Regulatory Directive DIR2010-05, Revisions to the Residue Chemistry Crop Field Trial Requirements

21 December 2010
ISSN: 1197-7396 (print version)
ISSN: 1498-5926 (PDF version)
Catalogue number: H113-3/2010-5E (print version)
Catalogue number: H113-3/2010-5E-PDF (PDF version)

(PDF Version - 225 K)

Table of Contents

1.0 Purpose

The purpose of this document is to communicate to industry and other interested parties revisions to the crop field trial requirements used by Health Canada's Pest Management Regulatory Agency (PMRA) to support the domestic registration of a pesticide on a crop. The revised crop field trial requirements will replace those currently specified in Section 9 of Regulatory Directive DIR98-02, Residue Chemistry Guidelines. The PMRA will adopt the revised trial requirements for studies conducted after January 2012.

2.0 Background

Supervised crop field trials are conducted to determine the amount and type of agricultural chemical left in/on the plant material as a result of the chemical's use. Data from these field trials are used to estimate the dietary exposure to agricultural chemicals and determine maximum residue limits (MRLs) for enforcement purposes.

The total number of crop field trials required for a given crop is determined by the total production area and the dietary share. The specific locations of the field trials are distributed according to the share of total crop area reported in each region (see Appendix I). The current supervised crop field trial requirements listed in DIR98-02 were based on production data from the 1991 Census of Agriculture and the 1995 Fruit and Vegetable Survey.

Updated crop production data were determined as part of the 2006 Census of Agriculture (CEAG). The PMRA, in collaboration with Statistics Canada, has revised the field trial requirements of the crops listed in DIR98-02. These revisions also expand the existing list of crops by adding new commodities.

3.0 Crop Selection

The crops listed in DIR98-02 represented crops with production areas greater than 250 ha according to the 1991 Census of Agriculture. Additional crops were included from the 1995 Fruit and Vegetable Survey, which represented production areas greater than 205 ha.

In addition, crops grown in greenhouses and growing houses (i.e. cucumbers, lettuce, mushrooms, peppers and tomatoes) were included.

Several new crops were identified in the 2006 CEAG, which are not listed in DIR98-02. These include: blackberries, borage, chickpeas, corn (pop), garlic, linola, peanuts, sweet cherries, tart cherries, walnuts and wild rice.

As these crops have significant production areas and/or are important contributors to the diet, these will be added to the revised crop field trial requirements.

4.0 Integration of Agricultural Data into Crop Field Trial Regions

When establishing the initial field trial requirements listed in DIR98-02, the Spatial Analysis and Geomatics Application (SAGA) section of the Agriculture Division of Statistics Canada used Census Consolidated Subdivision (CCS) level geography to distribute the agricultural data from the 1991 Census of Agriculture and 1995 Fruit and Vegetable Survey to appropriate field trial regions.

In contrast, the crop production data from the 2006 CEAG was extracted from unsuppressed crop acreage at the census geography dissemination area (DA) level. These dissemination areas (DAs) are the smallest geographic areas for which all census data are provided. Therefore, the use of DAs instead of CCS level geography results in a more accurate distribution of the agricultural data to appropriate field trial regions. In cases where the DAs fell outside the field trial regions, those within a 15-km range were assigned to the nearest field trial region.

As the field trial regions do not extend beyond the main agricultural areas, some farms within specific DAs located in the northern parts of the provinces fell outside the field trial regions. Given that the hectareage of these farms was low, the impact of these farms on the total production areas for each crop is considered minimal.

5.0 Determination of the Number of Field Trials by Crop

The number of crop field trials required for a given crop is determined based on production area and dietary share. The first step involves assigning a base number of field trials based on total production area, as indicated in Section 9 of DIR98-02 (see Table 1).

Table 1 Base Number of Field Trials as per DIR98-02
Area in Hectares Area in Acres Base Number of Field Trials
> 4,046,860 > 10,000,000 16
> 404,690 ≤ 4,046,860 > 1,000,000 ≤ 10,000,000 12
> 121,410 ≤ 404,690 > 300,000 ≤ 1,000,000 8
> 12,140 ≤ 121,410 >30,000 ≤ 300,000 5
> 810 ≤ 12,140 > 2000 ≤ 30,000 3
> 81 ≤ 810 > 200 ≤ 2000 2
≤ 81 ≤ 200 1

The next steps involve increasing or decreasing the base number of trials, based on the dietary share of the crop.

