Application for Canadian Citizenship: Minors – Subsection 5(1)

Applications received at our Case Processing Centre (CPC) in Sydney, NS on January 11, 2018 or later must use forms from October 2017 or later (indicated on the lower left corner of the form). Application forms that are not up-to-date will be returned as incomplete. IRCC does not consider the date of signatures or mailing to be deciding factors.

Note: This does not apply to applications originally received at the CPC before January 11, 2018 and returned as incomplete. These applicants are not required to resubmit a new form versions. However, they must submit any missing information or documents the CPC requests.

Fee change:

On February 14, 2018, the application fee for minors was reduced from $530 to $100.

Minors who applied under subsection 5(1) on or after June 19, 2017 and paid the $530 application fee will be refunded $430. We’ll refund the person who paid the fee.

Find answers to your questions about the refund.

This application under subsection 5(1) is intended for minors (under 18) who are permanent residents and:

  • do not have a parent applying for citizenship at the same time as them, or
  • do not already have a Canadian parent.

This application must be made by a person who has custody of the minor or who is empowered to act on their behalf by virtue of a court order or written agreement or by operation of law. The authorized person applying on behalf of the minor does not have to be a Canadian citizen.

Minors who do not have an authorized person to apply on their behalf can request a waiver of this requirement on the application form. If you request a waiver, we will ask for more information.

To be eligible under 5(1), since becoming a permanent resident, the minor must have:

  1. been physically in Canada for at least 1095 days in the five years before applying
  2. if required to do so, filed income taxes for any three taxation years that are fully or partially within the five years before applying.

Time spent outside Canada toward the time in (1) above can be counted if the minor meets one of the exceptions.

The application package includes:


Make sure you download the current version of the forms.

If the minor had any terms and conditions imposed on them when they got permanent resident status and they have not met them, they may not be eligible for citizenship. For example, some new permanent residents must have medical screening after they arrive in Canada.

Before you apply for citizenship, check the documents the minor got when they first became a permanent resident to make sure they met any terms and conditions.

The minor may not be eligible for citizenship if they:

  • have a criminal record
  • are facing criminal charges in or outside Canada
  • have been ordered to leave Canada
  • have been refused Canadian citizenship because of misrepresentation
  • have had their Canadian citizenship revoked

You can use our calculator to check if the minor has been physically in Canada long enough to be eligible for citizenship. Print the results and attach a copy to the application.

If you are not sure whether the minor has Canadian citizenship or not, see if they may already be a citizen.


Report a problem or mistake on this page
Please select all that apply:

Thank you for your help!

You will not receive a reply. For enquiries, contact us.

Date modified: