International Experience Canada (IEC) – Bilateral agreements and arrangements: Canadian interests – Reciprocal employment (International Mobility Program [IMP])

This section contains policy, procedures and guidance used by IRCC staff. It is posted on the department’s website as a courtesy to stakeholders.

There are 3 possible categories of participation through bilateral agreements and arrangements under the International Experience Canada (IEC) program:

  • Working Holiday (travel and work): Participants are eligible to apply for an open work permit to allow them to work for any employer or location in Canada to subsidize their stay as they travel and discover the country.
  • Young Professionals (career development): Participants are eligible to apply for an employer-specific work permit to help them gain professional work experience in Canada.
  • International Co-op (internships for students only): Participants are eligible to apply for an employer-specific work permit to help them gain experience in their field of study.

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Medical requirements

Police certificate requirements

IEC applicants who are from countries or territories that have no requirements to obtain a police certificate for IEC may be asked by the officer processing their application to provide one.

Applicants who have lived in other countries or territories outside of their permanent residence for 6 consecutive months or more since their 18th birthday must provide a police certificate for each of those countries or territories. Refer to How to get a police certificate and Police certificates for more guidance.

Residence requirements

If the applicant’s current residential address is not in their country of citizenship, then they need to provide a permanent mailing address that is in their country of citizenship.

Discontinuance requirements

Where there is a discontinuance requirement (i.e., a specific length of discontinuous stay as specified in the agreement), the discontinuous stay will be calculated from the expiry of the first work permit.

For IEC, even though there are discontinuation clauses under the Youth Mobility Arrangements (YMAs), the clauses only apply between one IEC participation and the next IEC participation. If a foreign worker has finished their IEC participation and has applied for a work permit outside of the IEC program while holding a valid IEC work permit, the discontinuation clause in the YMA doesn’t apply, especially since the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations (IRPR) allow the foreign worker to apply for another type of work permit. In such a case, the foreign worker would be eligible to work without a work permit under paragraph R186(u) until a decision is made on their new work permit application. However, if the foreign worker has applied for a work permit under IEC for a second participation while holding a valid IEC work permit, they cannot continue to work under their initial IEC work permit until a decision is made on their second IEC participation.

Program requirements specific to each country or territory

Described below are the program requirements specific to each country or territory that holds a bilateral agreement or arrangement with Canada’s IEC program:

Australia

Applicants are allowed 2 participations under the bilateral agreement:

  • a participation of 24 months in either the Working Holiday or Young Professionals category
  • a second participation of 12 months in the International Co-op (Internship) category
Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18 to 35 years Open 24 months No specific requirement No specific requirements
Young Professionals (Graduates) 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 24 months No specific requirement No specific requirements

International Co-op (Work placements)

International Co-op (Inter-institutional work-study agreement)

18 to 35 years Employer-specific 24 months (unless it is the applicant’s second participation since 2015, in which case, 12 months) No specific requirement Student must be registered at a school in Australia at the time of application

Note: Australian citizens who participated in the program prior to the 2015 quota year are eligible for 1 final participation in the category of their choosing. An applicant is considered to have participated prior to 2015 if their application(s) was submitted to any quota year prior to the launch of the 2015 quota year which took place on March 3, 2015.

There was no participation limit imposed on Australians prior to 2015. As such, Australians may have participated numerous times before the 2015 year. All Australian applicants who participated prior to 2015, regardless of the number of participations are eligible for a final participation of 24 months in the category of their choice.

Austria

Applicants are allowed 3 participations under the bilateral agreement. No repeat categories are allowed.

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18 to 30 years Open 12 months No specific requirement No specific requirements
Young Professionals (Canada–Austria Intra- & Partner-Company Training Program) 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months No specific requirement Must be permanently employed by an Austrian company and be coming to work with a partner, parent or subsidiary company in Canada
International Co-op (Internship) (Canada–Austria Young Workers Exchange Program) 18 to 35 years Employer-specific internship or work placement must be in forestry, agriculture, or tourism 6 months No specific requirement Must be a resident of Austria and must be registered as a student in forestry, agriculture or tourism or have graduated in 1 of those fields within the past 12 months at the time of application

Belgium

Applicants are allowed 1 participation under the bilateral agreement.

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18 to 30 years Open 12 months No specific requirement Must be a resident of Belgium at the time of application

Chile

Applicants are allowed 2 participations under the bilateral agreement. A repeat category is permitted.

