Technical-grade ethanol for use in hand sanitizers and hard-surface disinfectants: Notice to industry

Date published: April 17, 2020
Updated: November 16, 2020

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Overview

The COVID-19 pandemic has created a huge demand for hand sanitizers in Canada. Because of this demand, there are worldwide shortages of United States Pharmacopeia (USP) and Food-Chemicals Codex (FCC) grade ethanol. These shortages led to searches for other types of ethanol for the manufacture of hand sanitizers.

Data released by Statistics Canada show that retail sales of hand sanitizer in 2020 continue to trend much higher compared to the same timeframe in 2019. In May and early June 2020, retail demand for hand sanitizers was on average 12 times higher compared to the weekly average in 2019. In August and September, it continued to be 6 times higher than in 2019.

Health Canada conducted a risk assessment on these other sources of ethanol if used in hand sanitizers. As a result, we have approved specific sources of technical-grade ethanol (TGE) for use in the manufacture of this product. We announced this temporary decision on April 15, 2020, updated it in June 2020 and again in September 2020.

We also published an interim guide on the use of ethanol in alcohol-based hand sanitizers sold in Canada.

Authorization for technical-grade ethanol in hand sanitizers

A number of companies have expressed interest in supplying technical-grade ethanol for use in hand sanitizers.

In response, we conducted an assessment of the risks and benefits of the use of specific sources of technical-grade ethanol in hand sanitizers. When used as directed and for a limited time, the benefit of helping to limit the spread of COVID-19 outweighs the risk.

Companies proposing to supply technical-grade ethanol for use in hand sanitizers or hard-surface disinfectants must receive written authorization from Health Canada before proceeding.

Under the interim measure for alcohol-based hand sanitizers, these products can be distributed in health care and commercial settings, although they must be labelled for personal use.

As for any other health product, we will take the necessary measures to protect the health and safety of Canadians. These measures include:

The temporary use of technical-grade ethanol will no longer be valid when the regular supply of higher-quality ethanol stabilizes. Suppliers, distributors and manufacturers will have 2 weeks' notice to stop distributing and selling hand sanitizers and hard-surface disinfectants with technical-grade ethanol.

We have made available a list of approved suppliers for technical-grade ethanol, approved distributors of technical-grade ethanol and a list of manufacturers of hand sanitizers and hard-surface disinfectants.

Use of technical-grade ethanol in hard-surface disinfectants

The Natural and Non-prescription Health Products Directorate received questions from industry about the use of technical-grade ethanol in hard-surface disinfectants. Health Canada conducted an assessment for this specific use. In the absence of an identifiable new or increased risk, the use of technical-grade ethanol in these products is allowed under the same conditions that exist for hand sanitizers.

Conditions for producing technical-grade ethanol

Companies that want to temporarily produce technical-grade ethanol for use in hand sanitizers or hard-surface disinfectants must meet these conditions:

These measures support traceability of the ethanol, proper labelling and future compliance.

Conditions for manufacturing a hand sanitizer with technical-grade ethanol

To manufacture and distribute hand sanitizers with technical-grade ethanol, product licence holders must submit a TGE notification form and receive authorization from Health Canada through a no objection letter (NOL). Authorization is still required from Health Canada to manufacture products containing any of the approved technical-grade ethanol products, even if the product doesn't require the additional warning statements noted in the licensing guide. Please refer to the TGE notification form for more information on the authorization requirements.

Manufacturers that receive an NOL must only source technical-grade ethanol from an approved supplier or distributor.

We will verify each label proposal to ensure it aligns with the technical-grade ethanol risk statements and that there are no false or misleading claims. All hand sanitizer product labels should comply with the antiseptic skin cleansers monograph and the Natural Health Product Regulations (NHPR).

Companies that have received an NOL will be listed on Health Canada's website to provide transparency to the general public.

Companies must receive temporary authorization to further distribute or resell an approved technical-grade ethanol for use in the production of hand sanitizers or hard-surface disinfectants. Distributors may only distribute or resell approved technical-grade ethanol between authorized suppliers and manufacturers that have received an NOL. Unauthorized companies that resell or distribute may be subject to enforcement action.

Companies will be added to the list of authorized distributors for this specific purpose.

These conditions are designed to minimize potential risks, while ensuring a sufficient supply of hand sanitizers and hard-surface disinfectants during this public health crisis.

Contact us

For more information, you may contact Health Canada's Natural and Non-prescription Health Products Directorate at hc.nnhpd-dpsnso.sc@canada.ca.

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