Release of Technical Airworthiness Manual - Change 8

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1 April 2019

Release of Technical Airworthiness Manual (TAM) Change 8

Reference: Technical Airworthiness Manual, C‑05‑005‑001/AG-001, Change 8, dated 2019-04-01

  1. The purpose of this letter is to formally announce the release of Change 8 to C‑05‑005‑001/AG-001, Technical Airworthiness Manual (TAM).
  2. TAM Change 8 is available on the Technical Airworthiness Authority (TAA) internet site. In addition, organizations with access to the Defence Wide Area Network can access TAM Change 8 at the Technical Airworthiness Manual page, or on the Canadian Forces Publication Depot’s intranet site. Amendments to the Canadian Forces Technical Orders (CFTO) C-05-005-P02/AM-001 to C‑05-005-P12/AM-001 (P-Series) covering RCAF maintenance policy requirements resulting from the Change 8 of the TAM are complete.
  3. TAM Change 8 introduces new continuing airworthiness requirements that have already been communicated to affected stakeholders through the Notice of Proposed Change (NPC) process.  In addition to minor and editorial changes meant to enhance format and readability, and improve the implementation of the Technical Airworthiness Program, there are other more substantive changes that are introduced that did not require consultation through the NPC process; for example: introduction of initial type certification requirements for Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS). A summary of the composition of TAM Change 8 is attached as Annex A.
  4. As TAM Change 8 will affect stakeholders differently, the TAA, through the Director Technical Airworthiness and Engineering Support (DTAES) regulatory staff, will coordinate directly with accredited recognized organizations, as well as the project management offices, to provide guidance and direction with regard to compliance requirements affecting organizational approvals.
  5. In the interim, if you have any questions or feedback related to the content of the new or amended provisions of TAM Change 8, you may contact the TAA Secretariat, at:

    Directorate of Technical Airworthiness and Engineering Support (DTAES)
    National Defence Headquarters
    Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0K2
    Attention: Mr. Greg Poulin, DTAES 2-2,
    Team Leader – Technical Airworthiness Program Management
    Tel: +1-819-939-4796
    Email: Greg Poulin
  6. The evolution and update of the TAM is an ongoing process and my staff is continuously working to further develop and improve its content and efficacy. We will continue to use NPCs to seek your feedback regarding future changes and welcome your participation and input in the TAM amendment process.

Sincerely,
André Pelchat
Technical Airworthiness Authority
Director Technical Airworthiness and Engineering Support

Changes incorporated in TAM Change 8, 2019-04-01

This summary is not exhaustive and users should consult the TAM for the complete list of changes.

Major changes 

Part 1 – Management Framework

Chapter 3 – Technical Airworthiness Program Overview
  • the amendment of Section 1, paragraph 1.3.1.7.4 stating that the Type Certificate Holder (TCH) is responsible to ensure that an authorized individual within the TCH organization or their Design Support Network (DSN) grants Technical Airworthiness Clearance (TAC); and
  • the amendment of Section 1, paragraph 1.3.1.9.4 to remove the statement that the TCH recommends TAC.
Chapter 4 – Assignment of Technical Airworthiness Authority
  • the addition of a minimum requirement in Section 2, Annex A, paragraph 1.4.2A.2.g for Engineering Process Manuals (EPM’s) to include a description of the methods used for the transmittal of engineering directions, and for proper documentation of said transmittals;
  • the removal of the requirement in Section 2, Annex C, paragraph 1.4.2C.3.d for an Maintenance Release Authority (MRA) to conduct a technical airworthiness maintenance release only on an aeronautical product in the control and custody of the Acceptable Maintenance Organization (AMO);
  • the update to Section 2, Annex C (multiple paragraphs) allowing organizations performing Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) to choose one of the Transport Canada approved standards (relating to welding and NDT). The changes also define the standards required by an organization that opts to employ NDT Operators in lieu of implementing the full standard;
  • the addition of the requirement at Section 2, Annex C, paragraph 1.4.2C.3.d(3)(c) that an individual works under the direct supervision of an Aircraft Certification Authority (ACA) or Shop Certification Authority (SCA) for a period not less than 1800 hours for ejection seat build-up and/or overhauls prior to being granted SCA for engine and propeller overhauls sign off; and
  • the insertion of a new paragraph at Section 2, paragraph 1.4.2.S1.5.n instructing all TAA-accredited organizations involved with technical airworthiness certification to need to conduct initial and recurring Human Factors training.