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18 to 35 years Open 12 months No specific requirement No specific requirements
Young Professionals (supplementary graduate training) 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months No specific requirement No specific requirements
International Co-op (young worker exchange program) 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months No specific requirement No specific requirements

Costa Rica

Applicants are allowed 2 participations under the bilateral agreement. A repeat category is not permitted.

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18 to 35 years Open 12 months No specific requirement No specific requirements
Young Professionals 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months No specific requirement No specific requirements
International Co-op (Internship) 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months No specific requirement Student must be registered at a school in Costa Rica at the time of application

Croatia

Applicants are allowed 2 participations under the bilateral agreement. A repeat category is permitted.

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18 to 35 years Open 12 months 3 months discontinuance No specific requirements
Young Professionals 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months 3 months discontinuance No specific requirements
International Co-op (Internship) 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months 3 months discontinuance Student must be registered at a school in Croatia at the time of application

Czech Republic

Applicants are allowed 2 participations under the bilateral agreement. A repeat category is not permitted.

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18 to 35 years Open 12 months No specific requirement Must be a resident of the Czech Republic at the time of application
Young Professionals 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months No specific requirement Must be a resident of the Czech Republic at the time of application
International Co-op (Internship) 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months No specific requirement Student must be a resident of the Czech Republic and must be registered at a school in the Czech Republic at the time of application

Note: For Czech nationals applying under International Co-op (Internship), this stream is only available to those currently enrolled in a post-secondary institution and internships in Canada must be paid.

Denmark

Applicants are allowed 1 participation under the bilateral agreement.

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18 to 35 years Open 12 months No specific requirement Must be a citizen of Denmark and a habitual resident in Denmark (including Greenland and the Faroe Islands) at the time of application

Estonia

Applicants are allowed 2 participations under the bilateral agreement. A repeat category is not permitted.

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18 to 35 years Open 12 months No specific requirement No specific requirements
Young Professionals 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months No specific requirement No specific requirements
International Co-op  (Internship) 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months No specific requirement Student must be registered at a school in Estonia at the time of application

France

Applicants are allowed 2 participations under the bilateral agreement and can choose the order of these 2 participations:

  • a participation of 24 months in the Working Holiday, Young Professionals or Young Professionals Volontariat International en Entreprise (VIE) category
  • a second participation of 12 months in the International Co-op (Internship) category
Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18 to 35 years Open 24 months No specific requirement No specific requirements
Young Professionals 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 24 months No specific requirement No specific requirements
Young Professionals VIE (see note) 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 24 months No specific requirement No specific requirements
International Co-op (Internship) 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months No specific requirement No specific requirements. Enrolment in a training centre in France is also acceptable

Note: French citizens who participated in the program prior to the 2015 quota year are eligible for 1 final participation in the category of their choosing. An applicant is considered to have participated prior to 2015 if their application(s) was submitted to any quota year prior to the launch of the 2015 quota year which took place on February 21, 2015. Those who have participated in IEC more than once before 2015 are no longer eligible.

Note: The Government of France established the Volontariat International en Entreprise (VIE) program to provide French youth with an opportunity to gain professional experience in an international environment. These youth are assigned to the international branches and subsidiaries of French-based companies. The primary objective of this program is the professional training of high-achieving French youth through international exposure. This allows them to boost their professional development and nurture potential future professional relationships between themselves and the host country.

Business France, the Government of France’s business export development and promotion agency, manages the VIE program. French youth participating in VIE do not receive either a salary or wages but rather a stipend or monthly allowance paid to them directly in France by Business France. This allowance helps VIE participants to cover the cost of living in their host country while also maintaining residential ties to France. VIE participants are to return to France upon completion of their assignment. Business France also guarantees that VIE participants do not become a financial burden for their host country by providing housing and covering any health-care costs.

Germany

Applicants are allowed 2 participations under the bilateral agreement. A repeat category is not permitted.

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18 to 35 years Open 12 months No specific requirement No specific requirements
Young Professionals 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months No specific requirement No specific requirements
International Co-op (Internship) 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months No specific requirement No specific requirements

Greece

Applicants are allowed 2 participations under the bilateral agreement. A repeat category is not permitted.

