Management of toxic substances: pulp and paper sector

The pulp and paper sector produces a wide range of pulp and paper products by using residual logs and wood chips from sawmills and recycled paper products as their fibre source. The pulp is used on-site and/or shipped off-site to produce paper products such as printing paper, paper boxes or tissue paper.
The pulp and paper manufacturing process uses water, heat and chemicals to break down cellulose from wood fibre transforming it into the different paper products. 
The majority of pulp and paper mills produce heat on-site by using oil, natural gas, wood wastes from the wood yard and other byproducts from the manufacturing process. Some pulp and paper mills utilize wood wastes to generate electricity for on-site use or to feed it back to the electricity grid.    
Wastewater generated from the manufacturing process is treated on or off site by primary, secondary and sometimes tertiary treatment before the effluent is discharged. 

Risk Management Instruments

The pulp and paper industry is subject to the following risk management instruments that has been developed and implemented by Environment Canada

Related Links


Forest Products and Fisheries Act Division
Environment Canada
Place Vincent Massey
351 St. Joseph Boulevard
Gatineau (Quebec) K1A 0H3
Fax:  819-420-7384
Email :

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