Appendix G: Detailed results Employment Assistance Services only

Official title: Evaluation of the Labour Market Development Agreements

Table G1. Socio-demographic and labour market characteristics of Employment Assistance Services only participants
Active claimants Former claimants
2002-2005 2007-2008 2002-2005 2007-2008
Number of observations 374,348 216,461 211,718 119,298
Gender
Male 54% 49% 55% 48%
Female 45% 51% 45% 52%
Age
Under 25 11% 10% 12% 11%
25 to 34 28% 24% 30% 28%
35 to 44 30% 27% 30% 28%
45 and over 31% 38% 28% 33%
Marital status
Married or common-law 46% 46% 33% 34%
Widow/ divorced or separated 14% 14% 16% 15%
Single 37% 37% 45% 44%
Missing data / Unknown 3% 4% 5% 7%
Skills level related to National Occupation Code associated with  the last EI claim opened before Employment Assistance Services participation1
Managerial 5% 6% 4% 4%
University 7% 5% 6% 4%
College or apprenticeship training 28% 27% 24% 24%
Secondary or occupational training 38% 40% 38% 39%
On-the-job training 22% 23% 28% 28%
Key labour market indicators in the year preceding the start of participation
Earnings2 $22,335 $22,2143 $10,530 $11,9913
Proportion employed 97% 99% 81% 85%
Proportion on EI 46% 45% 59% 56%
Proportion on SA 6% 5% 23% 20%

Proportions may not add up to 100% due to rounding

1 Skill level corresponds to the type and/or amount of training or education typically required to work in the last occupation participants had before opening the last EI claim they had before participating in EBSMs:

  • -Managerial: Management occupations
  • -University: Occupations usually requiring university education (in other words, University degree at the bachelor's, master's or doctorate level)
  • -College or apprenticeship training: Occupations usually requiring college or vocational education or apprenticeship training such as 2 to 3 years of post-secondary education at a community college, institute of technology or CEGEP or 2 to 5 years of apprenticeship training or 3 to 4 years of secondary school and more than 2 years of on-the-job training, specialized training courses or specific work experience and/or occupations with supervisory responsibilities and occupations with significant health and safety responsibilities, such as firefighters, police officers and registered nursing assistants.
  • - Secondary or occupational training: Occupations usually requiring secondary school and/or occupation-specific training such as one to four years of secondary school education or up to 2 years of on-the-job training specialized training courses or specific work experience.
  • -On-the-job training: On-the-job training is usually provided for occupations (in other words, short work demonstration or on-the-job training or no formal educational requirements).

2 Average earnings for all individuals included in the studies. The average was calculated including participants who reported $0 earnings during that year.

3 Earnings for 2007-2008 participants have been adjusted by the Consumer Price Index published by Statistics Canada, using 2002 as the base year.

Table G2. Incremental impacts for Employment Assistance Services only
Indicators In-program period Post-program period Total in- and post-program
1st year 2nd year 3rd year 4th year 5th year Total post
Active claimants
2002-2005 Participants (n=38,564 or a random sample of 10% of participants)
Employment earnings ($) -2,913*** -1,097*** -279*** 347* 645*** 742*** 358 -2,555***
Incidence of employment
(percentage points)
-0.5*** 0.6* 0.8*** 1.7*** 1.8*** 1.7*** n/a n/a
EI benefits ($) 697*** -451*** -312*** -251*** -222*** -136*** -1,375*** -677***
EI weeks (weeks) 2.1*** -1.5*** -0.9*** -0.8*** -0.7*** -0.4*** -4.3*** -2.2***
SA benefits ($) 60*** 94*** 31*** 23* 29*** 36*** 213*** 273***
Dependence on income support (percentage points) 5.6*** -1.2*** -0.9*** -0.9*** -0.6*** -0.4* n/a n/a
2007-2008 Participants (n=108,230 or a random sample of 50% of participants)
Employment earnings ($) -3,134*** -1,113*** -368*** 87 n/a n/a -1,395*** -4,529***
Incidence of employment
(percentage points)
0.3** 0.6*** 0.6*** 0.8*** n/a n/a n/a n/a
EI benefits ($) 788*** -512*** -371*** -288*** n/a n/a -$1,171 -384
EI weeks (weeks) 1.9*** -1.7*** -1.1*** -0.8*** n/a n/a -3.6*** -1.7***
SA benefits ($) 67*** 89*** 48*** 37*** n/a n/a 174*** 241***
Dependence on income support (percentage points) 5.6*** -1.0*** -0.9*** -0.7*** n/a n/a n/a n/a
Sub-groups of active claimants
Youth (below 30 years old) – 2002-2005 participants (n=46,771)
Employment earnings ($) -1,895*** -510*** 16 372*** 510*** 650*** 1,039*** -855
Incidence of employment
(percentage points)
0.3 0.9 0.4** 0.7*** 0.6** 0.5** n/a n/a
EI benefits ($) 406*** -539*** -339*** -262*** -183*** -136*** -1,457*** -1,051***
EI weeks (weeks) 1.4*** -1.7*** -0.9*** -0.7*** -0.4*** -0.3** -4** -2.6***
SA benefits ($) 1 62*** 27*** 16* 29*** 28*** 164*** 165***
Dependence on income support (percentage points) 5.7*** -2.3*** -0.5*** -0.5*** 0.4*** 0.9*** n/a n/a
Older workers (55 years old and over) – 2002-2005 participants (n=32,480)
Employment earnings ($) -2,717*** -661*** 741*** 1,575*** 2,199*** 2,318*** 6,173*** 3,456***
Incidence of employment
(percentage points)
0.9*** 3.8*** 5.2*** 6.6*** 7.7*** 7.7*** n/a n/a
EI benefits ($) 841*** -302*** -229*** -80** -3 83** -531*** 309**
EI weeks (weeks) 2.5*** -0.9*** -0.6*** -0.2* 0.1 0.3** -1.5*** 1**
SA benefits ($) -24*** 66*** 70*** 73*** 68*** 68*** 345*** 320***
Dependence on income support (percentage points) 5.4*** -1.6*** -0.8*** 0.1 0.4 0.9*** n/a n/a
Long-tenured workers - 2007-2009 participants (n=45,182 or a random sample of 40% of participants)
Employment earnings ($) -4,866*** -2,659*** -1,281*** -822*** n/a n/a -4,763*** -9,630***
Incidence of employment
(percentage points)
-0.8*** -1.4*** -1.1*** -1.0*** n/a n/a n/a n/a
EI benefits ($) 1,447*** -8 -374*** -263*** n/a n/a -644*** 802***
EI weeks (weeks) 3.0*** -0.5*** -1.0*** -0.7*** n/a n/a -2.2*** 0.9***
SA benefits ($) 47*** 84*** 67*** 54*** n/a n/a 205*** 251***
Dependence on income support (percentage points) 7.3*** 1.3*** -1.1*** -0.6*** n/a n/a n/a n/a

