Recent Immigrants in Metropolitan Areas: Victoria—A Comparative Profile Based on the 2001 Census

Part B: Who Are the Recent Immigrants?

Origin, immigration category and religion

Asian origins are increasingly important

Victoria’s immigrants come from all over the world and represent a diversity of cultural and linguistic backgrounds. Over the past several decades there has been a considerable change in the source countries of immigrants. In 2001, for example, there were 4,800 residents of Victoria who had landed in Canada between 1996 and 2001. The most common country of birth for these immigrants was the United States, accounting for 10% of these new residents, followed by Taiwan, also supplying 10%. In general, the birth origins of Victoria’s immigrant population vary in relation to the period of immigration. European birth origins are predominant among those who immigrated in the 1950s, the 1960s and, to a lesser extent, the 1970s, and Asian birth origins are increasingly important among those who immigrated in the 1980s and 1990s.

Table B-1: Immigrants by period of immigration—top ten countries of birth, Victoria Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 (number and percentage distribution)
  Share
All immigrants
1 United Kingdom 19,800 34%
2 United States 5,620 10%
3 China, People's Republic of 3,180 6%
4 Germany 2,890 5%
5 India 2,500 4%
6 Netherlands 2,210 4%
7 Philippines 1,370 2%
8 Hong Kong 1,320 2%
9 Portugal 1,070 2%
10 South Africa 940 2%
Top ten countries 40,900 71%
All other countries 16,690 29%
Total 57,590 100%
Immigrated before 1986
1 United Kingdom 18,050 42%
2 United States 4,240 10%
3 Germany 2,400 6%
4 Netherlands 2,020 5%
5 China, People's Republic of 1,800 4%
6 India 1,550 4%
7 Portugal 980 2%
8 Italy 860 2%
9 Hong Kong 770 2%
10 Denmark 670 2%
Top ten countries 33,340 77%
All other countries 10,040 23%
Total 43,380 100%
Immigrated 1986-1995
1 United Kingdom 1,430 15%
2 China, People's Republic of 980 10%
3 United States 900 9%
4 India 670 7%
5 Philippines 520 5%
6 Hong Kong 410 4%
7 South Africa, Republic of 370 4%
8 Germany 340 4%
9 Poland 300 3%
10 Viet Nam 200 2%
Top ten countries 6,120 64%
All other countries 3,340 36%
Total 9,460 100%
Immigrated 1996-2001
1 United States 480 10%
2 Taiwan 460 10%
3 Philippines 410 9%
4 China, People's Republic of 390 8%
5 United Kingdom 330 7%
6 India 280 6%
7 Japan 210 4%
8 Iran 160 3%
9 Germany 150 3%
10 Yugoslavia 150 3%
Top ten countries 3,020 63%
All other countries 1,730 38%
Total 4,750 100%

Among Victoria’s earlier immigrants—those who landed in Canada before 1986—the United Kingdom and the United States were the most common countries of birth, accounting for one-half of this immigrant group. The United States and the United Kingdom remain important sources of new immigrants in more recent years.

Victoria's share of recent immigrants varies by country of birth

Of the 69,700 United Kingdom-born individuals who immigrated since 1986 and were living in Canada in 2001, 1,750 or 2.5% were living in Victoria. Victoria is home to a larger share of recent immigrants from South Africa, Germany and the United States than of immigrants generally. On average, 0.6% of recent immigrants chose Victoria as their place of residence. A larger share of Canada's earlier immigrants makes Victoria their residence (1.1% of all earlier immigrants). Victoria is home to a slightly smaller share of the Canadian-born population.

