8.2.4 Tax brackets and rates

From: Financial Consumer Agency of Canada

Once you have identified what your income is, you need to know what percentage you'll pay as income tax. People with a lower income pay a lower tax rate than people with a higher income. This is known as a graduated income tax system. 

Federal income tax

Your income falls into one of four income tax brackets (or segments). The tax bracket is based on your taxable income—that is, your total income minus allowable deductions and exemptions, as discussed in the section titled Reducing your taxes.

Each bracket pays a different rate of tax, as the table below shows:

Federal income tax
2018 Federal income tax brackets* 2018 Federal income tax rates

$46,605 or less

15%

$46,605 to $93,208

20.5%

$93,208 to $144,489

26%

$144,489 to $205,842 29%

More than $205,842

33%

* These amounts are adjusted for inflation and other factors in each tax year.

Refer to Page 2 of Canada Revenue Agency T1 General – Schedule 1 for Non-Residents and Deemed Residents of Canada. How would your income fit the calculations?

Step B - Federal tax on taxable income. See description in Federal income tax table above.

 

Example: If your taxable income was $50,000 in 2018, you would calculate your federal tax as follows:

  • Pay 15% on the amount up to $46,605, or $6,991
  • Pay 20.5% on the amount between $46,605 to $93,208, or $695.98
  • Total federal tax payable: $7,686.98.

This is how the calculation looks on Page 2 of Canada Revenue Agency fillable/saveable T1 General – Schedule 1 for Non-Residents and Deemed Residents of Canada.

Step B - Federal tax on taxable income form if your taxable income was $50,000. See description above.

 

On $50,000 taxable income, the average federal tax rate is 15.37 percent—that's your total income divided by the total tax you pay:

  • Average tax rate = Total taxes paid / Total taxable income

However, your marginal federal tax rate is 20.5 percent—that's the tax rate you pay on anything you earn beyond your current earnings. It applies until you make more than $93,208, when your marginal rate rises to 26 percent. The marginal federal tax rate is 26 percent until you make more than $144,489, when your marginal rate rises to 29%. After $205,842, your marginal rate is 33 percent.

Based on your own taxable income, what would your marginal federal tax rate be? Can you calculate your average federal tax rate?

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