The risks posed by a substance are determined by both its hazardous properties (potential to cause adverse human health or ecological effects) and the amount or extent of exposure to people and the environment.
When needed, the Government implements risk management measures under CEPA 1999 and other federal acts to help prevent or reduce potential harm.
Fluorescent brightener 367 does not occur naturally in the environment. According to information gathered by the Government, it was not manufactured or imported into Canada above the reporting thresholds.
Fluorescent brightener 367 may be found in cosmetics, such as certain nail polishes.
Human and ecological exposures
The screening assessment indicated that Canadians may be exposed to fluorescent brightener 367 from the use of certain nail polishes. Exposure from the environment, food or drinking water was not expected.
According to the information considered under the ERC Approach, fluorescent brightener 367 was identified as having low ecological exposure potential.
Key health and ecological effects (hazard)
There were no health effects (hazard) data for fluorescent brightener 367; therefore, a comparative approach using a similar chemical, called read-across, was used for assessing potential health effects. Using data available for fluorescent brightener 184, no critical effects on human health were identified.
According to information considered under the ERC Approach, fluorescent brightener 367 was identified as having a high ecological hazard potential. This was based on its potential ecological effects in aquatic organisms given its potential to bioaccumulate.
Risk assessment outcomes
Critical health effects were not observed in laboratory studies for a similar substance, including at the highest dose tested. Based upon a comparison of levels to which Canadians may be exposed to fluorescent brightener 367 and levels associated with health effects, it was determined that the risk to Canadians is low.
Based upon the outcome of the ERC Approach, fluorescent brightener 367 is considered unlikely to be causing ecological harm.
Screening assessment conclusions
The Government concluded that fluorescent brightener 367 is not harmful to human health at levels considered in the assessment, and that it is not entering the environment at levels that are harmful.
Fluorescent brightener 367 may be found in products available to consumers. Canadians should follow any safety warnings and directions related to the product and dispose of products responsibly.
Use the Substances Search tool to find substances that are referenced in certain legislative or regulatory instruments or on Government of Canada websites.