Table B-2: Recent immigrants in Canada by country of birth and percentage residing in Victoria Census Metropolitan Area, 2001
Country of Birth Total recent immigrants to Canada Share residing in Victoria
United Kingdom 69,660 2.5%
South Africa, Republic of 19,890 2.4%
Germany 22,810 2.1%
United States 73,860 1.9%
Taiwan 60,530 1.1%
All immigrants 5,448,490 1.1%
Total population 29,639,000 1.0%
All Canadian-born 23,991,910 1.0%
Malaysia 12,280 1.0%
Guatemala 10,580 0.9%
Ethiopia 12,080 0.7%
China, People's Republic of 236,930 0.6%
Philippines 161,130 0.6%
Yugoslavia 35,860 0.6%
All recent immigrants 2,491,850 0.6%
Ghana 13,450 0.6%
Colombia 10,190 0.5%
Ukraine 25,530 0.5%
India 197,680 0.5%
Peru 12,590 0.4%
Mexico 24,640 0.4%
Korea, South 50,970 0.4%
Iran 61,560 0.3%
Poland 91,140 0.3%
France 27,500 0.3%
Hong Kong 168,770 0.3%
Russian Federation 35,950 0.3%
Viet Nam 72,330 0.3%
Bosnia and Herzegovina 23,170 0.3%
Portugal 34,120 0.3%
El Salvador 29,680 0.2%
Jamaica 48,760 0.2%
Romania 43,200 0.2%
Sri Lanka 80,080 0.1%

Note: Table B-2 lists all countries that are the place of birth of at least 10,000 recent immigrants living in Canada in 2001, with Victoria’s share being 0.1% or more.

Large majority immigrated through family and economic categories

Statistics published by Citizenship and Immigration Canada show that the number of immigrants who reported Victoria as their destination when they landed in Canada increased by 1,200 between the second half of the 1980s and the first half of the 1990s and decreased by 1,700 in the second half of the 1990s. The rise was concentrated in the family and economic immigrant categories. Throughout the 1990s, 50% of immigrants arriving in Canada and destined for Victoria entered through the family category and slightly fewer entered through the economic category.

Table B-3: Recent immigrants by period of immigration—landings by immigration category, Victoria Census Metropolitan Area, 1986-2000 (number and percentage distribution)
  1986-1990 1991-1995 1996-2000
Family class 2,210 47% 3,230 54% 2,070 50%
Economic immigrants 1,470 31% 2,240 38% 1,880 45%
Refugees 560 12% 220 4% 210 5%
Other immigrants 470 10% 240 4% 20 0%
Total 4,700 100% 5,930 100% 4,180 100%

Source: Citizenship and Immigration Canada, Facts and Figures, 2002 (data set).

Note: The 2001 Census did not ask immigrants about the immigration categories through which they were admitted to Canada. The information in Table B-3 was obtained from records at Citizenship and Immigration Canada, and pertains to the time of landing. The immigration categories are described in the Glossary.

The number of immigrants entering through the family class increased in the first half of the 1990s. Within the family class, the number of spouses peaked in the early 1990s and then declined in the most recent period. The number of other relatives—parents and grandparents, sons and daughters, and fiancés—fell sharply from about 1,600 during the 1991-1995 period to 800 during the 1996-2000 period.

As for refugees, government-assisted and privately-sponsored refugees became much less numerous. Four hundred government-assisted refugees were destined to Victoria when they landed during the 1986-1990 period, almost none in the following period, and 100 in 1996-2000. About 100 privately-sponsored refugees entered in the second half of the 1990s, one-half of the number that entered in the second half of the 1980s. The number of asylum seekers increased from minor importance to the same level as the other two refugee categories.

Skilled workers and their dependants account for the lion's share of economic immigrants. The flow of these new entrants destined for Victoria peaked in 1991-1996 and has fallen slightly in the most recent five-year period.

Religions changing with countries of origin

While many very recent immigrants are Christians, the shares adhering to Muslim and Buddhist faiths are higher than among earlier immigrants. Almost all of the Canadian-born adhere to Christian denominations or report having no religion.