Part 2 – Initial Airworthiness

Chapter 1 – Aeronautical Product Type Certification Process
  • the addition of UAS to Section 1, paragraph 2.1.1.1.1.a;
  • the addition of a new sub-paragraph (6) to Section 1, paragraph 2.1.1.2 detailing that a Restricted Type Certificate (RTC) may be issued for UAS operating only in specific locations;
  • the addition of a new sub-paragraph (15) to Section 2, paragraph 2.1.2.S1 to show what Airworthiness Impact Assessments (AWIA’s) provided for airworthiness approval in support of a UAS RTC must include;
  • the addition of an Advisory Note to Section 2, paragraph 2.1.2.R2 that explains a certification plan is not required in support of a UAS RTC;
  • the addition of a new sub-paragraph (3) to Section 2, paragraph 2.1.2.R8 to detail when the TAA may issue a UAS RTC to a designated TCH;
  • the addition of UAS RTCs to Section 2, paragraph 2.1.2.S8.1;
  • the addition/amendment to/of Section 2, paragraph 2.1.2.S8.2 on exemptions and deviations from the certification basis to the list of information contained on the Type Certificate Data Sheet;
  • the addition of an Advisory Note to Section 2, paragraph 2.1.2.S8.2 explaining that a Restricted Type Certificate Data Sheet (RTCDS) must be attached to the DND Restricted Type Certificate, it also details what information must be contained in the RTCDS; and
  • the addition of Annex D to Section 2 – a template for a DND Restricted Type Certificate.

Chapter 2 – Aircraft Registration and Marking

  • the addition of UAS to Section 1, paragraph 2.2.1.1.1;
  • the amendment of Section 2, paragraph 2.2.2.R3.1 to clarify that a single Certificate of Registration may be used for UAS types with large numbers of UA; and
  • the addition of a new sub-paragraph (3) to Section 2, paragraph 2.2.3.1 to detail where registration and marking information for UAS operating with a RTC can be found.

Chapter 3 – Technical Airworthiness Clearance (TAC)

  • the addition of an Advisory Note to Section 2, paragraph 2.3.2.S1.3 to detail that Certificates of Airworthiness will not be issued for UAS operating with a RTC;
  • the amendment to the title of Section 2 Rule 2 and Standard 2 (paragraphs 3.2.3.R2 and 2.3.2.S2) to include “of a New Aircraft Type”;
  • the amendment of the first Advisory Note to Section 2, paragraph 2.3.2.R3 to clarify that all subsequent TACs after the initial TAC are normally the responsibility of the TCH, regardless of the design change classification;
  • the insertion of a new fourth Rule/Standard to Section 2 (2.3.2.[R/S]4) specifically for “Provisional Technical Airworthiness Clearance (PTAC) of a Design Change” since there is already a section designated for “PTAC of a New Aircraft Type”. This creation of a new Rule/Standard pushes all subsequent Rules and Standards in this Section down a number;
  • the adjustment of paragraphs 1 to 4 in Section 2, Standard 6 (previously 5) in order to clarify the submission of the Technical Data Package to the Type Certificate Holder for major Design Changes; and
  • the addition of a new sub-paragraph to Section 3, paragraph 2.3.3.2 to detail where registration and marking information for UAS operating with a RTC can be found.

Chapter 6 – Master Minimum Equipment List (MMEL)

  • the removal of non-passenger carrying flights’ restriction from category “A” repair code in Section 1, paragraph 2.6.1.2.4;
  • the addition to the list of prohibited items that should not be included into a Master Minimum Equipment List in Section 2, paragraph 2.6.2.S2.2 of items reducing the aircraft’s survivability where no provisions address exposure to the hazard; and
  • the addition of an advisory note to Section 2, paragraph 2.6.2.S3.2 to require deviation requests involving “Category A” repair codes be submitted with risk assessments.

Part 3 – Continuing Airworthiness

Chapter 1 – Conduct and Control of Maintenance
  • the addition of a sixth Advisory Note to Section 2, paragraph 3.1.2.S1.1.c(3) to address the minimum requirements for the documentation, communication and record retention of engineering decisions and directions;
  • the addition of an Advisory Note to Section 2, paragraph 3.1.2.S8.1.b clarifying new amendments to Section 2, paragraphs 3.1.2.S8.1.b and 3.1.2.S11.3.d  allowing the release of aircraft with outstanding ground test items which can safely be accomplished while the aircraft is in the custody of the Aircraft Captain or Pilot in Command; and
  • the removal of the requirement in Section 2, paragraph 3.1.2.S1.2.b(3) to have a formal Record of Airworthiness Risk Management (RARM) generated and to gain Technical Airworthiness Authority Staff concurrence for deviations to an Airworthiness Limitation and the replacement with text to capture how an extension to an Airworthiness Limitation (AWL), Airworthiness Directive (AD) time of compliance and MMEL A code repair interval extension will be managed by TCH organizations.
Chapter 4 – In-Service Monitoring Program
  • the addition to Section 2, Annexes A and C, paragraphs 3.4.2A.9 and 3.4.2C.5 of the requirement for the TAA to approve significant amendments to a fleet’s Aircraft Structural Integrity Monitoring Plan (ASIMP) and Engine Structural Integrity Monitory Program (ESIMP).