Revised trial requirements for the commodities listed in DIR98-02 were determined based on the updated production figures from the 2006 CEAG, as well as updated dietary share information, where available. The residue trial requirements for >57% of the crops specified in DIR98-02 remain unchanged. Decreases in field trial requirements were noted in 19% of the crops, while increased field trial requirements were noted for <24% of the crops. The trial requirements for the new commodities identified in the 2006 Census of Agriculture were determined using the same criteria.

The number of field trials (Table 1.1, Appendix II) was distributed among the regions according to the share of crop area reported in each region in the 2006 CEAG. The number of field trials by crop and region is presented in Table 1.2 (Appendix II). The areas of crop by region on a hectareage basis and acreage basis are presented in Table 1.3 (hectares, Appendix II) and in Table 1.4 (acres, Appendix II), respectively.

6.0 Implementation Strategies

A phase-in period will be permitted to provide petitioners with the time necessary to conduct residue trials as per the revised requirements. Supervised crop residue trials initiated after January 1, 2012 should be in conformance with the new requirements specified herein. The PMRA will consider, on a case-by-case basis, a reduction in the number of trials or acceptance of trials conducted in different NAFTA zones to fulfill Canadian registration requirements, provided a sound, scientific rationale is submitted to the Agency.

Appendix I

North American Major and Minor Crop Field Trail Regions

Text description

North American Field Trial Regions.

This map represents the North American Major and Minor Crop Field Trial Regions. The map illustrates the various zones throughout Canada, the United States (including the Hawaiian Islands), Mexico and Puerto Rico.

The map was produced by: Spatial and Geomatics Applications, Agriculture Division, Statistics Canada, February 2001.

The PMRA currently considers the following Zones equivalent: 5 = 5A = 5B and 1 = 1A. Provided that the total number of required trials within these zones is conducted, the applicant is free to choose the distribution of trials within these regions. The zone equivalency does not apply to Zones 7 and 7A.