Table B-4: Immigrants by period of immigration and Canadian-born—religious affiliation, Victoria Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 (number and percentage distribution)
  Canadian-born Immigrants Immigrated
before 1986
Immigrated
1986-1995
Immigrated
1996-2001
Roman Catholic 35,990 11,220 8,410 2,040 780
Protestant 95,030 20,360 17,730 1,770 850
Orthodox Christian 860 790 450 230 110
Other Christian 9,940 2,160 1,180 590 370
Muslim 270 910 340 220 350
Buddhist 1,280 1,770 970 460 350
Hindu 220 510 150 300 60
Sikh 1,610 1,840 1,090 540 230
Other 6,830 1,320 1,050 180 130
No religion 95,000 16,770 12,080 3,150 1,550
Total 247,010 57,590 43,380 9,460 4,750
 
Roman Catholic 15% 19% 19% 22% 16%
Protestant 38% 35% 41% 19% 18%
Orthodox Christian 0% 1% 1% 2% 2%
Other Christian 4% 4% 3% 6% 8%
Muslim 0% 2% 1% 2% 7%
Buddhist 1% 3% 2% 5% 7%
Hindu 0% 1% 0% 3% 1%
Sikh 1% 3% 3% 6% 5%
Other 3% 2% 2% 2% 3%
No religion 38% 29% 28% 33% 33%
Total 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%

Note: Religions are listed in order of their share of the population of Canada, from highest to lowest, with Christian religions grouped together

Protestants are relatively more numerous among the Canadian-born than among immigrants in Victoria. Nearly two-fifths of the Canadian-born are Protestant, with the Anglican Church having the largest following among the major Protestant churches, accounting for 17% of the Canadian-born population. The share of very recent immigrants who are Protestants is about one-fifth.

Age and gender

Nearly one-half of very recent immigrants are adults 25 to 44 years old

The age distribution of the very recent immigrant population (those landing between 1996 and 2001) is markedly different from that of the Canadian-born population, with a larger proportion in the 25-44 age group and proportionally fewer seniors and persons aged 45 to 64. Nearly one-half of very recent immigrants living in Victoria were between the ages of 25 and 44, compared to three-tenths of Canadian-born individuals. Fifteen percent of very recent immigrants were aged 45 to 64, compared to one-quarter of their Canadian-born counterparts.

Table B-5: Immigrants by period of immigration and Canadian-born—age and gender, Victoria Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 (number and percentage distribution)
  Under 15 years 15 to 24 years 25 to 44 years 45 to 64 years 65 years and over Total
Women
Canadian-born 22,590 18,110 37,790 30,070 19,340 127,890
Immigrants 820 1,370 7,380 11,090 10,480 31,130
Immigrated before 1986 0 340 3,720 9,680 9,680 23,410
Immigrated 1986-1995 360 660 2,420 1,090 700 5,200
Immigrated 1996-2001 460 380 1,250 340 110 2,530
Men
Canadian-born 23,370 18,330 35,290 28,420 13,720 119,120
Immigrants 780 1,390 6,140 10,040 8,110 26,460
Immigrated before 1986 0 320 3,450 8,660 7,570 19,980
Immigrated 1986-1995 380 660 1,740 1,010 490 4,260
Immigrated 1996-2001 410 420 960 370 70 2,220
Total
Canadian-born 45,950 36,440 73,080 58,490 33,060 247,010
Immigrants 1,600 2,760 13,520 21,130 18,590 57,590
Immigrated before 1986 0 650 7,160 18,340 17,240 43,380
Immigrated 1986-1995 740 1,310 4,150 2,090 1,190 9,460
Immigrated 1996-2001 870 800 2,210 710 170 4,750
 
Canadian-born 19% 15% 30% 24% 13% 100%
Immigrants 3% 5% 23% 37% 32% 100%
Immigrated before 1986 0% 1% 17% 42% 40% 100%
Immigrated 1986-1995 8% 14% 44% 22% 13% 100%
Immigrated 1996-2001 18% 17% 47% 15% 4% 100%
Total population 16% 13% 28% 26% 17% 100%

Children under 15 years of age accounted for nearly one-fifth of the very recent immigrant population and the Canadian-born population and a much smaller share of other immigrant cohorts. This latter fact is partly a result of how we define immigrants and the Canadian-born. The immigrant population grows older like the Canadian-born population but does not renew itself in the same way, as children born in Canada to immigrants are not considered immigrants. Thus, there are no persons under 15 years of age among immigrants who landed before 1986, and the older age groups are over-represented among these earlier immigrants. By the same token, the share of children among the Canadian-born is large as it includes children born to immigrant parents.