Part 5 – Airworthiness Processes

Chapter 3 – Maintenance Program Requirements
  • the amendment and addition of text and an Advisory Note to Section 2, paragraph 5.3.2.S1.b(9) to include paint color/light absorption limitations where necessary in the maintenance program;
  • the migration of the old Advisory Note to Part 1, Chapter 4, Section 2, Annex C, paragraph 1.4.2C.9 on the topic of changes to NDT techniques and how they constitute a maintenance program design change to the first Advisory Note to Part 5, Chapter 3, Section 2, paragraph 5.3.2.R4.1 where it is more appropriately presented; and
  • the amendment to the fourth Advisory Note in the same paragraph to explain that AWL deviations are permissible but will be subject to a risk assessment, and that DTAES must be notified when and why they occur.
Chapter 7 – Flight Authority
  • the addition of a new sub-paragraph (2) to Section 2, paragraph 5.7.2.R1 to state that Certificates of Airworthiness will not be issued for UAS operating with a RTC, and detail what happens in its stead.

Minor changes 

Part 1 – Management Framework

Chapter 4 – Assignment of Technical Airworthiness Authority
  • the updates to Annex B paragraph 3.a(1)(a)ii and Annex C paragraph 3.a(1)(a)ii to include the acceptable organizations’ own process manuals as necessary knowledge criteria to be eligible for the assignment of Senior Manufacturing Manager (SMfgM) or Senior Maintenance Manager (SMM) authority; and
  • the reinstatement and amendment of a deleted advisory note in Section 2, Annex C, paragraphs 3.d(1)(a)iii and 3.d(3)(a)ii - the word “Qualification” is replaced with the word “Exam” to match the TAA Advisory 2015-01 title.

Part 2 – Initial Airworthiness

Chapter 1 – Aeronautical Product Type Certification Process
  • the addition of an advisory note to introduce TAA Issue Papers in Section 2, Standard 2.1.2.S1;
  • the replacement of the word “method” by “technique” and the replacement of the word “methods” by “means” in Advisory Note 1 to Section 2, Standard 1, paragraph 2.1.2.S1.7.b, so that the usage of the terms align with their definitions in the glossary;
  • the conversion and amendment of a formal requirement from an Advisory Note in Section 2, Standard 1, paragraph 2.1.2.S1.7.d to a sub-paragraph that lists permissible authorized individuals; and
  • the removal of the list of items erroneously stated as being included in the Compliance Record in Section 2, paragraph 2.1.2.S1.10.b.
Chapter 3 – Technical Airworthiness Clearance
  • the removal of the requirement to include their classification when providing an index list of Issue Papers in Figure 2-3-3-2.

Part 3 – Continuing Airworthiness

Chapter 1 – Conduct and Control of Maintenance
  • the addition of an advisory note to Section 2, paragraph 3.1.2.S8.1.c(1)(c) to amplify requirements to conduct Independent Verifications within aircraft flight/propulsion control systems that utilize electrical linkages;
  • the replacement of the word “Flight” in Section 2, paragraph 3.1.2.S8.1.c(2)(b).ii with “Engine, propeller, rotor, transmission and/or drive”;
  • the removal of the word “Flight” from Section 2, paragraph 3.1.2.S8.1.c(2)(c).ii as these two sub-paragraphs are not referring to Flight controls; and
  • the adjustment of both existing Advisory Notes to Section 2, paragraph 3.1.2.S9 to remove any ambiguity for the recording of different torque values and provide clarification for when the recording of torque values and tools are not necessary. Additionally, the addition of two more Advisory Notes to clarify the term “critical measurements and tests”.
Chapter 2 – Design Change Certification
  • the addition of an advisory note to Section 2, Standard 4, paragraph 3.2.2.S4.1 to explain the use of Issue Papers when a certification requirement is insufficient.

Chapter 4 – In-Service Monitoring Program

  • the adjustment of the wording in the second Advisory Note to Section 2, paragraph 3.4.2.S2.1 to include that each Type Certificate Holder organization must staff their Annual Airworthiness Report (Technical) (AAR(Tech)) in accordance with the approved procedure and format described within TAA01.003 – Annual Airworthiness Review Board.

Part 5 – Airworthiness Processes

Chapter 1 – Technical Airworthiness Risk Management
  • the amendment of the requirement in Section 2, paragraph 5.1.2.S1.9 and Figure 5-1-2-7 Note 2 to conduct an “Independent TAA Staff Review” for Extremely High and High risk RARMs instead of seeking “DTAES Concurrence”.
Chapter 3 – Maintenance Program Requirements
  • the update to the description of when a conditional inspection is required to include hard landings (sometimes referred to as heavy landings), as well as the inclusion of skid-equipped helicopters within ‘burst tire incidents’ in Part 5, Chapter 3, Section 2, paragraph 5.3.2.S1.b(6)(i).
Chapter 5 – Airworthiness Documentation
  • the removal of direction provided in Section 2, paragraph 5.5.2.S1.1.h stating that any issue papers prepared during type certification does not need to be done “as described in TAA Advisory 2014-03”.