Appendix II

Table 1.1 Minimum Number of Crop Field Trials and Treated Samples on Individual Crops, Crop Areas and Dietary Share
Crop Area planted in 2006 (acres)Table 1.1 footnote 1 Area planted in 2006 (hectares)Table 1.1 footnote 1 Share of the diet (%)Table 1.1 footnote 2 Minimum number of field trials Minimum number of treated samples
Apples 54,612 22,101 2.45117 12 24
Apricots 495 200 0.04148 3 6
Asparagus 5,199 2,104 0.01984 3 6
Barley 9,117,943 3,689,904 0.22185 12 24
Beans, dry 456,754 184,842 0.19479 8 16
Beans, green or wax 27,016 10,933 0.26333 5 10
Beets, garden 3,042 1,231 0.01443 3 6
Beets, sugar 48,156 19,488 0.52667 8 16
Blackberries 213 86 0.00721 2 8
Blueberries 126,775 51,304 0.02705 8 16
Borage 26,242 10,620 0.01999 3 6
Broccoli 11,093 4,489 0.1984 5 10
Brussels sprouts 1,386 561 0.00541 2 8
Buckwheat 32,567 13,179 0.0018 5 10
Cabbage, Chinese 2,864 1,159 0.01263 3 6
Cabbage, green and red 10,702 4,331 0.12445 5 10
Canary seed 338,595 137,025 0.01999 5 10
Canola 12,423,445 5,027,594 0.01263 12 24
Caraway seed 19,988 8,089 0.01999 3 6
Carrots 24,355 9,856 0.33368 5 10
Cauliflower 5,298 2,144 0.03427 5 10
Celery 2,243 908 0.10822 5 10
Cherries, sweet 4,250 1,720 0.0469 5 10
Cherries, tart 3,027 1,225 0.0469 5 10
Chickpeas 320,276 129,611 0.03066 5 10
Corn, grain 2,752,098 1,113,736 2.88224 16 32
Corn, pop x x 0.0487 3 6
Corn, silage 687,069 278,047 0.0999 5 10
Corn, sweet 74,698 30,229 0.33187 8 16
Cranberries 8,436 3,414 0.06493 5 10
Cucumbers, field 7,172 2,902 0.17135 5 10
Filberts/hazelnuts 921 373 0.01999 2 8
Flaxseed 1,996,549 807,975 0.01999 8 16
Garlic 759 307 0.01082 2 8
Ginseng 8,229 3,330 0.01999 3 6
Grapes 30,059 12,164 0.285 5 10
Leeks 611 247 0.01999 2 8
Lentils 1,289,773 521,953 0.00721 8 16
Lettuce 9,665 3,911 0.43107 5 10
Linola 17,164 6,946 0.01999 3 6
Melons 2,510 1,016 0.43288 5 10
Millet, grain 26,780 10,837 0.01999 3 6
Mustard seed 337,040 136,395 0.01999 5 10
Nectarines 676 273 0.03427 3 6
Oats 5,099,160 2,063,559 0.19479 12 24
Onions, dry 14,389 5,823 0.40041 5 10
Parsnips 547 221 0.01999 2 8
Peaches 9,395 3,802 0.20381 5 10
Peanuts x x 0.22185 3 6
Pears 3,671 1,486 0.17676 5 10
Peas, dry 3,123,953 1,264,220 0.01999 8 16
Peas, green 41,590 16,831 0.18398 8 16
Peppers 6,075 2,458 0.11904 5 10
Plums and prunes 1,855 751 0.07756 3 6
Potatoes 401,556 162,504 1.67379 16 32
Radishes 1,686 682 0.00541 2 8
Raspberries 8,982 3,635 0.00721 3 6
Rhubarb 518 210 0.0018 2 8
Rutabagas and turnips 4,712 1,907 0.01623 3 6
Rye 531,729 215,183 0.01082 5 10
Safflower x x 0.01999 3 6
Saskatoons 3,223 1,304 0.01999 3 6
Shallots, green and seed onions 2,491 1,008 0.01999 3 6
Soybeans 2,970,361 1,202,064 0.80263 16 32
Spinach 1,758 711 0.06313 3 6
Squash, pumpkins and zucchini 16,476 6,668 0.10642 5 10
Strawberries 12,860 5,204 0.12084 5 10
Sunflowers 211,034 85,403 0.00902 5 10
Tame hay 20,349,632 8,235,211 0.0999 12 24
Tobacco 31,920 12,918 0.01999 5 10
Tomatoes, field 22,264 9,010 3.83637 12 24
Triticale 152,923 61,886 0.01999 5 10
Walnuts 293 118 0.00721 2 8
Wheat 24,276,549 9,824,380 2.94897 20 40
Wild rice 30,965 12,531 0.01999 5 10
Cucumbers, greenhouse 672 272 - 4 2
Lettuce, greenhouse 39 16 - 4 2
Mushrooms 156 63 - 2 8
Peppers, greenhouse 659 267 - 4 2
Tomatoes, greenhouse 1,109 449 - 4 2
Table 1 footnote 1

Unsuppressed data from the 2006 Census of Agriculture, Statistics Canada, and Greenhouse Industry (Catalogue no. 22-202-XIB), Statistics Canada for Greenhouse Vegetables.

Return to table 1 footnote 1 referrer

Table 1 footnote 2

NAFTA Guidance Document on Data Requirements for Tolerances on Imported Commodities in the United States and Canada. The dietary share was not specified for greenhouse vegetables and mushrooms.

Return to table 1 footnote 2 referrer

NOTE: Unsuppressed data was used by RSGA to calculate the number of crop field trials required by region. Due to confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act, crop area data which do not satisfy confidentiality regulations of the Statistics Act are identified as "x".

