Recent Immigrants in Metropolitan Areas: Saskatoon—A Comparative Profile Based on the 2001 Census

Part F: Housing

Crowded accommodations more common for recent immigrants

In Saskatoon, the number of persons per room in recent immigrant households is well above the overall average. A total of 14% of recent immigrant households live in crowded conditions (that is, there are more persons than rooms in the home). The incidence of crowding is even higher among households consisting only of very recent immigrants. By contrast, crowding is very rare among Canadian-born households and earlier immigrant households.

Table F-1: Immigrant households (by period of immigration) and Canadian-born households—persons per room, Saskatoon Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 (number and percentage distribution)
Households Fewer than 0.5 persons 0.5 to 0.74 persons 0.75 to 0.99 persons 1 or more persons Total
Canadian-born 53,860 19,110 3,160 1,830 77,950
Earlier immigrants 5,330 1,610 330 140 7,400
Recent immigrants 1,220 1,090 420 430 3,160
 1986-1995 immigrants 730 590 170 150 1,620
 1996-2001 immigrants with others 300 310 100 60 770
 1996-2001 immigrants only 190 200 150 230 780
All households 60,540 21,930 3,970 2,520 88,950
 
Canadian-born 69% 25% 4% 2% 100%
Earlier immigrants 72% 22% 4% 2% 100%
Recent immigrants 38% 34% 13% 14% 100%
 1986-1995 immigrants 45% 36% 10% 9% 100%
 1996-2001 immigrants with others 38% 40% 12% 7% 100%
 1996-2001 immigrants only 25% 26% 19% 30% 100%
All households 68% 25% 4% 3% 100%

Note: The total “All households” includes households of non-permanent residents not shown in the table. For definitions of household, crowding and related concepts, see the Glossary.

Large households likely to have crowded accommodations

Crowding is related to size of household. The larger the household, the greater the chance that there are more persons than rooms in the dwelling. This pattern is found among households of the Canadian-born as well as immigrants, despite the fact that there is much less crowding in households of the Canadian-born than in households of recent immigrants.

Table F-2: Immigrant households (by period of immigration) and Canadian-born households—persons per room, by size of household, Saskatoon Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 (number and percentage distribution)
Size of household Fewer than 0.5 persons 0.5 to 0.74 persons 0.75 to 0.99 persons 1 or more persons Total
1 to 3 persons
Canadian-born 48,160 9,520 940 610 59,220
Earlier immigrants 4,770 710 90 50 5,610
Recent immigrants 1,010 580 130 170 1,870
4 to 5 persons
Canadian-born 5,620 8,770 1,600 780 16,770
Earlier immigrants 570 840 170 70 1,630
Recent immigrants 210 470 180 170 1,010
6 or more persons
Canadian-born 90 820 620 450 1,970
Earlier immigrants 0 70 70 30 170
Recent immigrants 0 50 120 100 270
 
1 to 3 persons
Canadian-born 81% 16% 2% 1% 100%
Earlier immigrants 85% 13% 2% 1% 100%
Recent immigrants 54% 31% 7% 9% 100%
4 to 5 persons
Canadian-born 33% 52% 10% 5% 100%
Earlier immigrants 35% 51% 10% 4% 100%
Recent immigrants 20% 46% 18% 17% 100%
6 or more persons
Canadian-born 5% 42% 31% 23% 100%
Earlier immigrants 0% 39% 42% 18% 100%
Recent immigrants 0% 19% 43% 38% 100%

Note: The total “All households” includes households of non-permanent residents not shown in the table. For definitions of household, crowding and related concepts, see the Glossary.

As shown earlier, households of immigrants who landed before 1986 are similar to the households of the Canadian-born in size. They also have accommodations that are similar in size to that of the Canadian-born.

Three in ten recent immigrant households face high housing cost

Three in ten recent immigrant households in Saskatoon spend more than 30% of their income on accommodations. For approximately one-half of these households, the cost of accommodations exceeds 50% of their income. Households consisting exclusively of very recent immigrants are even more likely to have relatively high housing costs, with two in five spending 30% or more of their income on housing. Only one in four Canadian-born households in Saskatoon has housing costs in excess of 30% of income.

