them and any other records that relate to the award that the Director considers necessary; and
    4. perform any other functions in respect of awards of the Star, the Medal and the Rotation Bars that the Governor General may require the Director to perform.

General

  1. Nothing in these Regulations limits the right of the Governor General to exercise all of the powers and authorities of the Sovereign of Canada in respect of the Star, the Medal and the Rotation Bars.

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