Table 1.2 Number of Field Trials by Crop and Region
Crop Region
1 1A 5 5A 5B 7 7A 9 11 12 14
Apples 1 2 4   3       2    
Apricots     1           2    
Asparagus     2   1            
Barley     1     2 1       8
Beans, dry     3     3 1       1
Beans, green or wax     2   2         1  
Beets, garden     1   2            
Beets, sugar     2       6        
Blackberries     1             1  
Blueberries 1 3   3           1  
Borage                     3
Broccoli     2   2         1  
Brussels sprouts     1             1  
Buckwheat     2   1           2
Cabbage, Chinese     2   1            
Cabbage, green and red     2 1 2            
Canary seed           4         1
Canola     1     2         9
Caraway seed           1         2
Carrots   1 2   2            
Cauliflower   1 2   2            
Celery     2   3            
Cherries, sweet     1         1 3    
Cherries, tart     4               1
Chickpeas           4 1        
Corn, grain     9   7            
Corn, pop     3                
Corn, silage 1   2   1           1
Corn, sweet     4   3   1        
Cranberries 1       2         2  
Cucumbers, field     3   2            
Filberts/hazelnuts                   2  
Flaxseed           4         4
Garlic     1   1            
Ginseng     3                
Grapes     3           2    
Leeks     1   1            
Lentils           7         1
Lettuce     1   4            
Linola           2         1
Melons     3   2            
Millet, grain     1     1         1
Mustard seed           4         1
Nectarines     2           1    
Oats     1 1   2         8
Onions, dry     3   2            
Parsnips     1   1            
Peaches     4           1    
Peanuts     3                
Pears     4           1    
Peas, dry           4         4
Peas, green     4   3   1        
Peppers     3   2            
Plums and prunes     2           1    
Potatoes 3 4 3 1 1   2       2
Radishes     1   1            
Raspberries         1         2  
Rhubarb   1               1  
Rutabagas and turnips   1 1   1            
Rye     1     2         2
Safflower           1 1       1
Saskatoons           1         2
Shallots, green and seed onions     1   2            
Soybeans     13   3            
Spinach     2   1            
Squash, pumpkins and zucchini     3   1         1  
Strawberries 1   2   2            
Sunflowers     3               2
Tame hay 1   1 1 1 2         6
Tobacco     5                
Tomatoes, field     11   1            
Triticale           2 1       2
Walnuts     1             1  
Wheat     2     7 1       10
Wild rice       1             4
Cucumbers, greenhouseFootnote *     2             2  
Lettuce, greenhouseFootnote *     2             2  
MushroomsFootnote *     1             1  
Peppers, greenhouseFootnote *     2             2  
Tomatoes, greenhouseFootnote *     2             2  
Table 1.2 footnote 1

As these crops are not grown outdoors, the zones in which the trials will be conducted are not relevant

