This section contains policy, procedures and guidance used by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada staff. It is posted on the Department’s website as a courtesy to stakeholders.
A work permit or authorization to work without a permit is required in order for a foreign national to be allowed to work in Canada (section 30 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act). There are specific requirements that must be met by the foreign national and the employer under the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP) or the International Mobility Program (IMP).
The TFWP lets employers hire foreign workers to fill temporary labour and skill shortages.
The IMP lets employers hire temporary workers without a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA). Exemptions from the LMIA process are based on
- broader economic, cultural or other competitive advantages for Canada; and
- reciprocal benefits enjoyed by Canadians and permanent residents.
- the full table of contents for operational instructions related to temporary workers;
- the transition table for information on where previous manual content can now be found in the new format;
- the officer quick reference guide to occupations.
- What is work?
- Steps to determine work and assessment of work permit application
- Authorization to work without a work permit
- Place of application
- Cumulative duration (four-year maximum)
- Employer review - Protecting workers from abuse and exploitation
- Eligibility and admissibility
- Two-week processing eligibility
- Open work permits
- Employer-specific work permits with Labour Market Impact Assessment exemptions
- Conditions of the work permit including validity period
- Assessing medical requirements
- Urgent referrals process for work permits
Labour Market Impact Assessments
Labour Market Impact Assessment exemptions
- Agreements [R204]
- Canadian interests [R205] (See LMIA codes)
- Applicants with no other means of support [R206]
- Permanent residence applicants in Canada [R207]
- Humanitarian reasons [R208]
- Unique work situations
- Special initiatives and pilot projects
Determining employer compliance
- Employer compliance inspection
- Revocation of work permit due to public policy consideration
- Application of consequences where an employer is found non-compliant with the conditions
- Public list of employers who have been non-compliant
- Collecting administrative monetary penalties and determining when employers are in default of payment
Admission to Canada
In addition to meeting the eligibility requirements for the temporary resident category under which they have applied, applicants will require either a visa or an electronic travel authorization (eTA).
All foreign nationals who are visa-exempt are required to obtain an eTA to travel to Canada by air.
- What is an eTA?
- Who needs an eTA?
- Who does not need an eTA?
- How much does an eTA cost?
- How do clients apply for an eTA?
- For how long is an eTA valid?
- How does the eTA application assessment process work?
- How will the eTA requirement be enforced?
- What are the key dates for implementation of the eTA program?
- Procedures: manually processing eTA applications
- eTA: Client service
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