The age structure of very recent immigrants closely resembles age at arrival. Immigrants tend to arrive in Canada during their prime working-age years. This was the case among immigrants who landed more than 30 years ago, and it is still the case today. It is therefore not surprising that a large share of very recent immigrants were in the 25 to 44 age group.

Many of the characteristics and circumstances described in this profile vary with age. Differences between immigrants or groups of immigrants and the Canadian-born often are at least in part a reflection of differences in the age structure.

Figure B-1: Immigrants by period of immigration and Canadian-born—by age, Victoria Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 (percentage distribution)
Figure B-1

More women than men

The proportion of women in the recent immigrant population in Victoria is similar to but, at 53% to 55%, higher than that of the Canadian-born population. More than 71% of recent immigrants from Japan, the Philippines and Ukraine are women.

Table B-6: Immigrants by period of immigration and Canadian-born—percentage of women, by age, Victoria Census Metropolitan Area, 2001
  Under 15 years 15 to 24 years 25 to 44 years 45 to 64 years 65 years and over Total
Canadian-born 49% 50% 52% 51% 59% 52%
Immigrants 51% 50% 55% 52% 56% 54%
 Immigrated before 1986 - 52% 52% 53% 56% 54%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 48% 50% 58% 52% 59% 55%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 53% 47% 57% 48% 62% 53%

There are 1,200 more women than men among the 14,200 recent immigrants in Victoria. The number of women is particularly high among recent immigrants from the Philippines (400 more women than men out of 900 recent immigrants) and Japan (150 more women than men out of 350 recent immigrants).

As women on average live longer than men, they make up a large share of persons aged 65 years and over. But the higher proportion of women among recent immigrants is not related to age. For instance, over two-thirds of recent immigrants aged 25 to 64 from the Philippines are women. Some of them have obtained permanent resident status after a period of employment as live-in caregivers.

At the opposite end of the spectrum of the gender mix are France, Yugoslavia and Romania. More than 60% of recent immigrants from these countries are men. Men outnumber women by 60 among the 210 recent immigrants from Yugoslavia and by 80 among the 100 recent immigrants from France.

The gender balance, by country of origin, has not changed greatly since 1996.

Language and education

Almost all very recent immigrants speak English or French

A large majority of Victoria’s immigrants of 15 years of age and over reported being able to carry on a conversation in at least one of Canada’s two official languages. Even among very recent immigrants, who landed in Canada from 1996 to 2001, almost all (95% of men and 94% of women) reported being able to speak an official language in May 2001. Less than one in ten of these very recent immigrants could not speak either official language. Knowledge of official languages is about the same among those who immigrated during the 1986-1995 period and even higher among those who immigrated before 1986: 98% of women and 99% of men who immigrated before 1986 indicated that they were able to speak an official language.

Table B-7: Very recent immigrants (immigrated between 1996 and 2001), 15 years of age and over — knowledge of official languages by age and gender, Victoria Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 (number and percentage distribution)
  English only French only English and French Neither English nor French Total
Women
15 to 24 years 360 - 20 - 380
25 to 44 years 1,130 - 100 40 1,260
45 to 64 years 240 - 50 60 340
65 years and over 80 - - 30 110
15 years and over 1,800 - 160 120 2,070
Men
15 to 24 years 390 - 20 - 410
25 to 44 years 830 - 120 30 970
45 to 64 years 320 - 20 40 380
65 years and over 40 - - 20 60
15 years and over 1,560 - 160 100 1,820
Total
15 to 24 years 750 - 40 - 790
25 to 44 years 1,950 - 210 60 2,210
45 to 64 years 550 - 70 100 720
65 years and over 110 - - 50 160
15 years and over 3,360 - 320 210 3,880
 