Retour à la référence de la note de bas de page *

Table 1.3 Area of Crops by Region (Hectares) - 2006 Census of Agriculture
Crop Region
1 1A 5 5A 5B 7 7A 9 11 12 14
Apples 1,038 2,522 7,845 151 6,002 17 0.3 71 4,165 233 56
Apricots x x 59 x 1 - - 2 134 3 x
Asparagus 32 11 1,571 14 312 X x x 33 13 30
Barley 52,280 35,063 142,901 37,882 53,335 630,485 139,204 911 9,070 911 2,587,862
Beans, dry 269 106 133,519 173 8,268 114,138 32,371 - 4 1 25,604
Beans, green or wax 105 84 4,803 141 4,703 43 38 1 15 968 33
Beets, garden 51 40 440 57 513 9 2 1 15 75 27
Beets, sugar - - 3,751 x - 602 14,560 - - - x
Blackberries 4 4 10 1 9 X - x 9 44 3
Blueberries 9,413 19,684 243 16,614 565 X - x 38 4,736 10
Borage x x 206 - x 81 - - - - 10,318
Broccoli 39 381 1,623 59 1,904 3 2 0.3 10 451 19
Brussels sprouts 3 57 141 3 80 0.4 x x 2 274 1
Buckwheat 751 199 3,827 607 1,994 580 - - 8 74 5,140
Cabbage, Chinese 2 2 754 5 269 X x - 2 112 10
Cabbage, green and red 98 187 1,667 202 1,758 36 87 0.3 35 190 71
Canary seed x - 2,603 x 17 98,830 - - - - 35,559
Canola 2,154 74 249,264 6,339 1,536 712,016 54,493 811 633 1,268 3,999,007
Caraway seed - - 772 - x 2,048 x - - - 5,221
Carrots 145 1,320 4,334 194 3,144 69 233 2 39 247 128
Cauliflower 20 236 952 46 728 4 26 0.2 8 76 47
Celery 2 1 309 2 566 1 x x 2 9 1
Cherries, sweet 2 12 384 3 3 X x 197 1,066 34 16
Cherries, tart 1 5 1,029 2 6 27 6 8 62 5 76
Chickpeas x - 159 x 171 109,294 13,215 - - - 6,742
Corn, grain 26,951 3,944 608,450 10,715 451,986 1,281 530 x x 297 9,517
Corn, pop - - x - - - - - - x -
Corn, silage 18,723 5,905 117,667 14,368 55,463 7,012 9,975 316 2,811 9,672 36,136
Corn, sweet 618 274 15,461 450 10,101 43 1,745 5 184 1,194 154
Cranberries 287 117 25 121 1,221 - - - 37 1,600 5
Cucumbers, field 40 44 1,691 38 885 21 5 2 28 93 57
Filberts/hazelnuts - 2 19 x x - - x 15 322 2
Flaxseed 455 106 47,117 1,347 535 353,516 3,458 - x x 401,421
Garlic 10 5 156 16 41 2 0.1 4 40 26 9
Ginseng x 2 2,889 5 6 X - - 393 x x
Grapes 150 200 8,322 38 293 X - 9 2,891 255 x
Leeks 2 x 71 4 165 - x x 1 2 0.1
Lentils - - 632 x x 476,895 1,875 - x x 42,341
Lettuce 25 108 439 39 3,019 3 1 1 14 245 17
Linola - x x x - 3,807 - - - - 3,032
Melons 4 x 669 6 270 1 x x x 4 2
Millet, grain 135 - 3,921 108 569 2,036 x - x - 4,003
Mustard seed 114 - 302 x x 94,531 4,840 - - - 36,557
Nectarines - - 207 - - - - x 65 x -
Oats 45,455 7,532 200,670 59,562 52,616 291,137 12,775 637 7,025 972 1,385,179
Onions, dry 15 248 3,086 24 1,934 6 382 2 52 53 23
Parsnips 3 21 115 4 47 X x x 2 15 1
Peaches - 20 3,195 x x - - 8 569 11 x
Peanuts - - x - - - - - x - -
Pears 11 99 1,027 2 36 - - 7 255 45 5
Peas, dry 367 38 4,307 738 913 648,119 45,569 8 156 151 563,854
Peas, green 85 29 8,704 35 5,540 16 1,298 1 56 682 386
Peppers 14 13 1,625 6 663 3 1 1 62 68 4
Plums and prunes 11 31 498 12 14 1 - 3 146 30 6
Potatoes 26,260 40,588 31,126 5,179 13,297 3,873 16,705 278 220 2,922 20,057
Radishes 4 3 166 7 386 7 34 0.2 5 58 13
Raspberries 216 78 394 190 580 16 3 3 48 1,978 130
Rhubarb 2 62 42 4 21 2 x x 4 62 10
Rutabagas and turnips 155 303 748 186 383 2 21 0.2 5 59 45
Rye 1,423 2,554 33,684 606 2,457 68,128 2,662 52 804 534 102,280
Safflower - - x - - X x - - - x
Saskatoons 3 3 123 5 4 172 36 4 10 10 935
Shallots, green and seed onions 7 8 401 19 494 3 21 0.4 7 39 11
Soybeans 12,027 5,548 919,282 8,154 240,996 X x - - - 14,731
Spinach 6 17 400 4 207 2 0.3 0.2 9 57 9
Squash, pumpkins and zucchini 282 255 3,563 148 1,619 60 125 5 86 487 38
Strawberries 511 443 1,484 380 1,711 33 4 10 54 371 204
Sunflowers 45 11 42,594 206 263 4,663 256 - 2 13 37,351
Tame hay 421,069 140,580 887,509 436,285 484,688 1,111,126 104,964 20,873 185,566 43,624 4,398,927
Tobacco - x 12,812 - x - - - - - -
Tomatoes, field 54 22 8,134 53 589 8 2 3 85 36 24
Triticale 114 28 1,109 177 394 27,025 6,171 - 401 11 26,457
Walnuts x 1 65 x 3 - - 0.3 22 23 -
Wheat 10,732 x 864,330 x 60,945 3,358,954 440,298 622 x x 5,048,821
Wild rice - x x 2,724 - X - - - - 9,254
Cucumbers, greenhouse - - - - - - - - - - -
Lettuce, greenhouse - - - - - - - - - - -
Mushrooms 0.4 1 30 1 4 X - - x 22 5
Peppers, greenhouse - - - - - - - - - - -
Tomatoes, greenhouse - - - - - - - - - - -
Greenhouse vegetables 26 8 641 13 71 26 8 0.3 7 245 12