Various minor editorial corrections 

  • the replacement throughout multiple chapters of the TAM of the term “Type Certificate Holder” with the more appropriate term “Applicant”;
  • the update throughout multiple chapters of the TAM of references to the term “Type Certificate Holder” to ensure it is understood to be an organization and not an individual;
  • the removal of references to the Aeronautics Act that are not required to Part 2, Chapter 1, paragraph 2.1.2R8;
  • the replacement of the Advisory Notes to Section 2, paragraph 2.6.2.R1 and to Section 3 on MMEL Content with a reference to the TAA Advisory created for the purpose;
  • the update to an erroneous explanation of when an Specific Purpose Flight Permit (SPFP) is issued by adding the word “not” in 5.7.1.2.2.b;
  • the update to Aircraft Marking rules and standards to align with CFTO C-05-005-038/AM-000 in Part 2, Chapter 2, Section 2;
  • the update to various definitions and the addition of the Aircrew Checklist and Flight Manual Supplements definitions to Part 2, Chapter 7, Section 1, as well as the rewording of much of the text for clarity throughout the Chapter;
  • the update to an Advisory Note referring to a description of formal aviation training as being a definition in Part 5, Chapter 3, Section 2, paragraph 5.3.2.S2;
  • the replacement of an erroneous Part reference (Part 2 instead of Part 5) in Figure 2-3-3-1;
  • the replacement of an erroneous Chapter reference (Chapter 5 instead of Chapter 4) in paragraph 2.3.2.S1.3.b;
  • the addition of “ation” to complete the word “publication” in the definition of “Type Record” in the Glossary;
  • the replacement of “DTA” with “DTAES” in Part 2, Chapter 2, Section 2 and 3, paragraphs 2.2.2.S3.1 and 2.2.3.2.h;
  • the replacement, throughout the TAM, of the term “Basis of Certification” and the acronym “BoC” with “Certification Basis”;
  • the replacement, throughout the TAM, of the term (and associated acronym) “Canadian Forces” with “Canadian Armed Forces”; and
  • the replacement, throughout the TAM, of the term (and associated acronym) “Uninhabited Air Vehicle” with “Unmanned Aircraft System”, where applicable.

Glossary amendments

  • the amendment of the definition for “Technical Airworthiness Clearance (TAC)” to include that a TAC can be issued by an authorized individual other than the TAA;
  • the amendment of the definition for “Type Certificate Holder (TCH)” to reflect current TCH responsibilities and the removal of a phrase that refers to the TCH being the only one who can recommend TAC for an approved type design;
  • the amendment of the title “Basis of Certification” to “Certification Basis”;
  • the amendment of the titles and definitions of “Means of Compliance – Certification” and “Methods of Compliance – Certification” (formerly Means of Compliance and Method of Compliance); and
  • the addition of the following new terms and definitions:
    • Acceptable Level of Safety (ALOS)
    • Acceptable Means of Compliance (AMC)
    • Aircraft Release
    • Airworthiness Code
    • Airworthiness Design Standard
    • Airworthiness Impact Assessment (AWIA)
    • Airworthiness Management Role
    • Airworthiness Rule
    • Airworthiness Standard
    • Alternative Means of Compliance (AltMoC)
    • Applicant
    • Approved Flight Manual (AFM)
    • Authorized Individual (AI or TAA AI)
    • Certificate of Registration
    • Certification Program
    • Certification Standard
    • Civil Aviation Authority
    • Compliance Artefact
    • Compliance Matrix
    • Compliance Program
    • Compliance Record
    • Continued Airworthiness
    • Design Standard
    • DND Type Certificate
    • Due Regard
    • Equivalent Level of Safety (ELOS)
    • Finding Authority
    • Fit and Safe for Flight
    • Flight Manual
    • Initial Airworthiness
    • Issue Paper
    • Major Design Change
    • Master Minimum Equipment List (MMEL)
    • Military Airworthiness Authority
    • Minor Design Change
    • Operational Airworthiness Requirements
    • Original Certification Authority (OCA)
    • Provisional Type Certificate
    • Provisional Technical Airworthiness Clearance (PTAC)
    • Restricted Type Certificate (RTC)
    • Special Condition
    • Store (Aircraft Store)
    • Stores Clearance
    • Technical Airworthiness Data (TAWD)
    • Technical Airworthiness Rule
    • Technical Airworthiness Standard
    • Type Certification
    • Type Certification Requirements
    • Type Designation
    • Unmanned Aircraft System
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