Significance level *** 1%; ** 5%; * 10%

Table G3. Incremental impacts related to the timing of participation in Employment Assistance Services
Cohorts n= In-program Post-program period Total impact
post-program
Total impact in- and post- program 
1 year 2 years 3 years 4 years 5 years
Employment earnings
1 to 4 weeks 39,354 -$505*** $258*** $1,708*** $2,343*** $2,804*** $3,080*** $10,192*** $9,687***
5 to 8 weeks 31,168 -$2,046*** -$765*** $444*** $1,123*** $1,511*** $1,574*** $3,888*** $1,842***
9 to 12 weeks 48,648 -$3,109*** -$839*** $124 $783*** $1,179*** $1,296*** $2,543*** -$566
2nd quarter 38,513 -$4,566*** -$1,106*** -$240** $327*** $603*** $775*** $358 -$4,209***
3rd quarter 38,495 -$6,680*** -$1,139*** -$703*** -$178 $151 $114 -$1,754*** -$8,433*** 
4th quarter 24,456 -$6,814*** -$545*** -$696*** -$253 -$11 $287 -$1,218 -$8,032***
Incidence of employment
1 to 4 weeks 39,354 2.6pp*** 2.1pp*** 1.6pp*** 1.6pp*** 0.9pp*** 0.3pp n/a n/a
5 to 8 weeks 31,168 1.4pp*** 0.4pp* 0.3pp 0.2pp -0.3pp -0.8pp*** n/a n/a
9 to 12 weeks 48,648 0.2pp -0.6pp*** -0.6pp*** -0.4pp** -0.6pp*** -1.0pp*** n/a n/a
2nd quarter 38,513 -1.2pp*** -0.5pp** -0.6pp** -0.4pp -0.5pp** -0.7pp*** n/a n/a
3rd quarter 38,495 -4.1pp*** -0.5pp** -0.7pp*** -0.6pp** -0.7pp*** -1.0pp*** n/a n/a
4th quarter 24,456 -5.8pp*** -0.4pp -1.1pp -0.5pp -0.8pp -0.2pp n/a n/a
EI benefits
1 to 4 weeks 39,354 $298*** $5 -$209*** -$137*** -$84*** -$80*** -$503*** -$205**
5 to 8 weeks 31,168 $1,174*** -$31*** -$214*** -$195*** -$157*** -$65*** -$663*** $511***
9 to 12 weeks 48,648 $1,470*** -$385*** -$270*** -$229*** -$198*** -$146*** -$1,228*** $242***
2nd quarter 38,513 $1,809*** -$687*** -$333*** -$196*** -$138*** -$94*** -$1,449*** $360***
3rd quarter 38,495 $1,823*** -$1,502*** -$453*** -$364*** -$240*** -$164*** -$2,723*** -$899***
4th quarter 24,456 $1,498*** -$1,911*** -$442*** -$355*** -$266*** -$167*** -$3,143*** -$1,645***

* Significant at 10%; ** significant at 5%; *** significant at 1%

n= refers to the number of participants. It corresponds to 100% of participants. pp= percentage points

Note: for the estimations we have selected a 50% random sample among comparison group in each cohort due to their large number. We used 100% of participants.

Table G4. Incremental impacts on the time of return to employment for the participation in Employment Assistance Services only
Cohorts 1 to 4 weeks 5 to 8 weeks 9 to 12 week 2nd quarter 3rd quarter 4th quarter
(N=39,354) (N=31,168) (N=48,648) (N=38,513) (N=38,495) (N=24,456)
Time of return to employment 2.9wks*** -0.5wks*** -1.9wks*** -3.3wks*** -3.5wks*** -3.0wks***

* Significant at 10%; ** significant at 5%; *** significant at 1%

Table G5. Cost-benefit results from the social perspective for Employment Assistance Services only
Total costs and benefits over participation (1 to 2 years) and 6 years post-program Active claimants
(n=38,564)
Program cost -$692
Marginal social costs of public funds -$197
Employment earnings (including participant’s forgone earnings) -$2,079
Fringe benefit -$312
Net present value
(By how much do the benefits exceed the costs within 6 years after participation?)
-$3,280
Cost-benefit ratio
(How much does it cost in EI part II funds to achieve $1 in benefit 6 years after participation?)
Negative benefits
Payback period
(How many years after participation would it take for the benefits to recover the costs?)
10.9 years
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