Women
15 to 24 years 95% 0% 5% 0% 100%
25 to 44 years 90% 0% 8% 3% 100%
45 to 64 years 71% 0% 15% 18% 100%
65 years and over 73% 0% 0% 27% 100%
15 years and over 87% 0% 8% 6% 100%
Men
15 to 24 years 95% 0% 5% 0% 100%
25 to 44 years 86% 0% 12% 3% 100%
45 to 64 years 84% 0% 5% 11% 100%
65 years and over 67% 0% 0% 33% 100%
15 years and over 86% 0% 9% 5% 100%
Total
15 to 24 years 95% 0% 5% 0% 100%
25 to 44 years 88% 0% 10% 3% 100%
45 to 64 years 76% 0% 10% 14% 100%
65 years and over 69% 0% 0% 31% 100%
15 years and over 87% 0% 8% 5% 100%

The proportion of Victoria’s immigrants able to carry on a conversation in English or French decreases with age. Among immigrants under age 45 who landed in Canada between 1996 and 2001, almost all are able to speak an official language. Among those aged 45 to 64, however, the percentage that can speak English or French falls, and more so for women than for men. For seniors aged 65 and over, having ability to converse in English or French is least likely, with the percentage being lower for men than for women.

Ability to converse in either or both official languages has improved with the very recent immigrant cohort: 5% more men and 6% more women had this ability in 2001 compared to a similar cohort (those who landed within the five years prior to the census) in 1996. This may reflect changes in countries of origin, the increase in the share of economic immigrants and perhaps also greater awareness among immigrants of the need to speak Canada’s languages before and after arrival.

Nearly one-half of very recent immigrants speak a foreign language at home

For a large number of Victoria’s recent immigrants, the language spoken most often at home is one other than English or French. Nearly one-half of immigrants who landed between 1996 and 2001 most often speak a foreign language in their homes.

The use of foreign languages is also high among other immigrant cohorts. More than one-third of those who immigrated between 1986 and 1995 and one in ten of those who immigrated prior to 1986 most often spoke a foreign language at home.

Figure B-2: Immigrants by period of immigration—15 years of age and over — use of a foreign language at home, Victoria Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 (percentage)
Figure B-2

The use of foreign languages in the home among very recent immigrants was nearly as high in 2001 as in 1996, when exactly one-half of the latest arrivals reported the use of a foreign language in the home. However, among those who had lived in Canada from five to 15 years, 36% commonly used a foreign language in 2001, compared to 31% in 1996.

Many university graduates among recent immigrants

The share of immigrants with only a minimal education is slightly higher than the share of the Canadian-born with a minimal education. The Canadian-born are more likely than recent immigrants to have some high school. Very recent immigrants, however, boast a high number of university graduates. The high proportion of university graduates is most likely a result of immigrant selection policy. A large share of very recent immigrants have entered as economic immigrants, and education is an important admission criterion in this category.

When education levels are compared by age group, the younger generation has a much higher level of education than older groups, whether born inside or outside Canada. Only 12% of women and 17% of men under 45 years of age born in Canada have not completed high school, compared to four in ten seniors. Slightly less than two-thirds of Canadian-born persons under 45 years of age have a post-secondary diploma or degree, compared to two-fifths of persons of 65 years of age and over. A similar difference in educational qualifications is observed among immigrants.

Table B-8: Immigrants by period of immigration and Canadian-born—15 years of age and over—highest level of education, by gender, Victoria Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 (number and percentage distribution)
  Less than grade 9 Some high school High school diploma College or trade diploma University degree Total
Women
Canadian-born 2,640 23,160 27,200 33,230 19,100 105,320
Immigrants 2,560 6,000 6,120 9,550 6,110 30,310
 Immigrated before 1986 2,080 4,940 4,560 7,570 4,270 23,410
 Immigrated 1986-1995 410 740 1,060 1,470 1,170 4,840
 Immigrated 1996-2001 90 320 490 510 670 2,070
Men
Canadian-born 2,450 22,650 22,430 29,810 18,420 95,750
Immigrants 1,530 4,110 4,040 8,830 7,190 25,680
 Immigrated before 1986 1,230 3,120 2,850 7,350 5,440 19,980
 Immigrated 1986-1995 230 720 830 1,030 1,090 3,890
 Immigrated 1996-2001 70 270 360 460 660 1,820
Total
Canadian-born 5,090 45,810 49,630 63,040 37,520 201,060
Immigrants 4,090 10,100 10,150 18,380 13,290 56,000
 Immigrated before 1986 3,300 8,060 7,400 14,920 9,710 43,380
 Immigrated 1986-1995 630 1,460 1,890 2,490 2,260 8,730
 Immigrated 1996-2001 160 590 860 970 1,330 3,890
 