NOTE: Unsuppressed data was used by RSGA to calculate the number of crop field trials required by region. Due to confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act, crop area data which do not satisfy confidentiality regulations of the Statistics Act are identified as "x".

Table 1.4 Area of Crops by Region (Acres) - 2006 Census of Agriculture
Crop Region
1 1A 5 5A 5B 7 7A 9 11 12 14
Apples 2,564 6,231 19,385 373 14,832 42 1 176 10,292 576 139
Apricots x x 146 x 2 - - 4 330 7 x
Asparagus 79 28 3,883 36 770 X x x 82 32 75
Barley 129,186 86,642 353,116 93,609 131,794 1,557,961 343,981 2,251 22,412 2,251 6,394,740
Beans, dry 665 261 329,933 428 20,430 282,040 79,991 - 10 3 63,269
Beans, green or wax 259 207 11,868 349 11,621 106 93 3 37 2,392 80
Beets, garden 127 99 1,087 141 1,268 22 6 3 37 186 66
Beets, sugar - - 9,268 x - 1.487 35,979 - - - x
Blackberries 11 10 26 1 23 X - x 23 109 8
Blueberries 23,260 48,640 601 41,055 1,396 X - x 93 11,703 25
Borage x x 509 - x 200 - - - - 25,497
Broccoli 95 940 4,010 145 4,705 8 4 1 24 1,116 47
Brussels sprouts 7 141 349 7 198 1 x x 4 676 3
Buckwheat 1,855 492 9,456 1,501 4,928 1,432 - - 20 183 12,700
Cabbage, Chinese 5 5 1,864 11 664 X x - 5 277 25
Cabbage, green and red 241 462 4,119 499 4,345 88 214 1 87 470 176
Canary seed x - 6,432 x 42 244,215 - - - - 87,869
Canola 5,323 183 615,943 15,665 3,796 1,759,429 134,656 2,003 1,563 3,132 9,881,752
Caraway seed - - 1,907 - x 5,060 x - - - 12,901
Carrots 359 3,262 10,710 480 7,768 172 576 6 97 610 317
Cauliflower 50 584 2,353 113 1,800 9 63 1 20 189 116
Celery 5 2 764 4 1,398 2 x x 4 21 3
Cherries, sweet 4 29 948 7 8 X x 488 2,633 83 39
Cherries, tart 2 11 2,542 4 14 67 14 21 153 12 188
Chickpeas x - 394 x 423 270,070 32,654 - - - 16,660
Corn, grain 66,598 9,746 1,503,511 26,476 1,116,880 3,166 1,309 x x 734 23,517
Corn, pop - - x - - - - - - x -
Corn, silage 46,265 14,592 290,761 35,505 137,052 17,326 24,648 780 6,946 23,900 89,294
Corn, sweet 1,527 676 38,204 1,113 24,959 107 4,313 12 455 2,950 382
Cranberries 710 289 62 298 3,018 - - - 91 3,954 13
Cucumbers, field 98 110 4,178 93 2,188 51 12 4 68 230 140
Filberts/hazelnuts - 4 47 x x - - x 38 797 5
Flaxseed 1,123 263 116,428 3,329 1,323 873,557 8,546 - x x 991,932
Garlic 24 11 384 39 102 4 0.3 9 98 64 23
Ginseng x 4 7,139 12 14 X - - 971 x x
Grapes 371 494 20,563 94 724 X - 23 7,144 630 x
Leeks 5 x 176 10 408 - x x 2 6 0.3
Lentils - - 1,561 x x 1,178,432 4,633 - x x 104,626
Lettuce 62 266 1,086 97 7,460 8 3 2 34 606 42
Linola - x x x - 9,407 - - - - 7,493