Table F-3: Immigrant households (by period of immigration) and Canadian-born households—cost of accommodations as a share of household income, Saskatoon Census Metropolitan Area, 2000 (number and percentage distribution)
  Cost of accommodation
Households Less than 30% 30% to 50% 50% or more
Canadian-born 58,020 74% 10,400 13% 8,490 11%
Earlier immigrants 6,040 82% 810 11% 510 7%
Recent immigrants 1,890 70% 410 15% 380 14%
1986-1995 immigrants 1,160 71% 240 15% 210 13%
1996-1999 immigrants with others 400 79% 70 13% 40 7%
1996-1999 immigrants only 330 57% 100 17% 140 24%
All households 66,400 75% 11,750 13% 9,600 11%

Note: The total “All households” includes households of non-permanent residents not shown in the table. For definitions of household, crowding and related concepts, see the Glossary.

Housing costs of more than 30% of income are considered burdensome, and households facing that level of cost as a rule have low incomes. Many households of recent immigrants have low incomes and try to keep the cost of accommodations down by choosing small quarters and making their households large. However, this is often not enough to bring housing costs down to less than 30% of income.

Housing of recent immigrants in similar state of repair

Recent immigrant households in Saskatoon are slightly less likely to live in older or in very recently built dwellings in comparison to Canadian-born and earlier immigrant households. A higher proportion of recent immigrant households, and especially very recent immigrant households, live in dwellings that were built in the 1970s and 1980s.

Table F-4: Immigrant households (by period of immigration) and Canadian-born households—period of construction of household dwelling, Saskatoon Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 (number and percentage distribution)
  Period of construction
Households Before 1971 1971-1990 1991-2001
Canadian-born 34,150 44% 36,040 46% 7,770 10%
Earlier immigrants 3,220 43% 3,450 47% 730 10%
Recent immigrants 1,290 41% 1,630 52% 260 8%
 1986-1995 immigrants 670 41% 800 49% 160 10%
 1996-2001 immigrants with others 330 43% 370 48% 70 9%
 1996-2001 immigrants only 280 36% 460 59% 50 6%
All households 38,820 44% 41,330 46% 8,800 10%

Note: The total “All households” includes households of non-permanent residents not shown in the table. For definitions of household, crowding and related concepts, see the Glossary.

The state of repair of the housing stock for both recent immigrant and earlier immigrant households is nearly identical to that of the Canadian-born households.

Table F-5: Immigrant households (by period of immigration) and Canadian-born households—quality of housing, Saskatoon Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 (number and percentage distribution)
  Quality of housing
Households Regular maintenance Minor repairs Major repairs
Canadian-born 51,060 65% 21,990 28% 4,900 6%
Earlier immigrants 5,210 70% 1,780 24% 420 6%
Recent immigrants 2,050 65% 920 29% 180 6%
 1986-1995 immigrants 1,030 63% 500 31% 100 6%
 1996-2001 immigrants with others 500 65% 220 29% 40 5%
 1996-2001 immigrants only 540 69% 210 27% 40 5%
All households 58,670 66% 24,770 28% 5,510 6%

Note: The total “All households” includes households of non-permanent residents not shown in the table. For definitions of household, crowding and related concepts, see the Glossary.

Home ownership fairly widespread

In Saskatoon, one in five households consisting exclusively of very recent immigrants own their home compared to two-thirds of other recent immigrant households and Canadian-born households.

Figure F-1: Immigrant households (by period of immigration) and Canadian-born households—home ownership by household type, Saskatoon Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 (percentage)

Figure F-1

Note: For definitions of household and related concepts, see the Glossary.

Home-ownership is much higher among earlier immigrants than the Canadian-born. This probably reflects the higher average age and incomes of earlier immigrants, but it may also point to different choices.

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