Women
Canadian-born 3% 22% 26% 32% 18% 100%
Immigrants 8% 20% 20% 31% 20% 100%
 Immigrated before 1986 9% 21% 19% 32% 18% 100%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 8% 15% 22% 30% 24% 100%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 4% 15% 24% 25% 32% 100%
Men
Canadian-born 3% 24% 23% 31% 19% 100%
Immigrants 6% 16% 16% 34% 28% 100%
 Immigrated before 1986 6% 16% 14% 37% 27% 100%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 6% 19% 21% 26% 28% 100%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 4% 15% 20% 25% 36% 100%
Total
Canadian-born 3% 23% 25% 31% 19% 100%
Immigrants 7% 18% 18% 33% 24% 100%
 Immigrated before 1986 8% 19% 17% 34% 22% 100%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 7% 17% 22% 29% 26% 100%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 4% 15% 22% 25% 34% 100%
Table B-9: Immigrants by period of immigration and Canadian-born—25 years of age and over, with no high school diploma or with post-secondary diploma or degree—age and gender, Victoria Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 (number and percentage)
  No high school diploma With post-secondary diploma or degree
  25 to 44 years 45 to 65 years 65 years and over 25 to 44 years 45 to 65 years 65 years and over
Women
Canadian-born 4,700 5,590 8,180 24,370 17,700 6,870
Immigrants 1,060 2,200 4,890 4,850 6,790 3,720
 Immigrated before 1986 560 1,880 4,490 2,370 5,960 3,460
 Immigrated 1986-2001 510 330 390 2,490 850 260
Men
Canadian-born 6,060 5,130 5,200 21,270 17,940 6,520
Immigrants 900 1,530 2,660 4,010 7,170 4,590
 Immigrated before 1986 520 1,280 2,460 2,150 6,240 4,330
 Immigrated 1986-2001 390 250 200 1,840 930 280
Total
Canadian-born 10,760 10,710 13,380 45,640 35,640 13,380
Immigrants 1,960 3,730 7,550 8,850 13,960 8,310
 Immigrated before 1986 1,080 3,170 6,980 4,510 12,180 7,790
 Immigrated 1986-2001 900 570 570 4,340 1,780 530
 
Women
Canadian-born 12% 19% 42% 64% 59% 35%
Immigrants 14% 20% 47% 66% 61% 35%
 Immigrated before 1986 15% 19% 46% 64% 62% 36%
 Immigrated 1986-2001 14% 23% 48% 68% 60% 32%
Men
Canadian-born 17% 18% 38% 60% 63% 48%
Immigrants 15% 15% 33% 65% 71% 57%
 Immigrated before 1986 15% 15% 33% 62% 72% 57%
 Immigrated 1986-2001 14% 18% 36% 68% 68% 50%
Total
Canadian-born 15% 18% 40% 62% 61% 40%
Immigrants 14% 18% 41% 65% 66% 45%
 Immigrated before 1986 15% 17% 40% 63% 66% 45%
 Immigrated 1986-2001 14% 20% 42% 68% 64% 39%

Fields of study quite similar

The educational choices of immigrants with post-secondary training are on the whole quite similar to those of the Canadian-born. Five in ten men who immigrated after 1985 and have a post-secondary diploma or degree majored in physical sciences, engineering or trades, a share similar to that of Canadian-born men. However, among women with a post-secondary diploma or degree, one-fifth of recent immigrants have studied some physical science or technology. This is twice the share of Canadian-born women in this field of study.