Melons 10 x 1,654 15 668 2 x x x 9 4
Millet, grain 333 - 9,688 266 1,406 5,031 x - x - 9,891
Mustard seed 282 - 746 x x 233,591 11,961 - - - 90,335
Nectarines - - 511 - - - - x 160 x -
Oats 112,322 18,611 495,865 147,181 130,017 719,414 31,567 1,573 17,359 2,402 3,422,849
Onions, dry 36 612 7,626 58 4,779 14 943 4 129 131 56
Parsnips 7 52 285 9 117 X x x 4 36 2
Peaches - 48 7,894 x x - - 19 1,406 27 x
Peanuts - - x - - - - - x - -
Pears 28 243 2,537 4 90 - - 17 629 111 12
Peas, dry 907 95 10,642 1,824 2,257 1,601,535 112,604 19 385 373 1,393,312
Peas, green 209 71 21,508 87 13,689 39 3,207 3 138 1,685 955
Peppers 34 32 4,016 14 1,638 6 3 3 152 168 9
Plums and prunes 27 77 1,231 29 34 2 - 8 362 74 14
Potatoes 64,889 100,294 76,913 12,797 32,858 9,570 41,279 688 543 7,221 54,504
Radishes 10 7 410 17 954 17 84 0.4 12 143 32
Raspberries 533 193 973 470 1,433 39 9 8 117 4,887 321
Rhubarb 5 153 104 10 51 4 x x 11 154 24
Rutabagas and turnips 383 748 1,849 460 947 5 51 1 12 146 112
Rye 3,515 6,310 83,236 1,497 6,072 168,347 6,578 129 1,987 1,319 252,739
Safflower - - x - - X x - - - x
Saskatoons 8 8 303 12 11 424 88 10 26 24 2,310
Shallots, green and seed onions 17 19 991 46 1,220 7 52 1 16 97 26
Soybeans 29,719 13,710 2,271,592 20,148 595,514 X x - - - 36,401
Spinach 15 41 989 10 512 5 1 0.4 22 141 22
Squash, pumpkins and zucchini 696 629 8,804 366 4,001 148 308 12 214 1,203 94
Strawberries 1,264 1,094 3,667 939 4,228 80 10 24 133 917 504
Sunflowers 111 26 105,251 509 650 11,522 633 - 5 32 92,295
Tame hay 1,040,483 347,381 2,193,080 1,078,083 1,197,688 2,745,650 259,372 51,579 458,544 107,797 10,869,975
Tobacco - x 31,660 - x - - - - - -
Tomatoes, field 133 54 20,099 130 1,455 20 5 8 210 90 60
Triticale 281 68 2,740 437 973 66,780 15,249 - 992 27 65,376
Walnuts x 4 160 x 7 - - 1 54 58 -
Wheat 26,520 x 2,135,805 x 150,599 8,300,148 1,088,000 1,536 x x 12,475,898
Wild rice - x x 6,731 - X - - - - 22,868
Cucumbers, greenhouse - - - - - - - - - - -
Lettuce, greenhouse - - - - - - - - - - -
Mushrooms 1 2 74 1 11 X - - x 55 11
Peppers, greenhouse - - - - - - - - - - -
Tomatoes, greenhouse - - - - - - - - - - -
Greenhouse vegetables 63 19 1,583 33 176 65 20 1 17 606 30

NOTE: Unsuppressed data was used by RSGA to calculate the number of crop field trials required by region. Due to confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act, crop area data which do not satisfy confidentiality regulations of the Statistics Act are identified as "x".

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