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18 to 35 years Open 12 months No specific requirement No specific requirements
Young Professionals 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months No specific requirement No specific requirements
International Co-op (Internship) 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months No specific requirement No specific requirements

Hong Kong

Applicants are allowed 1 participation under the bilateral agreement.

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18 to 30 years Open 12 months No specific requirement Must be an ordinary resident of the Hong Kong SAR holding a valid Hong Kong SAR passport or a valid British National (Overseas) passport

Ireland

Applicants are allowed 2 participations under the bilateral agreement. One participation must be under the International Co-op (Internship) category.

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18 to 35 years Open 24 months No specific requirement No specific requirements
Young Professionals 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 24 months No specific requirement No specific requirements
International Co-op (Internship) 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months No specific requirement Student must be registered in a school in Ireland at the time of application

Note: Irish citizens who participated in the program prior to the 2013 quota year up to a period of 12 months are eligible for 1 final participation of up to 24 months in the category of their choosing. An applicant is considered to have participated prior to 2013 if their application(s) was submitted to any quota year prior to the launch of the 2013 quota year which took place during January 2013. Those who participated in IEC for more than 12 months on applications made before 2013 are no longer eligible.

Italy

Applicants are allowed 1 participation under the bilateral agreement.

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18 to 35 years Open 6-month work permit; may apply to stay an additional 6 months as a visitor No specific requirement Must be a resident of Italy at the time of application

Japan

Applicants are allowed 1 participation under the bilateral agreement.

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18 to 30 years Open 12 months No specific requirement Must be a resident of Japan at the time of application

Latvia

Applicants are allowed 2 participations under the bilateral agreement. A repeat category is not permitted.

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18 to 35 years Open 12 months 1 year discontinuance Must be a resident of Latvia at the time of application
Young Professionals 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months 1 year discontinuance Must be a resident of Latvia at the time of application
International Co-op (Internship) 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months 1 year discontinuance Student must be a resident of Latvia and must be registered at a school in Latvia at the time of application

Lithuania

Applicants are allowed 2 participations under the bilateral agreement. A repeat category is not permitted.

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18 to 35 years Open 12 months 3 months discontinuance No specific requirements
Young Professionals 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months 3 months discontinuance No specific requirements
International Co-op  (Internship) 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months 3 months discontinuance Student must be registered at a school in Lithuania at the time of application

Luxembourg

Applicants are allowed 1 participation under the bilateral agreement.

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18 to 30 years Open 12 months No specific requirement No specific requirements
Young Professionals 18 to 30 years Employer-specific 12 months No specific requirement No specific requirements
International Co-op  (Internship) 18 to 30 years Employer-specific 12 months No specific requirement No specific requirements

Mexico

Applicants are allowed 2 participations under the bilateral agreement. A repeat category is permitted.

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday (students only) 18 to 29 years Open 12 months 3 years discontinuance No specific requirements
Young Professionals 18 to 29 years Employer-specific 12 months 3 years discontinuance No specific requirements
International Co-op (Internship) 18 to 29 years Employer-specific 12 months 3 years discontinuance Student must be registered at a school in Mexico at the time of application

Note: The youth mobility agreement between Canada and Mexico is currently under review. As a result Invitations to Apply are not being sent at this time.

Netherlands

Applicants are allowed 2 participations under the bilateral agreement. A repeat category is not permitted.

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18 to 30 years Open 12 months No specific requirement Must be a resident of the Netherlands at the time of application
Young Professionals 18 to 30 years Employer-specific 12 months No specific requirement Must be a resident of the Netherlands at the time of application

Note: Nationals of all of the Dutch Caribbean islands (Aruba, Bonaire, Curaçao, Saba, Sint Eustatius and Sint Maarten) are Dutch citizens, and they are therefore eligible under the agreement.

New Zealand

Applicants are allowed 1 participation under the bilateral agreement.

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18 to 35 years Open 23 months (starting in 2015) No specific requirement No specific requirements

Norway

Applicants are allowed 2 participations under the bilateral agreement. Repeat category is not permitted.

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18 to 35 years Open 12 months No specific requirement Must be a resident of Norway at the time of application
Young Professionals 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months No specific requirement Must be a resident of Norway at the time of application
International Co-op (Internship) 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months No specific requirement Must be a resident of the Norway at the time of application

Poland

Applicants are allowed 2 participations under the bilateral agreement. A repeat category is not permitted.