Table B-10: Immigrants by period of immigration and Canadian-born—15 years of age and over, with post-secondary diploma or degree—major field of study by gender, Victoria Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 (number and percentage distribution)
  Physical sciences, engineering and trades Social sciences, education and arts Commerce, management and business administration Health professions and related technologies Total
Women
Canadian-born 5,720 22,630 12,700 11,200 52,240
Immigrants 1,840 6,660 3,660 3,480 15,640
 Immigrated before 1986 370 1,110 650 520 2,640
 Immigrated 1986-1995 1,220 5,080 2,750 2,790 11,830
 Immigrated 1996-2001 250 480 260 190 1,170
Men
Canadian-born 23,920 14,530 6,810 2,870 48,130
Immigrants 8,610 4,220 2,070 1,110 16,010
 Immigrated before 1986 1,140 470 370 150 2,110
 Immigrated 1986-1995 6,890 3,480 1,560 880 12,800
 Immigrated 1996-2001 580 300 150 90 1,110
Total
Canadian-born 29,660 37,170 19,500 14,070 100,390
Immigrants 10,450 10,890 5,730 4,590 31,650
 Immigrated before 1986 1,510 1,580 1,010 660 4,760
 Immigrated 1986-1995 8,130 8,550 4,310 3,650 24,640
 Immigrated 1996-2001 820 780 410 280 2,290
 
Women
Canadian-born 11% 43% 24% 21% 100%
Immigrants 12% 43% 23% 22% 100%
 Immigrated before 1986 14% 42% 24% 20% 100%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 10% 43% 23% 24% 100%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 21% 41% 22% 16% 100%
Men
Canadian-born 50% 30% 14% 6% 100%
Immigrants 54% 26% 13% 7% 100%
 Immigrated before 1986 54% 22% 17% 7% 100%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 54% 27% 12% 7% 100%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 52% 27% 14% 8% 100%
Total
Canadian-born 30% 37% 19% 14% 100%
Immigrants 33% 34% 18% 14% 100%
 Immigrated before 1986 32% 33% 21% 14% 100%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 33% 35% 17% 15% 100%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 36% 34% 18% 12% 100%

Recent immigrants are also strongly represented in the social sciences, education and the arts and commerce, management and business administration, with a share of post-secondary graduates in these fields similar to that of the Canadian-born. The share who studied for health professions among very recent immigrant men is about the same as among Canadian-born men. For recent immigrant women, study in the health professions was chosen by 16%, compared to 21% of Canadian-born women.

Recent immigrants more likely to attend school

Very recent immigrants are relatively likely to be in school. School attendance is at least eight percentage points higher for this group than for the Canadian-born, in both the 25-44 and 45-64 age groups.

Table B-11: Immigrants by period of immigration and Canadian-born—15 to 64 years of age, attending school—by age and gender, Victoria Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 (number and percentage)
  15 to 24
years
25 to 44
years
45 to 64
years
15 to 24
years
25 to 44
years
45 to 64
years
Women
Canadian-born 11,480 6,720 1,670 63% 18% 6%
Immigrants 1,000 1,330 610 73% 18% 6%
 Immigrated before 1986 200 520 500 60% 14% 5%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 500 430 50 76% 18% 5%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 290 390 70 76% 31% 19%
Men
Canadian-born 10,890 5,360 1,170 59% 15% 4%
Immigrants 1,050 950 470 75% 15% 5%
 Immigrated before 1986 180 470 370 57% 14% 4%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 520 230 60 79% 13% 6%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 350 250 50 84% 26% 12%
Total
Canadian-born 22,360 12,070 2,830 61% 17% 5%
Immigrants 2,040 2,280 1,080 74% 17% 5%
 Immigrated before 1986 390 980 870 60% 14% 5%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 1,020 650 110 77% 16% 5%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 640 640 120 81% 29% 16%

School attendance, of course, is much higher in the youngest age group, persons of 15 to 24 years of age, than in older age groups. Here we find a higher rate of attendance among recently immigrated men and women than among their Canadian-born counterparts. School attendance rates for all recent immigrant cohorts are higher in 2001 than in 1996.

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