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18 to 35 years Open 12 months 6 months discontinuance No specific requirements
Young Professionals 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months 6 months discontinuance No specific requirements
International Co-op (Internship) 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months 6 months discontinuance Student must be registered at a school in Poland at the time of application

Portugal

Applicants are allowed 1 participation under the bilateral agreement.

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18 to 35 years Open 24 months No specific requirement No specific requirements
Young Professionals 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 24 months No specific requirement No specific requirements
International Co-op (Internship) 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 24 months No specific requirement No specific requirements

San Marino

Applicants are allowed 2 participations under the bilateral agreement.

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18 to 35 years Open 12 months No specific requirement No specific requirements

Slovakia

Applicants are allowed 2 participations under the bilateral agreement. A repeat category is not permitted.

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18 to 35 years Open 12 months 3 months discontinuance Must be a resident of Slovakia at the time of application
Young Professionals 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months 3 months discontinuance Must be a resident of Slovakia at the time of application
International Co-op (Internship) 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months 3 months discontinuance Student must be a resident of Slovakia and must be registered at a school in Slovakia at the time of application

Slovenia

Applicants are allowed 2 participations under the bilateral agreement. A repeat category is not permitted.

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18 to 35 years Open 12 months No specific requirement No specific requirements
Young Professionals 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months No specific requirement No specific requirements
International Co-op (Internship) 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months No specific requirement Student must be registered at a school in Slovenia at the time of application

South Korea

Applicants are allowed 1 participation under the bilateral agreement.

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18 to 30 years Open 12 months No specific requirement Must be a resident of the Republic of Korea at the time of application

Spain

Applicants are allowed 2 participations under the bilateral agreement. A repeat category is not permitted.

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18 to 35 years Open 12 months 3 months discontinuance Must be a resident of Spain at the time of application
Young Professionals 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months 3 months discontinuance Must be a resident of Spain at the time of application
International Co-op (Internship) 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months 3 months discontinuance Student must be a resident of Spain and must be registered at a school in Spain at the time of application

Sweden

Applicants are allowed 2 participations under the bilateral agreement. A repeat category is not permitted.

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18 to 30 years Open 12 months No specific requirement Must be a resident of Sweden at the time of application
Young Professionals 18 to 30 years Employer-specific 12 months No specific requirement Must be a resident of Sweden at the time of application
International Co-op (Internship) 18 to 30 years Employer-specific 12 months No specific requirement Student must be a resident of Sweden and must be registered at a school in Sweden at the time of application

Switzerland

Applicants are allowed 2 participations under the bilateral agreement. A repeat category is permitted if the sum of the 2 participations is within the 18 month total limit.

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Young Professionals 18 to 35 years Employer-specific

18 months

Total duration of the 2 permits combined cannot exceed 18-months

No specific requirement No specific requirements
International Co-op (Internship) 18 to 35 years Employer-specific

18 months

Total duration of the 2 permits combined cannot exceed 18-months

No specific requirement Student must be registered at a school in Switzerland at the time of application

Taiwan

Applicants are allowed 1 participation under the bilateral agreement.

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18 to 35 years Open 12 months No specific requirement No specific requirements
Young Professionals 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months No specific requirement No specific requirements
International Co-op (Internship) 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months No specific requirement Student must be registered at a school in Taiwan at the time of application

Ukraine

Applicants are allowed 2 participations under the bilateral agreement. A repeat category is permitted.

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18 to 35 years Open 12 months No specific requirement No specific requirements
Young Professionals 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months No specific requirement No specific requirements
International Co-op (Internship) 18 to 35 years Employer-specific 12 months No specific requirement Student must be registered at a school in the Ukraine at the time of application

Note: The youth mobility agreement between Canada and Ukraine is currently under review. As a result are not being sent at this time.

United Kingdom

Applicants are allowed 1 participation under the bilateral agreement.

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18 to 30 years Open 24 months No specific requirement No specific requirements

The applicant must be a British citizen from 1 of the following territories: the United Kingdom or the Bailiwick of Jersey and the Bailiwick of Guernsey.

Note: British citizens who participated in the program prior to the 2015 quota year for a period of up to 12 months are eligible for 1 final participation of 24 months. An applicant is considered to have participated prior to 2015 if their application(s) was submitted to any quota year prior to the launch of the 2015 quota year which took place on March 12, 2015. Those who participated in IEC for more than 12 months on applications made before 2015 are no longer eligible.

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